Cleveland Metropolitan School District
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Cleveland Metropolitan School District
Cleveland Metropolitan School District
This is the logo of the Cleveland Metropolitan School District.
1111 Superior Avenue E.
Cleveland, Ohio 44114

United States
District information
GradesPreK - 12
SuperintendentEric Gordon
Asst. Superintendent(s)Trent Mosley, Curtis Timmons, Wayne Belock, Christine Fowler-Mack, Patrick Zohn, Karen Thompson, Lori Ward[2]
School board9 members[4]
Chair of the boardAnne E. Bingham[5]
AccreditationAdvancED, Ohio Department of Education
Budget$838 million (2017-18 school year)[3]
Affiliation(s)Ohio 8[6]
Students and staff
Teachers2659 (2016-17 school year budgeted)[8]
Staff5303 (2016-17 school year budgeted total staff)[9]
Athletic conferenceSenate Athletic League
Other information
TreasurerDerek Richey[10]

Cleveland Metropolitan School District, formerly the Cleveland Municipal School District, is a public school district in the U.S. state of Ohio that serves almost all of the city of Cleveland.[11] The district covers 79 square miles.[12] The Cleveland district is the second largest PreK-12 district in the state, with a 2017-2018 enrollment of about 38,949.[7] CMSD has 68 schools that are for kindergarten to eighth grade students and 39 schools for high school aged students.[7]

In 2005 and in years following, the system faced large budget shortfalls and repeated possibility of slipping back into "academic emergency" as rated by the Ohio Department of Education. The mayor was given control of the city schools after a series of elected school boards were deemed ineffective by city voters. The school board appoints a chief executive officer, the equivalent of a district superintendent, who is responsible for district management.[13] CMSD is the only district in Ohio that is under direct control of the mayor, who appoints a school board. The former chairman of the Board of Education, Robert M. Heard Sr., was appointed July 1, 2007 by Mayor Frank G. Jackson, and CEO's appointed included Barbara Byrd Bennett and Eugene Sanders. In response to declining enrollment over more than a decade and the corresponding growth in charter schools in the city, the District took several steps to improve academic performance and increase graduation rates. In the 2007-08 school year, the District changed its name to the Cleveland Metropolitan School District to attract students throughout the region.[14]

The district has seen the graduation rate improve 22.4 percent since 2010.[7] The 4-year graduation rate for students who entered the 9th grade in 2014 and graduated by 2017 was 74.6 percent.[15] The 5-year graduation rate for students who entered the 9th grade in 2013 and graduated by 2017 was 79.6 percent.[15] CMSD reports that the 4-year graduation rate for the class of 2018 was 74.6 percent.[7]

In 2011, Board of Education Chair Denise Link, led the board in its current transformation efforts, including the appointment of Eric S. Gordon as chief executive officer. In 2012, collaboration with the community and Cleveland Teachers Union, the district designed "Cleveland's Plan for Transforming Schools" also referred to as "The Cleveland Plan."[16] The purpose of the Cleveland Plan was to remove legislative barriers to school reform in Cleveland and to implement a portfolio strategy to: Grow the number of high-performing CMSD and charter schools in Cleveland and close and replace failing schools; Focus CMSD's central office on key support and governance roles and transfer authority and resources to schools; Invest and phase in high-leverage system reforms across all schools from preschool to college and career; and Create the Cleveland Transformation Alliance to ensure accountability for all public schools in the city. This included major changes in the District's contract with the Cleveland Teachers Union. House Bill 525 was then created and passed with a bipartisan vote of 27-4, to support the districts most aggressive reform strategies in history.[17] Working closely with Mayor Frank G. Jackson and a coalition of concerned citizens throughout the city, Link and Gordon additionally led the district to passage of CMSD's first operating levy, Issue 107, in 16 years in November, 2012.[18] The District moved its central office in 2013 to its current location at 1111 Superior Ave. E, Cleveland, Ohio 44114.

