Bretislaus II of Bohemia
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Bretislaus II of Bohemia
Bretislav II
Bretislav2 Nahrobek.jpg
Duke of Bohemia
ReignSeptember 1092 - 22 December 1100
PredecessorConrad I
SuccessorBo?ivoj II
Bornc. 1060
Died22 December 1100 (aged c. 40)
SpouseLuitgard of Windberg
IssueBretislaus
DynastyP?emyslid
FatherVratislaus II
MotherAdelaide

Bretislaus II (Czech: B?etislav II.; c. 1060 - 22 December 1100) was the duke of Bohemia from 14 September 1092 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Vratislaus II and Adelaide, daughter of Andrew I of Hungary. He was a major enemy of paganism.

Life

He succeeded his uncle Conrad I and worked for the destruction of the old Slavic culture. In 1097, he expelled the Slavonic monks of the monastery in Sazava founded in 1033 by Procopius. Bretislaus also wished to end the elective principle of succession and replace it with a type of seniorate as conceptualised by Bretislaus I: the eldest prince of the reigning family would hold Bohemia as sovereign over the entire state while the younger scions of the dynasty would rule as territorial dukes over the regions of Moravia. This was to the benefit of his half-brother Bo?ivoj II. He invested Bo?ivoj as duke of Brno in 1097, thus removing the sons of Conrad I from the succession. Bretislaus also succeeded in receiving a long-desired imperial investiture at the Diet of Regensburg on 19 April 1099. Bretislaus was assassinated by his adversaries at the hunting lodge of Zbecno in western Bohemia on 22 December 1100.

Marriage

In 1094 Bretislaus married Luitgard of Windberg, with whom he had one son: Bretislaus, who rebelled against Sob?slav I and was killed on 8 March 1130.

Sources

  • Sommer, Petr (2009). P?emyslovci. Budování ?eského státu. Prague: Nakladatelství Lidové noviny. p. 779. ISBN 978-80-7106-352-0.
Preceded by
Conrad I
Duke of Bohemia
1092-1100
Succeeded by
Bo?ivoj II

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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