|First Deputy Prime Minister of Spain|
7 June 2018
|Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría|
|Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Democratic Memory|
13 January 2020
|Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality|
7 June 2018 - 13 January 2020
|Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría|
|Minister of Culture|
18 April 2004 - 9 July 2007
|José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero|
|Pilar del Castillo|
|César Antonio Molina|
|Member of the Congress of Deputies|
21 May 2019
1 April 2004 - 27 September 2011
|Member of the Parliament of Andalusia|
12 March 2000 - 14 March 2004
María del Carmen Calvo Poyato
June 9, 1957
|Political party||Spanish Socialist Workers Party|
|Spouse(s)||Manuel Pérez Yruela (divorced)|
María del Carmen Calvo Poyato (born 9 June 1957) is a Spanish politician and author serving as Deputy Prime Minister of Spain since June 2018 and Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality since January 2020.
Born and raised in Cabra, Spain, she attended the University of Seville and the University of Córdoba; she holds a doctorate in constitutional law from the latter institution. She was Regional Minister of Culture of Andalusia between 1996 and 2004. She also served between 2004 and 2007 as Minister of Culture in the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. Since June 2017, she has served as Secretary of Equality of the Socialist Party. She has published several books about feminism and gender equality.
Calvo's primary studies were carried out at a Catholic school and her high school studies at the Aguilar and Eslava High School in the province of Córdoba. She studied law at the University of Seville and got her doctorate in constitutional law in the University of Córdoba.
Calvo took a leave of absence from being professor of constitutional law at the University of Córdoba. At the university, she was Secretary General and vice-dean of the Faculty of Law between 1990 and 1994. From 1992 to 1996 she was secretary of the Andalusian Interuniversity Institute of Criminology.
Calvo entered politics in the 1990s, when she was appointed Counselor of the Economic and Social Council of Córdoba between 1994 and 1996. She joined the Socialist Workers' Party in 1999.
In April 1996, Calvo was appointed Minister of Culture of the Regional Government of Andalusia under the presidency of Manuel Chaves. Having being joined the Socialist Workers' Party in 1999, she was elected MP for Córdoba in the Parliament of Andalusia in 2000. She was in office between her appointment in 1996 until her appointment as Culture Minister of the Government of Spain.
During her eight-years-term as Regional Minister of Culture, Calvo inaugurated the Museo Picasso Málaga of contemporary art in 2003, she negotiated the Andalusian Pact for the Book --a pact for supporting and promoting of reading-- and she carried out important investments to reform churches, libraries and theatres --like Maestranza Theatre of Seville-- as well as developing the Quality Plan for the Museums of Andalusia --which included the enlargement of the Archelogic Museum of Córdoba.
In January 2004, she made the leap to national politics when the Secretary-General of the Socialist Workers' Party, Zapatero, created a "committee of notables" to advise him on his run to the premiership and appointed her a member of that committee. In the Spanish general election in March 2004, she was elected to the Congress of Deputies, representing Córdoba. She was subsequently appointed Minister of Culture in April by the new Prime Minister of Spain, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.
As Minister of Culture, Calvo was an outspoken opponent of copyright piracy, and in 2005 her department spent around one million euros on a campaign to educate the public about the importance of intellectual property. However, she was criticised by music industry officials for her statement that intellectual property is "not an absolute right". Her decision to transfer documents from the General Archive of the Spanish Civil War to the Autonomous community of Catalonia was controversial.
Because of the bad results of the previous year in the Spanish cinema, in 2007 Calvo presented a draft law that forces the movie theaters to shown European films (at least a 25%). This was rejected by most of the film industry and they went to strike on June 18, 2007, a strike followed by a 93% of the industry. Minister Calvo was replaced in July 2007 and his successor approved this law with big modifications in late 2007.
She was one of the ministers with worst approval ratings and was replaced in July 2007 by César Antonio Molina.
In the 2008 general election, Calvo was re-elected MP for Córdoba and was appointed Chairman of the Congress Committee on Equality and member of the Congress Committee on Defence and Committee on Comprehensive Disability Policies. During this Congress meeting she also presides over two subcommittees, one about abortion and other about gender violence.
Calvo rejected to be re-elected in the 2011 general election because of disagreements with the electoral list made for Córdoba and she returned to her teaching position in the university. She became a person of confidence for the Secretary-General of the Socialist Party Pedro Sánchez and he appointed her in 2017 as Secretary for Equality of the Socialist Workers' Party.
On June 5, 2018, it was announced that Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez would appoint Calvo as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality being this the first time that the Ministry of the Presidency assume also the competencies over equality. She was sworn in before the King at Palace of Zarzuela on 7 June 2018.
During her term, Calvo focused on gender violence especially after a controversial sentence dictated by the Provincial Court of Navarre that condemns a group of mans that raped a 18-years-old woman for sexual abuse --9 years in prison-- and not for sexual assault or rape --that would mean at least 20 years-- and provoking social unrest. Calvo proposed a reform of the Criminal Code to include explicit sexual consent. After appealing the sentence, the High Court of Justice of Navarre confirmed the sentence of the provincial court.
In November 2018, Calvo also proposed to amend to the Constitution to exclude some words that can be considered offensive for disabled people and to create a constitutional mandate that especifically protects disabled women. In October 2019, she was an outspoken proponent of exhuming the remains of Francisco Franco from Valle de los Caídos.
On 13 January 2020 she was sworn in again as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Presidency in the Sánchez Second Cabinet, losing the Ministry of Equality in favor of Irene Montero.
Calvo is the sister of the politician and writer José Calvo Poyato (former MP of the Parliament of Andalusia and former Mayor of Cabra). She married sociologist Manuel Pérez Yruela, former spokesperson of the Regional Government of Andalusia and researcher professor of the Institute of Social Studies of Andalusia. They are currently divorced.
She was married once before, at the age of 19-years-old to her childhood love with whom she had a daughter at the age of 22. She and her daughter share their love for rock music. She has two granddaughters.
She has also declared herself a fan of bullfighting. On 25 March 2020, she tested positive for COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain.Público announced that Calvo had recovered from the illness in May 2020.
José María Martín Delgado
| Regional Minister of Culture of Andalusia
Enrique Moratalla Molina
Pilar del Castillo
(Minister of Education, Culture and Sports)
| Minister of Culture
César Antonio Molina
| First Vice President of the Congress of Deputies
Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría
| Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría
(Presidency, and for Territorial Administrations)
(Health, Social Services and Equality)
| Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality