Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Get Croton-on-Hudson, New York essential facts below, Events, or join the Croton-on-Hudson, New York discussion. Add Croton-on-Hudson, New York to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Village
Official seal of Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Seal
Location of Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Location of Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Coordinates: 41°12?15?N 73°53?10?W / 41.20417°N 73.88611°W / 41.20417; -73.88611Coordinates: 41°12?15?N 73°53?10?W / 41.20417°N 73.88611°W / 41.20417; -73.88611
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Town Cortlandt
Government
 o Mayor Brian Pugh (Democratic Party)
Area
 o Total 10.8 sq mi (28 km2)
 o Land 4.7 sq mi (12 km2)
 o Water 6.1 sq mi (16 km2)
Elevation 164 ft (50 m)
Population (2010)
 o Total 8,070
 o Estimate (2016)[1] 8,243
 o Density 750/sq mi (290/km2)
 o Demonym Crotonite
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 o Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 10520-10521
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-19213
GNIS feature ID 0947832
Website www.crotononhudson-ny.gov

Croton-on-Hudson is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 8,070 at the 2010 census.[2] It is located in the town of Cortlandt as part of New York City's northern suburbs. The village was incorporated in 1898.

History

People lived from at latest about 7000 BC[3] in what would become the village.[4] The Kitchawanc tribe, part of the Wappinger Confederacy of the Algonquian peoples, signed a peace treaty with the newly arriving Dutch people at Croton Point in 1645, now commemorated by a plaque in the park there.

Stephanus van Cortlandt began acquiring land in the area in 1677 (the year he became mayor of New York City) to create a manor. It was granted by royal patent in 1697 as the Manor of Cortlandt, including the area known as Croton Landing where the Croton River meets the Hudson River, where the manor house was built. A 1718 census reports 91 inhabitants including Dutch settlers and English Quakers. People worked the manor primarily as farmers or millers.

In the mid to late 1800s the Croton Dam, the New Croton Dam and the Croton Aqueduct were built on the Croton River to supply New York City, along with the New York Central Railroad station on the Hudson River. Many Irish, Italian and German immigrants moved to the area to work on those projects, increasing the population dramatically. By 1898, when the Village incorporated, the population was 1,000 people, growing to 1,700 people in the early 1900s.

In 1846 work began on a Hudson River rail line from Poughkeepsie to New York City. Clifford Harmon, a realtor, purchased 550 acres of land next to the village of Croton in 1903. He gave part of the land to the New York Central Railroad to build a train station, on the condition that the station would forever be named after him. Today it is called the Croton-Harmon station of the Metro-North Railroad and of Amtrak.[5] In 1906, the station became a major service facility for the railroad. The station expanded even further in 1913, when it became the stop at which electric trains from New York City switched to steam engines.[6]

Harmon thrived as an artist's colony alongside the Village, while the neighboring Mount Airy community evolved from Quakers to Greenwich Village artists and writers by the early 1900s. Mount Airy was home to many early members of the American Communist Party.[7] In 1932 Harmon and most of Mount Airy were incorporated into the Village.

Geography

Croton-on-Hudson is located at 41°12?15?N 73°53?10?W / 41.20417°N 73.88611°W / 41.20417; -73.88611 (41.204228, -73.886177)[8] on the shores of the Hudson River. The zip codes are 10520 and 10521.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 10.8 square miles (28.0 km2), of which 4.8 square miles (12.4 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (15.8 km2), or 56.06%, is water.

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 7,606 people, 2,798 households, and 2,050 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,601.7 inhabitants per square mile (618.4/km2). There were 2,859 housing units at an average density of 602.1 per square mile (232.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 91.5% White, 1.9% African American, 0.26% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.58% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.93% of the population.

There were 2,798 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the village, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $84,744, and the median income for a family was $100,182. Males had a median income of $65,938 versus $46,029 for females. The per capita income for the village was $39,441. About 1.8% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

As of the regular 2017 elections[11]

  • Mayor: Brian Pugh
  • Trustees: Sherry Horowitz, Amy Attias, Ann Gallelli

Economy

Croton-on-Hudson's economy has historically thrived on the Metro North train station that up until 1968 served as the point at which northbound trains would exchange their electric engines for other modes of conveyance. During those days, the train station and its super-adjacent area was known as Harmon. Because maintenance of diesel and steam engines was then very labor-intensive, there were many workers whose needs were served by abundant service businesses, such as restaurants and bars. Because of the separate development of both the Harmon and the Mt. Airy communities, there were originally two commercial districts--one centered on Grand Street, and the other in Harmon--though in recent years the two have merged into a single sprawling commercial district. There is also a North Riverside commercial district serving communities along Riverside Drive, Brook Street, Grand Street, and Bank Street.

A Man Fishing in Croton Point Park on the Hudson River
A man and woman fishing in Croton Point Park

After the New York Central Railroad folded, Croton-on-Hudson's economy slowly stagnated. Although Croton-Harmon station still served as the main transfer point northbound between local and express trains, the laborers who had earlier fueled a bustling service economy were no longer present in Harmon. The exodus of labor during the early 1970s was compounded by the stagflation that was a result of higher oil prices and skyrocketing interest rates.

