Columbo
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Columbo
Columbo
ColumboSeasonOne.jpg
DVD cover art for the first season
GenreCrime drama
Detective fiction
Neo-noir
Created byRichard Levinson
William Link
StarringPeter Falk
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons10
No. of episodes69
Production
Executive producerPhilip Saltzman[1]
Camera setupSingle-camera
Running time73-98 minutes
Production companiesUniversal Television (1971-78, 1989-98, 2002-03)
Studios USA (1998-2002)
DistributorNBCUniversal Television Distribution
Release
Original networkNBC (1968-1978)
ABC (1989-2003)
Picture formatFilm
Audio formatMono (1968-1978)
Stereo (1989-2003)
Original releaseFebruary 20, 1968 (1968-02-20) -
January 30, 2003 (2003-01-30)
Chronology
Related showsMrs. Columbo
(1979-1980)

Columbo is an American crime drama television series starring Peter Falk as Columbo, a homicide detective with the Los Angeles Police Department.[2][3] After two pilot episodes in 1968 and 1971, the show originally aired on NBC from 1971 to 1978 as one of the rotating programs of The NBC Mystery Movie. Columbo then aired less frequently on ABC from 1989 to 2003.

The character and show, created by Richard Levinson and William Link, popularized the inverted detective story format, which begins by showing the commission of the crime and its perpetrator; the plot therefore usually has no "whodunit" element, and instead revolves around how a perpetrator known to the audience will finally be caught and exposed (sometimes referred to as a "howcatchem").

Columbo is a shrewd but inelegant blue-collar homicide detective whose trademarks include his rumpled beige raincoat, unassuming demeanor, cigar, old Peugeot 403 car, unseen wife (whom he mentions regularly), and catchphrase "Just one more thing."

The recurring plot's homicide suspects are uniformly clever, wealthy, and elite, setting up a class conflict as part of each episode.[4] Suspects carefully cover their tracks and are initially dismissive of Columbo's circumstantial speech and apparent ineptitude. They become increasingly unsettled as his pestering behavior teases out incriminating evidence. [4] His relentless approach often leads to self-incrimination or outright confession.

Episodes of Columbo are between 70 and 98 minutes long, and have been broadcast in 44 countries. The 1971 episode "Murder by the Book", directed by Steven Spielberg, was ranked No. 16 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All-Time[5] and in 1999, the magazine ranked Lt. Columbo No. 7 on its 50 Greatest TV Characters of All Time list.[6][7] In 2012, the program was ranked the third-best cop or legal show on Best in TV: The Greatest TV Shows of Our Time.[8] In 2013, TV Guide included it in its list of The 60 Greatest Dramas of All Time[9] and ranked it 33rd on its list of the 60 Best Series.[10] Also in 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked it 57th on its list of 101 Best Written TV Series.[11]

Episodes

Richard Kiley and Falk in Season 3 Episode 8, "A Friend in Deed", 1974
Martin Landau and Falk in the episode "Double Shock," where Landau played a dual role as twins, 1973.
SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedNetwork
Pilots2February 20, 1968 (1968-02-20)March 1, 1971 (1971-03-01)NBC
17September 15, 1971 (1971-09-15)February 9, 1972 (1972-02-09)
28September 17, 1972 (1972-09-17)March 25, 1973 (1973-03-25)
38September 23, 1973 (1973-09-23)May 5, 1974 (1974-05-05)
46September 15, 1974 (1974-09-15)April 27, 1975 (1975-04-27)
56September 14, 1975 (1975-09-14)May 2, 1976 (1976-05-02)
63October 10, 1976 (1976-10-10)May 22, 1977 (1977-05-22)
75November 21, 1977 (1977-11-21)May 13, 1978 (1978-05-13)
84February 6, 1989 (1989-02-06)May 1, 1989 (1989-05-01)ABC
96November 25, 1989 (1989-11-25)May 14, 1990 (1990-05-14)
10 + specials14December 9, 1990 (1990-12-09)January 30, 2003 (2003-01-30)

After two pilot episodes, the show originally aired on NBC from 1971 to 1978 as one of the rotating programs of The NBC Mystery Movie. Columbo then aired less regularly on ABC beginning in 1989 under the umbrella of The ABC Mystery Movie.[12] The last episode was broadcast in 2003 as part of ABC Thursday Night at the Movies.[13]

