|Died||12 November 1873 (aged 85)|
|Citizenship||Duchy of Savoy, France|
|Alma mater||École Polytechnique, École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris|
|Known for||The promoter and creator of the first modern water turbine|
|Awards||Knight of the Legion of Honour|
Claude Burdin (French: [klod byr.d]; 19 March 1788 – 12 November 1873) was a French engineer. Born in Lépin-le-Lac, Savoie, when it was known as the Duchy of Savoy, he was professor at the school of mines, École nationale supérieure des mines de Saint-Étienne, in Saint-Étienne. He became a French citizen on June 4, 1817. He proposed the concept and developed the term turbine from the Greek word , meaning "whirling" or a "vortex".
Burdin was born on March 19, 1788 in the Duchy of Savoy. He was part of the class 1807 of the École polytechnique and the École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. He became a professor at the École nationale supérieure des mines de Saint-Étienne. Burdin spent most of his engineering career in Clermont-Ferrand.
In 1822, Burdin submitted his memo "Des turbines hydrauliques ou machines rotatoires à grande vitesse" (Hydraulic turbines or high-speed rotary machines) to the Académie royale des sciences in Paris. However, it was not until 1824 that a committee of the Académie (composed of Prony, Dupin, and Girard) reported favorably on Burdin's memo.
Working on water wheels, he was the promoter and creator of the first modern water turbine, an invention which was perfected by his pupil in Saint-Étienne, Benoît Fourneyron. This turbine - with a vertical axis - was installed in 1825 in a mill located in Pontgibaud; it had an energy efficiency of 67%.
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