Beyonce
Get Beyonce essential facts below. View Videos or join the Beyonce discussion. Add Beyonce to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Beyonce
Beyoncé
Picture of Beyoncé
Beyoncé performing at Wembley Stadium, London during The Formation World Tour, 2016
Born Beyoncé Giselle Knowles
(1981-09-04) September 4, 1981 (age 36)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Residence Bel Air, California[1]
Other names Beyoncé Knowles-Carter
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • dancer
  • actress
  • record producer
Years active 1997-present
Net worth $350 million (May 2017)[2]
Shawn "JAY-Z" Carter (m. 2008)
Children 3
Parent(s)
Relatives
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
Labels
Website beyonce.com
Signature
Beyoncé signature.svg

Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (; born September 4, 1981)[3][4][5][6] is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress. Born and raised in Houston, Texas, Beyoncé performed in various singing and dancing competitions as a child. She rose to fame in the late 1990s as lead singer of the R&B girl-group Destiny's Child. Managed by her father, Mathew Knowles, the group became one of the world's best-selling girl groups in history. Their hiatus saw Beyoncé's theatrical film debut in Austin Powers in Goldmember (2002) and the release of her debut album, Dangerously in Love (2003). The album established her as a solo artist worldwide, earned five Grammy Awards, and featured the Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles "Crazy in Love" and "Baby Boy".

Following the break-up of Destiny's Child in 2006, she released her second solo album, B'Day (2006), which contained the top-ten singles "Déjà Vu", "Irreplaceable", and "Beautiful Liar". Beyoncé also continued her acting career, with starring roles in The Pink Panther (2006), Dreamgirls (2006), and Obsessed (2009). Her marriage to rapper Jay-Z and portrayal of Etta James in Cadillac Records (2008) influenced her third album, I Am... Sasha Fierce (2008), which saw the introduction of her alter-ego Sasha Fierce and earned a record-setting six Grammy Awards in 2010, including Song of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)". Beyoncé took a hiatus from music in 2010 and took over management of her career; her fourth album 4 (2011) was subsequently mellower in tone, exploring 1970s funk, 1980s pop, and 1990s soul.[7] Her critically acclaimed fifth album, Beyoncé (2013), was distinguished from previous releases by its experimental production and exploration of darker themes. Lemonade (2016) became the best-selling album of the year, and also received wide acclaim.

Throughout her career, Beyoncé has sold an estimated 100 million records as a solo artist,[8] and a further 60 million records with the group Destiny's Child,[9][10] making her one of the best-selling music artists in history.[11][12] She has won 22 Grammy Awards and is the most nominated woman in the award's history. She is also the most awarded artist at the MTV Video Music Awards, with 24 wins.[13][14] The Recording Industry Association of America recognized Beyoncé as the Top Certified Artist in America during the 2000s (decade).[15][16] In 2009, Billboard named her the Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade, the Top Female Artist of the 2000s (decade) and awarded her their Millennium Award in 2011.[20] In 2014, she became the highest-paid black musician in history and was listed among Times 100 most influential people in the world for a second year in a row.[21]Forbes listed her as the most powerful female in entertainment of 2015 and 2017,[22][23] and in 2016 she occupied the sixth place for Person of the Year.[24]

Early life

Beyoncé Giselle Knowles was born in Houston, Texas, to Celestine "Tina" Knowles (née Beyincé), a hairdresser and salon owner, and Mathew Knowles, a Xerox sales manager.[25] Beyoncé's name is a tribute to her mother's maiden name.[26] Beyoncé's younger sister Solange is also a singer and a former back up dancer for Destiny's Child. Solange and Beyoncé are the first sisters to have both had No. 1 albums.[27] Mathew is African American, while Tina is of Louisiana Creole descent (African, Native American, and French).[26][28][29][30] Through her mother, Beyoncé is a descendant of Acadian leader Joseph Broussard.[28]

Beyoncé attended St. Mary's Montessori School in Houston, where she enrolled in dance classes. Her singing talent was discovered when dance instructor Darlette Johnson began humming a song and she finished it, able to hit the high-pitched notes.[31] Beyoncé's interest in music and performing continued after winning a school talent show at age seven, singing John Lennon's "Imagine" to beat 15/16-year-olds.[32][33] In fall of 1990, Beyoncé enrolled in Parker Elementary School, a music magnet school in Houston, where she would perform with the school's choir.[34] She also attended the High School for the Performing and Visual Arts[35] and later Alief Elsik High School.[26][36] Beyoncé was also a member of the choir at St. John's United Methodist Church as a soloist for two years.[37]

