Commercial Solvents
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Commercial Solvents
Commercial Solvents Corporation
FoundedIncorporated in 1919 (Incorporated in 1919)
HeadquartersMidtown Manhattan,
New York City
United States
Key people
Dr. Chaim Weizmann, William Davis Ticknor, Sr.
ProductsAlcohol solvents

Commercial Solvents Corporation (CSC) was an American chemical and biotechnology company created in 1919.


The Commercial Solvents Corporation was established at the end of World War I; earning distinction as the pioneer producer of acetone and butanol by fermentation processes developed and patented by Dr. Chaim Weizmann. Terre Haute, Indiana was chosen to be the site of CSC's research as this location made possible the expedient translation of new processes from the laboratory and demonstration plant into full production.[1][2]

As early as 1917, the corporation began work in Terre Haute, Indiana; specifically the conversion of corn and other grains into ethanol by fermentation. They later produced riboflavin by microbial action.[3]



  1. ^ "Vigo County Public Library - Archives & Local History". Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ Fred C. Kelly (1936). One Thing Leads to Another: The Growth of an Industry, Houghton Mifflin
  3. ^ "Commercial Solvents Corporation". Harvard University. Retrieved . Commercial Solvents Corporation (CSC) was created in 1919. The corporation had started in Terre Haute as early as 1917 to convert Midwest grain surpluses into solvents by fermentation and also later to produce riboflavin and other nutrients by microbial action.
  4. ^ "Solvents Heads Resigns; Goes to Banking Firm". Seattle Daily Times. July 18, 1928. p. 29. Retrieved 2018. Philip G. Mumford, president of Commercial Solvents Corporation since 1922, has resigned to become general partner of the banking firm of William Schall & Co. in which he has been a partner for a year and a half.
  5. ^ "William Ticknor, Industrialist, 57. President of the Commercial Solvents Corporation Is Dead in Englewood. Held Many Directorates. Once Partner in New Jersey Banking Firm. Son Was a Harvard Football Star". New York Times. March 25, 1938. Retrieved . William Davis Ticknor, president and chairman of the-board of directors of the Commercial Solvents Corporation, with offices at 230 Park Avenue in New York, died today of a heart ailment at his home, 53 Beech Road. He was 57 years old.
  6. ^ "New CSC Directors". Chemical Industries. 1938. Retrieved . Mr. Walker, who was elevated to the presidency of Commercial Solvents upon the death of Mr. Ticknor, has been with the corporation since 1922. He was elected a vice-president in 1924 and has been executive vice-president since 1928. ...
  7. ^ "Solvents Has New Head". Plain Dealer. December 1, 1947. p. 13. Retrieved 2017. Directors of Commercial Solvents Corp. announced Maj. Theodore P. Walker, president, has been elected chairman and Henry E. Perry, executive vice-president, has been named president in succession.
  8. ^ "J. Albert Woods Heads Commercial Solvents". Detroit Times. April 13, 1950. p. 21. Retrieved 2018. J. Albert Woods was elected president of Commercial Solvents Corp. today at a special meeting of the board of directors. He succeeds the late Henry E. Perry.
  9. ^ "President Quits Firm with Plant At Harvey". The Advocate. February 17, 1959. p. 13. Retrieved 2018. J. Albert Woods, president of Commercial Solvents Corp. since 1950, resigned Monday because of "differences of opinion" with major stockholders, the company said.
  10. ^ "Wheeler Is President". Plain Dealer. August 5, 1966. p. 21. Retrieved 2018. Robert C. Wheeler, 52, has been named president of Commercial Solvents Corp., succeeding his brother Maynard C. Wheeler, who moves to the new position of chairman of the board.
  11. ^ "Solvent Firm Picks Leonhardt". Fort Lauderdale News. August 29, 1973. p. 54. Retrieved 2018. Robert C. Wheeler, 59 years -old has been elected vice chairman of the board and William S. Leonhardt, 57 has been elected president of the Commercial Solvents Corporation.

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