Busch Stadium
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Busch Stadium

Busch Stadium
Busch Stadium III
Baseball Heaven
Busch Stadium.svg
Busch Stadium
View of Busch Stadium, with Gateway Arch in background
Busch Stadium is located in Missouri
Busch Stadium
Busch Stadium
Location in Missouri
Busch Stadium is located in the United States
Busch Stadium
Busch Stadium
Location in the United States
Address700 Clark Ave
LocationSt. Louis, Missouri
Coordinates38°37?21?N 90°11?35?W / 38.62250°N 90.19306°W / 38.62250; -90.19306Coordinates: 38°37?21?N 90°11?35?W / 38.62250°N 90.19306°W / 38.62250; -90.19306
Public transitTram interchange Metrolink: Stadium
OwnerSt. Louis Cardinals
OperatorSt. Louis Cardinals[1]
Capacity45,494 (2018-present)[2]
45,529 (2017)[3]
45,538 (2016)[4]
45,399 (2014-2015)[5]
43,975 (2006-2013)
47,514 (with standing room)[6]
Record attendanceSoccer: 48,263 Chelsea F.C. vs Manchester City F.C. (3-4)[7]
Baseball: 48,556 (May 12, 2019) Cardinals vs Pittsburgh Pirates[8]
Hockey: 46,556 (January 2, 2017) St. Louis Blues vs Chicago Blackhawks: 2017 NHL Winter Classic
Concert: U2's U2 360° Tour 52,273 (largest non-sporting event)
Field sizeLeft field -- 336 feet (102 m)
Left center field -- 375 feet (114 m)
Center field -- 400 feet (122 m)
Right center field -- 375 feet (114 m)
Right field -- 335 feet (102 m) BuschStadium III Field Dimensions.svg
SurfaceKentucky bluegrass
Construction
Broke groundJanuary 17, 2004; 15 years ago (January 17, 2004)
OpenedApril 4, 2006; 13 years ago (April 4, 2006) (MiLB exhibition)
April 10, 2006; 13 years ago (April 10, 2006) (MLB)
Construction cost$365 million[9][10]
($454 million in 2018 dollars[11])
ArchitectPopulous
Kennedy Associates/Architects Inc.[12]
Project managerClayco Corp.[13]
Structural engineerBliss & Nyitray, Inc
Services engineerM-E Engineers, Inc.[14]
General contractorHunt/Kwame[15]
Tenants
St. Louis Cardinals (MLB) (2006-present)

Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has a seating capacity of 44,494, and contains 3,706 club seats and 61 luxury suites. It replaced Busch Memorial Stadium (aka Busch Stadium II) and occupies a portion of that stadium's former footprint. A commercial area, dubbed Ballpark Village, was built adjacent to the stadium over the remainder of the former stadium's footprint.

The stadium opened on April 4, 2006 with an exhibition between the minor league Memphis Redbirds and Springfield Cardinals, both affiliates of the St. Louis Cardinals, which Springfield won 5-3 with right-hander Mike Parisi recording the first win. The first official major league game occurred on April 10, 2006 as the Cardinals defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 6–4 behind an Albert Pujols home run and winning pitcher Mark Mulder.

The highest attendance for a sports event other than baseball was on May 23, 2013, when 48,263 people watched Chelsea Football Club and Manchester City Football Club play a friendly match.[16][17] To date, the largest attendance for a baseball game occurred Mothers Day May 12th, 2019 with an attendance of 48,556 in a game between the Cardinals and the Pittsburgh Pirates[8].

In 2004, then Anheuser-Busch president August Busch IV announced the brewing-giant purchased the 20-year naming rights for the stadium. Team owner William Dewitt, Jr., said: "From the day we began planning for the new ballpark, we wanted to keep the name 'Busch Stadium.' August Busch IV and Anheuser-Busch share our vision for continuing that tradition for our great fans and the entire St. Louis community."[18]

The stadium is the third stadium in St. Louis to carry the name Busch Stadium. Sportsman's Park was renamed Busch Stadium in 1953. Team owner August Busch Jr. had planned to name it Budweiser Stadium, but league rules prohibited naming a venue after an alcoholic beverage.[19] Busch named the stadium after himself and later created Busch Beer. The first Busch Stadium closed in 1966 and both the baseball Cardinals, and the National Football League (NFL)'s team of the same name (now the Arizona Cardinals) moved to a new multi-purpose stadium, named Busch Memorial Stadium.[20]

History

Planning

Old Busch Destroyed.
Busch Stadium II in the process of being torn down.