When Beyoncé was eight, she and childhood friend Kelly Rowland met LaTavia Roberson while in an audition for an all-girl entertainment group.[38] They were placed into a group called Girl's Tyme with three other girls, and rapped and danced on the talent show circuit in Houston.[39] After seeing the group, R&B producer Arne Frager brought them to his Northern California studio and placed them in Star Search, the largest talent show on national TV at the time. Girl's Tyme failed to win, and Beyoncé later said the song they performed was not good.[40][41]

In 1995 Beyoncé's father resigned from his job to manage the group.[42] The move reduced Beyoncé's family's income by half, and her parents were forced to move into separated apartments.[26] Mathew cut the original line-up to four and the group continued performing as an opening act for other established R&B girl groups.[38] The girls auditioned before record labels and were finally signed to Elektra Records, moving to Atlanta Records briefly to work on their first recording, only to be cut by the company.[26] This put further strain on the family, and Beyoncé's parents separated. On October 5, 1995, Dwayne Wiggins's Grass Roots Entertainment signed the group. In 1996, the girls began recording their debut album under an agreement with Sony Music, the Knowles family reunited, and shortly after, the group got a contract with Columbia Records.[32]

Career

1997-2002: Destiny's Child

The group changed their name to Destiny's Child in 1996, based upon a passage in the Book of Isaiah.[43] In 1997, Destiny's Child released their major label debut song "Killing Time" on the soundtrack to the 1997 film, Men in Black.[41] The following year, the group released their self-titled debut album,[40] scoring their first major hit "No, No, No". The album established the group as a viable act in the music industry, with moderate sales and winning the group three Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards for Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year, Best R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist, and Best R&B/Soul Single for "No, No, No". The group released their Multi-Platinum second album The Writing's on the Wall in 1999. The record features some of the group's most widely known songs such as "Bills, Bills, Bills", the group's first number-one single, "Jumpin' Jumpin'" and "Say My Name", which became their most successful song at the time, and would remain one of their signature songs. "Say My Name" won the Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals and the Best R&B Song at the 43rd Annual Grammy Awards.[38]The Writing's on the Wall sold more than eight million copies worldwide.[40] During this time, Beyoncé recorded a duet with Marc Nelson, an original member of Boyz II Men, on the song "After All Is Said and Done" for the soundtrack to the 1999 film, The Best Man.[44]

LeToya Luckett and Roberson became unhappy with Mathew's managing of the band and eventually were replaced by Farrah Franklin and Michelle Williams.[38] Beyoncé experienced depression following the split with Luckett and Roberson after being publicly blamed by the media, critics, and blogs for its cause.[45] Her long-standing boyfriend left her at this time.[46] The depression was so severe it lasted for a couple of years, during which she occasionally kept herself in her bedroom for days and refused to eat anything.[47] Beyoncé stated that she struggled to speak about her depression because Destiny's Child had just won their first Grammy Award and she feared no one would take her seriously.[48] Beyoncé would later speak of her mother as the person who helped her fight it.[47] Franklin was then dismissed, leaving just Beyoncé, Rowland, and Williams.[49]

The remaining band members recorded "Independent Women Part I", which appeared on the soundtrack to the 2000 film Charlie's Angels. It became their best-charting single, topping the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart for eleven consecutive weeks.[38] In early 2001, while Destiny's Child was completing their third album, Beyoncé landed a major role in the MTV made-for-television film, Carmen: A Hip Hopera, starring alongside American actor Mekhi Phifer. Set in Philadelphia, the film is a modern interpretation of the 19th-century opera Carmen by French composer Georges Bizet.[50] When the third album Survivor was released in May 2001, Luckett and Roberson filed a lawsuit claiming that the songs were aimed at them.[38] The album debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200, with first-week sales of 663,000 copies sold.[51] The album spawned other number-one hits, "Bootylicious" and the title track, "Survivor", the latter of which earned the group a Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals.[52] After releasing their holiday album 8 Days of Christmas in October 2001, the group announced a hiatus to further pursue solo careers.[38]

In July 2002, Beyoncé continued her acting career playing Foxxy Cleopatra alongside Mike Myers in the comedy film Austin Powers in Goldmember,[53] which spent its first weekend atop the US box office and grossed $73 million.[54] Beyoncé released "Work It Out" as the lead single from its soundtrack album which entered the top ten in the UK, Norway, and Belgium.[55] In 2003, Beyoncé starred opposite Cuba Gooding, Jr., in the musical comedy The Fighting Temptations as Lilly, a single mother with whom Gooding's character falls in love.[56] The film received mixed reviews from critics but grossed $30 million in the U.S.[57][58] Beyoncé released "Fighting Temptation" as the lead single from the film's soundtrack album, with Missy Elliott, MC Lyte, and Free which was also used to promote the film.[59] Another of Beyoncé's contributions to the soundtrack, "Summertime", fared better on the US charts.[60]

2003-2007: Dangerously in Love and B'Day

A woman, flanked by two male dancers, holds a microphone in one hand as she dances
Beyoncé performing "Baby Boy", which spent nine consecutive weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart[61]

Beyoncé's first solo recording was a feature on Jay-Z's "'03 Bonnie & Clyde" that was released in October 2002, peaking at number four on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart.[62] Her first solo album Dangerously in Love was released on June 24, 2003, after Michelle Williams and Kelly Rowland had released their solo efforts.[63] The album sold 317,000 copies in its first week, debuted atop the Billboard 200,[64] and has since sold 11 million copies worldwide.[65] The album's lead single, "Crazy in Love", featuring Jay-Z, became Beyoncé's first number-one single as a solo artist in the US.[66] The single "Baby Boy" also reached number one,[61] and singles, "Me, Myself and I" and "Naughty Girl", both reached the top-five.[67] The album earned Beyoncé a then record-tying five awards at the 46th Annual Grammy Awards; Best Contemporary R&B Album, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for "Dangerously in Love 2", Best R&B Song and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Crazy in Love", and Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals for "The Closer I Get to You" with Luther Vandross.[68]

A woman stands with a microphone
Beyoncé performing "Listen" from the motion picture Dreamgirls during The Beyoncé Experience tour. She received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance as Deena Jones in the film.

In November 2003, she embarked on the Dangerously in Love Tour in Europe and later toured alongside Missy Elliott and Alicia Keys for the Verizon Ladies First Tour in North America.[69] On February 1, 2004, Beyoncé performed the American national anthem at Super Bowl XXXVIII, at the Reliant Stadium in Houston, Texas.[70] After the release of Dangerously in Love, Beyoncé had planned to produce a follow-up album using several of the left-over tracks. However, this was put on hold so she could concentrate on recording Destiny Fulfilled, the final studio album by Destiny's Child.[71] Released on November 15, 2004, in the US[72] and peaking at number two on the Billboard 200,[73][74]Destiny Fulfilled included the singles "Lose My Breath" and "Soldier", which reached the top five on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[75] Destiny's Child embarked on a worldwide concert tour, Destiny Fulfilled... and Lovin' It and during the last stop of their European tour, in Barcelona on June 11, 2005, Rowland announced that Destiny's Child would disband following the North American leg of the tour.[76] The group released their first compilation album Number 1's on October 25, 2005, in the US[77] and accepted a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in March 2006.[78]

Beyoncé's second solo album B'Day was released on September 4, 2006, in the US, to coincide with her twenty-fifth birthday.[79] It sold 541,000 copies in its first week and debuted atop the Billboard 200, becoming Beyoncé's second consecutive number-one album in the United States.[80] The album's lead single "Déjà Vu", featuring Jay-Z, reached the top five on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[67] The second international single "Irreplaceable" was a commercial success worldwide, reaching number one in Australia, Hungary, Ireland, New Zealand and the United States.[67][81]B'Day also produced three other singles; "Ring the Alarm",[82] "Get Me Bodied",[83] and "Green Light" (released in the United Kingdom only).[84]

