Booksmart
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Booksmart

Booksmart
Booksmart (2019 film poster).png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byOlivia Wilde
Produced by
Written by
Starring
Music byDan the Automator
CinematographyJason McCormick
Edited by
Production
companies
Distributed byUnited Artists Releasing
Release date
  • March 10, 2019 (2019-03-10) (SXSW)
  • May 24, 2019 (2019-05-24) (United States)
Running time
105 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$6 million[2]
Box office$24.9 million[3][4]

Booksmart is a 2019 American coming-of-age comedy film directed by Olivia Wilde (in her feature directorial debut), from a screenplay by Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, Susanna Fogel, and Katie Silberman. It stars Beanie Feldstein and Kaitlyn Dever as two graduating high school girls who set out to finally break the rules and party on their last day of classes; Jessica Williams, Will Forte, Lisa Kudrow, and Jason Sudeikis also star. Will Ferrell and Adam McKay executive produced the film through Gloria Sanchez Productions.

The film had its world premiere at South by Southwest on March 10, 2019, and was theatrically released by United Artists Releasing in the United States on May 24, 2019, to acclaim from critics and grossed over $24 million. For her performance, Feldstein was nominated for Best Actress - Comedy or Musical at the 77th Golden Globe Awards.[5]

Plot

High school seniors Amy and Molly have been best friends since childhood, but are considered pretentious by their peers. Amy is out and has a crush on a girl named Ryan; Molly urges her to pursue a relationship with Ryan before they graduate. On the eve of graduation, Molly confronts classmates talking about her in the bathroom. She tells them she got into Yale, but they reveal that, despite their partying, they too got into prestigious colleges and job recruitments. Furious, Molly tells Amy they should have enjoyed their time in high school more. She proposes they go to a graduation party held by classmate Nick, and Amy reluctantly agrees.

Realizing that neither of them knows the party's address, Molly calls Jared, a wealthy classmate who likes her. He brings them to his party aboard a yacht; only his drug-crazed friend Gigi is there, and she feeds the girls strawberries before jumping off the yacht. Amy suggests they go home, but Molly calls a "Malala" (their code for unconditionally doing what the other wants to do). The girls call a Lyft and are shocked to be picked up by their principal, Jordan Brown.

To prepare Amy for potential sex with Ryan, Molly insists they watch pornography, which accidentally plays through the car speakers. Brown drops them off at what they think is Nick's aunt's house but turns out to be the home of their classmate George, who is hosting a murder mystery party. They encounter Gigi, who reveals that the strawberries were laced with powerful hallucinogenic drugs. Amy and Molly experience a bad trip and hallucinate that they are George's sister's plastic fashion dolls. They manage to escape George's house, but Gigi reveals that Molly secretly likes Nick.

Despite wanting to go home, Amy insists they press on so Molly can consummate her crush on Nick. The girls head to the library, where they see pizza boxes in an online video of Nick's party and acquire the address from the pizza delivery man. Amy accidentally leaves her phone in his car, and Molly's phone battery lasts just long enough to call their favorite teacher, Miss Fine, who gives them a change of clothes and a ride to Nick's party.

Once at the party, Amy and Molly are surprised to find they are warmly welcomed. Molly and Nick flirt over beer pong and Amy finally spends time with Ryan. Unfortunately, Amy soon finds Ryan making out with Nick. Heartbroken and desperate to leave, she finds Molly and calls her own "Malala," which Molly - who didn't see Nick with Ryan - refuses because she thinks she still has a chance with Nick. Amy angrily reveals that she is not just spending the summer in Botswana but taking an entire gap year there because she resents how Molly always tries to control her life.

The two friends argue in front of the entire party. Amy runs to the bathroom, finding her classmate Hope there; they are initially argumentative until Amy kisses her. Jared appears, and he and Molly have a heartfelt conversation about how no one at school really knows them. Amy and Hope start to have sex, but Amy vomits on Hope. Cops arrive, and the everyone scatters. Unable to find Amy, Molly is driven home by Triple A, a popular student with a promiscuous reputation, and they bond over the stereotypes they both have endured.

