Bra%C8%99ov County
Get Bra%C8%99ov County essential facts below. View Videos or join the Bra%C8%99ov County discussion. Add Bra%C8%99ov County to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Bra%C8%99ov County
Bra?ov County

Jude?ul Bra?ov
County
Administrative map
Administrative map
Official seal of Bra?ov County
Seal
Location of Bra?ov County in Romania
Location of Bra?ov County in Romania
Coordinates: 45°47?N 25°17?E / 45.79°N 25.28°E / 45.79; 25.28Coordinates: 45°47?N 25°17?E / 45.79°N 25.28°E / 45.79; 25.28
Country Romania
Development region1Centru
Historic regionTransylvania
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Bra?ov
Government
 o TypeCounty Board
 o President of the County BoardAdrian Ve?tea (National Liberal Party)
 o Prefect2Marian Rasaliu
Area
 o Total5,363 km2 (2,071 sq mi)
Area rank25th in Romania
Population
(2011 census[1])
 o Total549,217
 o Rank13th in Romania
 o Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
50wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x684
Car PlatesBV5
GDPUS$ 5.852 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 10,655 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Bra?ov County (Romanian pronunciation: [bra'?ov] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Bra?ov. The county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands" (ri) Burzenland and F?g?ra?.

Name

In Hungarian, it is known as Brassó megye, and in German as Kreis Kronstadt. Under Kingdom of Hungary, a county with an identical name (Brassó County, Romanian: Comitatul Bra?ov) was created in 1876, covering a smaller area.

Demographics

In October 20, 2011, it had a population of 549,217 and the population density was 100/km².[1]

Year County population[1][2]
1948 300,836
1956 Increase 373,941
1966 Increase 442,692
1977 Increase 582,863
1992 Increase 642,513
2002 Decrease 589,028
2011 Decrease 549,217

Traditionally the Romanian population was concentrated in the West and South-West of the County, the Hungarians are in the East part of the county, and the Germans were in the North and around Bra?ov city.

Geography

The county has a total area of 5,363 km².

The South side comprises the Carpathian Mountains (Southern Carpathians and Eastern Carpathians) with F?g?ra? Mountains, Bucegi Mountains, Piatra Mare Mountains, Piatra Craiului Mountains and the Post?varul Massif. In the east side there is the Bra?ov Depression, and in the west side there is the Olt River valley. Between them there are the Per?ani Mountains. The North and West side of the county is crossed by the Olt River.

Neighbours

Economy

Bra?ov is one of the most prosperous regions of Romania and has a tradition in industry. During World War II, IAR 80 and towards the end of the war Bf 109, fighter aircraft were built in Bra?ov. During the communist period it was heavily industrialised, and its heritage were some very large industrial complexes. Some of them managed to survive and adapt to the capitalist type market economy, some of them didn't, leaving behind them a high rate of unemployment. Due to new investments, mainly foreign ones, the economy managed to partially recover.[]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mechanical and automotive industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Food industry.

Around Victoria there are big chemical complexes which pollute the region.[]

Tourism

Piatra Craiului Mountains

Bra?ov contains some of the most attractive tourist destinations in Romania.[]

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

Politics

The Bra?ov County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 16                                
  Social Democratic Party 11                                
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians 3                                
  Ecologist Party 3                                
  Democratic Forum of Germans 2                                

Administrative divisions

Bra?ov (German: Kronstadt)
Codlea (German: Zeiden)
F?g?ra? (German: Fogorasch)
S?cele (German: Siebendörfer)

Bra?ov County has 4 municipalities, 6 towns and 48 communes:

Historical county

Jude?ul Bra?ov
County (Jude?)
The Bra?ov County Prefecture building of the interwar period, currently the rectory of Transilvania University of Bra?ov.
The Bra?ov County Prefecture building of the interwar period, currently the rectory of Transilvania University of Bra?ov.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Bra?ov
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Brasov.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionTransylvania
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Bra?ov
Established1925
Area
 o Total2,605 km2 (1,006 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total167,946
 o Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the central part of Greater Romania, in the southeastern part of Transylvania. Its capital was Bra?ov. Its territory included the part of the old region of ?ara Bârsei. The county's territory was enlarged as a result of the administrative reform of 1925. Its territory covered the eastern part of today's Bra?ov County, and the south of today's Covasna County.

It was bordered on the west by the counties of F?g?ra? and Muscel, to the north by Trei Scaune County, to the east by Buz?u County, and to the south by the counties of Prahova and Dâmbovi?a.

History

Prior to World War I, the territory of the county belonged to Austria-Hungary and was identical with the Brassó County of the Kingdom of Hungary. The territory of Bra?ov County was transferred to Romania from Hungary as successor state to Austria-Hungary in 1920 under the Treaty of Trianon.

