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It was created on October 18, 1921 as the Crimean Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic of the Russian SFSR. It was renamed the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on December 5, 1936 by the VIII Extraordinary Congress of Soviets of the USSR.
Actual collaboration in the military sense had been rather limited, with a recorded 9,225 Crimean Tatars serving in anti-Soviet Tatar Legions and other German formed battalions,
but there was in fact a surprisingly high degree of co-operation between the occupation government and the local administration; this has been significantly due to Frauenfeld's unwillingness to implement the policy of brutality towards the local population pursued by ReichskommissarErich Koch, which led to a series of public conflict between the two men.
The constitutional rights of the forcibly-resettled Tatars were restored with a decree dated September 5, 1967, but they were not allowed to return until the last days of the Soviet Union.
The Crimean ASSR was converted into the Crimean Oblast of the RSFSR on June 30, 1945 by the decree of the both presidiums of the Supreme Soviet of USSR and the Supreme Soviet of RSFSR (published on May 26, 1946), and the Crimean Oblast was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR in 1954.
In November 1923, the okrugs were abolished and 15 raions were created instead, but in 1924, five of these were abolished.
Raions with national status; Crimean Tatar regions in light blue, Jewish in indigo, German in orange, Ukrainian in yellow
On 30 October 1930, the remaining ten raions were reorganized into 16 new ones, and four cities under direct republican control. In 1935, 10 new raions were added and one abolished. In 1937, one more raion was established. Some of the raions had national status for Crimean Tatars, Jews, Germans and Ukrainians. By the beginning of World War II, all of these raions had lost their national status.
Heads of State
Central Executive Committee
November 7, 1921 - August 1924 Yuri Gaven (Janis Daumanis)
^Modern Crimean Tatar: Q?r?m Muhtar Sotsialist Sovet Cumhuriyeti; Official Crimean Tatar name in the Uniform Turkic Alphabet: Qr?m Avonomjal? Sotsialist Sovet Respublikas?; Russian: ? ? ?Krymskaja Avtonomnaja Socialisti?eskaja Sovetskaja Respublika