Location of the Alice Springs Region
Aerial view of Central Australian landscape
Central Australia, also known as the Alice Springs Region, is one of the five regions in the Northern Territory of Australia. The term Central Australia is used to describe an area centred on Alice Springs. It is sometimes referred to as Centralia; likewise the people of the area are sometimes called Centralians. The region is located in the southern part of the Northern Territory spanning from the west on the Western Australian Border to the east on the Queensland border.
The main town in Central Australia is Alice Springs; however, this area also includes all of the desert lands surrounding it. Whilst a few of these townships (such as Barrow Creek) are stations (ranches), the vast majority of them are indigenous Australian communities. The region covers an area of 546,046 square kilometres (210,830 sq mi), which makes up forty percent of the Northern Territory.
The following Local Government Areas (LGAs) make up the region:
The total population of Central Australia is estimated to be 41,000. Alice Springs, the main urban area of Central Australia, is predominantly Anglo-Celtic Australian, with approximately 25% Aboriginal population; however, the surrounding communities which make up Central Australia are almost exclusively Aboriginal. Altogether, the population of the region is between 40% to 45% Aboriginal.
The region is very dry, and has a tropical climate receiving on average just 150 millimetres (6 in) of rainfall annually.