Cara%C8%99-Severin County
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Cara%C8%99-Severin County
Cara?-Severin County
Jude?ul Cara?-Severin
County
Coat of arms of Cara?-Severin County
Coat of arms
Cara?-Severin county, territorial location
Cara?-Severin county, territorial location
Coordinates: 45°09?N 22°04?E / 45.15°N 22.07°E / 45.15; 22.07Coordinates: 45°09?N 22°04?E / 45.15°N 22.07°E / 45.15; 22.07
Country  Romania
Development region1 Vest
Historic region Banat
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?) Re?i?a
Government
 o Type County Board
 o President of the County Board Sorin Frunz?verde ((Democratic-Liberal Party))
 o Prefect2 Ioan Anton Paulescu
Area
 o Total 8,514 km2 (3,287 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd in Romania
Population (2011)
 o Total 274,277
 o Rank 32nd in Romania
 o Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 o Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 32wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x554
Car Plates CS5
GDP US$ 2.73 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9,953 (2008)
Website County Council
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to correspond to NUTS-II level subdivisions of the European Union member states and are the basis for development funding under the cohesion and convergence objectives of the EU's regional policy
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Cara?-Severin (Romanian pronunciation: ['kara? seve'rin]) is a county (jude?) of Romania on the border with Serbia. The majority of its territory lies within the historical region of Banat, with a few northeastern villages considered part of Transylvania. The county seat is Re?i?a. The Cara?-Severin county is part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisza Euroregion.

Name

In Serbian and Croatian, it is known as Kara? Severin/ ? or Kara?-Severinska ?upanija, in Hungarian as Krassó-Szörény megye, in German as Kreis Karasch-Severin, and in Bulgarian as -? (translit. Karash-Severin).

Demographics

The county is part of the Danube-Kris-Mure?-Tisza euroregion.

In 2011, it had a population of 274,277 and a population density of 33.63/km2.

The majority of the population (89.23%) are Romanians. There are also Roma (2.74%), Croats (1.88%), Germans - Banat Swabians (1.11%), Serbs (1.82%), Hungarians (1.19%) and Ukrainians (0.94%).[1]

Year County population[2]
1948 302,254
1956 Increase 327,787
1966 Increase 358,726
1977 Increase 385,577
1992 Decrease 375,794
2002 Decrease 333,219
2011 Decrease 274,277

Geography

With 8,514 km2, it is the third largest county in Romania, after Timi? and Suceava counties. It is also the county through which the Danube River enters Romania.

The mountains make up 67% of the county's surface, including the Southern Carpathians range, with Banat Mountains, ?arcu-Godeanu Mountains and Cernei Mountains and elevations between 600 and 2100 meters. Transition hills between mountains and the Banat Plain lie in the western side of the county.

The Danube enters Romania in the vicinity of Bazia?, bordering Serbia. Timi?, Cerna, Cara? and Nera cross the county, some of them through spectacular valleys and gorges.

Neighbours

History and economy

In 1718 the county was part of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria, part of the province of Banat. The county seat, Re?i?a, was founded in 1771 and became a modern industrial center under Austrian rule. The area received considerable attention due to its mining industry. In 1855, the entire Banat area, with its supplies of mineral deposits and timber, was transferred from the Austrian Treasury to a joint Austrian-French mining and railroad company named StEG. StEG built the Oravi?a-Bazia? line, Romania's oldest railroad track.

After World War I, StEG, Banat and most Austro-Hungarian property were taken over by a company named UDR. During the last years of World War II, when Romania was an ally of Nazi Germany, a partisan group, led by ?tefan Plav, was active in the mountainous area of the county.[3] The arrival of the communist regime in Romania after World War II and that regime's campaign of nationalization of the mining industry brought tremendous social upheaval in the area.

Tourism

Archaeological findings show the area has been populated since Paleolithic times. There is a County Museum of History in Re?i?a, displaying archeological artifacts, and, in the town of Ocna de Fier, the Constantin Gruiescu Mineralogical Collection. The county hosts the regional daffodil and lilac festivals in the Spring. Sites worth visiting:

Politics

  • President of the County Council - Florin Silviu Hurduzeu( Social Democratic Party )
  • Vice-president of the County Council - Ionut Popovici

The Cara?-Severin County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 31 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 14                            
  National Liberal Party 13                            
  People's Movement Party 4                            

Administrative divisions

Cara?-Severin County has 2 municipalities, 6 towns and 69 communes

  • Municipalities

Historic county

Jude?ul Cara?-Severin
County (Jude?)
The Cara?-Severin prefecture building from the interwar period.
The Cara?-Severin prefecture building from the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Cara?-Severin
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Caras-Severin.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Banat
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?) Lugoj
Established 1919
Ceased to exist 1926
Area
 o Total 11,080 km2 (4,280 sq mi)
Population (1920)
 o Total 424,254
 o Density 38/km2 (99/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 o Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

The territory of the county was transferred to Romania from Hungary, as successor to Austria-Hungary in 1919 under the Treaty of Trianon. The county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the south and east region of the Banat. The county seat was Lugoj. Its territory consisted entirely of the current territory of the county, but also parts of the current counties of Timi?, Arad, and Mehedin?i. It bordered on the west with Timi?-Torontal County and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, to the south with Yugoslavia, to the east with the counties Mehedin?i and Hunedoara, and to the north by Arad County. The county had a total area over 11,000 square kilometres (4,200 sq mi), making it the largest county geographically of interwar Romania. Its territory corresponded to the former Hungarian division of Krassó-Szörény County. The county existed for seven years, being divided in 1926 into Cara? County and Severin County.

Administration

The county was divided administratively into fourteen districts (pli). There were five urban municipalities (cities): Lugoj (capital), Caransebe?, Re?i?a, Oravi?a and Or?ova.[5][6]

Population

According to the census data of 1920, the total population of the county was 424,254 inhabitants. The population density was 38 inhabitants/km2.

References

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Covaci, Maria (1969). "?tefan Plav" in Anale de Istorie, Vol. XV, Nr. 4. Institutul de Studii Istorice ?i Social-Politice de pe lîng? C.C. al P.C.R, Bucharest. p. 145.
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Cara?
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Severin

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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