In almost every episode the audience sees the crime unfold at the beginning and knows the identity of the culprit, typically an affluent member of society. Once Columbo enters the story (he rarely appears in the first act), viewers watch him solve the case by sifting through the contradictions between the truth and the version presented to him by the killer(s). This style of mystery is sometimes referred to as a "howcatchem", in contrast to the traditional whodunit. In structural analysis terms, the majority of the narrative is therefore dénouement, a feature normally reserved for the very end of a story. Episodes tend to be driven by their characters, the audience observing the criminal's reactions to Columbo's increasingly intrusive presence. The explanation for the crime and its method having played out as part of the narrative, most of the stories simply end with the criminal's reaction at being found out.

At the beginning of every episode, Columbo's genius was hidden by his frumpy, friendly and disarming demeanor, luring the killer into a false sense of security. In some cases, the killer's arrogance and dismissive attitude allow Columbo to manipulate his suspects into self-incrimination. While the details, and eventually the motivation(s), of the murderers' actions are shown to the viewer, Columbo's true thoughts and intentions are almost never revealed until close to the end of the episode (he occasionally begins to whistle the tune "This Old Man" as the pieces begin to fall into place). Columbo generally maintains a friendly relationship with the murderer until the end. The point at which the detective first begins to suspect the murderer is generally not revealed, although it is often fairly early on. Columbo had a duality of character; the disarming and unkempt detective and the hidden genius sleuth. The genius would sometimes starkly manifest itself through his eyes as it did when Jack Cassidy's killer escaped from the handcuffs in his magic show. Such moments always bode bad tidings for the killer. In some instances, such as Ruth Gordon's avenging elderly mystery writer in "Try and Catch Me", Janet Leigh's terminally ill and deluded actress in "Forgotten Lady", Donald Pleasence's elegant vintner in "Any Old Port in a Storm", and Johnny Cash's enserfed singer in "Swan Song", the killer is more sympathetic than the victim.[14]

Each case is generally concluded in a similar style, with Columbo dropping any pretense of uncertainty and sharing details of his conclusion of the killer's guilt. Following the killer's reaction, the episode generally ends with the killer confessing or quietly submitting to arrest. There are few attempts to deceive the viewer or provide a twist in the tale. One convoluted exception is "Last Salute to the Commodore", where Robert Vaughn is seen elaborately disposing of a body, but is proved later to have been covering for his alcoholic wife, whom he mistakenly thought to be the murderer.[15] Sometimes, Columbo sets up the murderer with a trick designed to elicit a confession. An example occurs in "Dagger of the Mind", in which Columbo flips an evidentiary pearl into the victim's umbrella, bringing about incriminating activity from Richard Basehart and Honor Blackman. Oddly, the Hallmark Channel's replay of the episode (2020) edits out the revealing scene, thus completely altering the meaning of the ending of the episode.

Development and character profile

The first Columbo pilot, "Prescription: Murder", guest starring Gene Barry, Nina Foch and William Windom, was filmed at the Stahl House

The character of Columbo was created by the writing team of Richard Levinson and William Link, who said that Columbo was partially inspired by Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment character Porfiry Petrovich[16] as well as G. K. Chesterton's humble cleric-detective Father Brown. Other sources claim Columbo's character is also influenced by Inspector Fichet from the French suspense-thriller film Les Diaboliques (1955).[17]

The character first appeared in a 1960 episode of the television-anthology series The Chevy Mystery Show, titled "Enough Rope". This was adapted by Levinson and Link from their short story "May I Come In," which had been published as "Dear Corpus Delicti" in an issue of Alfred Hitchcock's Mystery Magazine. The short story featured a police lieutenant then named Fisher.[18] The first actor to portray Columbo, character actor Bert Freed, was a stocky character actor with a thatch of grey hair.[19]

Freed's Columbo wore a rumpled suit and smoked a cigar, but he otherwise had few of the other now-familiar Columbo mannerisms. However, the character is still recognizably Columbo, and uses some of the same methods of misdirecting and distracting his suspects. During the course of the show, the increasingly frightened murderer brings pressure from the district attorney's office to have Columbo taken off the case, but the detective fights back with his own contacts.

Although Freed received third billing, he wound up with almost as much screen time as the killer and appeared immediately after the first commercial. This delayed entry of the character into the narrative of the screen play became a defining characteristic of the structure of the Columbo series. This teleplay is available for viewing in the archives of the Paley Center for Media in New York City and Los Angeles.

