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Cartersville was first known as Birmingham to its original English settlers. The town was incorporated as Cartersville in 1854. The present name is for Col. Farish Carter of Milledgeville, the owner of a large plantation.
Cartersville was designated the seat of Bartow County in 1867 following the destruction of Cassville by Sherman in the American Civil War. Cartersville was incorporated as a city in 1872.
Cartersville is located in south-central Bartow County, 42 miles (68 km) northwest of downtown Atlanta and 76 miles (122 km) southeast of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Cartersville has a total area of 29.3 square miles (75.9 km2), of which 29.2 square miles (75.5 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.59%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,010 people, 5,870 households, and 4,132 families residing in the city. The population of Cartersville is growing significantly. The population density was 680.7 people per square mile (262.9/km²). There were 6,130 housing units at an average density of 262.0 per square mile (101.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.93% White, 29.64% African American, 0.82% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.76% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 7.28% of the population.
There were 5,870 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,162, and the median income for a family was $48,219. Males had a median income of $35,092 versus $25,761 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,977. About 8.9% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
Booth Western Art Museum
The Booth Western Art Museum is on North Museum Drive in Cartersville. The Booth is the second-largest art museum in Georgia. It houses the largest permanent exhibition space for Western art in the country. It is a Smithsonian Institution Affiliate.
The Etowah Indian Mounds is an archaeological Native American site in Bartow County, south of Cartersville.
^A book about the life of Bill Arp was written by another Cartersville resident: Parker, David B. (1991). Alias Bill Arp: Charles Henry Smith and the South's "Goodly Heritage". Athens: University of Georgia Press.