Waking up on graduation day, Molly checks her phone and discovers her classmates praising Amy for creating a diversion at the party, allowing everyone to escape the police while getting herself arrested. Molly visits Amy in jail and apologizes for her manipulative actions, and they reconcile. Learning the pizza delivery man is a serial killer, they trade that information to free Amy, and take Jared's car to graduation. Molly kisses Jared onstage and gives an improvised valedictorian speech, receiving a standing ovation.

A few days later, as Molly helps Amy prepare for her trip to Botswana, Hope visits to give Amy her phone number. Molly drives Amy to the airport, where they share a tearful goodbye. As Molly drives away, Amy jumps in front of her car, saying she has time to hang out before her flight; she suggests they get pancakes, and Molly ecstatically accepts.

Cast

Production

Development

An early version of the screenplay, Book Smart by Emily Halpern and Sarah Haskins, was circulated in 2009 and appeared on the 2009 Black List;[7] in 2014 Susanna Fogel revised the screenplay, rewriting one lead character as a lesbian and revising the story so the girls are not seeking boyfriends for the prom, but are going to an after-prom party.[8]

Following the revisions, Annapurna Pictures purchased the screenplay and approached Gloria Sanchez Productions to produce it; Gloria Sanchez' Jessica Elbaum pitched the screenplay to Olivia Wilde, who read the screenplay and two days later expressed admiration for it.[8]Megan Ellison, Chelsea Bernard, David Distenfeld, Will Ferrell, Adam McKay, and Elbaum would serve as producers on the film.[9] Screenwriter Katie Silberman was hired for more revisions in spring 2018, and to update the story.[8][10] Silberman explored a new concept:

What if the two friends realized that they did high school all wrong? What if they realized that everyone they thought just partied and wasted their high-school years were going to Ivy League schools just like them?[8]

According to Silberman, "Olivia's mantra to all of us was that high school is war".[11] Wilde also envisioned "a drug trip where the girls turned into Barbie dolls" and gave Silberman the responsibility of where to incorporate it into the story.[12]

Casting

In February 2018, Kaitlyn Dever and Beanie Feldstein joined the cast of the film.[13] In May 2018, Billie Lourd and Skyler Gisondo joined the cast of the film.[14][15] That same month, Jason Sudeikis, Lisa Kudrow, Jessica Williams, Will Forte, Mike O'Brien, Mason Gooding, Noah Galvin, Diana Silvers, Austin Crute, Eduardo Franco, Molly Gordon, and Nico Hiraga joined the cast of the film.[16]

Silvers was initially asked to audition for Ryan, but felt her appearance was not ideal for the character and auditioned for Hope instead.[17] Wilde also urged Feldstein and Dever to live together to develop a rapport.[18] The two actresses were roommates in Los Angeles for ten weeks.[19] Wilde also asked the cast to read the screenplay and signal if they found dialogue that felt "inauthentic ... [and] rewrite it in your own voice".[19] Silberman continued to write after casting, finding it easy to come up with dialogue to fit Feldstein and Dever.[10] Silberman particularly credited the complimentary language the characters use to Feldstein, who frequently posted "I have no breath" to Instagram.[12]

Filming

Principal photography began in May 2018 around the San Fernando Valley.[20][21]

Wilde and production designer Katie Byron decorated the bedrooms seen in the film, including with trophies and depictions of prominent American women Michelle Obama and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.[12]

The animated dolls sequence was created over five months by a team of thirty people. Wilde had voiced a character on the series Bojack Horseman and contacted ShadowMachine the animation studio behind Bojack to create the sequence. Due to script rewrites parts of the animated scene involving a Roomba and a scene showing glitter vomit, were cut from the film.[22]

Release

Director Olivia Wilde, co-writer Katie Silberman, and producer Jessica Elbaum at the South by Southwest Booksmart panel

It had its world premiere at South by Southwest on March 10, 2019.[23] It was released wide in the United States on May 24, 2019.[3] It was also released in France on Netflix the same day.[24]

Home media

Booksmart was released on digital download on August 20, 2019, and on DVD and Blu-ray on September 3, 2019.[25]

Reception

Box office

Booksmart grossed $22.7 million in the United States and Canada, and $2.2 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $24.9 million.[26][4]

In the United States and Canada, Booksmart was released alongside Aladdin and Brightburn, and was projected to gross around $12 million from 2,505 theaters in its four-day opening weekend.[27] The film made $2.5 million on its first day, including $875,000 from Thursday night previews. It ended up underperforming, debuting to just $6.9 million (a four-day total of $8.7 million), finishing in sixth place.[28] Industry publications insisted that although the targeted young female demographic did turn out to the film, it should have begun with a limited release and expanded, similar to the R-rated, female-led high school comedy Lady Bird in 2017, and that Booksmart failed to stand out in the crowded marketplace.[29][30][28][2] In its second weekend the film made $3.3 million, dropping 52% and finishing in eighth.[31]

The film's largest market outside North America was the United Kingdom, where it grossed around US$1.8 million (£1.5 million) after seven weeks in theaters.[32]

Critical response

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96% based on 357 reviews, with an average rating of 8.28/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "Fast-paced, funny, and fresh, Booksmart does the seemingly impossible by adding a smart new spin to the coming-of-age comedy."[33] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 84 out of 100, based on 52 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[34] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale, while those at PostTrak gave it an overall positive score of 80%.[28] In December 2018, Rotten Tomatoes named Booksmart the #1 comedy of the decade on the site, using an adjusted formula that weighed multiple factors, including a film's release year and number of reviews.[35]

Peter Debruge of Variety praised the ensemble cast as well as Wilde's direction, calling the film "the best high school buddy comedy since Superbad".[7] John DeFore of The Hollywood Reporter called the film a "hilarious, blazingly paced teen comedy."[36] Writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, Richard Roeper gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four, calling it a "refreshingly original take on the raunchy coming-of-age comedy" and praising Feldstein and Dever's chemistry.[37] Alissa Wilkinson of Vox awarded the film a score of four out of five, writing that the "memorably relatable" Booksmart is also a "delightful reminder that growing up is about realizing nobody's a stereotype".[38]

Linda Holmes of NPR gave an especially favorable review, calling the film "a humane and heartfelt film without a mean bone in its figurative body".[39]Vultures Emily Yoshida also favorably wrote that it "manages to be inclusive and progressive, without being precious about anything or sacrificing an ounce of humor".[40]A. O. Scott of The New York Times regarded the film as "sharp but not mean, warm without feeling too soft or timid", and referring to Feldstein and Dever as "a classic comedy duo".[41]Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal deemed Booksmart a "prodigy", stating that no film that was "funnier, smarter, quicker or more joyous has graced the big screen in a long time."[42]

Accolades

Booksmart was included on 68 critics' top-ten lists, and on two lists was ranked in first place.[43]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref.
Austin Film Critics Association January 6, 2020 Best First Film Booksmart Won [44]
British Academy Film Awards February 2, 2020 Best Original Screenplay Susanna Fogel, Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, and Katie Silberman Nominated [45]
BAFTA Rising Star Award Kaitlyn Dever Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association December 14, 2019 Milos Stehlik Breakthrough Filmmaker Award Olivia Wilde Nominated [46][47]
Critics' Choice Awards January 12, 2020 Best Comedy Booksmart Nominated [48]
Detroit Film Critics Society December 9, 2019 Breakthrough Kaitlyn Dever Nominated[a] [49][50]
Olivia Wilde Nominated
Dorian Awards January 8, 2020 LGBTQ Film of the Year Booksmart Nominated [51]
Dublin Film Critics Circle December 17, 2019 Best Film Booksmart 5th place [52]
Best Director Olivia Wilde 4th place
Best Screenplay Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, Susanna Fogel, and Katie Silberman 2nd place
GLAAD Media Awards March 19, 2020 Outstanding Film - Wide Release Booksmart Won [53]
Golden Globe Awards January 5, 2020 Best Actress - Musical or Comedy Beanie Feldstein Nominated [54]
Gotham Independent Film Awards December 2, 2019 Bingham Ray Breakthrough Director Award Olivia Wilde Nominated [55]
Audience Award Booksmart Nominated
Hollywood Critics Association Awards January 9, 2020 Best Picture Booksmart Nominated [56]
Best Original Screenplay Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, Susanna Fogel, and Katie Silberman Nominated
Best Female Director Olivia Wilde Won
Best Performance by an Actor or Actress 23 and Under Kaitlyn Dever Won
Best First Feature Booksmart Nominated
Best Independent Feature Booksmart Nominated
Best Comedy/Musical Booksmart Won
Hollywood Film Awards November 3, 2019 Hollywood Breakthrough Director Award Olivia Wilde Won [57]
Independent Spirit Awards February 8, 2020 Best First Feature Booksmart Won [58]
IndieWire Critics Polls December 16, 2019 Best Picture Booksmart 18th place [59]
Best Actress Beanie Feldstein 21st place
Best First Feature Booksmart 2nd place
Los Angeles Online Film Critics Society July 1, 2019 Best Picture Booksmart Won [60]
Best Actress Beanie Feldstein Runner-up
Best Supporting Actress Billie Lourd Won
Best Female Director Olivia Wilde Won
Best Original Screenplay Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, Susanna Fogel, and Katie Silberman Won
Best Indie Film Booksmart Won
Online Film Critics Awards January 6, 2020 Best Debut Feature Olivia Wilde Won [61]
Palm Springs International Film Festival November 27, 2018 Directors to Watch Olivia Wilde Won [62]
The ReFrame Stamp February 26, 2020 2019 Top 100-Grossing Narrative Feature Recipients Booksmart Won [63]
San Francisco International Film Festival April 24, 2019 Best Narrative Feature Booksmart Won [64]
St. Louis Film Critics Association December 15, 2019 Best Original Screenplay Booksmart Nominated [65]
Best Comedy Won
Women Film Critics Circle December 9, 2019 Best Movie about Women Booksmart Nominated [66]
Best Movie by a Woman Nominated
Best Woman Storyteller Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, Susanna Fogel, and Katie Silberman Nominated
Best Equality of the Sexes Booksmart Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards February 1, 2020 Best Original Screenplay Emily Halpern, Sarah Haskins, Susanna Fogel, and Katie Silberman Nominated [67]