Levinson and Link then adapted the TV drama into the stage play Prescription: Murder. This was first performed at the Curran Theatre in San Francisco on January 2, 1962, with Oscar-winning character actor Thomas Mitchell in the role of Columbo. Mitchell was 70 years old at the time. The stage production starred Joseph Cotten as the murderer and Agnes Moorehead as the victim. Mitchell died of cancer while the play was touring in out-of-town tryouts; Columbo was his last role.

The NBC Mystery Movie program worked on a rotating basis - one per month from each of its shows. Top left: Dennis Weaver in McCloud. Top right: Richard Boone in Hec Ramsey. Bottom left: Peter Falk in Columbo. Bottom right: Rock Hudson in McMillan & Wife

In 1968, the same play was made into a two-hour television movie that aired on NBC. The writers suggested Lee J. Cobb and Bing Crosby for the role of Columbo, but Cobb was unavailable and Crosby turned it down because he felt it would take too much time away from the golf links. Director Richard Irving convinced Levinson and Link that Falk, who excitedly said he "would kill to play that cop", could pull it off even though he was much younger than the writers had in mind.[20]

Originally a one-off TV-Movie-of-the-Week, Prescription: Murder has Falk's Columbo pitted against a psychiatrist (Gene Barry). In this movie, the psychiatrist gives the new audience a perfect description of Columbo's character. Due to the success of this film, NBC requested that a pilot for a potential series be made to see if the character could be sustained on a regular basis, leading to the 1971 hour and a half film, Ransom for a Dead Man, with Lee Grant playing the killer. The popularity of the second film prompted the creation of a regular series on NBC, that premiered in September 1971 as part of The NBC Mystery Movie wheel series rotation: McCloud, McMillan & Wife, and other whodunits. In the episode Murder by the Book, hardcore Columbo fans may notice the killer signing a paperback book titled, Prescription: Murder.

According to TV Guide, the original plan was that a new Columbo episode would air every week, but as a motion picture star, Falk refused to commit to such an arduous schedule, which would have meant shooting an episode every five days. The network arranged for the Columbo segments to air once a month on Wednesday nights. The high quality of Columbo, McMillan & Wife, and McCloud was due in large part to the extra time spent on each episode. The term wheel show was coined to describe this format, and NBC attempted additional such series, but the success of The NBC Mystery Movie was not repeated.

Columbo was an immediate hit in the Nielsen ratings and Falk won an Emmy Award for his role in the show's first season. In its second year the Mystery Movie series was moved to Sunday nights, where it then remained during its seven-season run. The show became the anchor of NBC's Sunday night lineup. Columbo aired regularly from 1971 to 1978. After NBC cancelled it in 1978, Columbo was revived on ABC between 1989 and 2003 in several new seasons and a few made-for-TV movie "specials".[21]

Columbo's wardrobe was provided by Falk; they were his clothes, including the high-topped shoes and the shabby raincoat, which made its first appearance in Prescription: Murder. Falk often ad libbed his character's idiosyncrasies (fumbling through his pockets for a piece of evidence and discovering a grocery list, asking to borrow a pencil, becoming distracted by something irrelevant in the room at a dramatic point in a conversation with a suspect, etc.), inserting these into his performance as a way to keep his fellow actors off-balance. He felt it helped to make their confused and impatient reactions to Columbo's antics more genuine.[22] According to Levinson, the catchphrase "one more thing" was conceived when he and Link were writing the play: "we had a scene that was too short, and we had already had Columbo make his exit. We were too lazy to retype the scene, so we had him come back and say, 'Oh, just one more thing.' It was never planned."[23]

A few years before his death, Falk expressed interest in returning to the role. In 2007, he claimed he had chosen a script for one last Columbo episode, "Columbo: Hear No Evil". The script was renamed "Columbo's Last Case". ABC declined the project. In response, producers for the series announced that they were attempting to shop the project to foreign production companies.[24][25] Falk was diagnosed with dementia in late 2007. During a 2009 trial over his care, physician Stephen Read stated that Falk's condition had deteriorated so badly that he could no longer remember playing a character named Columbo, nor could he identify Columbo. Falk died on June 23, 2011, aged 83.[26][27][28]

Contributors

Guest stars

The show featured many guest stars as murderers, with Robert Culp, Jack Cassidy, Patrick McGoohan, George Hamilton and William Shatner as the only actors to play more than one murderer.

