|Region||Baubau, Buton Island, Southeast Sulawesi|
Cia-Cia (Bahasa Ciacia), also known as Buton or Butonese, is an Austronesian language spoken principally around the city of Baubau on the southern tip of Buton Island off the southeast coast of Sulawesi in Indonesia.
In 2009, the language gained international media attention as the city of Baubau was teaching children to read and write Cia-Cia in Hangul, the Korean alphabet, and the mayor consulted the Indonesian government on the possibility of making the writing system official. However, the project encountered difficulties between the city of Baubau, the Hunminjeongeum Society, and the Seoul Metropolitan Government in 2011, and was abandoned in 2012. As of 2017 it remains in use in schools and on local signs.
As of 2005 there were 80,000 speakers. Speakers also use Wolio, which is closely related to Cia-Cia, as well as Indonesian, the national language of Indonesia. Wolio is falling into disuse as a written language among the Cia-Cia, as it is written using the Arabic script and Indonesian is now taught in schools with the Latin script.
According to legend, Cia-Cia speakers on Binonko descend from Butonese troops sent by a Butonese Sultan.
The name of the language comes from the negator cia "no". It is also known as Buton, Butonese, Butung, and in Dutch Boetonees, names it shares with Wolio, and as South Buton or Southern Butung.
The language situation on the island of Buton is very complicated and not known in great detail.
Dialects include Kaesabu, Sampolawa (Mambulu-Laporo), Wabula (with its subvarieties), and Masiri. The Masiri dialect shows the greatest amount of vocabulary in common with the standard dialect. Konisi & Hidayat discuss two dialects, Pesisir and Pedalaman; Pedalaman has gh in native words where Pesisir has r, but has r in loan words.
|IPA||/?/||/k/||/n/||/?/||/d/||/t/||/r ~ ?/||/l/||/m/||/?/||/?/||/b/||/p/||/s/||/?/||/?/||/d?/||/t?/||/h/|
* ? is not a separate letter. The medial /r/ and /l/ are distinguished by writing a single letter (?) for /r/ and double (?) for /l/. Double ? must be written in two syllables. The final /l/ is written with a single letter ?; for the final consonant /r/, the null vowel (?) is added. Null consonant and vowel letters (?) are added for initial /l/.
An example of the proposed Hangul script and followed by Latin and IPA alphabet:
The numerals 1–10 are: