This article needs attention from an expert in basketball.October 2019)(
|Number of teams||19|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Current champions||Guangdong Southern Tigers (10th title) |
(2019-20 CBA season)
|Most championships||Guangdong Southern Tigers |
|2020-21 Chinese Basketball Association season|
|Chinese Basketball Association|
The Chinese Basketball Association (simplified Chinese: ?; traditional Chinese: ?; pinyin: ), often abbreviated as the CBA, is the first-tier professional men's basketball league in China. It is widely regarded as the preeminent professional men's basketball league in Asia.
The league is commonly known by fans as the CBA, and this acronym is even used in Chinese on a regular basis. The CBA should not be confused with the National Basketball League (NBL), which is a professional minor league. There is also a Women's Chinese Basketball Association (WCBA).
A few Chinese players who competed in the CBA in the early stages of their careers -- including Wang Zhizhi, Mengke Bateer, Yao Ming, Yi Jianlian, Sun Yue, and Zhou Qi -- have also played in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Others such as Xue Yuyang and Wang Zhelin were chosen in the draft, but have not played in the NBA.
Only a limited number of foreign players are allowed on each CBA team. Notable imports include former NBA All-Stars Stephon Marbury, Tracy McGrady, Gilbert Arenas, Steve Francis, and Metta World Peace -- as well as several NBA veterans who would become CBA All-Stars -- Michael Beasley, Aaron Brooks, Jimmer Fredette, Al Harrington, Lester Hudson, Kenyon Martin, Randolph Morris, Shavlik Randolph, Jeremy Lin and J.R. Smith.
The CBA began play in the 1995–96 season. The league should not be confused with the Chinese Basketball Association (organisation), which was founded in June 1956 and represents the country in matters involving the sport's governing body, FIBA. Basketball in China is currently regulated by the Chinese Basketball Management Center.
Other Chinese basketball leagues include the National Basketball League (NBL), the Chinese University Basketball Association (CUBA), and the Chinese High School Basketball League (CHBL). At one time there was a league called the Chinese New Basketball Alliance (CNBA), one of whose most prominent teams was the Beijing Sea Lions, but this venture lasted for just one winter (1996-97).
The first non-Chinese player to compete in the CBA was Mihail Savinkov of Uzbekistan, who joined the Zhejiang Squirrels in the league's inaugural 1995–96 campaign. During the 1996–97 season, James Hodges became one of the first Americans to play in the CBA, and his signing by the Liaoning Hunters helped pave the way for many more imports from the United States to follow in the ensuing years.
Some other notable foreign pioneers included John Spencer, who joined the Jiangsu Dragons later in the 1996–97 campaign, and David Vanterpool, who inked a deal with the Jilin Northeast Tigers the following winter, and helped the team move up to the CBA in time for the 1998–99 season. The CBA's first international coach was American Robert Hoggard, who led the Sichuan Pandas for the last eight games of the 1997–98 campaign.
For a full list of teams, see Category:Chinese Basketball Association teams.
The full name of each team usually consists of three parts, in the following order:
The presence of corporate sponsor names can occasionally lead to confusion about what name to use in English because many variants may be seen. Team names are usually abbreviated (in Chinese or English), so that either the corporate sponsor name or the nickname is used interchangeably (rarely both). In addition, team nicknames can sometimes be translated into English in more than one way, and corporate sponsors tend to change frequently over time.
Nickname changes are rare, but occasionally happen, such as when the Shandong team switched from Flaming Bulls (1995) to Lions (2003) to Gold Lions (2004) to Golden Stars (2014). Other examples include the Liaoning team dumping Hunters (1995) for Dinosaurs (2008) and then Flying Leopards (2011) -- as well as the Foshan team's evolving attempts to "Anglicize" its nickname--by going from Kylins (2001) to Dralions to Long-Lions
In previous years, the title of the league itself was available for corporate naming sponsorship. In 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 it was known as the Hilton League, in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 it was the Motorola League, and in 2003-2004 it was sponsored by China Unicom. These corporate league titles were not always used in the news media, however, and this sponsorship practice was discontinued at the start of the 2004-2005 season.
