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Legends which do not antedate the ninth century concerning Saint Caprasius, martyred with St. Fides by Dacianus, Prefect of the Gauls, during the persecution of Diocletian, and the story of Vincentius, a Christian martyr (written about 520), furnish no foundation for later traditions which make these two saints early bishops of Agen.
The cathedral of the diocese of Agen was formerly located in the church of St. Caprasius, outside the walls of the Roman town. In its reconstructed state, it is a splendid specimen of Romanesque architecture, dating from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. With the restoration of the diocese in 1802, it was again made the cathedral, in place of the Cathedral of St. Étienne, which had been destroyed during the French Revolution.
The chapter of the cathedral
The trend in the medieval period was for the chapter to acquire more and more of a right, and then an exclusive right, to elect the bishop of the diocese, to the gradual exclusion of the rest of the clergy and the people. This development, however, was often retarded or impeded by other considerations. In the Agennais in the early medieval period, it was the duke of Aquitaine rather than the canons who had the decisive voice in the choosing of a bishop. This can be inferred from the charter granted in 1135 by King Louis VII, the husband of Eleanor of Aquitaine, which restored to the canons of the chapter of Saint-Étienne the freedom to elect a bishop of their choice. When the popes took up residence in Avignon, Clement V reserved to himself the right to appoint bishops for all the dioceses in France.
During the Great Schism, both the Pope in Rome and the Pope in Avignon appointed bishops of Agen, but since Agen and France supported the Popes in Avignon, it was their appointees who received the temporal rights from the king and were installed in the diocese.
In 1516 King Francis I signed at treaty with Pope Leo X, which has come to be called the Concordat of Bologna, in which the King and his successors acquired the right to nominate each and every one of the bishops in France, except those of the dioceses of Metz, Toul and Verdun. The Popes reserved the right to approve (preconise) the selection of the king, and sometimes they declined the nominee. This arrangement lasted, except for the decade (1790-1801) of the French Revolution, down until the Law of the Separation of the Churches and the State of 1905. Thereafter, the popes assumed the sole right to appoint bishops, though the official terminology is still "elect".
The cathedral chapter was composed of twelve canons and several dignities (not dignitaries). The major dignities were the grand archdeacon and the precentor. The minor dignitaries included the other two archdeacons (Monclar and Marmonde), the sacristan, the porter, and the cantor. The office of cantor was suppressed by Cardinal Leonardo Grosso della Rovere (1487-1519), but was restored by Bishop Antonio della Rovere (1519-1538); it was suppressed a second time, and again restored by Bishop Nicolas de Villars (1587-1608).
The cathedral chapter, and the chapters of all cathedrals and Collegiate churches in France, were abolished by the National Assembly in 1790. The cathedral chapter of Agen was reestablished in the Church of Saint-Caprais by Bishop Jean Jacoupy in 1802, by virtue of an apostolic brief of 10 November 1802. It was composed of 10 canons, the first two of whom were vicars-general of the diocese.
The election of 1477
The last occasion on which the chapter attempted to assert its traditional right to elect the bishop occurred after the death of Bishop Pierre de Bérard on 21 July 1477. The chapter proceeded to the election, and chose Pierre Dubois, canon and cantor of the cathedral chapter of Saint-André in Bordeaux, and he was presented to the archbishop for confirmation. But on 29 September 1477, King Louis XI wrote to the chapter, announcing that he had named Jean de Monchenu to the bishopric of Agen, relying no doubt on the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (1438). Pope Sixtus IV, however, in a bull dated 4 October 1477, appointed his nephew Galeotto Grosso della Rovere as Bishop of Agen. On 29 December 1477 he issued another bull, confirming the resignation of Bishop-elect Pierre Dubois, and at the end of the year documents in the diocese were being issued sede episcopali vacante. Then on 3 July 1478 Monchenu was transferred, while still bishop-elect of Agen, to the diocese of Viviers, thereby extinguishing his claim on Agen, and on 5 July 1478 Sixtus IV issued yet another bull again naming Galeotto Grosso della Rovere to the diocese of Agen. The matter seemed to be settled.
But on 14 November 1478, Pierre Dubois retracted his resignation, and on 9 April 1479, King Louis referred the entire matter, first to the Parlement of Bordeaux, and then to the Royal Council. On 9 September 1480 Pierre Dubois again submitted his resignation, which, on 17 March 1483 he again retracted. The result was a ten-year-long schism in the diocese of Agen, which was finally ended by the final resignation of all his rights by Pierre Dubois on 25 January 1487, and the death of Galeatto Grosso.
