Bristol, Tennessee
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Bristol, Tennessee
Bristol, Tennessee
City
A sign welcomes visitors to the twin cities of Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee.
A sign welcomes visitors to the twin cities of Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee.
Flag of Bristol, Tennessee
Flag
Nickname(s): The Birthplace of Country Music
Motto(s): A Good Place To Live
Location of Bristol in Sullivan County, Tennessee.
Location of Bristol in Sullivan County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 36°35?N 82°11?W / 36.583°N 82.183°W / 36.583; -82.183Coordinates: 36°35?N 82°11?W / 36.583°N 82.183°W / 36.583; -82.183
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Sullivan
Incorporated 1856[1]
Named for Bristol, England[2]
Government
 o Mayor Jack Young
 o Vice Mayor Margaret Feierabend
 o City Manager Bill Sorah
Area
 o Total 29.5 sq mi (76.4 km2)
 o Land 29.4 sq mi (76.1 km2)
 o Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 1,676 ft (511 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 o Total 26,702
 o Estimate (2016)[4] 27,109
 o Rank US: ?
 o Density 908.2/sq mi (350.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 o Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 37617, 37620, 37621 & 37625
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-08540
GNIS feature ID 1327702[5]
Website www.bristoltn.org
State Street separates Virginia (left) and Tennessee (right).

Bristol is a city in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 26,702 at the 2010 census. It is the twin city of Bristol, Virginia, which lies directly across the state line between Tennessee and Virginia. The boundary between the two cities is also the state line, which runs along State Street in their common downtown district. Bristol is a principal city of the Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area - commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

Bristol is probably best known for being the site of some of the first commercial recordings of country music, showcasing Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family, and later a favorite venue of the mountain musician Uncle Charlie Osborne. The U.S. Congress recognized Bristol as the "Birthplace of Country Music" in 1998, and the Birthplace of Country Music Museum is located in Bristol.[6] Bristol is the birthplace of Tennessee Ernie Ford.

Bristol is also the site of Bristol Motor Speedway, a NASCAR short track that is one of the most well-known motorsports facilities in the country.

History

"Birthplace of Country Music"

The Grand Guitar on West State Street.

The U.S. Congress declared Bristol to be the "Birthplace of Country Music", according to a resolution passed in 1998, recognizing its contributions to early country music recordings and influence, and the Birthplace of Country Music Museum is located in Bristol.[6]

In 1927 record producer Ralph Peer of Victor Records began recording local musicians in Bristol, to attempt to capture the local sound of traditional "folk" music of the region. One of these local sounds was created by the Carter Family, which got its start on July 31, 1927, when A.P. Carter and his family journeyed from Maces Spring, Virginia, to Bristol to audition for Ralph Peer, who was seeking new talent for the relatively embryonic recording industry. They received $50 for each song they recorded. That same visit by Peer to Bristol also resulted in the first recordings by Jimmie Rodgers.[7]

Since 1994, the Birthplace of Country Music Alliance[8] has promoted the city as a destination to learn about country music and the city's role in the creation of an entire music genre. Currently, the Alliance is organizing the building of a new Cultural Heritage Center to help educate the public about the history of country music in the region.[8]

Every year, during the third weekend in September, a music festival called the Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion takes place. The festival is held downtown, where Tennessee and Virginia meet, and it celebrates Bristol's heritage as the Birthplace of Country Music.[9]

Geography

Bristol is located in the northeast corner of Tennessee, at 36°34?9?N 82°11?51?W / 36.56917°N 82.19750°W / 36.56917; -82.19750 (36.569135, -82.197489).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.5 square miles (76.4 km2), of which 29.4 square miles (76.1 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.44%) is water.

Climate

Like much of the rest of the state, Bristol has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), although with significantly cooler temperatures, especially in the summer, due to elevation; it is part of USDA hardiness zone 6b, with areas to the southwest falling in zone 7a.[11] The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 35.2 °F (1.8 °C) in January to 74.6 °F (23.7 °C) in July, while, on average, there are 8.8 days where the temperature stays at or below freezing and 17 days with a high at or above 90 °F (32 °C) per year.[12] The all-time record low is -21 °F (-29 °C), set on January 21, 1985, while the all-time record high is 103 °F (39 °C), set on June 30, 2012.[12]


Precipitation is low compared to much of East Tennessee, averaging 41.0 inches (1,040 mm) annually, and reaches a low during autumn. The rainiest calendar day on record is October 16, 1964 when 3.65 inches (93 mm) of rain fell; monthly precipitation has ranged from 0.02 inches (0.51 mm) in October 2002 to 12.70 inches (323 mm) in July 2012.[12] Bristol's normal (1981-2010) winter snowfall stands at 13.3 inches (34 cm), significantly more than what most of Tennessee receives. The most snow in one calendar day was 16.2 inches (41 cm) on November 21, 1952, while the most in one month is 27.9 inches (71 cm) during March 1960, which contributed to the winter of 1959-60, with a total of 51.0 inches (130 cm), finishing as the snowiest on record.[12]

