Borovsk
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Borovsk
Borovsk

?
View of Borovsk
View of Borovsk
Flag of Borovsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Borovsk
Coat of arms
Location of Borovsk
Borovsk is located in Russia
Borovsk
Borovsk
Location of Borovsk
Borovsk is located in Kaluga Oblast
Borovsk
Borovsk
Borovsk (Kaluga Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°12?N 36°30?E / 55.200°N 36.500°E / 55.200; 36.500Coordinates: 55°12?N 36°30?E / 55.200°N 36.500°E / 55.200; 36.500
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKaluga Oblast[1]
Administrative districtBorovsky District[1]
Founded1356[2]
Government
 o HeadMikhail Klimov (acting)
Elevation
166 m (545 ft)
Population
 o Total12,283
 o Estimate 
(2018)[4]
10,734 (-12.6%)
 o Capital ofBorovsky District[1]
 o Municipal districtBorovsky Municipal District[5]
 o Urban settlementBorovsk Urban Settlement[5]
 o Capital ofBorovsky Municipal District[5], Borovsk Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
249010
Dialing code(s)+7 48438
OKTMO ID29606101001
Websitewww.borovsk.org

Borovsk (Russian: ) is a town and the administrative center of Borovsky District of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Protva River just south from the oblast's border with Moscow Oblast. Population: ;[3];[8];[9] 12,000 (1969).

History

It is known to have existed since 1356[2] as a part of the Principality of Ryazan. In the 14th century, it was owned by Vladimir the Bold, but passed to the Grand Duchy of Moscow when his granddaughter Maria of Borovsk married Vasily II.

Borovsk Monastery of St. Paphnutius

In 1444, the St. Paphnutius Monastery was founded near Borovsk. Its strong walls, towers, and a massive cathedral survive from the reign of Boris Godunov. Two famous Old Believers--archpriest Avvakum Petrovich and boyarynya Feodosiya Morozova--were incarcerated at this monastery in the second half of the 17th century. The town was liberated by the Red Army on January 4, 1942.

The Monastery today

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Borovsk serves as the administrative center of Borovsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Borovsk is incorporated within Borovsky Municipal District as Borovsk Urban Settlement.[5]

Culture

Among the monuments of Borovsk are the oldest wooden church in the region (the 17th century) and a museum of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, who lived and worked there as a teacher in 1880-1891. Borovsk has recently been known for painted façades of its down-town buildings, resulting from a work of one local painter.

Sights

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e ? ? ?. ? ? , ? ? . No 019-95 1 1997 ?. « ? -? ?.  29 206», ? . No278/2015  1 2016 ?.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 29 206, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  2. ^ a b . Moscow ? . 2003. p. 52. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Law #7-OZ
  6. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Kamalakaran, A. (July 29, 2016). "4 Orthodox monasteries to visit near Moscow". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 2020.

Sources

  • ?.  No7-  28 ? 2004 ?. « ? , ? ? - " ", " ", " ", " ", " ", " ", "? ", "? ", "? ", " ", "? ", " ", " ?", ? ? , , ? , », ? . No620-  29 2014 ?. «? ? ? " ? , ? ? - " ", " ", " ", " ", " ", " ", "? ", "? ", "? ", " ", "? ", " ", " ?", ? ? , , ? , "». ? ? ?  ?, ? ? " ", ? ? ? ? ?. : "", No402-404, 29 ? 2004 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Kaluga Oblast. Law #7-OZ of December 28, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Located on the Territory of the Administrative-Territorial Units of "Babyninsky District", "Borovsky District", "Dzerzhinsky District", "Zhizdrinsky District", "Zhukovsky District", "Iznoskovsky District", "Kozelsky District", "Maloyaroslavetsky District", "Mosalsky District", "Ferzikovsky District", "Khvastovichsky District", "City of Kaluga", "City of Obninsk", and on Granting Them the Status of an Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District, as amended by the Law #620-OZ of September 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kaluga Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Located on the Territory of the Administrative-Territorial Units of "Babyninsky District", "Borovsky District", "Dzerzhinsky District", "Zhizdrinsky District", "Zhukovsky District", "Iznoskovsky District", "Kozelsky District", "Maloyaroslavetsky District", "Mosalsky District", "Ferzikovsky District", "Khvastovichsky District", "City of Kaluga", "City of Obninsk", and on Granting Them the Status of an Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District". Effective as of after the official publication, with the exception of the clauses regarding the municipal formation of the "City of Kaluga", for which different dates of taking effect are specified.).

External links


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