A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.
Calendar for any common year starting on Friday,
This is the only year type where the nth "Doomsday" (this year Sunday) is not in ISO week n; it is in ISO week n-1.
In the (currently used) Gregorian calendar, alongside with Sunday, Monday, Wednesday or Saturday, the fourteen types of year (seven common, seven leap) repeat in a 400-year cycle (20871 weeks). Forty-three common years per cycle or exactly 10.75% start on a Friday. The 28-year sub-cycle does only span across century years divisible by 400, e.g. 1600, 2000, and 2400.
|16th century||prior to first adoption (proleptic)||1593||1599|
In the now-obsolete Julian calendar, the fourteen types of year (seven common, seven leap) repeat in a 28-year cycle (1461 weeks). A leap year has two adjoining dominical letters (one for January and February and the other for March to December, as 29 February has no letter). This sequence occurs exactly once within a cycle, and every common letter thrice.
As the Julian calendar repeats after 28 years that means it will also repeat after 700 years, i.e. 25 cycles. The year's position in the cycle is given by the formula ((year + 8) mod 28) + 1). Years 4, 15 and 26 of the cycle are common years beginning on Friday. 2017 is year 10 of the cycle. Approximately 10.71% of all years are common years beginning on Friday.
|Year starts||Common years||Leap years|
|1 Jan||Count||Ratio||31 Dec||DL||DD||Count||Ratio||31 Dec||DL||DD||Count||Ratio|
|Sun||58||14.50 %||Sun||A||Tue||43||10.75 %||Mon||AG||Wed||15||3.75 %|
|Sat||56||14.00 %||Sat||B||Mon||43||10.75 %||Sun||BA||Tue||13||3.25 %|
|Fri||58||14.50 %||Fri||C||Sun||43||10.75 %||Sat||CB||Mon||15||3.75 %|
|Thu||57||14.25 %||Thu||D||Sat||44||11.00 %||Fri||DC||Sun||13||3.25 %|
|Wed||57||14.25 %||Wed||E||Fri||43||10.75 %||Thu||ED||Sat||14||3.50 %|
|Tue||58||14.50 %||Tue||F||Thu||44||11.00 %||Wed||FE||Fri||14||3.50 %|
|Mon||56||14.00 %||Mon||G||Wed||43||10.75 %||Tue||GF||Thu||13||3.25 %|
|?||400||100.0 %||303||75.75 %||97||24.25 %|