In 2013, Board Chair Denise L. Link won the Green-Garner "Top Urban Educator" Award, the highest honor given by the Council of the Great City Schools for significant contributions to urban schools and students.[19] CEO Eric Gordon was a national finalist for the same award in 2012. In 2016, Eric Gordon won the "Urban Educator of the Year Award from the Council of Great City Schools.[20]

Demographic history of CMSD

Cleveland was hit hard in the 1960s and early 1970s by white flight and suburbanization, exacerbating a long-term decline in population that began in 1950. While the city's total population declined, Cleveland Public Schools' enrollment had increased: 99,686 in 1950, and 134,765 in 1960, and 148,793 in 1963.[21] Cleveland Public Schools financially struggled with a growing student population, and a declining tax base due to regional industrial decline and depopulation of the metropolitan and urban areas in favor of the suburbs.[21]

After World War II, middle-class jobs and families migrated to the suburbs leaving behind predominantly low-income student enrollment in the Cleveland Public School system.[21]

On December 12, 1973, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Cleveland Chapter filed suit, Reed vs. Rhodes,[22][23] against the Cleveland Board of Education in Cleveland's United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio to racially integrate Cleveland Public Schools,[24] claiming that the public schools were at least partly at fault for Cleveland's housing segregation into ethnic neighborhoods. Between August 31, 1976[23] and 1984, Chief United States District Judge Frank J. Battisti issued over 4,000 court orders including implementation of forced-busing of Cleveland Public Schools;[21] the case was appealed to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals, which by 23 Aug. 1979 upheld Battisti's earlier orders,[22] and was later upheld on appeal by the Supreme Court of the United States.

Mandatory busing was one of several factors which sped up the migration out of Cleveland by those who could afford to.[] The administrative and operational expense of complying with mandatory busing and other federal court orders caused a dramatic increase in overhead expenditures per student, while declining tax revenues resulted in lower expenditures on actually educating public school students.[21]

The combination of many factors resulted in declining enrollments.[21] Before mandatory busing, in 1976, minority enrollment in Cleveland Public Schools was 58%; by 1994 it was 71%. By 1996, Cleveland Public Schools' total enrollment was half of what it was pre-mandatory busing.[25] In 1991, Ohio had a new proficiency test for 9th grade students, which the majority of Cleveland Public Schools students did not pass.[21] By 1994, almost 50% of the system's students were failing to graduate from high school.[21] Meanwhile, many graduates did not qualify for entry-level jobs,[21] with many employers increasingly requiring secondary or post-secondary degrees [21] due to more information technology-related jobs and other changes in the overall economy.

In March 1994, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Cleveland Chapter, Reed vs. Rhodes plaintiff, challenged the fairness of the Ohio 9th grade proficiency test as an Ohio secondary school graduation requirement for African-American students;[26] the subsequent federal court settlement agreement(s) left the 9th grade secondary school graduation requirement intact and unchanged in 1994 and subsequently.[26] Prior to mandatory busing, Cleveland Public Schools' graduation rate was 75 percent; by 1996 it had dropped to 26.6 percent.[25] Although mandatory busing ended in the 1990s, Cleveland continued to slide into poverty, reaching a nadir in 2004 when it was named the poorest major city in the United States.[27] Cleveland was again rated the poorest major city in the U.S. in 2006, with a poverty rate of 32.4%.[28]


