Cent (currency)
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Cent Currency
A United States one-cent coin, also known as a penny

The cent, commonly represented by the cent sign (a minuscule letter c crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple c) is a monetary unit of many national currencies that equals ​ of the basic monetary unit. Etymologically, the word cent derives from the Latin word centum meaning hundred.

Cent also refers to a coin worth one cent. The United States 1¢ coin is generally known by the nickname "penny", alluding to the British coin and unit of that name. Canada ended production of their 1¢ coin in 2012.


¢ c
Cent (currency)
In Unicode¢ CENT SIGN (HTML ¢ · ¢)

The cent may be represented by the cent sign, written in various ways according to the national convention and font choice. Most commonly seen forms are a minuscule letter c crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line, with a tick above and below, or by a simple c, depending on the currency (see below). Cent amounts from 1 to 99 can be represented as one or two digits followed by the appropriate abbreviation (2¢, 5c, 75¢, 99c), or as a subdivision of the base unit ($0.75, EUR0.99) In some countries, longer abbreviations like "ct." are used. Languages that use other alphabets have their own abbreviations and conventions.

The cent sign appeared as the shift of the 6 key on American manual typewriters, but that position has been taken over by the caret on computer keyboards. The character (offset 162) can still be created in most common code pages, including Unicode and Windows-1252:

  • On DOS- or Windows-based computers, is held while typing or on the numeric keypad.[1] If there is no numeric keypad, as on many laptops, is typed in Windows Wordpad followed by + and copy/paste the resulting ¢ into the target document. For the US International keyboard <Right Alt> <Shift> c is typed (Windows).
  • On Macintosh systems, is held and on the number row is pressed.
  • On Unix/Linux systems with a compose key, ++ and ++ are typical sequences.

When written in English, the cent sign (¢ or c) follows the amount (with no space between)--for example, 2¢ and $0.02, or 2c and EUR0.02.


East India Company half cent (1845).
Obverse: Crowned head left with lettering Queen Victoria Reverse: Face value, year and "East India Company" inscribed inside wreath.
18,737,498 coins minted in 1845.

Minor currency units called cent or similar names

Examples of currencies around the world featuring centesimal (​) units called cent, or related words from the same root such as céntimo, centésimo, centavo or sen, are:

Minor currency units with other names

Examples of currencies featuring centesimal (​) units not called cent

Major unit Divided into
British pound 100 pence (singular: penny) since 1971
Bulgarian lev 100 stotinki
Chinese Yuan/Renminbi 100 f?n (?); in general usage, divided into 10 ji?o (?).
Croatian kuna 100 lipa
Danish krone 100 øre
Estonian mark 100 penni (singular: penn)
Indian rupee 100 paise
Israeli new shekel 100 agorot
Macau pataca 100 avos; circulating coins are 10, 20, and 50 avos.
Macedonian denar 100 deni
Mongolian tögrög 100 möngö
Norwegian krone 100 øre
Pakistani rupee 100 paise
Polish z?oty 100 groszy (singular: grosz)
Romanian and Moldovan leu 100 bani
Russian ruble 100 kopeks
Saudi riyal 100 halalas
Serbian dinar 100 paras
Swedish krona 100 öre
Swiss franc German: 100 Rappen
French: 100 centimes
Italian: 100 centesimi
Romansch: 100 raps
Thai baht 100 satang
Turkish Lira 100 kuru?
United Arab Emirates dirham 100 fils
Ukrainian hryvnia 100 kopijkas.

Obsolete centesimal currency units

Examples of currencies which formerly featured centesimal (​) units but now have no fractional denomination in circulation:

Major unit Formerly divided into
Costa Rican colón (until the 1980s) 100 céntimos.
Czech koruna 100 hellers
Hungarian forint 100 fillér
The last fillér coin was removed from circulation in 1999, but it continues to be used in calculation, e.g. for petrol. The fillér was also used as the centesimal unit for the currencies preceding the forint: the Hungarian peng?, the Hungarian korona and the Austro-Hungarian krone.
Icelandic króna 100 eyrir (singular aurar)
Japanese yen 100 sen or 1000 rin
South Korean Won 100 jeon
Ugandan shilling (until 2013) 100 cents.

Examples of currencies which use the cent symbol for other purposes:

  • Costa Rican colón - The common symbol '¢' is frequently used locally to represent '?', the proper colón designation
  • Ghanaian cedi - The common symbol '¢' is sometimes used to represent '?', the proper cedi designation

See also


  1. ^ See Alt code for more information.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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