Coalition of the Gulf War
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Coalition of the Gulf War

Under United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, a coalition of 35 countries, led by the United States, fought Iraq in the Gulf War from 1990-1991.

Coalition by number of military personnel

Multinational group (Qatari, French, U.S., and Canadian Air Forces) of fighter jets during Operation Desert Shield
A Royal Saudi Air Force Tornado F3 during Operation Desert Storm.
Coalition troops from Egypt, France, Oman, Syria, and Kuwait stand for review during Operation Desert Storm.
List of Coalition forces by number of military personnel
Country Number of Personnel Comments / Major Events
 United States 697,000[1] Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Battle of Khafji
Battle of 73 Easting
Battle of Al Busayyah
Battle of Phase Line Bullet
Battle of Medina Ridge
Battle of Wadi Al-Batin
Battle of Norfolk
 Saudi Arabia 60,000 - 100,000 Operation Desert Shield
Battle of Khafji
Operation Desert Storm
 United Kingdom 53,462[2] Operation Granby. 16 ships, 58 aircraft, 1st Armd Div HQ, 7th Armd Bde, 4th Armd Bde[3]
 Egypt 20,000 Operation Desert Storm
 France 18,000 Opération Daguet. LTG Michel Roquejoeoffre: 20,000 troops, 14 ships, 1 CV, more than 75 aircraft, 350 tanks, & 6th Armored Division. [3]
 Syria 14,500 Operation Desert Storm
 Morocco 13,000 Security Personnel
 Kuwait 9,900 Invasion of Kuwait
Operation Desert Storm
 Oman 6,300 Operation Desert Storm
 Pakistan 4,900 - 5,500 Backup team
 Canada 4,600 Operation Friction
 United Arab Emirates 4,300 Operation Desert Storm
 Qatar 2,600 Battle of Khafji
 Bangladesh 2,300[4] (Operation Moru-prantar) Security Personnel including 2 field Ambulance teams
 Italy 1,950 (Operazione Locusta) Deployed 8 Panavia Tornado strike attack aircraft, Naval deployment (Operazione Golfo 2)
 Australia 700 Australian contribution to the 1991 Gulf War. Australia contributed at least 1 guided missile frigate, 1 destroyer, 1 supply ship.[3]
 Netherlands 700 Naval deployment; Air Force deployments of Surface-to-Air Missiles to Turkey and Israel
 Niger 600 Patroller group. At least 480 troops guarding shrines in Mecca and Medina.[3]
 Sweden 525[5] Field hospital
 Argentina 500 Navy / Air Force
 Senegal 500 Base Guards
 Spain 500 on the field / 3,000 off the coast Engineers
 Bahrain 400 Base Guards
 Belgium 400 Base Engineers
 Poland 319 Operation Simoom
Naval and medical deployment
 South Korea 314 Medical and transportation support
 Norway 280 Naval vessel and field hospital + intelligence information
 Czechoslovakia 200-man chemical defence unit and 150 medical personnel [3] Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Czechoslovakia in the Gulf War
 Greece 200 Hellenic Air Force Pilots and ground support staff
 Philippines 200 Medical personnel
 Denmark 100 HDMS Olfert Fischer (Niels Juel Class Corvette)[3]
 New Zealand 100 2 C-130 Hercules transporter aircraft[6]
 Afghanistan 300 300 Mujaheddin joining coalition on Feb 11, 1991
 Argentina 450 2 frigates and 450 troops[3]
 Belgium 2 minesweepers, 1 squadron of fighters to Turkey[3]
 Germany 1 squadron of fighters to Turkey [4]
 Greece 1 frigate in Red Sea [3]
 Honduras 150 Washington Post Jan, 15, 1991: 150 troops sent, may send 350 more.[3]
 Italy 4 ships, 8 Tornado fighters, 6 F-104 fighters to Turkey[3]
 Senegal 500[3]
 Spain 2 corvettes and 1 destroyer patrolling near Bab al Mandeb[3]
 Hungary 40 Medical team[7]