In 1938, King Carol II promulgated a new Constitution, and subsequently he had the administrative division of the Romanian territory changed. 10 ?inuturi (approximate translation: "lands") were created (by merging the counties) to be ruled by reziden?i regali (approximate translation: "Royal Residents") - appointed directly by the King - instead of the prefects. Bra?ov County became part of ?inutul Arge?.

In 1940, part of the county was transferred back to Hungary with the rest of Northern Transylvania under the Second Vienna Award. Beginning in 1944, Romanian forces with Soviet assistance recaptured the ceded territory and reintegrated it into Romania. Romanian jurisdiction over the entire county per the Treaty of Trianon was reaffirmed in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The county was disestablished by the communist government of Romania in 1950, and re-established in 1968 when Romania restored the county administrative system.

Administration

Map of Bra?ov County as constituted in 1938.

Until the administrative reform of 1925, Brasov County was divided into three administrative districts (pli), 23 rural communes, and one urban commune (Bra?ov).

After 1925, the area of the county was similarly divided into three districts:[4]

  1. Plasa Bran, headquartered at Bran
  2. Plasa Buz?ul Ardelean, headquartered at Întorsura Buz?ului
  3. Plasa S?cele (previously named Plasa Bra?ov), headquartered at Prejmer

Plasa Bran included the following settlements: Bran, Codlea, Cristian, Fundata, Ghimbav, H?lchiu, Holbav, M?gura, Moieciul de Jos, Moieciul de Sus, Pe?tera, Poiana M?rului, Predeal, Râ?nov, Satu Nou, Simon, Sohodol, ?irnea, Tohanu Nou, Tohanu Vechi, ?ân?ari, Vl?deni, Vulcan, and Z?rne?ti.

Plasa Buz?ul included the following settlements: Barcani, Budila, Dobârl?u, Întorsura Buz?ului, M?rcu?, S?r?ma?, Sita Buz?ului, Teliu, and Vama Buz?ului.

Plasa S?cele included the following settlements: Apa?a, Baciu, Bod, Cernatu, Crizbav, Feldioara, H?rman, M?ieru?, Prejmer, Purc?reni, Rotbav, Satulung, Sânpetru, T?rlungeni, Turche?, and Zizin.

Economy

As a mountain county, agriculture was poorly developed in Bra?ov. Much of the county's land was covered with potatoes, and orchards were planted in the hilly areas. An important concern was livestock breeding (cattle, pigs).

Such industry as there was in the county was concentrated in the city of Bra?ov. In 1925, it had production centers in the chemical, metallurgical, construction, food, textile, machine, pharmaceutical and light industries. Surrounding areas excelled in the metallurgy, extractive, construction, food, textile and light industry. The city of Bra?ov was also the main outlet of the county for local products.

Among the natural richness of the county were Zizin's mineral waters, containing sodium bicarbonate, iron, iodine, and carbonic acid. Lignite was exploited at Prejmer, and bituminous coal at Vulcan and Cristian.

Education

In 1925, there was a state high school (lyceum) for boys and another one for girls, four religious high schools for boys, a gymnasium, six secondary schools, four commercial schools, a normal school for educators, a school of arts and crafts and a school of state for commercial and industrial apprentices. The number of state primary schools was 19 and the religious was 53 (of which, in Romanian language: 17 Orthodox and 3 Roman Catholic; in German language: 2 Roman Catholic and 18 Lutheran; in Hungarian language: 2 Reformed and 10 Lutheran; and one Jewish school)

Population

The census of 1920 reported 101,953 inhabitants (about 68/km²), of which 36,138 were ethnic Romanians, 33,584 Hungarians, 30,281 Germans, 1,560 Jews, and 390 of other nationalities.

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 168,125, of which 49.9% were Romanians, 26.6% Hungarians, 19.8% Germans, as well as other minorities.[5] In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 48.8% Eastern Orthodox, 27.8% Lutheran, 9.9% Roman Catholic, 6% Reformed, 2.4% Greek Catholic, 1.7% Jewish, as well as other minorities.[6]

Urban population

In 1930, the urban population of the county was 59,232, of which 39.3% were Hungarians, 32.7% Romanians, 22.0% Germans, 3.8% Jews, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, Hungarian was 42.2%, followed by Romanian (32.7%), German (22.4%), Yiddish (0.9%) as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 30.0% Eastern Orthodox, 22.3% Roman Catholic, 22.0% Evangelical (Lutheran), 13.9% Reformed (Calvinist), 4.4% Jewish, 3.5% Greek Catholic, 3.2% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002" Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Bra?ov
  5. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 84-85
  6. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 563

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Bra%C8%99ov_County
 



 



 
Music Scenes