Her first acting role of 2006 was in the comedy film The Pink Panther starring opposite Steve Martin,[85] grossing $158.8 million at the box office worldwide.[86] Her second film Dreamgirls, the film version of the 1981 Broadway musical[87] loosely based on The Supremes, received acclaim from critics and grossed $154 million internationally.[88][89][90] In it, she starred opposite Jennifer Hudson, Jamie Foxx, and Eddie Murphy playing a pop singer based on Diana Ross.[91] To promote the film, Beyoncé released "Listen" as the lead single from the soundtrack album.[92] In April 2007, Beyoncé embarked on The Beyoncé Experience, her first worldwide concert tour, visiting 97 venues[93] and grossed over $24 million.[note 1] Beyoncé conducted pre-concert food donation drives during six major stops in conjunction with her pastor at St. John's and America's Second Harvest. At the same time, B'Day was re-released with five additional songs, including her duet with Shakira "Beautiful Liar".[95]

2008-2010: I Am... Sasha Fierce and films

A woman stands looking out to a crowd
Beyoncé performing "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" during the I Am... World Tour. The song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, earned the Grammy Award for Song of the Year and spawned the Internet's first major dance craze.

On April 4, 2008, Beyoncé married Jay-Z.[96] She publicly revealed their marriage in a video montage at the listening party for her third studio album, I Am... Sasha Fierce, in Manhattan's Sony Club on October 22, 2008.[97]I Am... Sasha Fierce was released on November 18, 2008, in the United States.[98] The album formally introduces Beyoncé's alter ego Sasha Fierce, conceived during the making of her 2003 single "Crazy in Love". It was met with generally mediocre reviews from critics,[99] but sold 482,000 copies in its first week, debuting atop the Billboard 200, and giving Beyoncé her third consecutive number-one album in the US.[100] The album featured the number-one song "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)"[101] and the top-five songs "If I Were a Boy" and "Halo".[67][102] Achieving the accomplishment of becoming her longest-running Hot 100 single in her career,[103] "Halo"'s success in the US helped Beyoncé attain more top-ten singles on the list than any other woman during the 2000s.[104] It also included the successful "Sweet Dreams",[105] and singles "Diva", "Ego", "Broken-Hearted Girl" and "Video Phone". The music video for "Single Ladies" has been parodied and imitated around the world, spawning the "first major dance craze" of the Internet age according to the Toronto Star.[106] The video has won several awards, including Best Video at the 2009 MTV Europe Music Awards,[107] the 2009 Scottish MOBO Awards,[108] and the 2009 BET Awards.[109] At the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards, the video was nominated for nine awards, ultimately winning three including Video of the Year.[110] Its failure to win the Best Female Video category, which went to American country pop singer Taylor Swift's "You Belong with Me", led to Kanye West interrupting the ceremony and Beyoncé improvising a re-presentation of Swift's award during her own acceptance speech.[110] In March 2009, Beyoncé embarked on the I Am... World Tour, her second headlining worldwide concert tour, consisting of 108 shows, grossing $119.5 million.[111]

Beyoncé further expanded her acting career, starring as blues singer Etta James in the 2008 musical biopic Cadillac Records. Her performance in the film received praise from critics,[112] and she garnered several nominations for her portrayal of James, including a Satellite Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress, and a NAACP Image Award nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actress.[113][114] Beyoncé donated her entire salary from the film to Phoenix House, an organization of rehabilitation centers for heroin addicts around the country.[115] On January 20, 2009, Beyoncé performed James's "At Last" at the First Couple's first inaugural ball.[116] Beyoncé starred opposite Ali Larter and Idris Elba in the thriller, Obsessed. She played Sharon Charles, a mother and wife who learns of a woman's obsessive behavior over her husband. Although the film received negative reviews from critics,[117] the movie did well at the US box office, grossing $68 million--$60 million more than Cadillac Records[118]--on a budget of $20 million.[119] The fight scene finale between Sharon and the character played by Ali Larter also won the 2010 MTV Movie Award for Best Fight.[120]

At the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards, Beyoncé received ten nominations, including Album of the Year for I Am... Sasha Fierce, Record of the Year for "Halo", and Song of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", among others.[121] She tied with Lauryn Hill for most Grammy nominations in a single year by a female artist.[122] Beyoncé went on to win six of those nominations, breaking a record she previously tied in 2004 for the most Grammy awards won in a single night by a female artist with six. In 2010, Beyoncé was featured on Lady Gaga's single "Telephone" and appeared in its music video.[123][124] The song topped the US Pop Songs chart, becoming the sixth number-one for both Beyoncé and Gaga, tying them with Mariah Carey for most number-ones since the Nielsen Top 40 airplay chart launched in 1992.[125] "Telephone" received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals.[126]

Beyoncé announced a hiatus from her music career in January 2010, heeding her mother's advice, "to live life, to be inspired by things again".[127][128] During the break she and her father parted ways as business partners.[129][130] Beyoncé's musical break lasted nine months and saw her visit multiple European cities, the Great Wall of China, the Egyptian pyramids, Australia, English music festivals and various museums and ballet performances.[127][131]

2011-2015: 4 and Beyoncé

The upper body of a woman is shown as she sings into a microphone
Beyoncé's sound became mellower with 2011's 4 which focused on traditional R&B styles. She performed the album during her 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé residency show in August 2011

On June 26, 2011, she became the first solo female artist to headline the main Pyramid stage at the 2011 Glastonbury Festival in over twenty years.[132][133] Her fourth studio album 4 was released two days later in the US.[134]4 sold 310,000 copies in its first week and debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart, giving Beyoncé her fourth consecutive number-one album in the US. The album was preceded by two of its singles "Run the World (Girls)" and "Best Thing I Never Had".[67][123][135] The fourth single "Love on Top" spent seven consecutive weeks at number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, while peaking at number 20 on the Billboard Hot 100, the highest peak from the album.[136]4 also produced four other singles; "Party", "Countdown", "I Care" and "End of Time". "Eat, Play, Love", a cover story written by Beyoncé for Essence that detailed her 2010 career break, won her a writing award from the New York Association of Black Journalists.[137] In late 2011, she took the stage at New York's Roseland Ballroom for four nights of special performances:[138] the 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé concerts saw the performance of her 4 album to a standing room only.[138] On August 1, 2011, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), having shipped 1 million copies to retail stores.[139] By December 2015, it reached sales of 1.5 million copies in the US.[140]

On January 7, 2012, Beyoncé gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York.[141] Five months later, she performed for four nights at Revel Atlantic City's Ovation Hall to celebrate the resort's opening, her first performances since giving birth to Blue Ivy.[142][143]

In January 2013, Destiny's Child released Love Songs, a compilation album of the romance-themed songs from their previous albums and a newly recorded track, "Nuclear".[144] Beyoncé performed the American national anthem singing along with a pre-recorded track at President Obama's second inauguration in Washington, D.C.[145][146] The following month, Beyoncé performed at the Super Bowl XLVII halftime show, held at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans.[147] The performance stands as the second most tweeted about moment in history at 268,000 tweets per minute.[148] At the 55th Annual Grammy Awards, Beyoncé won for Best Traditional R&B Performance for "Love on Top".[149] Her feature-length documentary film, Life Is But a Dream, first aired on HBO on February 16, 2013.[150] The film was co-directed by Beyoncé herself.[151]

Beyoncé performing during The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour in 2013. The tour is one of the highest grossing tours of the decade.

Beyoncé embarked on The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour on April 15 in Belgrade, Serbia; the tour included 132 dates that ran through to March 2014. It became the most successful tour of her career and one of the most successful tours of all time.[152] In May, Beyoncé's cover of Amy Winehouse's "Back to Black" with André 3000 on The Great Gatsby soundtrack was released.[153] Beyoncé voiced Queen Tara in the 3D CGI animated film, Epic, released by 20th Century Fox on May 24,[154] and recorded an original song for the film, "Rise Up", co-written with Sia.[155]

On December 13, 2013, Beyoncé unexpectedly released her eponymous fifth studio album on the iTunes Store without any prior announcement or promotion. The album debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart, giving Beyoncé her fifth consecutive number-one album in the US.[156] This made her the first woman in the chart's history to have her first five studio albums debut at number one.[157]Beyoncé received critical acclaim[158] and commercial success, selling one million digital copies worldwide in six days;[159] Musically an electro-R&B album, it concerns darker themes previously unexplored in her work, such as "bulimia, postnatal depression [and] the fears and insecurities of marriage and motherhood".[160] The single "Drunk in Love", featuring Jay-Z, peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[161] In April 2014, after much speculation,[162] Beyoncé and Jay-Z officially announced their On the Run Tour. It served as the couple's first co-headlining stadium tour together.[163] On August 24, 2014, she received the Video Vanguard Award at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards. Beyoncé also won home three competitive awards: Best Video with a Social Message and Best Cinematography for "Pretty Hurts", as well as best collaboration for "Drunk in Love".[164] In November, Forbes reported that Beyoncé was the top-earning woman in music for the second year in a row--earning $115 million in the year, more than double her earnings in 2013.[165]Beyoncé was reissued with new material in three forms: as an extended play, a box set, as well as a full platinum edition. According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), in the last 19 days of 2013, the album sold 2.3 million units worldwide, becoming the tenth best-selling album of 2013.[166] The album also went on to become the twentieth best-selling album of 2014.[167] As of November 2014, Beyoncé has sold over 5 million copies worldwide and has generated over 1 billion streams, as of March 2015.[168]

At the 57th Annual Grammy Awards in February 2015, Beyoncé was nominated for six awards, ultimately winning three: Best R&B Performance and Best R&B Song for "Drunk in Love", and Best Surround Sound Album for Beyoncé.[169] She was nominated for Album of the Year, but the award went to Beck for his album Morning Phase.[170]

2016-present: Lemonade

Beyoncé performing during The Formation World Tour in 2016

On February 6, 2016, Beyoncé released "Formation" and its accompanying music video exclusively on the music streaming platform Tidal; the song was made available to download for free.[171] She performed "Formation" live for the first time during the NFL Super Bowl 50 halftime show. The appearance was considered controversial as it appeared to reference the 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party and the NFL forbids political statements in its performances.[172][173][174] Immediately following the performance, Beyoncé announced The Formation World Tour, which highlighted stops in both North America, and Europe.[175][176] It ended on October 7, with Beyoncé bringing out her husband Jay-Z, Kendrick Lamar, and Serena Williams for the last show.[177] The tour went on to win "Tour of the Year" at the 44th American Music Awards.[178]

On April 16, 2016, Beyoncé released a teaser clip for a project called Lemonade. It turned out to be a one-hour film which aired on HBO exactly a week later; a corresponding album with the same title was released on the same day exclusively on Tidal.[179]Lemonade debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making Beyoncé the first act in Billboard history to have their first six studio albums debut atop the chart; she broke a record previously tied with DMX in 2013.[180] With all 12 tracks of Lemonade debuting on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, Beyoncé also became the first female act to chart 12 or more songs at the same time.[181] Additionally, Lemonade was streamed 115 million times through Tidal, setting a record for the most-streamed album in a single week by a female artist in history.[182] It was 2016's third highest-selling album in the US with 1.554 million copies sold in that time period within the country[183] as well as the best-selling album worldwide with global sales of 2.5 million throughout the year.[184]

Lemonade became her most critically acclaimed work to date, receiving universal acclaim according to Metacritic, a website collecting reviews from professional music critics.[185] Several music publications included the album among the best of 2016, including Rolling Stone, which listed Lemonade at number one.[186] The album's visuals were nominated in 11 categories at the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards, the most ever received by Beyoncé in a single year, and went on to win 8 awards, including Video of the Year for "Formation".[187][188] The eight wins made Beyoncé the most awarded artist in the history of the VMAs (24), surpassing Madonna (20).[189] Beyoncé occupied the sixth place for Time magazine's 2016 Person of the Year.[190]

In January 2017, it was announced that Beyoncé would headline the Coachella Music and Arts Festival. This would make Beyoncé only the second female headliner of the festival since it was founded in 1999.[191] It was later announced on February 23, 2017 that Beyoncé would no longer be able to perform at the festival due to doctor's concerns regarding her pregnancy. The festival owners announced that she will instead headline the 2018 festival.[192] Upon the announcement of Beyoncé's departure from the festival lineup, ticket prices dropped by 12%.[193]

At the 59th Grammy Awards in February 2017, Lemonade led the nominations with nine, including Album, Record, and Song of the Year for Lemonade and "Formation" respectively.[194] and ultimately won two, Best Urban Contemporary Album for Lemonade and Best Music Video for "Formation".[195] Adele, upon winning her Grammy for Album of the Year, stated Lemonade was monumental and more deserving.[196]

