Constan%C8%9Ba County
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Constan%C8%9Ba County

Constan?a County

Jude?ul Constan?a
Constanta in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 44°16?N 28°19?E / 44.27°N 28.31°E / 44.27; 28.31Coordinates: 44°16?N 28°19?E / 44.27°N 28.31°E / 44.27; 28.31
Country Romania
Development region1Sud-Est
Historic regionDobruja
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Constan?a
Government
 o TypeCounty Council
 o President of the County CouncilMarius-Horia ?u?uianu[1] (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 o Total7,071 km2 (2,730 sq mi)
Area rank8th in Romania
Population
(2011 census[2])
 o Total684,082
 o Rank5th in Romania
 o Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
90wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x414
ISO 3166 codeRO-CT
Car PlatesCT5
GDPUS$ 10.930 billion (2018)
GDP/capitaUS$ 15,978 (2018)
Economy rank3rd
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public official. He or she is not allowed to be a member of a political party and is forbidden from political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the ranks of public officials
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Constan?a (Romanian pronunciation: [kon'stantsa] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the Dobruja region. Its capital city is also named Constan?a.

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 684,082 and the population density was 96/km². The degree of urbanization is much higher (about 75%) than the Romanian average. In recent years the population trend is:

Year County population[2][3]
1948 311,062
1956 Increase 369,940
1966 Increase 465,752
1977 Increase 608,817
1992 Increase 748,044
2002 Decrease 715,151
2011 Decrease 684,082

The majority of the population are Romanians. There are important communities of Turks and Tatars, remnants of the time of Ottoman rule. Currently the region is the centre of the Muslim minority in Romania. A great number of Aromanians have migrated to Dobruja in the last century, and they consider themselves a cultural minority rather than an ethnic minority. There are also Romani.

Ethnicity 1880[4] 2002[5] 2011[2]
All 64,902 715,151 630,679
Romanian 14,884 (23%) 652,777 (91%) 567,779 (90%)
Turkish 14,947 (23%) 24,246 (3.4%) 21,014 (3.3%)
Tatar 22,854 (35%) 23,230 (3.2%) 19,720 (3.1%)
Bulgarian 7,919 (12%) 74 (0.01%) N/A
Greek 2,607 (4%) 590 (0.08%) N/A
Roma/Gypsy <100 (<0.1%) 6,023 (0.84%) 8,401 (1.33%)

Geography

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Tourism
  • Chemicals and petrochemicals
  • Food and beverages
  • Textiles
  • Shipbuilding
  • Construction materials
  • Mechanical components
  • Paper

Agriculture is an important part in the county's economy, with Constan?a being the county with the largest irrigation systems in the country (more than 4,300 km² before 1989, now greatly reduced), cereals being the most important products. Also, the county is famous for its wines from the Murfatlar region.

At Cernavod? there is a nuclear power plant with two reactors, each of the CANDU type of Canadian design. The plant covers over 15% of the country's power demand.

The Port of Constan?a is the largest port in Romania, the most important of the Black Sea and the 4th in Europe. It is linked with the Danube by the Danube-Black Sea Canal - the widest and deepest navigable channel in Europe, although it is not used to its full potential.

Tourism

The Romanian Riviera along the coast of the Black Sea is the preferred destination for the summer holidays in Romania. The resorts are, from North to South:

Also worth visiting are:

Politics

The current president of Constan?a County Council is Horia ?u?uianu (Social Democratic Party).[1]

The Constan?a County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition:[6]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 16                                
  National Liberal Party 15                                
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                
  People's Movement Party 3                                

Administrative divisions

Ruins of Tomis
Port of Mangalia

Constan?a County has 3 municipalities, 9 towns and 58 communes:

Historical county

Jude?ul Constan?a
County (Jude?)
The Constan?a County Prefect's building (1906-1949), currently used as headquarters of the Constan?a military district[8]
The Constan?a County Prefect's building (1906-1949), currently used as headquarters of the Constan?a military district[8]
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Constan?a
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Constanta.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionDobruja
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Constan?a
Established1879
Ceased to existAdministrative reform of 1950
Area
 o Total6,916 km2 (2,670 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total253,093
 o Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Following the 1926 administrative reform, the borders of the historical county are identical to the ones of the current Constan?a County, with the exception of the Ostrov and Lipni?a communes, which were then administered by the Durostor County, the Baia commune, now part of Tulcea County, and the villages of Tereskondu, Pârâul Caprei, Fundeni, P?dureni, Saldu Alde and Enigea-Haidar, now in Bulgaria.

Geography

The county neighboured the Black Sea to the east, the counties of Tulcea and Br?ila to the north, Ialomi?a to the west, Durostor to the south-west and Caliacra to the south.

Administration

The county originally consisted of four districts (pli):[9]

  1. Plasa Dun?rea
  2. Plasa Mangalia
  3. Plasa Ovidiu
  4. Plasa Traian

Subsequently, the territory of the county was reorganized into seven districts:

  1. Plasa Cernavod?, headquartered in Cernavod?
  2. Plasa Dun?rea, headquartered in Hâr?ova
  3. Plasa Ferdinand, headquartered in Constan?a
  4. Plasa Mangalia, headquartered in Mangalia
  5. Plasa Negru-Vod?, headquartered in Negru Vod?
  6. Plasa Traian, headquartered in Ion Corvin
  7. Plasa Medgidia, headquartered in Medgidia

On the territory of Constanta County there were seven urban localities: Constan?a (with city status) and the urban communes of Carmen-Sylva, Techirghiol, Mangalia, Medgidia, Cernavod? and Hâr?ova.

After 1938

After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, this county merged with the counties of Ialomi?a, Durostor and Caliacra to form ?inutul M?rii. It was re-established in 1940 after the fall of Carol II's regime. Ten years later, it was abolished by the Communist regime.

Population

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 253,093 inhabitants, of which 66.2% were Romanians, 8.9% Bulgarians, 6.8% Turks, 6.0% Tatars, 3.8% Germans, 1.8% Greeks, 1.5% Russians, 1.3% Armenians, as well as other minorities.[10] In religion, the population consisted of 78.9% Eastern Orthodox, 13.1% Islam, 2.5% Lutheran, 1.8% Roman Catholics, as well as other minorities.[11]

Urban population

In 1930, the urban population of the county was 81,631 inhabitants, 68.7% Romanians, 7.3% Turks, 5.2% Greeks, 3.9% Armenians, 2.5% Germans, 2.2% Jews, 2.0% Tatars, 2.0% Bulgarians, 1.7% Russians, 1.7% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. Among the urban population, mother tongues were reported to be Romanian (72.0%), Turkish (9.7%), Greek (4.5%), Armenian (3.6%), German (2.4%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed mostly of Eastern Orthodox (78.4%), followed by Muslim (9.6%), Armenian Apostolic (3.3%), Roman Catholic (2.7%), Jewish (2.3%), Lutheran (1.6%), as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ a b "Administra?ia local? a Constan?ei, din nou la start. Primul mandat, dup? 16 ani, f?r? Maz?re ?i Constantinescu" (in Romanian). Adev?rul. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002"
  4. ^ Robert St?nciugel and Liliana Monica B?la?a, Dobrogea în Secolele VII-XIX. Evolu?ie istoric?, Bucharest, 2005; pg. 202
  5. ^ 2002 official census results Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "Istoric Cercul Militar Constan?a ["History of the Constan?a military circle"]" (in Romanian). Logistical Naval Base. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Constan?a
  10. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 142-143
  11. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 592-595

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Constan%C8%9Ba_County
 



 



 
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