|Preceded by||National Peasants' Party|
|Headquarters||Bd. Carol I, nr. 24|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European Parliament group||ECR group|
|Colours||Green and Blue|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|European Parliament (Romanian seats)|
|Local Council Councilors|
The Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (Romanian: Partidul Na?ional r?nesc Cre?tin Democrat, abbreviated PN?-CD) is a Christian democratic and agrarianpolitical party in Romania. It claims to be the successor of the National Peasants' Party (created from the merger of the Romanian National Party from Transylvania and Peasants' Party). The party was excluded from the European People's Party (EPP) in June, 2017. The party joined the European Christian Political Movement in February 2020.
The Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party was (re)-founded by Corneliu Coposu, Ioan Alexandru, and Ion Ra?iu in December, 1989, being thus the first officially registered political party after the fall of Communism. The party competed in the 1990 elections, where it ranked 4th with 2.5% (or 348,637 votes) and supported Ion Ra?iu for president. The PN?-CD presidential candidate ranked 3rd, with 4.3% (or 617,007 votes).
Given the political dominance of the National Salvation Front (FSN) that was exerted prior and after the first free elections in post-1989 Romania, the PN?-CD decided to form a consistent alliance of centre-right parties aiming mainly to oppose it.
As a result, in 1991, most notably alongside the National Liberal Party (but also with other noteworthy civic organisations, foundations, and minor additional right-leaning political parties), the PN?-CD formed the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR).
Eventually, the PN?-CD would affirm itself as the most dominant internal political force for much of the convention's existence. For the period 1990-1992, PN?-CD was one of the main opposition parties.
At the 1992 elections, the party ran on a common CDR list (along with other allied parties within the convention) and supported the candidacy of Emil Constantinescu as President of Romania. Consequently, the CDR ranked 2nd, having scored 20.16% (or 2,210,722 votes), while Emil Constantinescu managed to qualify in the second round of the presidential election where he finished second with 38.57% (or 4,641,207 votes). For the period 1992-1996, the party was the main opposition force in the Parliament of Romania.
At the 1996 elections, CDR managed to rank 1st, with 30.70% (or 3,772,084 votes), and once again supported the candidacy of Emil Constantinescu, who also managed to win the presidency with 54.41% (or 7,057,906 votes). For the period 1996-2000, PN?-CD was the most important governing party within the CDR, being also part of a grand coalition which included the Democratic Party (PD) and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR).
At the 2000 elections, PN?-CD ran on a common CDR 2000 list and scored 5.30% (or 575,706 votes), being unable to pass the electoral threshold required for an alliance. This weak electoral result was primarily owed to the fragmentation of the alliance and the scission of the Romanian right into several other parties as well as to the tumultuous previous governing term. For the period 2000-2004, PN?-CD was in extra-parliamentary opposition.
At the 2004 elections, PN?-CD ran independently, having scored 1.9% (or 196,027 votes), failing this time as well to surpass the electoral threshold. The party supported the presidential candidacy of Gheorghe Ciuhandu, former mayor of Timi?oara. Ciuhandu ranked 5th, with 1.9% (or 198,394 votes).
In March, 2005, PN?-CD voted to change its name to the Christian Democratic People's Party (Partidul Popular Cre?tin-Democrat, PPCD) after the unification with the Union for Romanian Reconstruction. Eventually, it returned to its original name (PN?-CD). The party did not compete in the 2008 legislative elections.
Afterwards, the party was split between a wing sustained by Marian-Petre Milu? supporting Aurelian Pavelescu as president (who decided on an alliance with the then governing Democratic Liberal Party) and one supporting former Prime Minister and Bucharest mayor Victor Ciorbea as president (who, at that time, favoured an alliance with the National Liberal Party).
Victor Ciorbea was elected on June 18, 2011 president of the party. In September 2011 the Bucharest Courthouse (responsible for the parties registry) recognised Victor Ciorbea as party president. Nonetheless, the split continued until Ciorbea left the party (until October, 2012 namely) in order to become a senator on PNL's lists. Pavelescu was subsequently recognized as president and the fractions were dissolved.