In 1995, St. Louis Cardinals team ownership began to lobby for a new ballpark in downtown St. Louis, but the team was unable to acquire funding for the project for several years. In June 2001, the Missouri state government signed a contract with the team, proposing a ballpark in downtown St. Louis, but a subsequent funding bill was struck down in May 2002, leaving the saga open.[21][22] Team owners sought a location near Madison, Illinois, adjacent to Gateway International Raceway, until the city of St. Louis drafted a financing plan for the team to construct the new stadium in downtown St. Louis.[23] The stadium was financed through private bonds, bank loans, a long-term loan from St. Louis County, and money from the team owners. The development, including the Ballpark Village was projected to cost approximately $665 million with the stadium alone costing $365 million.[10]

Construction and opening

Busch Stadium under construction
1st game at new Busch featured Cardinal Minor League clubs. Notice the left field seats not yet complete.

New Busch Stadium was designed by Populous (then known as HOK Sport) and built by Hunt Construction with an estimated cost of $344.8 million, which proved too low by $20.2 million to its final cost of $365 million.[10] Populous' senior project designer for Busch Stadium was Jim Chibnall, who was also the lead designer of Progressive Field in Cleveland, Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, Sydney Olympic Stadium and other notable stadiums throughout the world.[24]

The field level (16,880 seats), terrace level (9,150), and bleachers (3,661) were completed in time for opening day, with total capacity on that day of 37,962, not including up to 2,751 standing room tickets.[25] An integrated LED video and scoring system from Daktronics was installed in the stadium prior to its opening, featuring a video display measuring 32 feet high by 52 feet wide and three message displays, as well as more than 100 feet of digital ribbon board technology.[26]

Construction on the seating area was completed in late May increasing the capacity for the May 29, 2006 game vs the Houston Astros with finishing touches performed throughout the year.[25] Including all 2,886 standing-room-only tickets for the general public and the suites and party rooms, the stadium's total capacity is 46,861. Natural grass turf was installed in March 2006.[25]

Busch Stadium as seen from the top of the Gateway Arch in May 2013.

Notable baseball events

In the stadium's debut season every Cardinal game was sold out, giving a total attendance of 3,407,104 for the season, the second-largest in team history,[27] but since surpassed in both 2007, 2008, and 2014-2017.[28]

Playoffs

2006

In the first season of the new stadium, the Cardinals hosted the San Diego Padres in Games 3 and 4 of the National League Division Series. On October 7, in the first postseason game at the new Busch Stadium, San Diego defeated St. Louis 3-1. The Cardinals won the next night by the score of 6-2, clinching the series win. In the 2006 National League Championship Series the Cardinals hosted the New York Mets in Games 3, 4, and 5. St. Louis won Game 3 and Game 5, and eventually clinched their 17th National League pennant by defeating the Mets on the road in Game 7, 3-1.

The Cardinals faced the Detroit Tigers in the 2006 World Series. This was the third meeting between the two ballclubs in the Fall Classic, and the first in 38 years. The Cardinals won the first in 1934, and the Tigers won the second in 1968; each went the full seven games. Because the American League won that year's All-Star Game, the Tigers were granted home field advantage, meaning the Cardinals would host Games 3, 4, and 5. This proved fortuitous for St. Louis, as they won every game at home, clinching their 10th World Series championship in Game 5 on October 27, by the score of 4-2.

2009

Busch Stadium hosted only one postseason game in 2009, a 5-1 loss versus the Los Angeles Dodgers on October 10, to complete a sweep of the Cardinals.

New and old Busch Stadiums

2011

In 2011, Busch Stadium hosted two postseason games in the National League Division Series versus the Philadelphia Phillies. On October 4, the Phillies won 3-2, to take a 2-1 game lead over the Cardinals. The next night, the 5th, the Cardinals beat the Phillies 5-3 to tie the series at 2 games apiece. In the NLCS versus the Milwaukee Brewers, the Cardinals won 2 of the three games they played at home (Games 3, 4, 5). The Cards ended up winning the series on the road in Milwaukee to advance to the World Series. (This was the second time the Cardinals had defeated the Brewers in a postseason series, the first being the 1982 World Series, when Milwaukee was represented as an American League team; the Brewers switched over to the National League in 1998.)

Because the National League had won the 2011 MLB All-Star Game, home field advantage went to the Cardinals as the National League champions, thus allowing the team to host the Texas Rangers for Games 1, 2, 6 and 7. Game 1 was won by the Cardinals on October 19, along with Game 6 on October 27, in a game won in walk-off fashion by a David Freese home run, then the deciding Game 7, which was taken by the Cardinals in a 6-2 final, giving the team the 2011 World Series title.

2012

Busch Stadium hosted two postseason games vs. the Washington Nationals in the 2012 National League Division Series. The two teams split the two games at Busch, before the Cardinals won two of the next three games at Nationals Park. The Cardinals then won the first two home games against the San Francisco Giants to take a 3-1 series lead, but lost Game 5 and went on to lose the series in Game 7 at AT&T Park.

2013

The Cardinals hosted nine postseason games at Busch Stadium in 2013. In the National League Division Series, they won Games 1 and 5 against the Pittsburgh Pirates, with the latter game capping off a series comeback after trailing 2-1. They would win every home game of the NLCS against the Dodgers, including a 9-0 shutout win in Game 6 to take the series 4-2. In the World Series, the Cardinals hosted Games 3-5 against the Boston Red Sox. Game 3 on October 26 ended in an obstruction call when Allen Craig was impeded by Will Middlebrooks at third base, thus awarding him a run after umpire Jim Joyce ruled obstruction on the play. The next night Game 4 ended on a successful pickoff by Koji Uehara on pinch-runner Kolten Wong at first base. The Cardinals led 2-1 after the controversial Game 3 win, but proceeded to lose the next three games to lose the series 4-2.

2014

The Cardinals played two games in Busch Stadium against the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League Division Series. The first two games of the Series were played at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, and the teams each won a game there. The Series then moved to Busch Stadium, and the Cardinals won the next two games, to win the Series 3-1 and advance to the National League Championship Series.

The Cardinals opened the National League Championship Series at Busch Stadium on October 11, 2014, against the San Francisco Giants. The teams split games 1 and 2 played at Busch Stadium, and the Series moved to AT&T Park in San Francisco. The Giants won games 3, 4, and 5 in their home ballpark, to defeat the Cardinals in the NLCS 4-1, and move on to an appearance in the 2014 World Series against the Kansas City Royals.

Busch Stadium in St. Louis, MO

2015

The Cardinals hosted two postseason games at Busch Stadium in 2015. In the National League Division Series, they won game 1 on October 9, 2015, but lost game 2 against the Chicago Cubs. The Cardinals then lost games 3 and 4 to the Cubs at Wrigley Field to lose the series 3-1.

MLB All-Star Game

The stadium hosted the 2009 Major League Baseball All-Star Game on July 14, 2009. The American League defeated the National League in that game, 4-3. Tampa Bay Rays outfielder Carl Crawford won MVP. President Barack Obama threw out the ceremonial first pitch wearing a Chicago White Sox jacket.

College and high school baseball

Missouri has recently started to play one game a year at Busch. In 2009, they defeated SLU, and in 2010, they defeated Illinois in a Braggin' Rights matchup.

The Cardinals have allowed local high school teams to play each other on the field following select weekend afternoon games. So far, only 3 homeruns have been hit by high school students. The first was on May 7, 2011 by Johnny Wilson of Marquette Catholic High School against Farmington High School.[] The second was on April 21, 2018 by Zach Hilboldt of De Smet Jesuit High school against Palmyra High School. The third was on April 11, 2018 by David Olejnik (St.Louis Home school patriots) against (Marshall county high school, Benton, Kentucky).

Big _ac Land

On August 19th, 2019, Paul DeJong hit his 22nd Home run which shattered the "M" on the Big Mac Land sign. The "M" was taking out for repairs and the rest of the season (including the playoffs) now says "Big _ac Land".


Other sports

Professional soccer

Busch Stadium hosted an exhibition soccer game on May 23, 2013, between English clubs Manchester City and Chelsea.[29] Tickets for the match sold out within 20 minutes of going on sale, and Manchester City won 4-3 in front of a crowd of 48,263, to date the largest attendance at a sporting event at the stadium.[16][30]

Later that year on November 18, Busch hosted a friendly between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Argentina; before a crowd of more than 30,000, many of which were members of St. Louis' large Bosniak community, Argentina beat Bosnia 2-0, with Sergio Agüero scoring both goals.

