|Council of Ministers|
|Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri|
Logo of the Italian Government
|Established||March 23, 1861Kingdom of Italy) (|
July 10, 1946 (Italian Republic)
|Leader||President of the Council|
|Appointed by||President of the Republic|
|Responsible to||Chamber of Deputies and Senate|
|Headquarters||Palazzo Chigi, Rome|
politics and government of
The Council of Ministers (Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri, CdM) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Italy. It comprises the President of the Council (i.e. the prime minister), all the ministers, and the undersecretary to the President of the Council. Deputy ministers (Italian: viceministri) and junior ministers (Italian: sottosegretari) are part of the government, but are not members of the Council of Ministers.
The Council of Ministers' origins date to the production of the Albertine Statute by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1848. The Statute, which subsequently became the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, did not envision collegial meetings of individual ministers, but simply the existence of ministers as heads of their ministries, responsible for their operations. The Council of Ministers subsequently developed as a constitutional convention and the office of the President of the Council emerged from the need to co-ordinate the activities of the individual ministers.
The Council of Ministers consists of:
All powers of the Council of Ministers rest in the hands of the President of Italy until the ministers assume their offices.
The Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute have the right to participate in sessions of the Council of Ministers in matters relevant to them are discussed (distinct from general issues common to all the regions). The Presidents of Sardinia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Aosta Valley, and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol have only a consultative vote, while the President of Sicily has a full vote and the rank of a minister.
Before assuming power, the Prime Minister and the Ministers must take an oath of office according to the formula laid out in Article 1.3 of Law no. 400/1988. The oath expresses the necessity of trust which is incumbent on all citizens but especially on those holding public office (derived from Article 54 of the Constitution).
The Council of Ministers is the principal holder of executive power in the Italian system - that is, the power to put a decision of the Italian political process into effect (i.e. execute it).
The members of the Council of Ministers, even if they leave their positions, are subject to the jurisdiction of the courts for activities committed in their official capacity only with the authorisation of one of the chambers of the Parliament.
As the main organ of the executive power, the Council of Ministers' primary role is the actualisation of national political decisions. The Constitution provides it with the following means of doing this:
Legislative initiative: The Council of the Ministers can present bills to the two chambers of Parliament.
Decree power: The Council of Ministers can adopt two different types of decree with legal force (that is with a legal power equivalent to laws passed by Parliament): the Decree law in cases of urgency and the Legislative decree in cases where Parliament has expressly delegated legislative authority to the Council. Frequent use of the decree power has seen substantial legislative power shift from Parliament to the Council.
Regulatory power: The ministers have two distinct but co-existing roles. They are politically the supreme executive authorities appointed by Parliament, but they are also the administrative heads of the State, whose activities they direct in accordance with the political process. As administrators, the Council and the individual ministers can produce "regulations" (regolamenti), which are legal implements subordinate to legislation. Thus, regulations which contradict legislation (i.e. laws passed by parliament, decree laws, legislative decrees) are illegitimate and can be set aside by ordinary judges and annulled by administrative judges.
|President of the Council (Prime Minister)||Giuseppe Conte||Independent|
|Secretary of the Council of Ministers||Giancarlo Giorgetti||League|
|Ministers with portfolio|
|Minister of the Interior||Matteo Salvini||League|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Enzo Moavero Milanesi||Independent|
|Minister of Defence||Elisabetta Trenta||M5S|
|Minister of Justice||Alfonso Bonafede||M5S|
|Minister of Economy and Finance||Giovanni Tria||Independent|
|Minister of Economic Development and Minister of Labour and Social Policies||Luigi Di Maio||M5S|
|Minister of Infrastructure and Transport||Danilo Toninelli||M5S|
|Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies||Gian Marco Centinaio||League|
|Minister of Education, Universities and Research||Marco Bussetti||Independent|
|Minister of the Environment, Protection of Land and Sea||Sergio Costa||M5S|
|Minister of Heritage and Cultural Activities and Tourism||Alberto Bonisoli||Independent|
|Minister of Health||Giulia Grillo||M5S|
|Ministers without portfolio|
|Minister of European Affairs||Paolo Savona||Independent|
|Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies||Erika Stefani||League|
|Minister of Parliamentary Relations and Direct Democracy||Riccardo Fraccaro||M5S|
|Minister of Public Administration||Giulia Bongiorno||League|
|Minister for Southern Italy||Barbara Lezzi||M5S|
|Minister of Family and Disability||Lorenzo Fontana||League|