  • Eddie Albert as Maj. Gen. Martin Hollister (Episode: Dead Weight)
  • Gene Barry as Dr. Ray Fleming (Episode: Prescription: Murder)
  • Anne Baxter as Nora Chandler (Episode: Requiem for a Falling Star)
  • Johnny Cash as Tommy Brown (Episode: Swan Song)
  • John Cassavetes as Alex Benedict (Episode: Etude in Black)
  • Jack Cassidy as Ken Franklin (Episode: Murder by the Book), Riley Greenleaf (Episode: Publish or Perish), and The Great Santini (Episode: Now You See Him...)
  • Dabney Coleman as Hugh Creighton in (Columbo and the Murder of a Rock Star)
  • Billy Connolly as Findlay Crawford (Episode: Murder With Too Many Notes)
  • Jackie Cooper as Nelson Hayward (Episode: Candidate for Crime)
  • Robert Culp as Carl Brimmer (Episode: Death Lends a Hand), Paul Hanlon (Episode: The Most Crucial Game), and Dr. Bart Keppel (Episode: Double Exposure)
  • Shera Danese Peter Falk's 2nd wife featured small and supporting roles in 6 episodes (Episode: Fade in to Murder, Murder Under Glass, Murder A Self Portrait, Columbo and the Murder of a Rock Star, Undercover and A Trace of Murder)
  • Faye Dunaway as Lauren Staton (Episode: It's All in the Game)
  • Jose Ferrer as Dr. Marshall Cahill (Episode: Mind Over Mayhem)
  • Ruth Gordon as Abigail Mitchell (Episode: Try and Catch Me)
  • Lee Grant as Leslie Williams (Episode: Ransom for a Dead Man)
  • Laurence Harvey as Emmett Clayton (Episode: The Most Dangerous Match)
  • Walter Koenig as Sgt. Johnson (Episode: Fade in to Murder)
  • Louis Jourdan as Paul Gerard (Episode: Murder Under Glass")
  • Rip Torn as Leon Lamarr in (Episode: Death Hits the Jackpot)
  • Martin Landau as Dexter/Norman Paris (Episode: Double Shock)
  • Janet Leigh as Grace Wheeler (Episode: Forgotten Lady)
  • Ross Martin as Dale Kingston (Episode: Suitable for Framing)
  • Roddy McDowell as Roger Stanford (Episode: Short Fuse)
  • Vera Miles as Viveca Scott (Episode: Lovely But Lethal)
  • Ray Milland as Jarvis Goodland (Episode: The Greenhouse Jungle)
  • Leonard Nimoy as Dr. Barry Mayfield (Episode: A Stitch in Crime)
  • Donald Pleasence as Adrian Carsini (Episode: Any Old Port in a Storm)
  • Matthew Rhys as Justin Price (Episode: Columbo Likes the Nightlife)
  • William Shatner as Ward Fowler (Episode: Fade in to Murder), Fielding Chase (Episode: Butterfly in Shades of Grey)
  • Dick Van Dyke as Paul Galesko (Episode: Negative Reaction)
  • Robert Vaughn as Hayden Danziger (Episode: Troubled Waters), Charles Clay (Last Salute to the Commodore)
  • Oskar Werner as Harold van Wick (Episode: Playback)

Directors and writers

The first season première "Murder by the Book" was written by Steven Bochco and directed by Steven Spielberg. Jonathan Demme directed the seventh-season episode "Murder Under Glass". Jonathan Latimer was also a writer. Actor Ben Gazzara, a friend of Falk's, directed the episodes "A Friend in Deed" (1974) and "Troubled Waters" (1975).

Falk himself directed the last episode of the first season, "Blueprint for Murder," and wrote the episode entitled "It's All in the Game" in season 10. Actor Nicholas Colasanto, best known for playing Coach on Cheers, directed two episodes, "Swan Song" with Johnny Cash, and "Étude in Black".

Patrick McGoohan directed five episodes (including three of the four in which he played the murderer) and wrote and produced two. Vincent McEveety was a frequent director, and homage was paid to him by a humorous mention of a character with his surname in the episode "Undercover" (which he directed).

