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Birbyne front back.jpg
Other namesBirbyn?, klernata, parputas, ragelis[1]
Classification Single reed
Related instruments
Sorna, Rhaita, Suona, Sopila, Shawm, Zurna

A birbyn? is a Lithuanian aerophone that can be either single or double-reeded and may or may not have a mouthpiece. Birbyn? can be made of a variety of materials: wood, bark, horn, straw, goose feather, etc.[2] The earliest and simplest examples were used by children as playtoys and by shepherds as a tool to control the herd.[1] In the 19th century, influenced by classical instruments and especially the clarinet, the birbyn? evolved into a serious musical instrument used in ensembles.[1] Modern birbyn?s are made of wood with bells of horn and usually have ten tone holes. They are divided by pitch range into three categories: soprano, tenor, and contrabass.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Baltr?nien?, Marija; Romualdas Apanavi?ius (1991). Lietuvi? liaudies muzikos instrumentai (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Mintis. pp. 107-114. ISBN 5-417-00122-8.
  2. ^ a b "Birbyn?". State song and dance ensemble "Lietuva". Retrieved .

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