Colson Whitehead
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Colson Whitehead

Colson Whitehead
Image of Colson Whitehead at the 2009 Texas Book Festival
Colson Whitehead at the 2009 Texas Book Festival.
BornArch Colson Chipp Whitehead
(1969-11-06) November 6, 1969 (age 50)
New York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationWriter
NationalityAmerican
EducationHarvard University
GenreFiction, non-fiction
Notable worksThe Intuitionist, John Henry Days, Zone One, The Underground Railroad, The Nickel Boys
Notable awardsNational Book Award for Fiction (2016); Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (2017 and 2020)
Website
colsonwhitehead.com

Arch Colson Chipp Whitehead (born November 6, 1969) is an American novelist. He is the author of seven novels, including his 1999 debut work, The Intuitionist, and The Underground Railroad (2016), for which he won the 2016 National Book Award for Fiction and the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction; he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction again in 2020 for The Nickel Boys.[1][2] He has also published two books of non-fiction. In 2002, he received a MacArthur Fellowship ("Genius Grant").

Early life

Arch Colson Chipp Whitehead[3] was born in New York City on November 6, 1969, and grew up in Manhattan. He is one of four children to successful entrepreneur parents who owned an executive recruiting firm.[4][5] As a child in Manhattan, Whitehead went by his first name Arch. He later switched to Chipp, before switching to Colson.[6] He attended the elite prep Trinity School in Manhattan and graduated from Harvard University in 1991. In college he became friends with poet Kevin Young.[7]

Early in his career, he lived in Fort Greene, Brooklyn.[8] Whitehead lives in Manhattan and also owns a home in Sag Harbor (The Hamptons), on Long Island. His wife is a literary agent and they have two children.

Career

After leaving college, Whitehead wrote for The Village Voice.[9][10] While working at the Voice, he began drafting his first novels.

Whitehead has since produced nine book-length works--seven novels and two non-fiction works, including a meditation on life in Manhattan in the style of E.B. White's famous essay Here Is New York. The books are 1999's The Intuitionist, 2001's John Henry Days, 2003's The Colossus of New York, 2006's Apex Hides the Hurt, 2009's Sag Harbor, 2011's Zone One, a New York Times Bestseller; 2016's The Underground Railroad, which earned a National Book Award for Fiction, and 2019's The Nickel Boys.[11][12]Esquire magazine named The Intuitionist the best first novel of the year, and GQ called it one of the "novels of the millennium."[13] Novelist John Updike, reviewing The Intuitionist in The New Yorker, called Whitehead "ambitious," "scintillating," and "strikingly original," adding, "The young African-American writer to watch may well be a thirty-one-year-old Harvard graduate with the vivid name of Colson Whitehead."[13]

Whitehead's The Intuitionist was nominated as the Common Novel at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). The Common Novel nomination was part of a long-time tradition at the Institute that included authors like Maya Angelou, Andre Dubus III, William Joseph Kennedy, and Anthony Swofford.

Whitehead's non-fiction, essays and reviews have appeared in numerous publications, including The New York Times, The New Yorker, Granta, and Harper's.[14]

Whitehead at the 2011 Brooklyn Book Festival

His non-fiction account of the 2011 World Series of Poker The Noble Hustle: Poker, Beef Jerky & Death was published by Doubleday in 2014.

He has taught at Princeton University, New York University, the University of Houston, Columbia University, Brooklyn College, Hunter College, Wesleyan University, and been a Writer-in-Residence at Vassar College, the University of Richmond, and the University of Wyoming.

In the spring of 2015, he joined The New York Times Magazine to write a column on language.

His 2016 novel, The Underground Railroad, was a selection of Oprah's Book Club 2.0, and was also chosen by President Barack Obama as one of five books on his summer vacation reading list.[15][16] In January 2017 it was awarded the Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction at the American Library Association Mid-Winter conference in Atlanta, GA.[17] Colson was also honored with the 2017 Hurston/Wright Award for fiction presented by the Zora Neale Hurston/Richard Wright Foundation.[18]The Underground Railroad won the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Judges of the prize called the novel "a smart melding of realism and allegory that combines the violence of slavery and the drama of escape in a myth that speaks to contemporary America."[19]

Whitehead's seventh novel, The Nickel Boys, was published in July 2019. The novel was inspired by the real-life story of the Dozier School for Boys in Florida, where children convicted of minor offences suffered violent abuse.[20] In conjunction with the publication of The Nickel Boys, Whitehead was featured on the cover of TIME Magazine for the July 8, 2019 edition, alongside the strap-line "America's Storyteller".[4]The Nickel Boys won the 2020 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.[21] Judges of the prize called the novel "a spare and devastating exploration of abuse at a reform school in Jim Crow-era Florida that is ultimately a powerful tale of human perseverance, dignity and redemption."[22] It is Whitehead's second win, making him the fourth writer in history to have won the prize twice.[23]