Climate data for Bristol, Tennessee (Tri-Cities Regional Airport), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1937-present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
82
(28)
85
(29)
90
(32)
94
(34)
103
(39)
102
(39)
101
(38)
100
(38)
91
(33)
82
(28)
78
(26)
103
(39)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 66.0
(18.9)
69.3
(20.7)
77.0
(25)
83.9
(28.8)
86.1
(30.1)
90.7
(32.6)
92.3
(33.5)
92.2
(33.4)
88.8
(31.6)
82.2
(27.9)
75.5
(24.2)
66.7
(19.3)
93.6
(34.2)
Average high °F (°C) 45.3
(7.4)
49.9
(9.9)
59.0
(15)
68.0
(20)
75.9
(24.4)
83.0
(28.3)
85.5
(29.7)
85.1
(29.5)
79.2
(26.2)
69.2
(20.7)
58.7
(14.8)
48.0
(8.9)
67.3
(19.6)
Average low °F (°C) 25.0
(-3.9)
28.1
(-2.2)
34.4
(1.3)
42.4
(5.8)
51.1
(10.6)
60.0
(15.6)
63.8
(17.7)
62.5
(16.9)
55.1
(12.8)
43.4
(6.3)
34.6
(1.4)
27.6
(-2.4)
44.1
(6.7)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 5.6
(-14.7)
11.1
(-11.6)
18.4
(-7.6)
27.2
(-2.7)
36.8
(2.7)
48.6
(9.2)
55.5
(13.1)
53.8
(12.1)
41.6
(5.3)
28.9
(-1.7)
20.1
(-6.6)
10.5
(-11.9)
2.0
(-16.7)
Record low °F (°C) -21
(-29)
-15
(-26)
-2
(-19)
21
(-6)
30
(-1)
38
(3)
45
(7)
43
(6)
33
(1)
20
(-7)
5
(-15)
-9
(-23)
-21
(-29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.37
(85.6)
3.45
(87.6)
3.44
(87.4)
3.33
(84.6)
3.80
(96.5)
3.90
(99.1)
4.69
(119.1)
3.47
(88.1)
2.99
(75.9)
2.10
(53.3)
3.10
(78.7)
3.37
(85.6)
41.01
(1,041.7)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.7
(11.9)
3.4
(8.6)
1.4
(3.6)
1.1
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.2
(0.5)
2.4
(6.1)
13.3
(33.8)
Average precipitation days 12.3 11.9 12.6 11.9 12.2 12.2 12.3 10.1 8.4 8.6 10.0 11.9 134.4
Average snowy days 4.3 3.5 1.3 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.3 2.5 12.5
Source: NOAA[12][13]

Demographics

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 24,821 people, 10,648 households, and 6,825 families residing in the city. The population density in 2000 was 846 people per square mile (326.5/km²). There were 11,511 housing units at an average density of 392.2 per square mile (151.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.15% White, 2.97% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.

There were 10,648 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. Nearly 32% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26, and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,039, and the median income for a family was $37,341. Males had a median income of $28,210 versus $21,173 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,535. About 11.5% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

As of July 2016, the following individuals were major figures in Bristol's government:

  • Mayor, Jack Young[17]
  • Vice Mayor, Margaret Feierabend
  • Councilman, Chad Keen
  • Councilwoman, Lea Powers
  • Councilwoman, Michelle Reuining

Professional sports

Bristol Motor Speedway

Bristol is the location of Bristol Motor Speedway, a NASCAR Sprint Cup track. Bristol is also home to Bristol Dragway, which hosts the Ford Thunder Valley Nationals, an NHRA national event.

A Pittsburgh Pirates R-league minor league affiliate, the Bristol Pirates, plays its home games at DeVault Memorial Stadium in Bristol, Virginia.

Media

Television:

Note-WEMT is Licensed to Greeneville, Tennessee, but co-located with sister station WCYB-TV.

Radio:

  • WZAP (AM 690 kHz) Christian
  • WFHG (FM 92.9 MHz) SuperTalk WFHG
  • WWTB (AM 980 kHz) The Sports Fox
  • WXBQ (FM 96.9 MHz) Twenty-four Carrot Country
  • WAEZ (FM 94.9 MHz) Electric 94.9
  • WEXX (FM 99.3 MHz) The X 99.3
  • WTFM (FM 98.5 MHz) WTFM 98.5
  • WBCM-LP (FM 100.1 MHz) WBCM Radio Bristol

Newspaper:

Library:

Education

Universities

Colleges

  • Graham Bible College

High schools

Middle school

  • Vance Middle School

Elementary schools

  • Anderson Elementary School
  • Avoca Elementary School
  • Fairmount Elementary School
  • Haynesfield Elementary School
  • Holston View Elementary School

Police department

The Bristol, Tennessee Police Department is the municipal law enforcement agency for the city. The BPD has 69 sworn officers and 25 civilian supportive staff. It also makes use of citizen volunteers as an auxiliary staff that saves the department over $100,000 annually.[18]

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ Tennessee Blue Book (PDF). 2005-2006. pp. 618-625. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2006. 
  2. ^ Bristol Chamber of Commerce, "About Bristol Archived December 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.." Retrieved: 17 January 2013.
  3. ^ U.S. Census Quickfacts. Retrieved: 2 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ a b "Birthplace of Country Music", AmericasLibrary.gov, 2011, web: AL.
  7. ^ David Sanjek, "All the Memories Money Can Buy: Marketing Authenticity and Manufacturing Authorship", p. 155-172 in Eric Weisbard, ed., This is Pop, Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-674-01321-2 (cloth), ISBN 0-674-01344-1 (paper). p. 158.
  8. ^ a b "BCMA - Birthplace of Country Music Alliance", BCMA, 2012, webpage: BCMA.
  9. ^ "Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion", BristolRhythm.com, 2011, webpage: BR
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ United States Department of Agriculture. United States National Arboretum. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map [Retrieved 2015-03-02].
  12. ^ a b c d e "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ "Station Name: TN BRISTOL TRI CITY AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ Bristol, TN City Council Members Archived December 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Bristol Police Department website Archived April 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading

  • Phillips, V.N. Bud. (1992) Bristol Tennessee/Virginia: A History-1852-1900. Johnson City: Overmountain Press. ISBN 0-932807-63-1

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Bristol,_Tennessee
 



 

 
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