Location of Choma in Zambia
Choma is a market town and capital of the Southern Province of Zambia, lying on the main road and railway from Lusaka to Livingstone. Choma is also the headquarters of a district of the same name. Most of the district lies at 1400 metres above sea level. Choma Town is home to a small museum dedicated to the cultural heritage of the Tonga people of southern Zambia. The population of Choma District is said to be about 247,860 while the population Choma Town, which serves as the commercial hub for the central region of the province, is estimated at 46,000. The Nkanga River Conservation Area lies nearby.
Choma has the typical climate of southern Zambia with temperatures between 14 °C and 28 °C and sunshine ranging between 9 and 12 hours per day. The highest temperatures occur between the beginning of October and the end of December. Once the rains start, temperatures tend to fall, partly because of the rain and partly due to the often heavy cloud cover. The lowest temperatures are usually recorded in June and July.
The rains generally start in the middle of October and continue through up to the beginning of April. Rainfall reaches its peak around January after which it diminishes slightly up to the beginning of April when usually it ceases entirely. Choma has an average rainfall of 800 mm of which 369 mm falls in January and February. There are variations in total rainfall and rainfall patterns from year to year and even in a particular season. These variations can have a major impact on crop yield. Humidity falls to about 33% until the onset of rains in October after which it skyrockets to about 77% in February. Humidity nosedives once the rains cease in April. The wind is predominantly from the east and south-west, and to a lesser degree from the north-east. The strength of the wind from these directions can be comparatively strong.
Choma has a range of both state-funded and private schools. Some of the state funded schools include:
1. Choma Day Secondary School
2. Choma Secondary School (mission school)
3. Chuundu Day Secondary School
4. Batoka Secondary School
5. Masuku Secondary School (mission school)
6. Macha Girls' Secondary School (mission school)
7. Njase Girls' Secondary School (mission school)
8. St. Marks Boys Secondary School (mission school)
9. Swan Comprehensive School
Government investment has increased in Choma since the late president Sata made it the administrative capital for Southern Province with reports suggesting a new university will be built in the town.
Home to Choma Museum, a local market and numerous lodges, bars and restaurants.
Choma is home to a number of bars and nightclubs including Club Leelove (formerly Chobro Masaka Nightclub), DC Nite Club and Choma Hotel & Bar and has hosted performances from Zambian artists including Macky 2,Petersen and Mampi.
There are a variety of restaurants, cafes and street food stalls in Choma, including Wonderbake, Debonair's Pizza, Rachael's Lodge and PMB Snacklite (within the gardens of Choma Museum). The main market, Makalanguzu, also sells ingredients and traditional street food, including fish, grains, tobacco leaves and roasted corn.
Choma is home to the MTN super division club,Green Eagles. Other teams like Choma Stars where recently promoted from division 3 into division 1 league.
There are a number of other towns in Zambia with the same name.