Chapter of Saint-Caprais
Tradition has it that the chapter of Saint-Caprais came into a separate existence when the remains of Saint-Caprais were moved inside the city to the new Cathedral of Saint-Étienne; some of the canons of the old Cathedral of Saint-Caprais moved to Saint-Étienne, while others preferred to stay behind in their accustomed place, where there was plenty of income to sustain them and where they could maintain their prerogatives and preeminence. There is no documentary evidence whatever to sustain this hypothesis for the existence of two chapters. The earliest document, in fact, that refers to the chapter of Saint-Caprais is a charter of 1180 in which the English king Henry II orders the chapter of Saint-Étienne not to harass the chapter of Saint-Caprais economically. There is also a tradition that both chapters were originally composed of regular clergy (monks). There is no evidence for this claim, and indeed in the absence of evidence it is argued by some that the monks were Benedictines, other that they were regular canons, following the Rule of Saint Augustine. What is certain is that the canons were secular canons, not regular canons, by the end of the 13th century.
The chapter of Saint-Caprais had only one dignity, the prior, and a varying number of canons. By 1311 they numbered fifteen, though Pope Martin V in 1417 ordered that they be reduced to twelve, though the actual number of canons was ten, to which the prior was added. Each of the canons was elected by the members of the chapter (in other words, the body coopted its own members, without outside influence), and the prior was elected by the canons. In both the old and the new cathedral, the prior enjoyed the first place in precedence after the bishop, even ahead of the dignities and canons of Saint-Étienne. The canons of Saint-Caprais had no role in the election of a bishop.
Chapter of Poujols
In 1526, Jean d'Esclamals, seigneur de Poujols, and his wife, Catherine de Lévis, in cooperation with the chapter of Saint-Caprais, founded a chapter of canons for whom a church was built, Notre-Dame et Saint-Pierre de Pujols. The bull of creation was signed by Pope Clement VII on 7 September 1526, and it required that the canons reside and perform all of the liturgical offices; the Seigneur, however, was given the right to reduce the requirements, given the needs of the day. By the 18th century none of the canons resided. Originally there was a dean and ten canons, but the revenues were inadequate, and the number was reduced to six. The parish priest of Saint-Colombe de Pujols was a canon ex officio. The chapter of Poujols had precedence in diocesan synods immediately after the chapter of Saint-Caprais.
The new Civil Constitution mandated that bishops be elected by the citizens of each 'département', The salaries were paid out of funds realized from the confiscation and sale of church properties. After the Concordat of 1801, bishops and priests continued to be salaried and pensioned by the State, down to the Law of Separation of 1905, Article 2.
This system immediately raised the most severe issues in canon law, since the electors did not need to be Catholics and the approval of the Pope was not only not required, but actually forbidden. Erection of new dioceses and transfer of bishops, moreover, was not canonically in the competence of civil authorities or of the Church in France. The result was schism between the 'Constitutional Church' and the Roman Catholic Church.
Since the legitimate bishop of Agen, Jean-Louis de Bonnac, had refused to take the oath to the Constitution, his seat was declared vacant, and an election was ordered. The carefully chosen electors of Lot-et-Garonne met, and on 13 March 1791 chose the Lazarist priest Labarthe, who was the director of the local seminary as their Constitutional bishop. Four days later he declined the election. On 18 March the majority of electors chose Jean-Baptiste Gobel, but he was also elected by the electors of Paris, and he accepted their offer. The electors of Lot-and-Garonne then seemed prepared to pick the titular bishop of Babylon, Jean-Baptiste Dubourg-Miroudot, but Andre Constant, a Dominican professor of theology from Bordeaux, had his name put forward by the Société des Amis de la Constitution. Constant was elected over Miroudot by 232 to 137. Constant resigned in 1801; Bonnac was dismissed by Pius VII in 1801. The diocese of Lot-et-Garonne was likewise abolished, and the diocese of Agen reestablished by papal bull.
^Louis Duchesne, Fastes II, p. 146, points out that neither Caprasius nor Vincent is called a member of the clergy in their Legends. Ni ce saint, ni Saint Vincent, dont on a fait son diacre et son successeur, ne sont présentés, dans leurs légendes respectives, comme des membres du clergé.
^The name Auxibius is omitted by Gams, p. 479, and by Duchesne.