Elementary & K-8 schools

School Name Lowest Grade Highest Grade Category
Douglas MacArthur Girls Leadership Academy Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Valley View Boys Leadership Academy Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Warner-Girls Leadership Academy Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Dike School of the Arts Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Adlai Stevenson Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Andrew J. Rickoff Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Anton Grdina Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Bolton Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Case Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Carl & Louis Stokes, Central Academy Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Charles W. Eliot Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Clara E. Westropp Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Daniel E. Morgan Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Franklin D. Roosevelt Academy Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
H. Barbara Booker Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Hannah Gibbons-Nottingham Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Harvey Rice Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Iowa-Maple Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Joseph M. Gallagher Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Marion-Sterling Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Mary M. Bethune Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Memorial Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Miles Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Miles Park Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Newton D. Baker Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Oliver H. Perry Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Orchard Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Patrick Henry Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Paul L. Dunbar Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Paul Revere Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Robert H. Jamison Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Tremont Montessori Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Wade Park Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Waverly Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Wilbur Wright Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Almira Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Benjamin Franklin Kindergarten 8 Growth
Buckeye-Woodland Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Buhrer Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Charles Dickens Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Charles A. Mooney Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Clark Kindergarten 8 Growth
Denison Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
East Clark Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Fullerton Kindergarten 8 Refocus
George W. Carver Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Joseph F. Landis Kindergarten 8 Close
Louis Agassiz Kindergarten 8 Growth
Louisa May Alcott Kindergarten 8 Growth
Luis Muñoz Marín Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Marion C. Seltzer Kindergarten 8 Growth
Mary B. Martin Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
McKinley Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Michael R. White Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Mound Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Nathan Hale Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Robinson G. Jones Kindergarten 8 Growth
Riverside Kindergarten 8 Growth
Scranton Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Sunbeam Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Walton Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Watterson-Lake Kindergarten 8 Growth
William C. Bryant Kindergarten 8 Growth
Willow Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Artemus Ward Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely

High schools

School Name Lowest Grade Highest Grade Principal
Thomas Jefferson Campus

-International Newcomers Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

Pre-Kindergarten 9 Principal varies in each academy

Rhonda A. Saegert

Danielle T. Simmons

Whitney M. Young Gifted & Talented Leadership Academy 2 12 Karen M. Byron-Johnson
Cleveland School of the Arts 7 12 Andrew J. Koonce
Carl F. Shuler Ninth Grade Academy 9 9 Lisa Williams-Locklear
Collinwood High School Campus

-College Board Academy

-Interior Design & Fashion Merchandising

-Teaching Professions Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Kevin L. Payton

Crystal Maclin

Marnisha Brown

East Technical High School Campus

-Ninth Grade Academy

-Community Wrap Around Academy

-Engineering & Science Tech Academy

-New Tech

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Byron Hopkins

Paul Hoover

Christy Nickerson

Ryan C. Durr

Garrett Morgan School of Science

-New Tech

9 12 LaVerne Hooks

Erin Frew

Ginn Academy 9 12 Clifford Hayes Jr.
Glenville High School Campus

-Health Exercise Sports & Recreation Academy

-Programming & Software Development Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Doris Redic

Teresa Conley

David Reimen

James Ford Rhodes High School 9 12 Diane Rollins
Jane Addams Business Careers Center

-Design Lab Early College

9 12 Annie McGhee

Raymon L. Spottsville

John Adams High School Campus

-College Board Academy

-Financial Services Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Donald J. Jolly

Brenda E. Washington

Damon L. Holmes

John F. Kennedy Academic Campus

-Entertainment Marketing Academy

-Interactive Media Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Samuel J. Maul

Maryum Spencer-Sims

Jason L. Tidmore

John Hay High School Campus

-Cleveland School of Science and Medicine

-Cleveland School of Architecture and Design

-Cleveland Early College School

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Edward Weber

Tianna Maxey

Carol Lockhart

John Marshall High School 9 12 Luther E. Johnson Jr.
Lincoln-West High School Campus

-Community Wrap Around Academy

-International Studies Academy

-Programming & Software Development Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Maria Carlson

Dr. Irene G. Javier

Perry W. Myles Sr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Career Campus

-Health Careers Center

-Law & Municipal Careers

9 12 Marilyn Cargile

Cynthia Hanish

William Davis

Max S. Hayes High School 9 12 Alex R. Murphy
MC2STEM High School 9 12 Jeffrey D. McClellan
SuccessTech Academy 9 12 Sara Kidner
Washington Park Environmental Studies Academy 9 12 Alisa Lawson-McKinnie
High Tech Academy 10 12 Stacy M. Hutchinson
High Achievement Academy