On April 4, 2015, the United States Women's National Soccer Team defeated New Zealand 4-0 in front of over 35,000 fans.

On November 13, 2015, the United States Men's National Soccer Team defeated St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6-1 in the first match of the fourth round of qualifiers for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in front of a crowd of 43,433.

Another international friendly was hosted at Busch in 2016: Italian side A.S. Roma, bolstered by a goal from Bosnian star Edin D?eko, defeated Liverpool F.C. 2-1.

The United States women's national team returned on May 16, 2019, for another friendly against New Zealand as part of their preparations for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup. The United States won 5-0 in front of 35,761 spectators.[31]

Date Winning Team Result Losing Team Tournament Spectators
May 23, 2013 England Manchester City 4-3 England Chelsea Club Friendly 48,263
November 18, 2013  Argentina 2-0  Bosnia and Herzegovina International Friendly 30,397
April 4, 2015  United States women 4-0  New Zealand women Women's International Friendly 35,817
November 13, 2015  United States 6-1  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification 43,433
August 1, 2016 Italy Roma 2-1 England Liverpool Club Friendly 29,000
May 16, 2019  United States women 5-0  New Zealand women Women's International Friendly 35,761
September 10, 2019  United States 1-1  Uruguay International Friendly 20,625

Professional hockey

On March 9, 2016, the National Hockey League announced that the St. Louis Blues, for the first time in their 50-year history, would host an outdoor game. The 2017 NHL Winter Classic was held at Busch Stadium on January 2, 2017.[32] The Blues won the game by a score of 4-1 against the Chicago Blackhawks. Despite thick fog and spotty rain, Busch Stadium sold out to a crowd of 46,556 St. Louis hockey fans.

College football

Southern Illinois University and Southeast Missouri State played each other in the first ever football game at Busch Stadium on September 21, 2013 in front of a crowd of 14,618.

Concerts

Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / Concert name Attendance Revenue Notes
June 7, 2008 Dave Matthews Band The Black Crowes Summer 2008 Tour 33,235 / 34,450 $2,059,400 This show was recorded and later released as a live album, entitled Live Trax Vol. 13.
June 24, 2010 The Eagles Dixie Chicks Long Road Out of Eden Tour 25,904 / 35,318 $2,151,706 [33]
July 17, 2011 U2 Interpol 360° Tour 52,273 / 52,273 $4,423,395 [34]
August 13, 2016 Paul McCartney N/A One on One tour 43,428 / 43,428 $4,657,982
June 4, 2017 Metallica Volbeat WorldWired Tour 38,778 / 41,246 $4,633,807
September 21, 2017 Billy Joel N/A Billy Joel in Concert 40,189 / 40,947 $4,713,441 [35]
July 21, 2018 Kenny Chesney Thomas Rhett
Old Dominion
Brandon Lay
The Trip Around The Sun Tour 44,529 / 44,529 $4,753,889
August 24, 2018 Journey
Def Leppard
Cheap Trick Def Leppard & Journey 2018 Tour 31,865 / 33,420 $2,395,271
August 25, 2018 Luke Bryan Sam Hunt
Jon Pardi
Morgan Wallen
What Makes You Country Tour 36,255 / 38,051 $2,235,151
September 6, 2018 Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
Anne-Marie
÷ Tour 41,522 / 41,522 $3,726,271

Features

Busch Stadium in 2009

Design

Whereas the previous stadium was enclosed on all sides in the "cookie-cutter" style very similar to Riverfront, Veterans, Three Rivers and Atlanta-Fulton County stadiums, the new stadium is similar to the many other Populous designed "retro-classic" fields. Like all those, it offers a panoramic view of the downtown skyline.

The Gate 3 entrance on the west side of the stadium is most iconic, with a large "bridge" resembling the Eads Bridge arching over the entrance. The exterior of the stadium contains historical plaques of Cardinals logos, the STL insignia and a Busch Stadium logo behind home plate.

