|Close-mid back unrounded vowel|
The close-mid back unrounded vowel, or high-mid back unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. Its symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ⟨?⟩, called "ram's horns". It is distinct from the symbol for the voiced velar fricative, ⟨?⟩, which has a descender. Despite that, some writings use this symbol for the voiced velar fricative.
Before the 1989 IPA Convention, the symbol for the close-mid back unrounded vowel was ⟨⟩, sometimes called "baby gamma", which has a flat top; this symbol was in turn derived from and replaced the inverted small capital A, ???, that represented the sound before the 1928 revision to the IPA. The symbol was ultimately revised to be ⟨⟩, "ram's horns", with a rounded top, in order to better differentiate it from the Latin gamma ⟨?⟩.Unicode provides only ɤ LATIN SMALL LETTER RAMS HORN (HTML
ɤ), but in some fonts this character may appear as a "baby gamma" instead.
|English||Cape Flats||foot||[f?t]||'foot'||Possible realization of /?/; may be or instead. See South African English phonology|
|Indian South African||Possible realization of /?/; may be a weakly rounded instead. See South African English phonology|
|Estonian||kõrv||[k?rv]||'ear'||Can be close-mid central or close back instead, depending on the speaker. See Estonian phonology|
|Gayo||kule||[ku'l?:]||'tiger'||Close-mid or mid; one of the possible allophones of /?/.|
|Irish||Ulster||Uladh||[?lu]||'Ulster'||See Irish phonology|
|Kaingang||mo||['?b?]||'tail'||Varies between back [?] and central |
|Korean||Gyeongsang dialect||/geogi||['k?]||'there'||See Korean phonology|
|Northern Tiwa||Taos dialect||mânp?umán||[?mã'pu?mã?]||'it was squeezed'||May be central instead. See Taos phonology|
|Scottish Gaelic||doirbh||[drv]||'difficult'||See Scottish Gaelic phonology|