Coalition by divisions

Army Central Command

Marine Central Command

Joint Forces Command East

Joint Forces Command North

Commanders of coalition

Bangladesh

Czechoslovakia

Egypt

France

Italy

Saudi Arabia

Syria

United Kingdom

United States

Coalition by equipment

United States

Tanks

Armored vehicles

  • M2A2 Bradley IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • M3A2 Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle)
  • AAVP7A1 Assault Amphibian Vehicle Personnel (USMC)
  • LAV-25 Light Armored Vehicle (USMC)
  • LAV-AT Light Armored Vehicle (Anti-Tank) (USMC)
  • M113A2/A3 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)
  • M901A1 ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle)
  • M93 Fox Nuclear-Biological-Chemical (NBC) Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

  • LAV-M Light Armored Vehicle (Mortar) (USMC)
  • M106A2 Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier
  • M109A2/A3/A4 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • M110A2 8 inch SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • M270 MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

  • M577A2 ACP (Armored Command Post) Carrier
  • AACV7A1 (Assault Amphibian Vehicle Command) (USMC)
  • LAV-25C2 Light Armored Vehicle (Command & Control) (USMC)
  • M981 FISTV (Fire Support Team Vehicle)

Other vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Aircraft carriers

Battleships

Submarines

Amphibious assault ships

Guided missile cruisers

Destroyer tenders

Destroyers

Guided missile destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious transport docks

Ammunition ships

Dock landing ships

Tank landing ships

Fast sealift ships

  • SL-7 Type (USS Algol, USNS Bellatrix, USS Denebola, USS Pollux, USNS Altair, USS Regulus, USS Capella)

Fleet oilers

  • Neosho class (USS Neosho, USS Hassayampa, USS Ponchatoula)
  • Cimarron class (USS Platte)
  • Henry J. Kaiser class (USS Joshua Humphreys, USNS Andrew J. Higgins, USS Walter S. Diehl)

Combat stores ships

Fast combat support ships

Replenishment oiler ships

  • Wichita class (USS Kansas City, USS Kalamazoo)

Minesweepers

Repair ships

  • Vulcan class (USS Vulcan, USS Jason)

Rescue and salvage ships

  • Edenton class (USS Beaufort)

Sealift ships

  • Wright class (USS Wright, USS Curtiss)

Hospital ships

Amphibious cargo ships

  • Charleston class (USS Durham, USS Mobile)

Mine countermeasure ships

Survey ships

  • Chauvenet class (USS Chauvenet)

Light watercraft

United Kingdom

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

  • FV432(M) Trojan SPMC (Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier)
  • M109 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer) M109A2
  • M110 8 inch SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer) M110A2
  • MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System)

Anti-aircraft

  • Rapier Field Standard B2 Stationary SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Tracked Rapier TR1 Mobile SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Javelin LML (Lightweight Multiple Launcher) SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher

Artillery and mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

Other vehicles

Aircraft

Frigates

Destroyers

Submarines

Fleet support tankers

Fast fleet tankers

Stores ships

Mine countermeasure vessels

  • Hunt class (HMS Ledbury, HMS Cattistock, HMS Dulverton, HMS Bicester, HMS Atherstone, HMS Hurworth)

Fleet repair ships

Primary casualty reception vessels

Saudi Arabia

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

  • M109A2 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • AMX-GCT 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer)
  • ASTROS-II MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System)
  • M106A2 Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier
  • Cadillac Gage V-150 Commando (Mortar 81 mm)
  • Cadillac Gage V-150 Commando (Mortar 90 mm)

Artillery and mortars

Anti-aircraft

  • M163 VADS Vulcan Air Defence System
  • AMX-30SA Shahine Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • AMX-30SA SPAAA (Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • MIM-23 Improved Hawk SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Shahine Stationary SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Bofors 40 mm L/70 AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • Oerlikon-Buhrle Twin 35 mm GDF AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)

