Czech National Gallery
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Czech National Gallery
National Gallery Prague
Národní galerie Praha
Praha Veletr?ní palác jih.jpg
Veletr?ní palác (the Trade Fair Palace) houses
the National Gallery Prague's largest collection of art
Established1796; 224 years ago (1796)
LocationPrague
TypeArt museum
Visitors711,928 (2018)[1]
DirectorJi?í Fajt
CuratorAdam Budak
Public transit accessTram stop: Veletr?ní palác
C Vltavská
Esko Praha logo.svg Praha-Bubny
Websitehttp://www.ngprague.cz/en/

The National Gallery Prague (Czech: Národní galerie Praha, NGP), formerly the National Gallery in Prague (Národní galerie v Praze), is a state-owned art gallery in Prague, which manages the largest collection of art in the Czech Republic and presents masterpieces of Czech and international fine art in permanent and temporary exhibitions. The collections of the gallery are not housed in a single building, but are presented in a number of historic structures within the city of Prague, as well as other places. The largest of the gallery sites is the Trade Fair Palace (Veletr?ní Palác), which houses the National Gallery's collection of modern art. Other important exhibition spaces are located in the Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia, the Kinský Palace, the Salm Palace, the Schwarzenberg Palace, the Sternberg Palace, and the Wallenstein Riding School. Founded in 1796, it is one of the world's oldest public art galleries and one of the largest museums in Central Europe.

History

?ternberk Palace at Hrad?any

The history of the National Gallery dates back to the end of the 18th century (namely February 5, 1796[2]), when a group of prominent representatives of Bohemia patriotic aristocracy (Kolowrat, Sternberg, Nostitz) and middle-class intellectuals decided to elevate what they called the "debased artistic taste" of the local population. The institution, which received the title Society of Patriotic Friends of the Arts, established the Academy of Fine Arts and the Picture Gallery. In 1918 the Picture Gallery became a central collection of newly formed Czechoslovakia.

In 1995 new spaces dedicated to 19th- and 20th-century art were opened in the refurbished Veletr?ní Palác (Trade Fair Palace), itself a national monument as Prague's largest functionalist building and one of the earliest examples of that architectural style in the city (construction began in 1925).

St George's Convent (Hrad?any) was formerly used to display Art of the Middle Ages in Bohemia and Central Europe, baroque art, and the 19th-century art of Bohemia.

The collections

Old Masters

  • Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia (Old Town) - Art of the Middle Ages in Bohemia and Central Europe
  • ?ternberk Palace (Hrad?any) - European Art from Antiquity to the end of the Baroque period
  • Schwarzenberg palace (Hrad?any) - Baroque in Bohemia

19th-Century Art

Modern and Contemporary Art

The atrium in Veletr?ní palác.
  • Veletr?ní palác (Trade Fair Palace), Hole?ovice - 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century art, the National Gallery's largest collection. Since 2012 Alfons Mucha's Slav Epic has been on display here.
The international collection includes numerous works by artists such as Picasso, Monet, Van Gogh, Rodin, Gauguin, Cézanne, Renoir, Schiele, Munch, Miró and Klimt; many of these are donations from the collection of art historian Vincenc Kramá?.
Picasso, who has a spacious room to himself in the gallery, has two self-portraits there, and two of his nudes in addition to more abstract work. Works by Rodin, whose exhibition in Prague in the early 20th century had a profound impact on Czech sculpture for many years afterwards, include a series of busts and full-sized figure on a variety of subjects in the gallery.
The vast collection contains a large number of Czech and Slovak paintings and sculptures, including works by Alfons Mucha, Otto Gutfreund, Franti?ek Kupka, T. F. ?imon, Tavik Frantisek Simon (1877-1942), Rudolf Fila, Vincenc Bene? and Bohumil Kubi?ta. Along with the Black Madonna House and the Museum Kampa, the Trade fair palace collection is one of the most notable collections of Czech Cubism in Prague. Notable works include Don Quixote by Gutfreund, Military Funeral by Bene?, an array of paintings by Kupka, covering almost all of the styles with which he experimented.

Graphics Collection

Oriental Art

On display outside Prague

  • Kinský castle ár nad Sázavou - Baroque Art from the Collections of the National Gallery in Prague
  • Fry?tát castle in Karviná - 19th-century Czech art from the Collections of the National Gallery in Prague

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Klesá náv?t?vnost Národní galerie, nebo ne? Ministr Stan?k si proti?e?í | Aktuáln?.cz". Aktuáln?.cz (in Czech). 24 April 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "A brief history". Archived from the original on 22 November 2013. Retrieved 2012.

External links

Coordinates: 50°06?05?N 14°25?57?E / 50.1015°N 14.4325°E / 50.1015; 14.4325


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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