^Phoebadius, or Phébade, was a friend of Hilary of Poitiers, who published (in 357) a treatise against the Arians and figured prominently at the Council of Rimini in 359. In 374 the name Foegadius appears in the first place in the Synodical Letter of the Council of Valence, without the name of a diocese, but the texts do not say that he presided at the Council; neither is his name among the subscribers (C. Munier, Concilia Galliae, A. 314 - A. 506 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), pp. 37, 41-42, 44. He was at the Council of Saragossa in 380. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 1.
^It is said that Dulcidius was a pupil of Phoebadius, and was designated by him as his successor. On the death of Bishop Phoebadius, the people of Agen acclaimed Dulcidius, and enthroned him in the cathedral. Dulcidius built the basilica in honor of Saints Caprasius and Foi. The building is mentioned by Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum Book VI, chapter 12, written in the last quarter of the 6th century. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, pp. 897-898. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 2.
^Lupus is ignored by, Sainte-Marthe, Gams, and Duchesne.
^Bishop Baebianus was present at the Council of Orléans in 549. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 3.
^Polemius was present at the Council of Paris in 573. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 4.
^Antidius participated at the Council of Mâcon in 585, and is mentioned by Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book VIII, chapter 2. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 5.
^Flavardus was present at the Council of Paris in 615. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 6.
^Bishop Asodaldus was present at the Council of Clichy on 27 September 627. C. Declercq, Concilia Galliae, A. 511 - A. 695 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), p. 296. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 7.
^Sallustius was in office before April 630. He received a letter from Desiderius of Cahors (Saint Géri) before he became Bishop of Cahors in 630. Saint-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, p. 899. Barrère, I, p. 148-149. Duchesne, p. 63 no. 8.
^Bishop Sebastianus is known from his subscription to one charter, a grant of privileges by Pope John IV to the monastery of Saint-Croix or Saint Faron. Barrère, I, p. 150. He is not accepted by Gams, p. 470, column 1. Most of the surviving documents of John IV are forgeries: P. Jaffé-S. Loewenfeld, Regesta pontificum Romanorum II, editio altera (Leipzig 1885), pp. 227-228.
^Siboaldus was present at the Council of Bordeaux (Modogarnomense), ca. 662-675. De Clercq, p. 313. Duchesne, p. 64 no. 9.
^Concordius is not listed in Gallia christiana, Gams, or Duchesne.
^The 'Basque' Episcopi Vasconiensis, including Gombaudus, as well as the diocese of the Gascons itself, are rejected by J.-F. Bladé, L'évêché des Gascons (Paris: Picard 1899). See also, P. Fontanié, "L'évêché des Gascons, par M. J.-F. Bladé," Bulletin archéologique et historique de la Société archéologique de Tarn-et-Garonne 27 (1899) 289-291.
^Du Tems, II, p. 274, points out that the one and only document that establishes Arnaud as Bishop of Agen also speaks of Hugh as Bishop of Agen, making it necessary to consider Arnaud as bishop of some other diocese. Du Temps is correcting an error made in Gallia christiana II.
^Hugo: Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, pp. 901-902. Du Tems, II, p. 274. Gams, p. 479 column 1.
^Sancho: Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, p. 902. Du Tems, II, p. 274, does not mention Sancho. Gams, p. 479 column 1, also omits Sancho.
^Bishop Donaldus (Gams calls him Donatus) signed a charter during the Council of Bordeaux in 1080. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, p. 904. Gams p. 479.
^Gams places Elias before Donaldus/Donatus. Gams, p. 479.
^Aldebert was confirmed at the Council of Angoulême in 1118: Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, p. 908-909. Barrère, I, p. 319.
^Raymond had previously been Abbot of Saint-Sever. He died on 27 March 1149. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, p. 909-911. Barrère, I, pp. 319-326.
^Arnaud de Rovinjan died in 1228. Barrère, I, pp. 344-377. Eubel, I, p. 76.
^Arnaud V.: Barrère, II, pp. 377-378. Eubel, I, p. 76.
^The chapter of the Cathedral of Agen had elected one of their archdeacons as bishop. Pope Gregory IX, however, judged that he was insufficient for the task, and, on 21 February 1231, provided (appointed) instead Geraud, the dean of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris. Geraud died in 1232. Lucien Auvray, Les registres de Grégoire IX, Tome premier (Paris: Albert Fontemoing 1896), pp. 356-357, no. 550. Eubel, I, p. 76, with note 1.