Two episodes, "No Time to Die" and "Undercover", were based on the 87th Precinct novels by Ed McBain,[29] and thus do not strictly follow the standard Columbo/inverted detective story format.

Score composers

Columbo episodes contain a variety of music that contributes to the uniqueness of each. The score becomes of particular importance during turning points of the plots. "The Mystery Movie Theme" by Henry Mancini, written for The NBC Mystery Movie series, was used extensively in the whole of 38 episodes, from 1971 to 1977. Unlike the other elements of the Mystery Movie wheel, Columbo never had an official theme as such, although some composers, such as Dick DeBenedictis and Gil Mellé, did write their own signature pieces. Several composers created original music for the series, which was often used along with "The Mystery Movie Theme":

Series Music department included:

  • Quincy Jones -- composer: "Mystery Movie" theme / "Wednesday Mystery Movie" theme (8 episodes, 1972-73)
  • Henry Mancini -- composer: "Mystery Movie" theme / "Sunday Mystery Movie" theme (38 episodes, 1971-77)
  • Hal Mooney -- music supervisor (27 episodes, 1972-76)
  • Mike Post -- composer: "Mystery Movie" theme (9 episodes, 1989-90)

Patrick Williams received two Emmys nominations for Outstanding Music Composition for a Series in 1978 (for "Try and Catch Me") and 1989 (for "Murder, Smoke and Shadows"). Billy Goldenberg was nominated in the same category in 1972 for "Lady in Waiting".

Columbo also featured an unofficial signature tune, the children's song "This Old Man". It was introduced in the episode "Any Old Port in a Storm" in 1973 and the detective can be heard humming or whistling it often in subsequent films. Falk said it was a melody he personally enjoyed and one day it became a part of his character.[30] The tune was also used in various score arrangements throughout the three decades of the series, including opening and closing credits. A version of it, titled "Columbo", was created by Patrick Williams.[31]

Awards and nominations

Columbo received numerous awards and nominations from 1971 to 2005, including 13 Emmys, two Golden Globe Awards, two Edgar Awards and a TV Land Award nomination in 2005 for Peter Falk.[32]

Home media

DVD

As of January 10, 2012, Universal Studios had released all 69 episodes of Columbo on DVD.[33] The episodes are released in the same chronological order as they were originally broadcast. On October 16, 2012, Universal released Columbo--The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1.[34]

Because the Columbo episodes from 1989 to 2003 were aired very infrequently, different DVD sets have been released around the world. In many Region 2 and Region 4 countries, all episodes have now been released as 10 seasons, with the 10th comprisiing the last 14 shows, from "Columbo Goes to College" (1990) to "Columbo Likes the Nightlife" (2003). In France and The Netherlands (also Region 2), the DVDs were grouped differently and released as 12 seasons.

In Region 1, all episodes from seasons 8 on are grouped differently; the episodes that originally aired on ABC were released under the title COLUMBO: The Mystery Movie Collection.

Season Eps. Year DVD release
DVD name Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
Pilots 2 1968-71 The Complete First Season September 7, 2004 September 13, 2004 December 3, 2004
1 7 1971-72
2 8 1972-73 The Complete Second Season March 8, 2005 July 18, 2005 July 13, 2005
3 8 1973-74 The Complete Third Season August 9, 2005 November 14, 2005 July 20, 2006
4 6 1974-75 The Complete Fourth Season March 14, 2006 September 18, 2006 September 19, 2006
5 6 1975-76 The Complete Fifth Season June 27, 2006 February 12, 2007 March 21, 2007
6 3 1976-77 The Complete Sixth & Seventh Seasons November 21, 2006 April 30, 2007 May 2, 2007
7 5 1977-78
8 4 1989 The Mystery Movie Collection 1989 (R1/R4)
The Complete Eighth Season (R2)
April 24, 2007 March 31, 2008 July 4, 2008
9 6 1989-90 The Mystery Movie Collection 1990 (R1)
The Complete Ninth Season (R2/R4)
February 3, 2009 March 30, 2009 May 6, 2009
10 +
specials
14 1990-93 The Mystery Movie Collection 1991-93 (R1)
The Complete Tenth Season - Volume 1 (R2/R4)
February 8, 2011[35] June 15, 2009 July 28, 2009
1994-2003 The Mystery Movie Collection 1994-2003 (R1)
The Complete Tenth Season - Volume 2 (R2/R4)
January 10, 2012[36] July 27, 2009 November 28, 2009
Complete series 69 1968-2003 Columbo: The Complete Series October 16, 2012 October 19, 2009 December 7, 2016