After complaints from fans that not all out-of-town games could be placed on the Daktronics out-of-town scoreboard at one time, following the inaugural season a number of advertisement panels were removed to expand the scoreboard and also create a secondary video board. In 2016, the entire original scoreboard and fascia-board system was replaced, creating two full HD video boards: the main board, which took up the entire area of the original scoreboard and video board, measures 4,800 sq ft (40 ft x 120 ft), with the out-of-town scoreboard measuring 3,280 sq ft (40 x 81 ft).[36]

Statues

Outside the Gate 3 entrance stands a bronze statue of Cardinals legend Stan "The Man" Musial. Other Cardinals statues that previously surrounded Busch Memorial Stadium are now displayed at the corner of Clark and 8th streets, outside the Cardinals' team store. The statues are of former Cardinal players and Hall of Fame inductees Enos Slaughter, Dizzy Dean, Rogers Hornsby, Red Schoendienst, Lou Brock, Bob Gibson and Ozzie Smith; former St. Louis Browns player and Hall of Fame inductee George Sisler; former Negro league St. Louis Stars player and Hall of Fame inductee Cool Papa Bell; and former Cardinals radio broadcaster and Hall of Fame honoree Jack Buck.

Concessions

Fans at the stadium have access to a large amount of food and drink options, ranging from standard ballpark fare like bratwurst, nachos and peanuts to St Louis-area favorites such as pork steak sandwiches and toasted ravioli. Budweiser holds the beer contract for the stadium as one would expect, but local craft breweries such as Saint Louis Brewery, Urban Chestnut, and 4 Hands all are available at multiple outlets. Tickets for multiple all-inclusive areas are sold on a single game basis, with amenities running the gamut from the ritzy Champions Club (offering a multiple-course buffet, large screen televisions, a chance to get on television or radio as a broadcast booth is located inside the club, and a full bar) to the more family-oriented Scoreboard Patio (with table seating for four in center field and a cookout-style selection of food). Cardinal management also allows outside food and drink (including soft-sided drink coolers); as a result, it is not uncommon to see vendors selling discounted bags of peanuts and bottles of soda and water, or even scalpers including a box of Cracker Jack with tickets.

"Fredbird" store

Fredbird entertaining the crowd between innings during a Cardinals game at Busch Stadium.

The ballpark features a make-your-own-mascot store featuring Fredbird, the Cardinals' team mascot.

Press accommodations

After St. Louis Post-Dispatch sportswriter Rick Hummel was honored with the J. G. Taylor Spink Award and induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 2007, the Cardinals renamed the stadium's press box the "Bob Broeg-Rick Hummel Press Box", honoring the two local writers enshrined in Cooperstown.

Ballpark Village

Ballpark Village is a multi-phase residential and entertainment complex located on the site of the former Busch Memorial Stadium across the street from the new ballpark. Despite several years of delays, groundbreaking occurred in February 2013 and the first phase was completed in time for Opening Day 2014.

Other modifications

During a weather incident during a July 2006 game vs the Atlanta Braves, portable concession stands were knocked over, the infield rain tarp was damaged, and plastic sheets used to protect the press box were dislodged. As a result of the storm at least 30 spectators were injured, of whom five were taken to the hospital.[37] After the storm happened, the stadium designated shelter areas for such disasters which are located throughout the ballpark.[38]

Following Juan Encarnación's face injury on August 31, 2007, workers extended the screen from dugout to dugout during the 2007-2008 off season.[39]

Panorama of Busch Stadium

Regular season home attendance

Home attendance at Busch Stadium[40]
Year Total attendance Game average League rank
2006 3,407,104 42,589 2nd
2007 3,552,180 43,854 3rd
2008 3,432,917 42,382 3rd
2009 3,343,252 41,275 3rd
2010 3,301,218 40,756 3rd
2011 3,093,954 38,197 3rd
2012 3,262,109 40,273 4th
2013 3,369,769 41,602 2nd
2014 3,540,649 43,712 2nd
2015 3,520,889 43,468 2nd
2016 3,444,490 42,525 2nd
2017 3,447,937 42,567 2nd
2018 3,403,587 42,019 3rd

