Coelodonta
Get Coelodonta essential facts below. View Videos or join the Coelodonta discussion. Add Coelodonta to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Coelodonta

Coelodonta
Temporal range: 3.7-0.01 Ma
Pliocene - Pleistocene
Wooly Rhino15.jpg
The woolly rhinoceros, Coelodonta antiquitatis.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Tribe: Dicerorhinini
Genus: +Coelodonta
Bronn, 1831
Type species
Coelodonta antiquitatis
(Blumenbach, 1799)
Species

Coelodonta (from the Greek "hollow tooth", in reference to the deep grooves of their molars) is an extinct genus of rhinoceros that lived in Eurasia between 3.7 million years to 10,000 years before the present, in the Pliocene and the Pleistocene epochs.

Species

Coelodonta antiquitatis MHNT
Skulls of Coelodonta species: from up to down, C. nihowanensis, C. tologoijensis and C. antiquitatis.

Species recognised as members of Coelodonta, according to Deng et al. (2011), include:

  • Coelodonta thibetana (Deng et al. 2011): The most primitive species of the genus, inhabited the Tibetan Plateau during the Pliocene.[1]
  • Coelodonta nihowanensis (Chow, 1978): A primitive species from northern China, it lived in the earliest Pleistocene.[1]
  • Coelodonta tologoijensis (Beliajeva, 1966): Appeared in northern China around 2 million years ago, spreading to Europe in the Middle Pleistocene, 470,000 years ago. It was probably the direct ancestor of the woolly rhinoceros.[2]
  • Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799): The type species of the genus, commonly known as the woolly rhinoceros. It lived in the steppes of northern Eurasia during the Late Pleistocene, and was the last living representative of the genus.

Phylogeny

The authors of the description of the species C. thibetana (Deng et al., 2011) proposed a cladogram to place phylogenetically their position in relation to other members of Rhinocerotidae, using the five extant species of rhinoceros and 13 extinct species. They found that Coelodonta was the sister taxon of the species Stephanorhinus hemitoechus.[1]

Ronzotherium+

Lartetotherium+

Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Rhinoceros

Dihoplus megarhinus+

'Dihoplus' kirchbergensis+

Dihoplus pikermiensis+

Dihoplus ringstroemi+

Stephanorhinus etruscus+

Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis+

Stephanorhinus hemitoechus+

Coelodonta+

Coelodonta thibetana+

Coelodonta nihowanensis+

References

  1. ^ a b c Deng, T.; Wang, X.; Fortelius, M.; Li, Q.; Wang, Y.; Tseng, Z.J.; Takeuchi, G.T.; Saylor, J.E.; Säilä, L.K.; Xie, G. (2011). "Out of Tibet: Pliocene Woolly Rhino Suggests High-Plateau Origin of Ice Age Megaherbivores". Science. 333 (6047): 1285-1288. doi:10.1126/science.1206594. PMID 21885780.
  2. ^ David Garcia Fernández & Juan Vicente i Castells. Nuevas aportaciones al conocimiento de Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799) de Brown Bank, Mar del Norte. Butll. Centre d'Est. Natura B-N. VII 13): 309-329 Sta. Coloma de Gramenet, 2008.PDF

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Coelodonta
 



 



 
Music Scenes