Blu-ray

To commemorate Falk's death,[] the complete series was released on Blu-ray in Japan in 2011 as a ten-season set, taken from new HD masters and original 1.33:1 (4:3) aspect ratio (1989-2003 episodes are presented in 1.78:1 (16:9)[]).[37] The set contains 35 discs and is presented in a faux-wooden cigar box. It features a brochure with episode details, and a script for the Japanese version of Prescription: Murder. Special features include the original 96-minute version of Étude In Black and the original NBC Mystery Movie title sequence. In addition, many episodes include isolated music and sound-effects tracks.[38] Before this set's release, only the episodes up to Murder, a Self-Portrait were released on DVD in Japan.

Other appearances

Stage

The Columbo character first appeared on stage in 1962 in "Prescription: Murder" with Thomas Mitchell in the role of Columbo.

In 2010, Prescription: Murder, was revived for a tour of the United Kingdom with Dirk Benedict and later John Guerrasio as Columbo.[39]

Television

Falk appeared as Columbo in an Alias sketch produced for a 2003 TV special celebrating the 50th anniversary of ABC.

Falk appeared in character as Columbo in 1977 at The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast of Frank Sinatra.

Books

Columbo, as he appeared in volume 7 of Detective Conan

A Columbo series of books was published by MCA Publishing, written by authors Alfred Lawrence, Henry Clements and Lee Hays. This series of books, with the first title published in 1972, were mostly adapted from the TV series.[40]

Columbo was also used as the protagonist for a series of novels published between 1994 and 1999 by Forge Books, an imprint of Tor Books. All of these books were written by William Harrington.

William Link, the co-creator of the series, has written a collection of Columbo short stories, titled The Columbo Collection, which was published in May 2010 by Crippen & Landru, the specialty mystery publisher.[41]

Sculpture

Peter Falk statue as Columbo with his dog in Budapest, Hungary

A statue of Lieutenant Columbo and his dog was unveiled in 2014 on Miksa Falk Street in Budapest, Hungary.[42] According to Antal Rogán, then-district mayor of the city, Peter Falk may have been related to Hungarian writer and politician Miksa Falk, although there is no evidence yet to prove it.[43]

Podcast

A podcast about Columbo was launched in 2014, primarily considering episodes of the television series.[44] The Columbo Files podcast was launched in 2020 while the Columbo Confab Podcast launched in 2017.[45]

Mrs. Columbo spin-off

Mrs. Columbo, a spin-off TV series starring Kate Mulgrew, aired in 1979 and was canceled after only thirteen episodes. Lt. Columbo was never seen on Mrs. Columbo; each episode featured the resourceful Mrs. Columbo solving a murder mystery she encountered in her work as a newspaper reporter. Connections with the original Columbo series were made obvious: the glaring presence of Columbo's car in the driveway, Dog, and Mrs. Columbo emptying ashtrays containing the famous green cigar butts--all featured in the show's opening sequence. References were also made to Kate's husband being a police lieutenant.

The Trivia Encyclopedia lawsuit

Columbo's first name is notably never mentioned in the series, but "Frank Columbo" or "Lt. Frank Columbo" can occasionally be seen on his police ID. This ambiguity surrounding Columbo's first name led to the creator of The Trivia Encyclopedia, Fred L. Worth, to include a false entry that listed "Phillip Columbo" as Columbo's full name as a copyright trap. When the board game Trivial Pursuit included "Phillip" as the answer to the question, "What was Columbo's first name?", Worth launched a 300 million dollar lawsuit against the creators of the game.[46][47] The creators of the game argued that while they did use The Trivia Encyclopedia as one of their sources, facts are not copyrightable and there was nothing improper about using an encyclopedia in the production of a fact-based game. The district court judge agreed and the decision was upheld by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in September 1987. Worth asked the Supreme Court of the United States to review the case, but the Court declined, denying certiorari in March 1988.

