Conservative Party (Spain)
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Conservative Party Spain

The Liberal Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal-Conservador, PLC), simply called Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Conservador, PC), was a Spanish political party founded in 1876 by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo.[1]



The Conservative tag was for the type of ideas which, when thinking of questions of state, then dominated in Spain. The political formation of Spain by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo at the request of Alfonso XII of Spain, who assumed the crown after the failure of the First Spanish Republic. The Conservative Party brought together a varied group of people, from the supporters of Isabel II of Spain prior to the Republic to the members of other groups he had formed. Its existence was linked to Cánovas himself and on his death in 1897 it was kept going by Francisco Silvela.

In 1885 the party signed the Pact of El Pardo with the Liberal Party of Sagasta, in which the parties agreed to alternate (turno) in power after the death of Alfonso XII of Spain. The pact was guaranteed by the caciquiles networks right across Spain in both parties and was intended to keep out of power radical socialist, anarchist or republican parties that wished to destroy the monarchy.

Antonio Maura (1905-13)

Eduardo Dato (1913-21)

The final years (1923-31)

Electoral performance

Restoration Cortes

Election Popular vote Seats Leader Outcome
Votes % #
1876 #1
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo PLC majority
1879 #1
PLC majority
1881 #2
PLF majority
1884 #1
PLC majority
1886 #2
PL majority
1891 #1
PLC majority
1893 #2
PL majority
1896 #1
PLC majority
1898 #4
Carlos O'Donnell PL majority
1899 Conservative Union
Francisco Silvela UC-PLC majority
1901 #2
PL majority
1903 #1
PLC majority
1905 #2
Antonio Maura PL majority
1907 1,842,634 60.0 #1
PLC majority
1910 21.9 #2
PL majority
1914 1
Eduardo Dato PLC minority
1916 #2
PL-LD majority
1918 #1
PM-PLC-LD-Lib-IL-LRC national unity
1919 #2
PLC minority
1920 #1
PLC minority
1923 #2
José Sánchez Guerra LD-Lib-IL-PR coalition

Party leaders

See also


  1. ^ "Partido Liberal Conservador 1868-1931". (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 2016.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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