Coat of Arms of Baden
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Coat of Arms of Baden
Coat of arms of the Margraves
and Grand Dukes of Baden
Coat of Arms of the Grand Duchy of Baden 1877-1918.svg
Adopted1243
CrestIssuant from a crest coronet a peacock plume proper between two ostrich feathers the dexter or and the sinister gules
BlazonOr a bend gules
SupportersTwo griffins rampant regardant argent
Other elementsMantling: gules doubled or
The historical state of Baden, in present-day Baden-Württemberg, Germany

The coat of arms of Baden comes from the personal arms of the Margraves and Grand Dukes of Baden, the traditional rulers of the region.[1] Following the revolution and abolition of the Grand Duchy in 1918, the arms and griffin supporters were usurped from the Grand Dukes by the new republic to represent the people and country.

Baden entered as a state of the Weimar Republic the year following the revolution, and subsequently went through several changes and redistricting after World War II. Baden is today part of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany, where one can still see the arms of Baden represented in the coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg, as a badge atop the modern federal state's arms.

History

The House of Baden is a junior branch of the House of Zähringen, which itself is related to the Hohenstaufen family, and was founded by Hermann I of Baden, The Margrave of Verona, son of Berthold I, The Duke of Carinthia, in the eleventh century. The arms of the house of Zähringen share the same tinctures with its junior branch, though they display a red eagle on a yellow shield. The first picture of the coat of arms with the bend dates from the year 1243, but it may have already been in use before this.[2] The Wijnbergen Armorial, compiled from the years 1265 to 1270, lists the arms of "le margreue de badene" as "d'or à la bande de gueules." [3] The supporting griffins were later added by margrave Phillip I in 1528.

Coats of arms

Coat of arms of Baden.svg Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Baden.png Coat of arms of the Republic of Baden from 1918.png Grosses Landeswappen Baden-Württemberg.png
Small arms of Baden
used in various ways since 1243
Grand Dukes of Baden
1808-1918
Republic of Baden
1918-1945
Baden-Württemberg
1954-present

See also

References

  1. ^ Schiering, Timo; Christian Kübrich (2005). "Die Wappen der Deutschen Bundesländer". Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg; Fakultät GGeo; Lehrstuhl für Historische Hilfswissenschaften. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Deutsche Wappenrolle. Stuttgart: Verlag Julius Hoffmann. 1897. p. 31.
  3. ^ Armorial Wijnbergen, number 606, accessible here Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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