Burid Dynasty
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Burid Dynasty
Burid dynasty

1104-1154
the Near east in 1135
the Near east in 1135
CapitalDamascus
Common languagesArabic
Turkish
Persian
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentEmirate
Emir 
o 1104-1128
Toghtekin (first)
o 1140-1154
Mujir ad-Din Abaq (last)
History 
o Established
1104
o Disestablished
1154
CurrencyDinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by

The Burid dynasty was a Turkish Muslim dynasty[1] which ruled over the Emirate of Damascus in the early 12th century.

History

The first Burid ruler, Toghtekin,[2] began as a servant to the Seljuk ruler of Damascus, Duqaq. Following Duqaq's death in 1104, he seized the city for himself.

The dynasty was named after Toghtekin's son, Taj al-Muluk Buri. The Burids gained recognition from the Abbasid caliphate in return for considerable gifts. In return, the caliphate did not interfere in the emirate.[1]

The Burids ruled the city until 1154, when it was taken by the Zengid ruler of Aleppo, Nur ed-Din.[3]

The Burids lost to the Crusaders in the battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126) but were able to prevent the Second Crusade from capturing Damascus.

Burid Emirs of Damascus

Titular Name(s) Personal Name Reign
Amir
?
Saif-ul-Islam
?
Zahir-ud-din Toghtekin
?
1104-1128
Amir
?
Taj-ul-Mulk Buri
?
1128-1132
Amir
?
Shams-ul-Mulk Isma'il
?
1132-1135
Amir
?
Shihab-ud-din Mahmud
?
1135-1139
Amir
?
Jamal-ud-din Muhammad
? ?
1139-1140
Amir
?
Mu'in-ud-din Unur
?
1140-1149
Regent
Amir
?
Mujir-ud-din
?
Abu Sa?id ?baq
?
1140-1154
Zengid dynasty replaces the Burid dynasty.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Burids, R. LeTourneau, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R.Gibb, J.H.Kramers, E. Levi Provencal and J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 1332.
  2. ^ D.S. Richards, The Chronicle of Ibn Al-Athir for the Crusading Period from Al-Kamil Fi'l-ta-Ta'rikh, (Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2010), 16.
  3. ^ Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, Ed. Josef W. Meri, Jere L. Bacharach, (Taylor & Francis, 2006), 568.



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