See also

References

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  2. ^ Collins, Glenn (November 28, 1990). "Falk's career strategy: who needs a strategy?". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ Hochswender, Woody (December 15, 1991). "Television: just one more thing". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ a b Greenfield, Jeff (April 1, 1973). "Columbo Knows the Butler Didn't Do It". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "Special Collectors' Issue: 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time". TV Guide. 1997.
  6. ^ TV Guide Guide to TV. Barnes & Noble. 2004. p. 651. ISBN 0-7607-5634-1.
  7. ^ The Star Ledger, December 11, 2006.
  8. ^ "'I Love Lucy' Voted the Best TV Show of All Time", ABC News, Go, retrieved 2017
  9. ^ Roush, Matt (February 25, 2013). "Showstoppers: The 60 Greatest Dramas of All Time". TV Guide. pp. 16-17.
  10. ^ Bruce Fretts (December 23, 2013). "TV Guide Magazine's 60 Best Series of All Time". TVGuide.com.
  11. ^ Brownfield, Paul (2013). "101 Best Written TV Series". Writers Guild of America. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ "ABC MYSTERY MOVIE, THE: COLUMBO: COLUMBO GOES TO THE GUILLOTINE (TV)". The Paley Center For Media. Retrieved 2013.
  13. ^ "ABC THURSDAY NIGHT AT THE MOVIES: COLUMBO: COLUMBO LIKES THE NIGHTLIFE (TV)". The Paley Center For Media. Retrieved 2013.
  14. ^ "DVD Talk". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ "Quotes from Columbo (TV Series) Last Salute to the Commodore (1976)".
  16. ^ Sachs, Mark (January 28, 2003). "Dostoevsky, a touch of Columbo". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035.
  17. ^ "Sun Times reviews". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. February 17, 1995. Retrieved 2011.
  18. ^ Lore, Elena (1983). Alfred Hitchcock's A Choice of Evils. New York: Dial Press. ISBN 9780385279529.
  19. ^ "Columbo: The Complete Series available in 34-disc set". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ Dawidziak, Mark (1989). The Columbo Phile: A Casebook. New York: Mysterious Press. pp. 22-23. ISBN 0-89296-376-X.
  21. ^ "Columbo (1971-2003) Company Credits". Retrieved 2014.
  22. ^ Falk, Peter (August 24, 2007). Just One More Thing. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-7867-1939-6.
  23. ^ Dawidziak, Mark (November 1, 2019). The Columbo Phile: A Casebook (30th Anniversary Edition). Ohio: Commonwealth Book Company. p. 29. ISBN 978-1948986120.
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  25. ^ "A mystery Columbo can't seem to crack". Cleveland.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  26. ^ Washington Post  June 24, 2011 Retrieved March 6, 2016
  27. ^ ABC news, June 24, 2011 Retrieved March 6, 2016
  28. ^ TCM.com Retrieved March 6, 2016
  29. ^ "Ed McBain's Columbo". Columbo site. Free UK.
  30. ^ "Columbo Sounds & Themes". Retrieved 2012.
  31. ^ "Columbo". Classic themes. Retrieved 2011.
  32. ^ ""Columbo" (1971)". imdb.com. IMDb. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  33. ^ "News for Columbo". Tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  34. ^ "Columbo DVD news: Announcement for Columbo - The Complete Series - TVShowsOnDVD.com". Archived from the original on August 3, 2012.
  35. ^ "Tvshowsondvd.com". Tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on November 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  36. ^ "Columbo: Mystery Movie Collection 1994-2003". Retrieved 2012.
  37. ^ " BOX [Blu-ray]". amazon. Retrieved 2012.
  38. ^ " BOX [Blu-ray]". Amazon.co.jp. Amazon. Retrieved 2012.
  39. ^ "Columbo: Prescription Murder". Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  40. ^ "Columbo books". Columbo-site.freeuk.com. August 8, 1976. Retrieved 2011.
  41. ^ Harrington, William (2010). The Columbo Collection at. ISBN 978-1932009941.
  42. ^ euronews. "Budapest statue to Columbo honours actor Peter Falk". Retrieved 2014.
  43. ^ Eric, Grundhauser (May 13, 2015). "One More Thing ... About Hungary's Columbo Statue". Slate.
  44. ^ columbopodcast. "The Columbo Podcast". Retrieved 2014.
  45. ^ "Columbo Confab Podcast".
  46. ^ 10 Things You Might Not Know About Columbo mentalfloss.com, Kara Kovalchik, 20 August 2018
  47. ^ Secret Stuff: Trivia on Trivia triviahalloffame.com

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