^Raoul is also named de Peyrines or de Pinis, and Fisquet calls him Raoul de la Roche-Aymon. He had been Abbot of Clairvaux (1224-1233). He was elected Bishop of Agen in 1233, and was consecrated by the Papal Legate, Eudes de Châteauroux, Bishop of Frascati. Raoul was transferred to the diocese of Lyon) by Pope Gregory IX in 1235, and granted the pallium on 15 January 1236. He died on 5 March 1236. Fisquet, Honore (1864). La France pontificale (Gallia Christiana): Metropole de Lyon et Vienne: Lyon (in French). Paris: Etienne Repos. pp. 275-276. Eubel, I, pp. 77, 316.
^Arnaud de Galard: Hugues Du Tems (1774). Le clergé de France (in French). Tome second. Paris: Brunet. p. 280. Gams, p. 479. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Pierre de Reims died on 29 January 1247. Barrère, II, pp. 2-3. Gams, p. 479. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Guillaume III had been bishop of Lydda in Palestine. He was transferred to Agen on 8 May 1263 by Pope Urban IV, and made his formal entry into Agen on 22 July 1263. Barrère, II, pp. 20-27. Gams, p. 479. Eubel, I, p. 77, 305.
^Pierre Jerlandi had been archdeacon of Brulhois and canon of the Cathedral of Saint-Étienne. He was elected by the cathedral chapter. He was confirmed 14 May 1264. He died on 28 July 1271. Barrère, II, pp. 27-32. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Arnaud: On 25 March 1272 King Philip III authorized his Seneschal to accept the oath of allegiance from the bishop. Barrère, II, pp. 32-43. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Jerlandi had been a canon of the cathedral. He was granted the right to make a Will by Pope Nicolas IV on 10 December 1289. He died toward the end of September 1291. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, pp. 920-921. Barrère, II, p. 44-66. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Bertrand was uncle of Bertrand de Got, Archbishopric of Bordeaux, who became Pope Clement V (1305-14), and during his pontificate visited the city of Agen. Bertrand was transferred to the diocese of Langres in 1306. Eubel, I, pp. 77, 307.
^Bernard, a nephew of Pope Clement V, was appointed Bishop of Agen by his uncle on 25 February 1306. He was transferred to the diocese of Rouen on 4 June 1306, and then to Narbonne. Eubel, I, pp. 77, 425.
^Bertrand was transferred back to the diocese of Agen from Langres on 15 November 1306. He died on 5 May 1313. Eubel, I, pp. 77, 307.
^Amanieu was appointed by Clement V on 11 January 1314, and granted an indult to delay his consecration as bishop. He died in 1357. Eubel, I, pp. 77.
^Raymond de Salg had previously been dean of Notre-Dame de Paris, Bishop of Elne (1357-1361), and Bishop of Embrun (1361-1364). He was transferred to Agen by Pope Urban V on 10 January 1364. Barrère, II, pp. 122-124. Eubel, I, p. 77, 234, 239.
^Richard: Barrère, II, pp. 123-124, points out that Richard never took possession of the See of Agen. He was a candidate of Edward the Black Prince.
^Jean, a canon of Bordeaux, had been Bishop of Lombès (1362-1363). He was then transferred to Dax, and was transferred from the diocese of Dax (1363-1375) to Agen by Pope Gregory XI on 8 June 1375. He was transferred to the diocese of Albi on 30 May 1382 by Pope Clement VII of the Avignon Obedience. Eubel, I, p. 77, 81, 97.
^Jean III is the same person as Jean II. Eubel, I, p. 77. Cf. Barrère, II, pp. 124-125.
^Cramaud (his name, not his place of origin) was appointed Bishop of Agen by Clement VII on 30 May 1382. He was transferred to the diocese of Béziers on 7 August 1383, and then to Poitiers on 24 November 1385. Eubel, I, p. 77, 138, 399. Howard Kaminsky, "The Early Career of Simon De Cramaud." Speculum, vol. 49, no. 3, 1974, pp. 499-534. JSTOR.
^Jean had been Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Croix (Bordeaux). He was appointed by Clement VII on 7 August 1383. He died in 1395. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, pp. 926-927. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Bernard had previously been Treasurer of the cathedral chapter of Beauvais. He was appointed Bishop of Agen by Benedict XIII on 12 July 1395. He was transferred to the diocese of Saintes on 19 June 1398, and then to the diocese of Amiens on 20 March 1411, and then to Beauvais on 29 March 1413. He died on 16 February 1420. Eubel, I, p. 77, 85, 132, 537.
