Bo%C5%99ivoj II, Duke of Bohemia
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Bo%C5%99ivoj II, Duke of Bohemia
Bo?ivoj II
Borivoj II, Duke of Bohemia nahrobek.jpg
Duke of Bohemia
Reign25 December 1100 - May 1107
PredecessorBretislaus II
SuccessorSvatopluk
Duke of Bohemia
ReignDecember 1117 - 16 August 1120
PredecessorVladislaus I
SuccessorVladislaus I
Bornc. 1064
Prague
Died2 February 1124 (aged c. 60)
Hungary
SpouseGerberga
IssueJaromír, Spitignev, Lupold, Boleslav, Albrecht, Richza
DynastyP?emyslid
FatherVratislav II of Bohemia
Mother?wi?tos?awa of Poland

Bo?ivoj II (c. 1064[1] - 2 February 1124[1]) was the duke of Bohemia from 25 December 1100 until May 1107 and from December 1117 until 16 August 1120. He was the younger half-brother and successor of Bretislaus II. His father was Vratislav II of Bohemia, his mother ?wi?tos?awa of Poland.

Life

He was originally opposed by Duke Ulrich I of Brno, his cousin, who had recovered the stronghold originally confiscated from his father. A civil war ensued. Old?ich intended to recognise the suzerainty of Emperor Henry IV, and thereby gain his support, but Bo?ivoj had already been confirmed by the emperor. Old?ich was eventually forced to flee to Moravia.

In 1102, Ladislaus I Herman, Duke of Poland, died. A quarrel broke out in Poland over the succession, with Bo?ivoj and his cousin Svatopluk supporting Zbigniew against Boles?aw III Wrymouth. Boles?aw, however, paid Bo?ivoj off and the latter withdrew from the conflict. Svatopluk, furious, defected and led a number of Bohemian grandees with him. He sought to induce Coloman of Hungary to go to war with Bo?ivoj, but was unsuccessful until 1107. In that year, Bo?ivoj's younger brother Vladislaus rebelled and, with Coloman's help, took Prague. Svatopluk, who had recently captured and been forced to release Bo?ivoj by Emperor Henry V, was proclaimed king.

Bo?ivoj attacked in 1108 with the aid of Boles?aw in alliance with Coloman, whom Svatopluk and Henry were jointly attacking in Hungary. Svatopluk was recalled to fight him off and soon the emperor was invading Poland. Svatopluk was murdered on this campaign by supporters of Bo?ivoj, but he could not regain the throne, which went to Vladislaus. In 1117, the brothers were reconciled and they ruled the duchy jointly (though divided) until 1120, when a new disagreement led Bo?ivoj to self-exile in Hungary, where he died on 2 February 1124.

Marriage

He was married to Gerberga, daughter of Leopold II, Margrave of Austria. Their children are:[1]

  • Jaromir, +by 1135;
  • Spitignev, +3.1.1157
  • Lupold, fl 1143
  • Boleslav, fl 1146
  • Albrecht, +7.4. before 1124
  • Richza, +27.2. before 1124

References

Preceded by
Bretislaus II
Duke of Bohemia
1100-1107
Succeeded by
Svatopluk
Preceded by
Vladislaus I
Duke of Bohemia
1117-1120
Succeeded by
Vladislaus I


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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