On June 13, 2017, Beyoncé gave birth to twins Rumi and Sir Carter at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, California.[197] In September 2017, Beyoncé collaborated with J Balvin and Willy William, and remixed the song "Mi Gente". Beyoncé donated all proceeds from the song to hurricane charities for those affected by Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma in Texas, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and other Caribbean Islands.[198]

On November 1, 2017, it was confirmed that Beyoncé would voice Nala in Jon Favreau's The Lion King, which is expected to be released in July 19, 2019.[199] On November 10, Eminem released "Walk on Water" featuring Beyoncé as the lead single from his album Revival. On November 30, Ed Sheeran announced that Beyoncé would feature on the remix to his song "Perfect".[200] "Perfect Duet" was released on December 1, 2017. The song reached number-one in the United States, becoming Beyoncé's sixth song of her solo career to do so.[201]

Artistry

Voice and songwriting

With "Single Ladies", clearly I'd just gotten married, and people want to get married every day--then there was the whole Justin Timberlake thing [recreating the video] on Saturday Night Live, and it was also the year YouTube blew up. With "Irreplaceable", the aggressive lyrics, the acoustic guitar, and the 808 drum machine--those things don't typically go together, and it sounded fresh. "Crazy in Love" was another one of those classic moments in pop culture that none of us expected. I asked Jay to get on the song the night before I had to turn my album in - thank God he did. It still never gets old, no matter how many times I sing it. - Beyoncé[202]

Jody Rosen highlights her tone and timbre as particularly distinctive, describing her voice as "one of the most compelling instruments in popular music".[203] Her vocal abilities mean she is identified as the centerpiece of Destiny's Child.[204] Jon Pareles of The New York Times commented that her voice is "velvety yet tart, with an insistent flutter and reserves of soul belting".[205] Rosen notes that the hip hop era highly influenced Beyoncé's unique rhythmic vocal style, but also finds her quite traditionalist in her use of balladry, gospel and falsetto.[203] Other critics praise her range and power, with Chris Richards of The Washington Post saying she was "capable of punctuating any beat with goose-bump-inducing whispers or full-bore diva-roars."[206]

Beyoncé's music is generally R&B,[207] but she also incorporates pop,[208]soul and funk into her songs. 4 demonstrated Beyoncé's exploration of 1990s-style R&B, as well as further use of soul and hip hop than compared to previous releases.[202] While she almost exclusively releases English songs, Beyoncé recorded several Spanish songs for Irreemplazable (re-recordings of songs from B'Day for a Spanish-language audience), and the re-release of B'Day. To record these, Beyoncé was coached phonetically by American record producer Rudy Perez.[209]

She has received co-writing credits for most of the songs recorded with Destiny's Child and her solo efforts.[38] Her early songs were personally driven and female-empowerment themed compositions like "Independent Women" and "Survivor", but after the start of her relationship with Jay-Z, she transitioned to more man-tending anthems such as "Cater 2 U".[210] Beyoncé has also received co-producing credits for most of the records in which she has been involved, especially during her solo efforts. However, she does not formulate beats herself, but typically comes up with melodies and ideas during production, sharing them with producers.[211]

In 2001, she became the first black woman and second female lyricist to win the Pop Songwriter of the Year award at the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers Pop Music Awards.[26][212] Beyoncé was the third woman to have writing credits on three number one songs ("Irreplaceable", "Grillz" and "Check on It") in the same year, after Carole King in 1971 and Mariah Carey in 1991. She is tied with American lyricist Diane Warren at third with nine song-writing credits on number-one singles.[213] (The latter wrote her 9/11-motivated song "I Was Here" for 4.[214]) In May 2011, Billboard magazine listed Beyoncé at number 17 on their list of the "Top 20 Hot 100 Songwriters", for having co-written eight singles that hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. She was one of only three women on that list, along with Alicia Keys and Taylor Swift.[215]