^Imbertus was appointed on 27 March 1398. He died in 1438. Gams, p. 479. Eubel, I, p. 77.
^Jean de Bogia (Borgia) had been dean of the Collegiate Church of Builiaco (diocese of Castres). He was elected bishop of Agen in 1438, and granted his bulls on 9 January 1439. He resigned in 1461. Barrère, II, p. 134-137. Eubel, II, p. 82.
^Pierre Bernardi was granted his bulls by Pope Pius II on 10 June 1461. He died on 21 July 1477. Eubel, II, p.82.
^Jean is not in Gams, p. 479. He was nominated to the diocese of Agen by King Louis XI, but on 4 October 1477 Pope Sixtus IV appointed his nephew, Galeotto Grosso della Rovere. While still claiming to be bishop-elect of Agen, he was transferred to the diocese of Viviers on 3 July 1478. Durengues, p, 90 note 1. Eubel, II, pp. 82, 270.
^Galeazzo was the brother of Leonardo Grosso della Rovere. He was granted his bulls for Agen on 3 July 1478 by his uncle, Pope Sixtus IV. He died in 1487. Eubel, II, p. 82.
^Leonardo della Rovere was granted his bulls on 9 December 1487 by his grand-uncle, Pope Sixtus IV (della Rovere), but since he was only 23 and below the minimum age for consecration he was initially only Administrator of the diocese. He was named a Cardinal by his cousin, Pope Julius II (della Rovere), on 1 December 1505, and allowed to retain the diocese of Agen. He had the task of negotiating the completion of Pope Julius' tomb with Michelangelo. He resigned the diocese in favor of Antonio della Rovere on 22 March 1519. He died in Rome on 17 September 1520. Eubel, II, p. 82 with note 3; III, p. 10 no. 7.
^Antonio is sometimes wrongly called Marc-Antoine de La Rovère. Antonio was a native of Turin, and the brother of Giovanni Francesco della Rovere, Archbishop of Turin. He was a protonotary apostolic and had been canon of the Cathedral of Turin. He was appointed by Pope Clement VII on 22 March 1519, and granted a dispensation because he was not yet of canonical age for consecration as a bishop. He took possession of the diocese through a Procurator, Jean de Valier, on 21 November 1520. In 1524, during a trip from Italy to Agen, he took under his patronage as his physician Julius Caesar Scaliger, the Classical scholar. Antonio returned to Italy where he died in 1538. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, pp. 929-930. Barrère, II, pp. 189-194, 207. Eubel, III, p. 98.
^The Cardinal de Lorraine was named Administrator of the diocese of Agen on 24 May 1538 by Pope Paul III. He died on 18 May 1550. Eubel, III, p. 98, with note 5.
^Bandello's family had supported the French, and after the Battle of Pavia they sought refuge in France, under the protection of the Fregosi. Bandello was approved in Consistory by Pope Julius III on 1 September 1550. He resigned the diocese in 1554, in favor of his pupil, the Genoese Janus Fregoso. Barrère, II, p. 209-216. Eubel, III, p. 98.
^Bishop Janus, the son of Cesare Fregoso the general of the Venetian armies, who was Abbot Commendatory of Fontfroide (Narbonne), was appointed by Pope Julius III on 23 January 1555, on the nomination of King Henri III. He required a dispensation because he was below the canonical age for consecration. He did not make his formal entry into Agen until 7 September 1558. It was during his government that the Wars of Religion enveloped Agen. He died on 16 October 1586. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, pp. 930-931. Barrère, II, pp. 216-337. Eubel, III, p. 98.
^Donault (Donnaud, Donauld), a monk of the Abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-Lézat, never took possession of the diocese of Agen. He was transferred to the diocese of Mirepoix by Pope Sixtus V on the nomination of Henri III on 11 September 1587. Barrère, II, p. 338. Eubel, III, p. 246.
^Villars was Treasurer of La Sainte Chapelle and a Councilor of the Parlement of Paris. He was nominated by Henri III, and approved by Pope Sixtus V on 18 December 1587. He died on 10 December 1608. Barrère, II, p. 339. Eubel, III, p. 98.