Currently, Whitehead is working on an eighth novel (originally conceived and begun before he wrote The Nickel Boys). The work-in-progress is an untitled crime novel set in Harlem during the 1960s.[4]

In 2020 Whitehead criticized the Internet Archive's National Emergency Library program, launched in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, writing on Twitter: "They scan books illegally and put them online. It's not a library."[24]

Honors

For The Intuitionist

For John Henry Days

For Apex Hides the Hurt

For Sag Harbor

For Zone One

For The Underground Railroad

For The Nickel Boys

Works

Fiction

Non-fiction

Essays

  • "Lost and Found". The New York Times Magazine. November 11, 2001.
  • "A Psychotronic Childhood". The New Yorker. June 4, 2012.
  • "Hard Times in the Uncanny Valley". Grantland. ESPN. August 24, 2012.
  • "Occasional Dispatches from the Republic of Anhedonia". Grantland. ESPN. May 19, 2013.

Short stories

References

  1. ^ "2017 Pulitzer Prize Winners and Nominees". The Pulitzer Prizes. 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "2020 Pulitzer Prizes". The Pulitzer Prizes. 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Sehgal, Parul (July 11, 2019). "In 'The Nickel Boys,' Colson Whitehead Continues to Make a Classic American Genre His Own". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Mitchell S. Jackson (June 27, 2019). "'I Carry It Within Me.' Novelist Colson Whitehead Reminds Us How America's Racist History Lives On". Time. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Emma Brockes (July 7, 2017). "Colson Whitehead: 'To deal with this subject with the gravity it deserved was scary'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Sandhu, Sukhdev (July 20, 2019). "Colson Whitehead: 'We have kids in concentration camps. But I have to be hopeful'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ Purcell, Andrew (May 20, 2017). "Colson Whitehead: 'The truth of things, not the facts'". Western Advocate. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "Don't You Be My Neighbor". NYMag.com. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "Colson Whitehead". Colsonwhitehead.com. Archived from the original on March 6, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  10. ^ Nancy Smith (July 17, 2012). "Interview with Colson Whitehead". The Rumpus. Retrieved 2013.
  11. ^ a b "The Underground Railroad, by Colson Whitehead, 2016 National Book Award Winner, Fiction". Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ "Colson Whitehead". Pen.org. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  13. ^ a b John Updike, "Tote That Ephemera," The New Yorker, May 7, 2001.
  14. ^ a b "Colson Whitehead to be awarded Longwood's Dos Passos Prize for Literature". Longwood University. February 25, 2013. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ Allie Malloy, "Obama summer reading list: 'The Girl on the Train'", CNN, August 12, 2016.
  16. ^ Sarah Begley, "Here's What President Obama Is Reading This Summer", Time magazine, August 12, 2016.
  17. ^ French, Agatha. "American Library Assn.'s 2017 award winners include 'March: Book Three' by Rep. John Lewis". latimes.com. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "Colson Whitehead Honored Once Again for His Novel The Underground Railroad", The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, October 25, 2017.
  19. ^ "Fiction".
  20. ^ "Author wins Pulitzer Prize for a second time". BBC News. May 5, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ Lee, Benjamin (May 4, 2020). "Colson Whitehead and This American Life among Pulitzer 2020 winners". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  22. ^ Maher, John (May 4, 2020). "Moser, Whitehead, McDaniel, Grandin, Boyer, Brown Win 2020 Pulitzers". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2020.
  23. ^ Tucker, Emma (May 4, 2020). "Colson Whitehead Wins Second Pulitzer Prize for Fiction". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2020.
  24. ^ Flood, Alison (March 30, 2020). "Internet Archive accused of using Covid-19 as 'an excuse for piracy'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  25. ^ "ALA Midwinter 2017: Colson Whitehead, Matthew Desmond Win ALA Carnegie Medals". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "Announcement of the 2020 Pulitzer Prize Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes. May 4, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ "Clanchy, Whitehead win 2020 Orwell Prize". Books+Publishing. July 10, 2020. Retrieved 2020.

Further reading

  • Fain, Kimberly. Colson Whitehead: The Postracial Voice of Contemporary Literature. Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.
  • Kelly, Adam. 'Freedom to Struggle: The Ironies of Colson Whitehead.' Open Library of the Humanities (Oct 2018).
  • Maus, Derek C. Understanding Colson Whitehead. University of South Carolina Press, 2014.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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