There has been an ongoing effort since the early 1990s to develop the riverfront for recreational use. Among the accomplishments are a pedestrian bridge spanning U.S. Route 9 and NY 9A between the lower village and Senasqua Park, the Crossining pedestrian footbridge across the Croton River, the bicycle trail extensions around Half Moon Bay Condominiums, rehabilitation of the "Picture Tunnel" (repaving and closing it to cars), and acquisition and clearing of the Croton Landing property. In addition, Croton Point Park is also along the riverfront.[12]

Transportation

The town is a stop for Amtrak's Empire Service and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Metro-North Hudson Line service, both at the Croton-Harmon station. Metro-North's main shops and yards are also located here.

Croton-on-Hudson is served by US 9, NY 9A, and NY 129.

Culture

Croton Point Park hosts Clearwater's Great Hudson River Revival, a yearly folk music, art and environmental festival.

Croton-on-Hudson has an annual event called the Summerfest. Every year the central business district (with corners at the Municipal Building, Grand Street Fire House and Croton-Harmon High School) is closed to automobile traffic for music, American food, local fund raisers, traveling, and local artists.[]

Since 1981 Croton-on-Hudson has been the home of the annual Harry Chapin Run Against Hunger, a 10k race and Fun Run, held on a Sunday afternoon in October.[13][14]

Croton-on-Hudson is home to a number of local, independent businesses, such as 3rd Universe Comics, Computer Configurations, the Blue Pig, and The Black Cow Coffee Company, which opened December 1995, Westchester's first micro-roastery-coffeehouse.

A traffic light in the middle of a street intersection.
Dummy light at the intersection of Grand Street and Old Post Road.

Every weekend in October, people visit Van Cortlandt Manor to see the Blaze. Started in 2005, the Blaze consists of thousands of pumpkins which are hollowed out by volunteers but carved by a creative team.[15]

The Asbury United Methodist Church and Bethel Chapel and Cemetery, Croton North Railroad Station, and St. Augustine's Episcopal Church Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Van Cortlandt Manor is listed as a National Historic Landmark.[16]

From the 1910s to the 1960s, Croton was a popular location for the summer homes of American communists, socialists and other radicals and many important artists and writers. This gave the Mt. Airy area in Croton the nickname "Red Hill"[17]

Croton-on-Hudson is the original home of the Hudson Institute, a key Cold War think tank where the justification for nuclear war was developed.

The village is home to one of a handful operating "dummy lights" in the United States, located downtown at the intersection of Old Post Road South and Grand Street. It is a traffic signal on a pedestal which sits in the middle of an intersection, dating back to the 1920s. Two others are located in New York State, in Beacon and Canajoharie.

Religion

Recreation

Parks and sites of interest in the community include:

  • Croton Dam (on the Croton River outside the village limits in the town of Cortlandt)
  • Croton Point Park, site of a former county and regional landfill for well over seven decades, was closed and capped thanks to Pete Seeger and Clearwater's initiatives, other grassroots activists (this means there is no smell in the park), Riverkeeper, state, county and local officials
  • Paradise Island Park
  • Teatown Lake Reservation, a 900-acre preserve within the towns of Yorktown and Cortlandt
  • Senasqua Park with extending walkways to Croton Point. The walkway is adjacent to the Hudson River ends in a 9/11 memorial. The center of the memorial is an iron beam from the world trade center.
  • Black Rock Park on the Croton River, near New York State Route 129 (NY 129), within a mile or so of the New Croton Dam, is used mostly for fly fishing and picnics. It is within 100 yards of a historic bridge which dates from the 1800s on Quaker Hill Road.
  • Silver Lake is a beach along the Croton River, and has trails to Carrie E. Tompkins elementary school (CET) and the north tip of Cleveland Drive.
  • Jane E. Lytle Memorial Arboretum
  • Brinton Brook Sanctuary
  • Croton Landing, a park along the Hudson River. This park contains a small beach, large areas of land for recreational activities and camping grounds including Recreational vehicle camps.
  • Mayo's Landing, a park along the Croton River

Notable residents

In film and television

Films shot in Croton-on-Hudson include:[26]

