Cheongju
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Cheongju

Cheongju

Korean transcription(s)
 o Hangul
 o Hanja
 o Cheongju-si
 o Ch'?ngju-si
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 36°38?N 127°29?E / 36.633°N 127.483°E / 36.633; 127.483Coordinates: 36°38?N 127°29?E / 36.633°N 127.483°E / 36.633; 127.483
CountrySouth Korea
RegionHoseo
First mention940
Founded1949
Administrative divisions4 gu 3 eup 10 myeon 30 dong
Area
 o Total940.3 km2 (363.1 sq mi)
Elevation
39 m (128 ft)
Population
(2014)
 o Total838,689
 o Density890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 o Dialect
Chungcheong
Postal code
28100~28899
Area code(s)(+82) 43-2xx
Websitecheongju.go.kr/english/index.do

Cheongju (Korean pronunciation: [t?.d?u]) is the capital and largest city of North Chungcheong Province in South Korea.

History

Cheongju has been an important provincial town since ancient times.

During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea, Cheongju was the site of the Battle of Cheongju, during which the Korean forces re-took the city from the Japanese forces in an important early victory.[]

The government of the province relocated here from Chungju in 1908.

The opening of the Chungbuk-line in 1926 sparked regional development. In 1946, Cheongju and Cheongwon-gun were separated, and in 1949, Cheongju was upgraded to Cheongju City. Afterwards, it went through the separation of administrative dong and their transfer to Cheongwon-gun, with 2 branch offices (East and West) established in July 1989 that were upgraded to Sangdang-gu and Heungdeok-gu in January.[1]

Geography

Cityscape of Cheongju

Geum River goes through the center of Cheongju city. Additionally, the tributaries of Musim and Miho flow together in the northern part of the city. To the east and west, there are the mountains of Wuam and Bumo. Musimcheon River also goes through the middle of Cheongju city.

Climate

Cheongju is a temperate zone, so there are four seasons.

Climate data for Cheongju (1981-2010, extremes 1967-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
19.7
(67.5)
25.9
(78.6)
31.3
(88.3)
34.5
(94.1)
35.1
(95.2)
37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
34.3
(93.7)
29.1
(84.4)
25.1
(77.2)
18.3
(64.9)
37.8
(100.0)
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
6.0
(42.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.5
(67.1)
24.4
(75.9)
27.9
(82.2)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
26.3
(79.3)
20.7
(69.3)
12.7
(54.9)
5.6
(42.1)
18.2
(64.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -2.4
(27.7)
0.3
(32.5)
5.7
(42.3)
12.6
(54.7)
18.1
(64.6)
22.5
(72.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
20.7
(69.3)
14.0
(57.2)
6.7
(44.1)
0.3
(32.5)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) -6.9
(19.6)
-4.6
(23.7)
0.2
(32.4)
6.1
(43.0)
12.3
(54.1)
17.6
(63.7)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
16.2
(61.2)
8.5
(47.3)
1.7
(35.1)
-4.3
(24.3)
7.6
(45.7)
Record low °C (°F) -24.1
(-11.4)
-26.4
(-15.5)
-12.5
(9.5)
-4.8
(23.4)
2.8
(37.0)
7.9
(46.2)
12.3
(54.1)
12.7
(54.9)
3.7
(38.7)
-4.3
(24.3)
-11.0
(12.2)
-20.6
(-5.1)
-26.4
(-15.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.5
(1.00)
29.4
(1.16)
48.2
(1.90)
66.6
(2.62)
88.3
(3.48)
144.1
(5.67)
282.7
(11.13)
285.1
(11.22)
147.1
(5.79)
50.1
(1.97)
46.7
(1.84)
25.3
(1.00)
1,239.1
(48.78)
Average precipitation days 8.0 7.0 8.8 7.9 8.5 9.6 15.9 14.1 9.1 6.5 8.6 9.1 113.1
Average snowy days 9.6 5.6 3.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.1 7.7 28.3
Average relative humidity (%) 67.2 63.3 60.3 56.6 61.5 68.0 76.4 76.1 74.2 70.4 69.1 69.1 67.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.0 171.1 200.2 222.7 234.1 195.5 153.1 178.3 177.5 200.0 158.2 158.0 2,212.6
Percent possible sunshine 53.1 55.9 54.0 56.6 53.5 44.6 34.3 42.5 47.6 57.3 51.5 52.4 49.7
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[2][3][4] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[5]

Administrative districts

From 1 July 2014, Cheongju and Cheongwon County unified, and administrative districts were changed to the following:

Osong-eup, Gangnae-myeon, Oksan-myeon, Uncheon-dong, Sinbong-dong, Bokdae1-dong, Bokdae2-dong, Gakyeong-dong, Bongmyeong1-dong, Bongmyeong2-dong, Songjeong-dong, Gangseo1-dong, Gangseo2-dong, Ochang-eup

Nami-myeon, Hyeondo-myeon, Sajik1-dong, Sajik2-dong, Sachang-dong, Mochooung-dong, Sugok1-dong, Sugok2-dong, Sannam-dong, Bunpyeong-dong, Seonghwa-dong, Geasin-dong, Jookrim-dong

Nangseong-myeon, Miwon-myeon, Gaduk-myeon, Namil-myeon, Mooni-myeon, Joongang-dong, Seongan-dong, Top-dong, Deasung-dong, Yeongun-dong, Geumcheon-dong, Yongam-dong, Myeongam-dong, Sinsung-dong, Yongam1-dong, Yongam2-dong

Nesoo-eup, Buki-myeon, Wooam-dong, Neduk1-dong, Neduk2-dong, Yoolang-dong, Sacheon-dong, Ogeunjang-dong,[6] Ochang-eup

Government and infrastructure

The headquarters of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety are located in the Osong Health Technology Administration Complex.

Cultural properties

  • Sangdangsanseong (Sangdang Mountain Fortress) lies on the slopes of Mt. Uam within the city limits. The fortress is mainly a 3-to-4-metre-tall (9.8-13.1-foot) wall that stretches over 4.2 kilometres (2.6 miles) in circumference. The present walls date to the 1716 restoration of the site. Within the walls lies a small tourist village that has several restaurants.
  • Cheongju National Museum also lies near Mt. Uam, and houses several exhibits of cultural artifacts from the nearby area.
  • Heungdeoksa Temple Site is the home to the Early Printing Museum [de], and is to be the site of the printing of Jikji, the oldest existent book printed using movable metal type. The museum itself contains exhibits related to the art of printing through the ages.
  • Yongdusaji Cheoldanggan (The Iron Flagpole of the Yongdu Temple Site) is designated Korean National Treasure number 41, and is located near Lotte Department Store in downtown Cheongju. Made of twenty iron cylinders, the flagpole stands 13.1 metres (43.0 feet) tall, and was formerly used to hang flags to honour the Buddha
  • National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Cheongju (MMCA Cheongju) which is scheduled to open in December 2018, will be the first museum in Korea to open its conservation center to the general public. Notably, MMCA Cheongju is being constructed within a renovated tobacco factory, which once played a major role in Korea's modern industry. The new building has been especially designed to use energy more efficiently and thus reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As such, the new museum will be a high-profile example of a project combining elements of urban revitalization and historical preservation.

Transport

Cheongju International Airport provides scheduled flights within Korea and to China. The main train station is located at Ogeunjang approximately 8 km (5.0 mi) north of the city hall. This station is on the Chungbuk Line. Chengju Bus Terminal provides almost all of the bus lines to bus terminals located in other cities. Ticketing time is between 4:00 am and 11:40 pm. Cheongju Express Bus Terminal provides some bus lines for Seoul (Gangnam, Sangbong, South Seoul, East Seoul, Busan, East Deagu, Gwangju).

Education

Cheongju is the site of several tertiary institutions, including:

Festival

The Cheongju International Craft Biennale is usually held in September or October.[7]

There is also the Osong Cosmetic and Beauty Expo.[8]

Twin towns - sister cities

City Prefecture/Province/State Country Year Sources
Tottori Tottori Prefecture Japan 1991 [9]
Wuhan Hubei China 2000 [10]
Bellingham Washington United States 2008 [11][12][13]
Rostov-on-Don Rostov oblast Russia 1999 [14]

Notable people from Cheongju

References

  1. ^ * Welcome to Cheongju-Si Homepage * Archived 23 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ (1981-2010) (131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ ? () ? (?) ?, (131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ ? () ? (?) ?, (131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ ?. 3 May 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014.
  7. ^ http://okcj.org/wp/%7CCheongju[permanent dead link] International public website
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Cheongju Sister Cities: Tottori city, Japan". Cheongju City. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "Cheongju Sister Cities: Wuhan city, China". Cheongju City. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Cheongju Sister Cities: Bellingham city, U.S". Cheongju City. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ "Our Sister Cities". Bellingham Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015.
  14. ^ - ?--? (in Russian). Official site Administration of the city of Rostov-on-Don.

External links

  1. ^ "2015? ? ?" [2015 Population and Housing Census]. Statistics Korea.

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Cheongju
 



 



 
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