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Booksmart". South by Southwest. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b Charles Barfield (June 2, 2019). "Sorry Folks, 'Booksmart' Was Set Up For Box Office Disappointment & Politicizing It Isn't Helping". The Playlist. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Booksmart (2019)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Booksmart (2019)". The Numbers. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Kimberly Nordyke; Jennifer Konerman; Annie Howard (December 9, 2019). "Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy - Golden Globes: Full List of Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Zuckerman, Esther (May 9, 2019). "What It's Like Playing Mortal Enemies in 'Booksmart' for Three Real-Life Best Friends". Thrillist. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ a b Peter Debruge (March 11, 2019). "'Booksmart' Review: The Best High School Buddy Comedy Since 'Superbad'". Variety. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d Guerrasi, Jason (May 25, 2019). "How 'Booksmart' went from a 2009 script collecting dust to this year's must-see movie of the summer". Business Insider. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ Gonzalez, Umberto (February 16, 2018). "Olivia Wilde to Make Feature Directing Debut With Booksmart". The Wrap. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ a b Erbland, Kate (May 21, 2019). "How 'Booksmart' Writer Katie Silberman Turned a Beloved Years-Old Script Into the Movie of the Moment". Indiewire. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ Cipriani, Casey. "How 'Booksmart' Writer Katie Silberman Captured The All-Out "War" That Is High School". Bustle. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ a b c Lindsay, Kathryn (May 28, 2019). "Booksmart's Screenwriter Katie Silberman May Be The New Rom-Com Queen". Refinery29. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ Kroll, Justin (February 16, 2018). "Olivia Wilde Sets Directorial Debut Booksmart With Kaitlyn Dever and Beanie Feldstein to Star". Variety. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ Hixon, Michael (May 9, 2018). "Manhattan Beach's Skyler Gisondo from 'Santa Clarita Diet' to star in indie film". The Beach Reporter. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ Bentley, Jean (May 18, 2018). "Billie Lourd To Return To American Horror Story For Season 8, Joins Booksmart Movie". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ Kroll, Justin (May 22, 2018). "Jason Sudeikis, Lisa Kudrow, Will Forte, Others Join Olivia Wilde's 'Booksmart' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ Handler, Rachel (May 24, 2019). "Diana Silvers on Booksmart's Groundbreaking Sex Scene". Vulture.com. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ Huver, Scott (May 14, 2019). "Why 'Booksmart' Stars Beanie Feldstein and Kaitlyn Dever Moved In Together During Filming". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ a b Kelly, Mary Louise (May 24, 2019). "'Booksmart' Director Olivia Wilde: Teen Movies 'Made Me Excited To Be Young'". NPR. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ Silvers, Diana (May 1, 2018). "Sending endless love to the Booksmart peeps as they embark on week 1 of filming!! Can't wait to join you guys on set soon!! @BeanieFeldstein @KaitlynDever @oliviawilde ...and everyone else that I haven't met yet/don't know who's playing who ?". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ Strauss, Bob (May 17, 2019). "The new movie 'Booksmart' was filmed in and around the San Fernando Valley. Here's where". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ Frank, Priscilla (June 4, 2019). "How the BoJack Horseman Animation Studio Tripped up Booksmart". Vulture.
  23. ^ Kilday, Gregg (January 16, 2019). "SXSW: Olivia Wilde, Seth Rogen, Charlize Theron and Matthew McConaughey to Premiere New Work". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ Audra Schroeder (May 28, 2019). "The middling box office showing for 'Booksmart' isn't Netflix's fault". The Daily Dot.
  25. ^ McCrae, Phil (August 5, 2019). "Booksmart Release Date". Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "Booksmart (2019)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ Jeremy Fuster (May 21, 2019). "Will 'Aladdin' Dodge the 'Blue Will Smith' Jokes and Find Box Office Riches?". TheWrap. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ a b c Anthony D'Alessandro (May 26, 2019). "'Aladdin' Memorial Day Magic Carpet Ride Soars Higher With $112M+ Opening - Sunday AM Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ Mia Galuppo (May 29, 2019). "Box Office: 'Booksmart' Gambles With Wide Release and Stumbles". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ Sharf, Zack (May 28, 2019). "'Booksmart' Box Office Struggle Divides Industry Over Annapurna's Marketing and Release Strategy". IndieWire.