While teams are listed by division here, the CBA does not use these designations for regular season purposes anymore, as each squad now plays each other once at home and once on the road (plus eight additional games within each of the four rotating "strength of schedule" sub-groupings). Divisions are used for the league's annual All-Star Game, however, and are shown here for the sake of convenience.
|Team||City / Region||Arena||Head Coach|
|Beijing Ducks||Beijing||Wukesong Arena||Simone Pianigiani|
|Beijing Royal Fighters||Beijing||Beijing Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium||Stephon Marbury|
|Jilin Northeast Tigers||Changchun, Jilin
Jilin City, Jilin
Jilin City Arena
|Liaoning Flying Leopards||Shenyang, Liaoning||Liaoning Gymnasium||Yang Ming|
|Qingdao Eagles||Qingdao, Shandong||Guoxin Gymnasium||Wu Qinglong|
|Shandong Heroes||Jinan, Shandong||Shandong Arena||Gong Xiaobin|
|Shanxi Loongs||Taiyuan, Shanxi||Shanxi Sports Centre Gymnasium
Taiyuan Riverside Sports Centre Gymnasium
|Sichuan Blue Whales||Chengdu, Sichuan||Sichuan Provincial Gymnasium||Zhou Jinli|
|Tianjin Pioneers||Tianjin||Dongli Gymnasium
|Xinjiang Flying Tigers||Ürümqi, Xinjiang||Hongshan Arena||Adiljan Suleyman|
|Fujian Sturgeons||Jinjiang, Quanzhou, Fujian||Zuchang Gymnasium||Nenad Vu?ini?|
|Guangdong Southern Tigers||Dongguan, Guangdong||Dongfeng Nissan Cultural and Sports Centre||Du Feng|
|Guangzhou Loong Lions||Guangzhou, Guangdong||Tianhe Gymnasium||Guo Shiqiang|
|Jiangsu Dragons||Suzhou, Jiangsu
|Suzhou Industrial Park Sports Center
Suzhou Sports Center Gymnasium
Changzhou Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium
|Nanjing Monkey Kings||Nanjing, Jiangsu||Nanjing Youth Olympic Sports Park||Memi Be?irovi?|
|Shanghai Sharks||Shanghai||Yuanshen Sports Centre Stadium||Neven Spahija|
|Shenzhen Aviators||Shenzhen, Guangdong||Shenzhen Universiade Sports Centre||Qiu Biao|
|Zhejiang Golden Bulls||Hangzhou, Zhejiang
Yiwu, Jinhua, Zhejiang
Yiwu Meihu Sports Centre
|Zhejiang Guangsha Lions||Zhuji, Shaoxing, Zhejiang
|Zhuji Sports Centre Gymnasium
This is a chronological listing of current and former CBA teams according to the season that they entered the league.
Current Teams Defunct Teams
In 2005, the league unveiled the Mou Zuoyun Cup (Chinese: ?), which was awarded for the first time to the winning team in the CBA Finals. Mou Zuoyun (1913-2007) was a member of the Chinese men's national basketball team which competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics, and he later served as a coach and a pioneer in building Chinese basketball.
|1995-96||Bayi Rockets||2-0||Guangdong Southern Tigers||Home-and-away series used for 2 seasons|
|1996-97||Bayi Rockets||2-0||Liaoning Hunters|
|1997-98||Bayi Rockets||3-0||Liaoning Hunters||Best-of-five series used for 8 seasons|
|1998-99||Bayi Rockets||3-0||Liaoning Hunters|
|1999-00||Bayi Rockets||3-0||Shanghai Sharks||Wang Zhizhi (Bayi)|
|2000-01||Bayi Rockets||3-1||Shanghai Sharks||Yao Ming (Shanghai)|
|2001-02||Shanghai Sharks||3-1||Bayi Rockets||Liu Yudong (Bayi)|
|2002-03||Bayi Rockets||3-1||Guangdong Southern Tigers||Liu Yudong (Bayi)|
|2003-04||Guangdong Southern Tigers||3-1||Bayi Rockets||Du Feng (Guangdong)|
|2004-05||Guangdong Southern Tigers||3-2||Jiangsu Dragons||Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)|
|2005-06||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-1||Bayi Rockets||Yi Jianlian (Guangdong)||Best-of-seven series used since 2005-06|
|2006-07||Bayi Rockets||4-1||Guangdong Southern Tigers||Wang Zhizhi (Bayi)|
|2007-08||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-1||Liaoning Hunters||Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)|
|2008-09||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-1||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)|
|2009-10||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-1||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)|
|2010-11||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-2||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||Wang Shipeng (Guangdong)|
|2011-12||Beijing Ducks||4-1||Guangdong Southern Tigers||Lee Hsueh-lin (Beijing)|
|2012-13||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-0||Shandong Gold Lions||Yi Jianlian (Guangdong)|
|2013-14||Beijing Ducks||4-2||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||Randolph Morris (Beijing)|
|2014-15||Beijing Ducks||4-2||Liaoning Flying Leopards||Stephon Marbury (Beijing)|
|2015-16||Sichuan Blue Whales||4-1||Liaoning Flying Leopards||Hamed Haddadi (Sichuan)|
|2016-17||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||4-0||Guangdong Southern Tigers||Darius Adams (Xinjiang)|
|2017-18||Liaoning Flying Leopards||4-0||Zhejiang Guangsha Lions||Lester Hudson (Liaoning)|
|2018-19||Guangdong Southern Tigers||4-0||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||Yi Jianlian (Guangdong)|
|2019-20||Guangdong Southern Tigers||2-1||Liaoning Flying Leopards||Sonny Weems (Guangdong)||Best-of-three series due to the COVID-19 pandemic|
This is a list of the teams which have advanced to the CBA Finals and the overall win-loss records they have registered in the Championship Series.