References

  1. ^ Muret, Don (April 17, 2006). "Another round of Busch for St. Louis". SportsBusiness Journal. Street & Smith's.
  2. ^ Bausch, Mark; Orf, Tom; Schott, Tom (March 19, 2018). 2018 St. Louis Cardinals Official Media Guide [Busch Stadium Facts and Figures]. Major League Baseball Advanced Media. p. 458.
  3. ^ Bausch, Mark; Orf, Tom; Schott, Tom (March 1, 2017). 2017 St. Louis Cardinals Official Media Guide. Major League Baseball Advanced Media. p. 432.
  4. ^ Kronheim, David P. (June 1, 2016). "Major League Baseball 2015 Attendance Analysis" (PDF). Number Tamer. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Kronheim, David P. (June 8, 2014). "Major League Baseball 2013 Attendance Analysis" (PDF). Number Tamer. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "Cardinals make 65,000 additional tickets available" St. Louis Cardinals Press Release, April 28, 2006.
  7. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals on Twitter".
  8. ^ a b Hummel, Rick (May 12, 2019). "The Bell tolls for Brebbia, Cardinals as Pirates rally late for 10-6 win". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
  9. ^ Busch Stadium Facts MLB.com
  10. ^ a b c "Busch Stadium". Ballparks.com.
  11. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800-". Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ "Busch Stadium". KAI Design & Build.
  13. ^ "New Busch Stadium". Clayco. 2006. Retrieved 2011.
  14. ^ "Projects: Srofessional Sports Stadiums". M-E Engineers, Inc. 2006. Archived from the original on May 23, 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Busch Stadium". Kwame Building Group. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Hottest ticket in St Louis! City v Chelsea's post-season friendly sells out in 20 minutes". Daily Mail. April 3, 2013.
  17. ^ "Busch Stadium as a soccer venue" (Photo). CBSSports.com. May 24, 2013.
  18. ^ "The Tradition Continues: St. Louis Cardinals to Play in Third "Busch Stadium"". www.anheuser-busch.com. August 5, 2004. Archived from the original on August 5, 2004. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ "Sportsman's Park (St. Louis) | Society for American Baseball Research". sabr.org. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ Anheuser-Busch Buys Cardinals Stadium Naming Rights
  21. ^ "Busch Stadium". Ballparks of Baseball.
  22. ^ "New plan calls for $333 million stadium, plus Ballpark Village complex". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. September 25, 2002.
  23. ^ "Cardinals looking at site near Gateway Raceway". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. August 16, 2002.
  24. ^ Bonetti, David (April 6, 2006). "Q&A With The Architect: 'It's Not Totally Retro'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
  25. ^ a b c "New Busch Stadium: Baseball Chronology". BaseballChronology.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  26. ^ "Daktronics Announces 2006 Major League and Minor League Baseball Projects". Business Wire. March 15, 2006.
  27. ^ "Cards lose, Become NL Central Champ With Worst Record". ESPN. Retrieved 2006.
  28. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance Records". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved 2009.
  29. ^ "English Premier League soccer coming to Busch". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. March 29, 2013.
  30. ^ "CBS St. Louis, Manchester City Tops Chelsea in Busch Stadium Thriller". CBS St. Louis. May 23, 2013.
  31. ^ "USA Defeats New Zealand 5-0 In Front Of 35,761 Fans In Second Game Of Send-Off Series, Presented By Volpi Foods". U.S. Soccer. May 16, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ "Winter Classic Comes to St. Louis in 2017: Busch Stadium will serve as host to Blues / Blackhawks game on Jan. 2, 2017". NHL.com. March 9, 2016.
  33. ^ Johnson, Kevin C. (June 25, 2010). "Eagles Deliver Timeless Tunes at Busch Stadium". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 2010.
  34. ^ Johnson, Kevin C. (November 1, 2010). "U2 Bringing 360° Tour to Busch Stadium". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 2010.
  35. ^ Johnson, Kevin C. (September 22, 2017). "Billy Joel's sold-out Busch Stadium show delivers hit after hit". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ "Cardinals adding giant HD video board to Busch Stadium". January 7, 2016.
  37. ^ Storm damages Busch Stadium; Cards-Braves delayed from ESPN.com
  38. ^ "Busch Stadium Wiki Information". StubPass.com. Retrieved 2009.
  39. ^ "When Foul Balls Become Lethal Projectiles, Fans Are Mostly Unprotected". International Herald Tribune. April 20, 2008. Retrieved 2009.
  40. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance, Stadiums, and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2017.

External links


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