  • Daylight: In the opening sequence, the trucks that end up destroying the tunnel drive through Croton-on-Hudson (the steps of the New Croton Dam are visible) and several other towns in Westchester County, New York[27]
  • Guess What We Learned in School Today?[28] - Mentioned in "Big Day Coming: Yo La Tengo and the Rise of Indie Rock"[29]
  • Reds: The main characters were supposed to be in Croton-on-Hudson, but their cottage there was actually filmed in England.[30]
  • Shriek of the Mutilated (1974) (alternate titles: Mutilated, Scream of the Snowbeast)[31]
  • Ganja & Hess[32]
  • Tenderness[33]
  • The Toxic Avenger Part II[34]
  • War of the Worlds: Shot at Croton Point.[35]
  • 30 Rock: The episode "Retreat to Move Forward" from the third season was set in Croton-on-Hudson. The episode features the catchphrase 'what happens in Croton-on-Hudson stays in Croton-on-Hudson.'
  • Madam Secretary 2016, filmed on the Croton River just below Quaker Bridge
  • An Episode of the NBC series Kings was shot at the Croton Dam. The waterfall and bridge leading to Croton Gorge Park are clearly visible and utilized in multiple scenes.[]
  • General Hospital : A story starting in 2018 involving Sonny Corinthos' start in the mafia involves a him burying a former mob boss in Croton in the 1980s.
  • Scenes for the film Gods Behaving Badly were shot at Croton Point Park in 2011.
  • Was incorrectly referenced as "Croton on the Hudson" in Mad About You, an American situation comedy.[]
  • The Croton Reservoir was referenced in the American cartoon UnderDog (1964-1973), and the episode was the one where Simon Bar-Sinister is attempting to steal the world's water.
  • The Croton-Harmon Station is used as set of one scene of the 2017 movie You Were Never Really Here.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Croton-on-Hudson village, Westchester County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ Brennan, L. A. (Spring 1974). "The Lower Hudson: A Decade of Shell Middens". Archaeology of Eastern North America: Vol. 2, No. 1, 81-93. JSTOR 40897731. 
  4. ^ "About Croton-on-Hudson". Village of Croton-on-Hudson. Retrieved 2018. 
  5. ^ Panetta, Roger (2006). "Chapter 1: Westchester, the American Suburb: A New Narrative". In Roger Panetta. Westchester: the American Suburb. New York, New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 42-43. ISBN 0-8232-2593-3. 
  6. ^ Williams, Gray (2003). "Suburban Westchester". In Elizabeth G. Fuller and Katherine M. Hite. Picturing Our Past: National Register Sides in Westchester County. Elmsford, New York: Westchester County Historical Society. pp. 382-383. ISBN 0-915585-14-6. 
  7. ^ Mount Airy Road: Reds-on-Hudson (Houlihan Lawrence) Archived 2010-10-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY - Village Board of Trustees". Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY Virtual Town Hall. Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "Croton Point Park." Westchester County. Westchester.gov, 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 06 May 2014. <http://parks.westchestergov.com/croton-point-park>.
  13. ^ "Harry Chapin Memorial Run Against Hunger". Hudson Valley Gateway Chamber of Commerce. hvgatewaychamber.org. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  14. ^ "Harry Chapin Memorial Run/Walk Against Hunger". runagainsthunger.com. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  15. ^ Glenza, Jessica. "Blaze Becomes Biggest Halloween Event in HV". The Rivertowns Daily Voice. Retrieved 2012. 
  16. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  17. ^ Chambers, Whittaker, "Witness" (1952). pp. 240-241 of the 50th Anniversary Edition published by Regnery.
  18. ^ Croton-Cortlandt News, Croton-on-Hudson, NY, December 17, 1970
  19. ^ Hanley, Charles J. (2017-05-12). "Sally Jacobsen, AP's first female international editor, dies". Associated Press. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ "Richard Merkin, Painter, Illustrator and Fashion Plate, Dies at 70". Retrieved 2014. 
  21. ^ "Croton's Audra McDonald seeks fifth Tony Award". Retrieved 2012. 
  22. ^ Hershenson, Roberta (2000-01-16). "Croton Violinist in Solo Concert". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012. 
  23. ^ "A Normal Teenager Lives the 'New Normal'". Retrieved 2012. 
  24. ^ Croton Cortlandt News, Jan 16, 1964
  25. ^ "Don Wallance, 80, Designer of Furniture". The New York Times. 28 May 1990. Retrieved 2012. 
  26. ^ "Titles with locations including Croton-on-Hudson, New York, USA". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved . 
  27. ^ "Daylight (1996) - Filming Locations". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ "Guess What We Learned in School Today? (1970)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved . 
  29. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=oPT5ND18iQ4C&pg=PT33&dq=sleepy+woodybrook&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CzF8Uru-HZTdsASQgoGACA&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=sleepy%20woodybrook&f=false. Retrieved .  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ Myers, Marc (January 3, 1982). "The Story Of 'Reds' and the Reed House". The New York Times. Retrieved . 
  31. ^ "Shriek of the Mutilated (1974)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved . 
  32. ^ "Ganja & Hess (1973)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved . 
  33. ^ "On the Set with a Little More "Tenderness" in Croton". Crotonblog. Front Burner Publishing, Inc. June 28, 2006. Retrieved . 
  34. ^ "The Toxic Avenger, Part II (1989)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved . 
  35. ^ Knowles, Harry (December 23, 2004). "Spy Report from the wooded set of WAR OF THE WORLDS!". Ain't It Cool News. Ain't It Cool, Inc. Retrieved . 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Croton-on-Hudson,_New_York
 



 


 
Music Scenes