For the 2012 legislative elections, PN?-CD ran on a common Right Romania Alliance (ARD), along with the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) and the Civic Force (FC). The party won one senator seat and one deputy seat. On April 23, 2013, Pavelescu was elected president of the party.
At the 2014 European Parliament election, the party only gained 0.89% of the vote, with candidates like former EP member Sebastian Bodu and the current party president, Aurelian Pavelescu, opening the list.
Its motto as of 2006 is Fiecare conteaz? (Everyone counts). At the 2014 European elections PN?CD motto was Rena?tem pentru România ta! (Reborn for your Romania!)
|1990||351,357||2.56||348,637||2.50||Opposition to FSN government (until October 1991)|
|Opposition to FSN-PNL-MER-PDAR government|
|Opposition to PDSR-PUNR-PRM government|
(as CDR 2000)3
|Extra-parliamentary opposition to PDSR minority government|
|2004||188,268||1.85||196,027||1.90||Extra-parliamentary support to DA-PUR-UDMR government (until April 2007)|
|Extra-parliamentary support to PNL-UDMR minority government|
|2008||did not compete4||did not compete4||-||Opposition to PDL-PSD government (until December 2009)|
|Opposition to PDL-UNPR-UDMR (until May 2012)|
|Opposition to USL government (until December 2012)|
|Opposition to USL government (until March 2014)|
|Opposition to PSD-UNPR-UDMR-PC government (until December 2014)|
|Opposition to PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (until November 2015)|
|Supporting Ciolo? Cabinet (Ind.)|
|2016||did not compete||Extra-parliamentary support to PSD-ALDE government (until August 2019)|
|Extra-parliamentary support to PSD minority government (until November 2019)|
|Extra-parliamentary opposition to PNL minority government|
1CDR members in 1992: PN?CD, PAC (7 senators and 13 deputies), PNL-AT (1 senator and 11 deputies), PSDR (1 senator and 10 deputies), PNL-CD (4 senators and 3 deputies) and PER (no senators and 4 deputies).
2CDR members in 1996: PN?CD, PNL (22 senators and 28 deputies), PNL-CD (1 senator and 4 deputies), PAR (3 senators and 3 deputies), PER (1 senator and 5 deputies) and Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER - 1 senator and 1 deputy).
3CDR 2000 members: PN?CD, UFD, Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER), National Christian Democratic Alliance (ANCD) and The Moldavians Party (PM).
4PN?CD competed on PNL ballots.
5Right Romania Alliance members: PDL (22 senators and 52 deputies), FC (1 senators and 3 deputies) and PN?CD.
|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round|
|2009||did not compete3|
|2019||did not compete5|
1Emil Constantinescu was the common centre-right candidate that was endorsed by the PN?CD in both 1992 and 1996 as part of the larger Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR).
2Mugur Is?rescu was endorsed by the PN?CD at the 2000 elections as part of the Romanian Democratic Convention 2000 (CDR 2000) alliance.
3Electoral protocol endorsing Traian B?sescu, the candidate of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), due to a decision enforced by the then official fraction of the PN?CD led by Marian Petre Milu?.
4Elena Udrea was endorsed by the People's Movement Party (PMP)-PN?CD alliance at the 2014 Romanian presidential elections.
5Electoral protocol endorsing Viorica D?ncil?, the candidate of the Social Democratic Party (PSD).
|Election||Votes||Percentage||MEPs||Position||EU Party||EP Group|
|2019||did not compete1|
1Electoral protocol endorsing the Social Democratic Party (PSD).
Born - Died
|Portrait||Term start||Term end||Duration|
|-||Constantin Dudu Ionescu
|2001||2001||less than 1 year|
|2002||2002||less than 1 year|
|6||Marian Petre Milu?
|2011||present||7 years so far|