^Gelas was a nephew of Bishop de Villars, and archdeacon of Agen. He was preconised on 29 April 1609 by Pope Paul V. He died on 26 December 1630. Aimé Vingtrinier (1877). Vieux souvenirs lyonnais (in French). Lyon: Meton. pp. 119-121. Sainte-Marthe, Gallia christiana II, p. 931-932. Gauchat, IV, p. 72 with note 2.
^Daillon was nominated by King Louis XIII, and preconised in Consistory by Pope Urban VIII on 12 May 1631. He was transferred to the diocese of Albi on 28 January 1636. He died in July 1674. Gauchat, IV, p. 72 with note 3; 75.
^Barthélémi d'Elbène was nominated by King Louis XIII on 1 March 1636, though he was not in holy orders, and approved in Consistory by Pope Urban VIII on 9 June 1636. He died on 4 March 1663. Gauchat, IV, p. 72 with note 4.
^Mascaron was a celebrated preacher, and was nominated Bishop of Tulle by Louis XIV in 1671. He was consecrated a bishop in Paris on 8 May 1672 by Archbishop François de Harlay. He was transferred to the See of Agen on 8 January 1680 by Pope Innocent XI. He died on 16 November 1703. (fr) Jean, p. 127. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 72 with note 3.
^Hébert had been curé of Versailles. He contributed to the withdrawal of Madame de Montespan from the royal court, and when appointed Bishop of Agen had as vicar-general until 1709 the celebrated Belsunce. Antoine Durengues, Vie de M Hébert, évêque et comte d'Agen (Agen: Imp. et lithographie agenaises, 1898). Jean, pp. 127-128. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 72 with note 4.
^Jean d'Yse de Saléon was Vicar General of Tours when he was nominated bishop of Agen by Louis XV on 26 November 1728. He was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIII on 8 February 1730, and consecrated a bishop by the Bishop of Saintes, Léon de Beaumont on 16 April 1630. He resigned the diocese on 1 November 1735, and was appointed to the diocese of Rodez on 11 April 1736, and then to Vienne on 19 December 1746. He died in Vienne on 10 February 1751. Honoré Jean P. Fisquet (1864). La France pontificale : Metropole d'Aix: Digne (in French). Paris: Etienne Repos. p. 122. Jean, p. 128. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 72 with note 5; VI, p. 361.
^Chabannes was nominated by King Louis XV on 8 October 1735, and preconised (approved) by Pope Clement XII on 19 December 1735. He was consecrated a bishop on 29 January 1736 by the Archbishop of Bourges, Frédéric-Jérôme de La Rochefoucauld. He died on 26 July 1767. Jean, p. 128-129. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 69 with note 2.
^Bonnac had been Vicar General of Bourges when he was named Bishop of Agen on 1 November 1767 by Louis XV. He was preconised (approved) by Pope Clement XIII on 25 January 1768, and was consecrated on 14 February by Archbishop Alexandre-Angélique Talleyrand de Périgord. He made his solemn entry into Agen on 30 October 1768. In the parliamentary session of 3 January 1792, Bonnac was the first to refuse to sign the constitutional oath. He emigrated to Bavaria, and in 1801 refused to resign and continued to do so until the restoration of the Bourbons in 1815. He was nonetheless dismissed by Pope Pius VII on 29 November 1801, along with all the other bishops in France. Jean, p. 129. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 70 with note 3.
^Constant was consecrated on 5 June 1791 at Bordeaux by the metropolitan Pierre Pacareau. His consecration was valid, but illicit, uncanonical, and schismatic. He resigned in 1801, following the signing of the Concordat of 1801. Pisani, pp. 441-445.
^After the death of Bishop Levezou, the government of Napoleon III nominated the curate of a parish in Grenoble, Abbé Gerin. The Vatican did not approve the nomination, and the diocese remained vacant until the collapse of the Second Empire. A. Durenges, p. 3.
^Fonteneau, a priest of Bordeaux, became Private Secretary to Cardinal Donnet, who named him Vicar General of Bordeaux in 1864. On 14 November 1874 Fonteneau was nominated Bishop of Agen, and was preconised on 21 December by Pope Pius IX; he was consecrated a bishop in Bordeaux on 25 January 1875 by Cardinal François Donnet. He was transferred to the Archdiocese of Albi in 1884, and died on 23 March 1899. A. Durenges, pp. 4-5.
Ryckebusch, Fabrice (ed.) (2001): Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae. Répertoire prosopographique des évêques, dignitaires et chanoines des diocèses de France de 1200 à 1500. V. Diocèse d'Agen. Turnhout, Brepols. (in French)