|15||Guangdong Southern Tigers||10||5||.667||Made eleven consecutive finals appearances from 2002-03 to 2012-13|
|11||Bayi Rockets||8||3||.727||Won six league titles in a row from 1995-96 to 2000-01|
|3||Beijing Ducks||3||0||1.000||Won three league titles in four seasons from 2011-12 to 2014-15|
|8||Liaoning Flying Leopards||1||7||.125||Made three consecutive finals appearances from 1996-97 to 1998-99|
|6||Xinjiang Flying Tigers||1||5||.167||Made three consecutive finals appearances from 2008-09 to 2010-11|
|3||Shanghai Sharks||1||2||.333||Made three consecutive finals appearances from 1999-00 to 2001-02|
|1||Sichuan Blue Whales||1||0||1.000|
|1||Shandong Gold Lions||0||1||.000|
|1||Zhejiang Guangsha Lions||0||1||.000|
The CBA Most Valuable Player award is presented to the league's best player in a given CBA season. Since the 2012-13 campaign, two awards have been handed out each year, Domestic MVP and International MVP. At the conclusion of each season, the CBA Finals MVP award is bestowed upon the most outstanding player in that year's championship series.
Each campaign's scoring leader is also recognized on an annual basis and the league maintains a list of single game, single season, and career record holders in various statistical categories. Furthermore, a CBA All-Star Game MVP award is given to the player deemed to have the most impactful performance in the league's annual mid-season exhibition contest.
The CBA's highest single season scoring average, depending on how many games are required to be recognized as a statistical qualifier, is either 43.1 points per game by Jordan Crawford, who played in 26 of Tianjin's 38 games (68.4%) in 2015-16, or 42.0 points per game by Jonathan Gibson, who played in 36 of Qingdao's 38 games (94.7%) in 2015-16.
This is a list of individual records separated into two categories -- career records and single game records.
Records last updated and confirmed on March 13, 2019, the final day of the 2018-19 CBA regular season.
(Only available since 2011)
Xinjiang Flying Tigers
Liaoning Flying Leopards
Xinjiang Flying Tigers
Liaoning Flying Leopards
Listed below are some of the most accomplished Chinese players who have competed in the CBA. Time spent with teams in lower leagues before they joined the CBA, or after they left the CBA, cannot be counted as CBA seasons. Notes will be made of such service below a player's CBA information.
|Name||CBA Team (Years)||NBA Team (Years)||Drafted|
Xinjiang Flying Tigers (2007-2013)
San Antonio Spurs (2002-2003)
Toronto Raptors (2003-2004)
Beijing Ducks (2013-2017)
Beikong Royal Fighters (2019-present)
Also played for post-CBA Beijing Olympians in 2004-2008 & 2009-2013
Selected by Los Angeles Lakers
Los Angeles Clippers (2002-2003)
Miami Heat (2003-2005)
Selected by Dallas Mavericks
Selected by Houston Rockets
New Jersey Nets (2008-2010)
Washington Wizards (2010-2011)
Dallas Mavericks (2012)
Selected by Milwaukee Bucks
Selected by Houston Rockets
|Name||CBA Team (Years)||Drafted|
Selected by Memphis Grizzlies
Hong Kong Flying Dragons (2002-2003)
Xinjiang Flying Tigers (2003-2010)
Zhejiang Guangsha Lions (2010-2011)
Qingdao Eagles (2011-2014)
Selected by Dallas Mavericks
|Name||CBA Team (Years)||NBA Team (Pre-season)|
Xinjiang Flying Tigers (2014-2016)
Sichuan Blue Whales (2016-2018)
|Name||CBA Team (Years)||NBA Team (Summer League)|
Note: The Red Squad of the Chinese National Team toured the USA and played several NBA Summer League teams during the 2018 NBA Summer League season while the combined Chinese National Team did likewise during the 2019 NBA Summer League season.
Listed below are some of the most accomplished foreign imports who have competed in the CBA. Players must appear in at least one game for the team to receive credit for a season. Someone who signs a contract but never steps on the court does not count.
On October 4, 2019, the Houston Rockets general manager Daryl Morey issued a tweet in support of the 2019-20 Hong Kong protests. Morey's tweet resulted in the Chinese Basketball Association's suspension of its relationship with the Houston Rockets and China Central Television's removal of all NBA games from its broadcast schedule until further notice.