|Cardinal Vicar Emeritus of Rome|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura (1991-)|
|Ordination||8 December 1954|
by Luigi Traglia
|Consecration||29 June 1983|
by Gilberto Baroni
|Created cardinal||28 June 1991|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Camillo Ruini|
|Born||19 February 1931|
Sassuolo, Kingdom of Italy
|Denomination||Catholic (Roman Rite)|
|Motto||Veritas liberabit nos|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura|
Camillo Ruini (Italian pronunciation: [ka'millo ru'ini]; born 19 February 1931) is an Italian cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Vicar General of the Diocese of Rome from 1991 to 2008.He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1991.
He was very active in the mass media and was one of the cardinals who most often appeared on Italian television, newspapers and magazines. On 14 February 2006, he was confirmed as president of the Italian Episcopal Conference by Pope Benedict XVI, a post at which he served until March 2007.
He was ordained to the priesthood on 8 December 1954, by Archbishop Luigi Traglia. In 1957 he returned to Reggio Emilia and taught philosophy at the diocesan seminary until 1968. From 1958 to 1966 he served as chaplain to university graduates and from 1966 to 1970 he served as a delegate for Azione Cattolica.
Among his teaching posts, from 1968 until 1986 he taught dogmatic theology at the Studio Teologico Interdiocesano of Modena-Reggio Emilia-Carpi-Guastalla, where he was also headmaster from 1968 to 1977.
On 16 May 1983, he was named auxiliary bishop of Reggio Emilia and titular bishop of Nefta and was consecrated a bishop by Bishop Gilberto Baroni the following 29 June. As vice president of the Preparatory Committee, he contributed to the realization of the Ecclesial Convention of Loreto (1985), which has become a reference point in the dialogue between the Church and Italian society following the wounds of the 1960s and 1970s.
In January 1991 he was named auxiliary bishop and pro-vicar general for the Diocese of Rome. In March 1991 he became president of the Italian bishops' conference. He was elevated to Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura in June 1991, and was named Vicar General of the Diocese of Rome and archpriest of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano in July 1991. He was also grand chancellor of the Lateran University and Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family.
In addition to serving as the Cardinal Vicar, Cardinal Ruini served in the Roman Curia as a member of the Congregation for Bishops, the Pontifical Council for the Laity, the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See, and the Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organizational and Economic Affairs of the Holy See. He held these memberships until the 80th birthday in 2011.
On 17 March 2010 the Vatican formed a commission to look into the phenomenon of Medjugorje, in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where six young people have said they have had visions of Mary since the early 80s. The international investigative commission on Medjugorje was organized with Ruini as president, and made dependent on the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF). In January 2014 the commission submitted its findings to the CDF.
Ruini was instrumental in the production of a documentary biographical film on Pope John Paul II.
Ruini was seen as a conservative, close to the positions of Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI. He was very active in the mass media, and was the strongest voice of the Church against the spring 2005 referendum for the abolition of parts of Italy's laws on artificial insemination. He commented, like Pope Benedict XVI, upon the issue of the 1999 French Pacte civil de solidarité for unmarried couples of the same or opposite sex. In 2007 a bill was proposed in the Italian Senate for a law on civil unions. The bishops conference opposed this proposal.
Cardinal Ruini remained vicar for the diocese of Rome until 27 June 2008, when his resignation, for reasons of age, from that post and from that of Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran was accepted and Cardinal Agostino Vallini was appointed as his successor.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Secretary-General of the Italian Episcopal Conference
28 June 1986 - 7 March 1991
| Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran
1 July 1991 - 27 June 2008
| President of the Italian Episcopal Conference
March 1991 - 7 March 2007
| Vicar General of His Holiness for the Diocese of Rome
1 July 1991 - 27 June 2008
| Cardinal Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura
28 June 1991–