Other vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Frigates

Corvettes

Patrol ships

  • Al Sadiq class (Al-Siddiq, Al-Farouq, Abdul-Aziz, Faisal, Khalid, Amr, Tariq, Ouqbah, Abu Obadiah)

Replenishment ships

Kuwait

Tanks

  • M-84AB MBT (Main Battle Tank)

Armoured vehicles

  • BMP-2 IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • M113A1 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)

Helicopters

Aircraft

France

Tanks

Other armoured vehicles

  • GIAT AMX-10RC armoured car
  • Panhard AML-90 armoured car
  • Panhard ERC-90F4 Sagaie armoured car
  • GIAT VAB (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) wheeled troop carrier
  • GIAT VAB-PC (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé - Poste de Commandement) command vehicle
  • GIAT VAB-VCAC/HOT (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé - Véhicule de Combat Anti-Char) ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) launch vehicle
  • GIAT VAB-VTM (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé - Véhicule Tracteur de Mortier) mortar tractor

Artillery and mortars

  • TR-F1 155 mm towed howitzer
  • MO-81-61C 81 mm mortar
  • MO-120-RT-61 120 mm mortar

Anti-aircraft

  • GIAT 20 mm 53T2 towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • Mistral SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) launcher

Other vehicles

  • Peugeot P4 4WD
  • VLRA (Vehicle de Liaison et Reconnaissance de L'Armee) truck

Helicopters

Aircraft

Aircraft carriers

Amphibious transport docks

Cruisers

Destroyers

Corvettes

Replenishment ships

Qatar

Tanks

  • AMX-30S MBT (Main Battle Tank)

Italy

Fighter jets

Destroyers

Frigates

Replenishment ships

Poland

Hospital ship

Salvage ship

Czechoslovakia

Other vehicles

  • Tatra T-815 (Heavy truck)
  • UAZ-4629 (All-terrain vehicle mounted with chemical reconnaissance probes)
  • ARS-12M (De-contamination truck based on Praga V3S)
  • POP (Mobile field medical truck based on Praga V3S)

Canada

Destroyers

Fighter aircraft

Transport aircraft

Helicopters

Patrol, surveillance aircraft

Supply/replenishment ship

Argentina[9]

Destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious cargo ships

Helicopters

Transport aircraft

Australia

Destroyers

Frigates

Replenishment ships

Transport aircraft

Notes and references

  1. ^ Hyams, K. C., K. Hanson, F. S. Wignall, J. Escamilla, and E. C. Oldfield, 3rd. "The Impact of Infectious Diseases on the Health of U.S. Troops Deployed to the Persian Gulf During Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm." Reprinted with permission of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Force Health Protection & Readiness Policy & Programs, 20 June 1995. Web. 9 June 2014.
  2. ^ "1990/1991 Gulf Conflict" retrieved 25 March 2011 "Ministry of Defence"
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Desert Shield and Desert Storm: A Chronology and Troop List for the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf Crisis" (PDF). apps.dtic.mil. 1991-03-25. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b Hossain, Ishtiaq (April 1997). "Bangladesh and the Gulf War: Response of a Small State". Pakistan Horizon. Pakistan Institute of International Affairs. 50 (2): 42. JSTOR 41393571.
  5. ^ http://www.mil.se/sv/i-varlden/Utlandsstyrkan/Truppinsatser/Kuwait/ Archived 2009-05-27 at the Wayback Machine Field hospital deployed as part of Operation Granby (in Swedish)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-22. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Royal New Zealand Air Force website
  7. ^ Lieutenant Colonel Joseph P. Englehardt. "DESERT SHIELD AND DESERT STORM A CHRONOLOGY AND TROOP LIST FOR THE 1990-1991 PERSIAN GULF CRISIS" (PDF). Defense Technical Information Center.
  8. ^ OP SCALPEL War Journal
  9. ^ La Armada Argentina en el Golfo
  10. ^ El TC-91, un avión con mucha historia
  11. ^ A 12 AÑOS DEL BOEING UNAG-1 EN LA GUERRA DEL GOLFO I Archived 2011-03-05 at the Wayback Machine

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