-Whitney Young students only

11 12 N/A

"Growth schools," the highest-rated group, will stay as is while gaining some extra freedom in management. "Refocus schools," are improving and will get added attention--for example, leadership training--to help continue their progress. "Repurpose schools," which face staff changes or conversion to charters to give them a jolt. The remaining schools will close, with students transferred to neighboring facilities unless they take advantage of citywide open enrollment. "Monitor closely schools," are those schools that will not be placed in a group until the 2011-2012 school year.[29]

Prior to 1998 the school board was elected. Since that time the board has been appointed by the Mayor.

Gifted, honors and advanced placement schools

In October 1921, the Cleveland Public School System began its first program for gifted children at Denison Elementary School where gifted children in grades four, five, and six participated. This program was supported by the Women's City Club of Cleveland. From 1921 to 1927, fourteen elementary and two junior high schools were established as centers for gifted children. In the decades of the 1940s and 1950s, the Cleveland Public Schools developed and articulated a program for gifted pupils from the primary grades through high school. Thus, from a modest beginning, the program, which at one time was called the "greatest experiment in education," has grown and developed into a program that currently[when?] provides enriching educational experiences for over 2,500 children with high intellectual and/or academic ability.


Total district revenues for the 2011-2012 school year amounted to $630,981,000, with 27% of revenues coming from local funding, 58% from state funding, and 15% derived from federal funding.[30] This total revenue amounted to $15,464 per pupil. The Ohio Department of Education reports the average teacher salary for the 2012-2013 school year was $69,314, with a median teacher salary of $72,940.[31]

Gifted education

The Gifted Education Program in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District consists of the 'Major Work' Program, currently in grades 2-8, and the Honors and Advanced Placement (AP) Programs in grades 9-12. There are seven PreK-8 Schools, one Grades 2-12 School, and five Grades 9-12 Schools that service gifted identified children. The AP courses vary amongst high schools.

Entrance into the 'Major Work' Program is based upon a 95 percentile score in the National Range in a major subject area on the Stanford 10 Group Test or the Woodcock-Johnson-III Individual Test. A Full Scale IQ score of 125 or above on the Otis-Lennon Group Test or the WISC-IV Individual Test also qualifies a child for the program.[32]

Grades 2-6 Gifted Courses, Grades 7-8 Honors Courses


  • Benjamin Franklin--2-8
  • Garfield--2-8
  • O. H. Perry--2-8
  • Riverside--2-8
  • Wade Park--2-8
  • Whitney Young--2-8

Grades 9-12 courses


Gifted coded students feed into these high schools unless they apply to another special program or thematic school:

  • Collinwood
  • East Tech
  • Glenville
  • James F. Rhodes
  • John Marshall
  • Whitney Young

Advanced Placement program

Courses vary from school to school:

  • Carl Shuler
  • Cleveland School of Arts
  • Cleveland School of Science and Medicine, John Hay Campus
  • Collinwood
  • Early College, John Hay Campus
  • East Tech
  • Garrett Morgan School of Science
  • Ginn Academy
  • Glenville
  • James F. Rhodes
  • John Marshall
  • Lincoln West
  • South
  • Whitney Young
    • Note Whitney Young has grades 2-12

School uniforms

The district requires all kindergarten through 8th grade student to wear school uniforms; this rule began in 2008. High schoolers are required to adhere to a strict dress code.[33] In February 2009 the school board voted in favor of a rule stating that high schoolers need to wear uniforms.[34]

Graduation requirements

In early 2009, Ohio Department of Education announced its new high school graduation requirements that would take effect starting with students entering ninth grade in 2010 (Class of 2014). Under these requirements, students must take an additional year of mathematics, more business/ career tech class and fewer electives.[]