  31. ^ Anthony D'Alessandro (June 2, 2019). "'Godzilla' Loses Teeth With $49M Opening, But Counter-Programming Excels For First Time This Summer With 'Rocketman' & 'Ma'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ "'Spider-Man', 'Toy Story 4' stay top of UK box office as 'Annabelle Comes Home' lands third". Screen Daily. July 15, 2019.
  33. ^ "Booksmart (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 2020.
  34. ^ "Booksmart Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2020.
  35. ^ "The 50 Best Comedies of the 2010s - Best Comedy Movies of the Decade". Retrieved 2019.
  36. ^ DeFore, John (March 10, 2019). "'Booksmart': Film Review | SXSW 2019". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020.
  37. ^ Roeper, Richard (May 21, 2019). "'Booksmart': The smart girls cut loose over one wild but insightful night of partying". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ Alissa Wilkinson (May 24, 2019). "Booksmart review: Like Superbad, but with girls, and better". Vox.com. Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ Holmes, Linda. "'Booksmart' Is A Wise And Warm Summer Comedy". NPR.org. NPR. Retrieved 2020.
  40. ^ Emily Yoshida (May 24, 2019). "Booksmart Is a Goddamn Delight, and a Major Moment in the Teen Movie Canon". Vulture. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ A. O. Scott (May 22, 2019). "Review: 'Booksmart' Crashes the Party and Aces the Test". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "'Booksmart' Review: A Joy, Cover to Cover". The Wall Street Journal. May 23, 2019. Archived from the original on July 18, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  43. ^ "Best of 2019: Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic.
  44. ^ Stoddard, Elizabeth (December 30, 2019). "2019 AFCA Award Nominations". Austin Film Critics Association. Retrieved 2020.
  45. ^ Ritman, Alex (January 6, 2020). "'Joker' Leads BAFTA 2020 Nominations". Retrieved 2020.
  46. ^ "Once Upoan a Time... in Hollywood Leads Chicago Film Critics Association 2019 Award Nominations". Chicago Film Critics Association Awards. December 12, 2019. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  47. ^ "Chicago Film Critics Association". Chicago Film Critics Association. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  48. ^ "'When They See Us,' 'This Is Us,' 'Schitt's Creek' Lead 25th Annual Critics' Choice Awards TV Noms". December 9, 2019.
  49. ^ The 2019 Detroit Film Critics Society (DFCS) Nominations
  50. ^ "The 2019 Detroit Film Critics Society Awards". detroitfilmcritics.com. Retrieved 2020.
  51. ^ "'Portrait of a Lady on Fire,' 'Parasite' Lead Dorian Award Nominations". TheWrap. January 3, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  52. ^ Neglia, Matt (December 17, 2019). "The 2019 Dublin Film Critics Circle (DFCC) Winners". Next Best Picture. Archived from the original on December 17, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  53. ^ Gardner, Chris; Howard, Annie (January 8, 2020). "GLAAD Media Awards: 'Booksmart,' 'Bombshell,' 'Rocketman' Among Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020.
  54. ^ Golden Globes Nominations: 'Marriage Story', Netflix, 'Once Upon A Time In Hollywood' Lead Way In Film - Full List Of Nominations
  55. ^ Lewis, Hilary (October 24, 2019). "Gotham Awards: 'Marriage Story,' 'The Farewell,' 'Uncut Gems' Lead Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019.
  56. ^ "The 3rd Annual Hollywood Critics Association Awards Nominations". Retrieved 2019.
  57. ^ "Hollywood Film Awards 2019: The Complete Winners List". December 9, 2019.
  58. ^ "The 2020 Film Independent Spirit Award Nominees are Here!". December 9, 2019.
  59. ^ Kohn, Eric (December 16, 2019). "2019 Critics Poll: The Best Films and Performances According to Over 300 Critics From Around the World". IndieWire. Retrieved 2020.
  60. ^ "The Los Angeles Online Film Critics Society 2nd Annual Midseason Award Winners". Retrieved 2019.
  61. ^ Committee, Governing (January 7, 2020). "OFCS Presents: 23rd Annual Awards for 2019". Online Film Critics Society. Retrieved 2020.
  62. ^ "Variety Names 10 Directors to Watch for 2019". December 9, 2019.
  63. ^ N'Duka, Amanda (February 26, 2020). "ReFrame Stamp Affixed On Record 26 Films For 2019". Deadline. Retrieved 2020.
  64. ^ "SFFILM Wraps 2019 San Francisco International Film Festival After 14 Days of Films, Conversations, and Celebrations". SFFILM. April 24, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  65. ^ "'1917', 'Once Upon a Time'... Dominate As More Critics Weigh In on 2019". December 15, 2019.
  66. ^ "The 2019 Women Film Critics Circle (WFCC) Winners". Next Best Picture. Retrieved 2019.
  67. ^ Lewis, Hilary; Sinha-Roy, Piya; Nordyke, Kimberly (January 6, 2020). "Writers Guild Awards: '1917,' 'Parasite,' 'Little Women' Among Film Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020.

External links


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Booksmart
 



 



 
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