New report cards

In the 2009-2010 school CMSD introduced its new report card and progress report system. The new report cards were reduced from four pages to one page in high schools, and from four to six - eight pages for students in grades 1-8, but offered less information about students' progress.[] Teachers, principals, and teacher union officials complained about the new system, arguing teachers had to wake up at 3AM to enter grade because the system was kicking them out and not allowing them to enter grades at reasonable times. Principals had problems printing report cards and saving grades. Parents and students felt the report cards showed very little information compared to the older versions.[]

See also


  1. ^ Miggins, Edward M. (November 14, 2012). "Cleveland Public Schools". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "CMSD Senior Leadership". Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Cleveland Municipal State Report Card: Financial Data". Ohio Department of Education. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "CMSD Senior Leadership". Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ "CMSD Senior Leadership". Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ "Home Page". The Ohio 8. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Our Students". Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "Fiscal Year 2016-2017 Budget" (PDF). Cleveland Metropolitan Schools. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "Fiscal Year 2016-2017 Budget" (PDF). Cleveland Metropolitan Schools. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ "Finance Department". Cleveland Metropolitan Schools. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ "Shaker Heights City School District." The Plain Dealer. Sunday April 25, 2010. Retrieved on November 21, 2011. "All of the city of Shaker Heights plus about 1 square mile of Cleveland around Shaker Square. H. The Cleveland portion has been part of the Shaker school district since the 1920s. Its residents pay the same school taxes as Shaker Heights residents and are entitled to use the schools and to vote in school elections."
  12. ^ "School District Square Mileage". Ohio Department of Education. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Cleveland Municipal School District FAQ". City of Cleveland. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ Kleinerman, Ellen Jan (2007-02-01). "Bold plan geared to raising scores, graduation rates". Cleveland: The Plain Dealer. Retrieved ..
  15. ^ a b "Cleveland Municipal State Report Card: Graduation Rate". Ohio Department of Education. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ "Cleveland's Plan for Transforming Schools". Cleveland Metropolitan Schools. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ "The Cleveland Plan heads to Governor Kasich". Cleveland Channel 19 News. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ O'Donnell, Patrick. "Cleveland school levy sails to apparent victory". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ O'Donnell, Patrick. "Cleveland school board Chair Denise Link named Urban Educator of the Year by the Council of the Great City Schools". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ CMSD News Bureau. "CEO named Urban Educator of the Year". Cleveland Metropolitan Schools. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Cleveland Public Schools by Edward Miggins, Cuyahoga Community College". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved .
  22. ^ a b "Education (in Cleveland)". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved .
  23. ^ a b "Battisti, Frank Joseph (4 Oct. 1922-19 Oct. 1994)". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved .
  24. ^ "The National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People (NAACP), Cleveland Branch". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved .
  25. ^ a b "Testimony of Joyce Haws, Communications Director, National Association of Neighborhood Schools/Cleveland". Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties, Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, U.S. House of Representatives. September 18, 1996. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved .
  26. ^ a b "Proficiency Testing in Ohio - A Summary, and Challenges to Ninth Grade Proficiency Tests in Ohio". Ohio Department of Education, on-line reprint(s). Retrieved .
  27. ^ The Associated Press. "Cleveland rated poorest big city in U.S." September 23, 2004. Retrieved from NBC News on 2007-08-01.
  28. ^ Diane Suchetka and Barb Galbincea. "Cleveland Rated Poorest City for Second Time". The Plain Dealer. (2006-08-30) Available at "The American Policy Roundtable". Archived from the original on January 26, 2008. Retrieved .. Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
  29. ^ [] Retrieved on 8 January 2010
  30. ^ "Ohio Department of Education Revenue and Expenditure Report"
  31. ^ "Ohio Department of Education Teacher Data Report"
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-29. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link);
  33. ^ "Dress Code Archived 2012-07-28 at" Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Retrieved on February 22, 2009.
  34. ^ "Cleveland school board adopts uniforms for high school students." The Plain Dealer. February 10, 2009. Retrieved on February 22, 2009.

External links

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