Influences

Beyoncé names Michael Jackson as her major musical influence.[216] Aged five, Beyoncé attended her first ever concert where Jackson performed and she claims to have realized her purpose.[217] When she presented him with a tribute award at the World Music Awards in 2006, Beyoncé said, "if it wasn't for Michael Jackson, I would never ever have performed."[218] She admires Diana Ross as an "all-around entertainer"[219] and Whitney Houston, who she said "inspired me to get up there and do what she did."[220] She credits Mariah Carey's singing and her song "Vision of Love" as influencing her to begin practicing vocal runs as a child.[221][222] Her other musical influences include Aaliyah,[223]Prince,[224]Lauryn Hill,[219]Sade Adu,[225]Donna Summer,[226]Mary J. Blige,[227]Janet Jackson,[228]Anita Baker and Rachelle Ferrell.[219]

The feminism and female empowerment themes on Beyoncé's second solo album B'Day were inspired by her role in Dreamgirls[229] and by singer Josephine Baker.[230] Beyoncé paid homage to Baker by performing "Déjà Vu" at the 2006 Fashion Rocks concert wearing Baker's trademark mini-hula skirt embellished with fake bananas.[231] Beyoncé's third solo album I Am... Sasha Fierce was inspired by Jay-Z and especially by Etta James, whose "boldness" inspired Beyoncé to explore other musical genres and styles.[232] Her fourth solo album, 4, was inspired by Fela Kuti, 1990s R&B, Earth, Wind & Fire, DeBarge, Lionel Richie, Teena Marie, The Jackson 5, New Edition, Adele, Florence and the Machine, and Prince.[202]

Beyoncé has stated that she is personally inspired by US First Lady Michelle Obama, saying "She proves you can do it all"[233] and she has described Oprah Winfrey as "the definition of inspiration and a strong woman".[219] She has also discussed how Jay-Z is a continuing inspiration to her, both with what she describes as his lyrical genius and in the obstacles he has overcome in his life.[234] Beyoncé has expressed admiration for the artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, posting in a letter "what I find in the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat, I search for in every day in music... he is lyrical and raw".[235][236] In February 2013, Beyoncé said that Madonna inspired her to take control of her own career. She commented: "I think about Madonna and how she took all of the great things she achieved and started the label and developed other artists. But there are not enough of those women.".[237]

Music videos and stage

A woman in a yellow dress, flanked by three female dancers, salutes to the crowd
Beyoncé performing "Run the World (Girls)" on the 2011 Good Morning America Summer Concert Series

In 2006, Beyoncé introduced her all-female tour band Suga Mama (also the name of a song in B'Day) which includes bassists, drummers, guitarists, horn players, keyboardists and percussionists.[238] Her background singers, The Mamas, consist of Montina Cooper-Donnell, Crystal Collins and Tiffany Moniqué Riddick. They made their debut appearance at the 2006 BET Awards and re-appeared in the music videos for "Irreplaceable" and "Green Light".[209] The band have supported Beyoncé in most subsequent live performances, including her 2007 concert tour The Beyoncé Experience, 2009-2010 I Am... World Tour, 2013-2014 The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour and 2016 The Formation World Tour.

Beyoncé has received praise for her stage presence and voice during live performances. Jarett Wieselman of the New York Post placed her at number one on her list of the Five Best Singer/Dancers.[239] According to Barbara Ellen of The Guardian Beyoncé is the most in-charge female artist she's seen onstage,[240] while Alice Jones of The Independent wrote she "takes her role as entertainer so seriously she's almost too good."[241] The ex-President of Def Jam L.A. Reid has described Beyoncé as the greatest entertainer alive.[242] Jim Farber of the Daily News and Stephanie Classen of The StarPhoenix both praised her strong voice and her stage presence.[243][244] Beyoncé's stage outfits have been met with criticism from many countries, such as Malaysia, where she has postponed or cancelled performances due to the country's strict laws banning revealing costumes.[245]

Beyoncé has worked with numerous directors for her music videos throughout her career, including Melina Matsoukas, Jonas Åkerlund, and Jake Nava. Bill Condon, director of Beauty and the Beast, stated that the Lemonade visuals in particular served as inspiration for his film, commenting "You look at Beyonce's brilliant movie Lemonade, this genre is taking on so many different forms... I do think that this very old-school break-out-into-song traditional musical is something that people understand again and really want."[246]

Alter ego

Described as being "sexy, seductive and provocative" when performing on stage, Beyoncé has said that she originally created the alter ego "Sasha Fierce" to keep that stage persona separate from who she really is. She described Sasha as being "too aggressive, too strong, too sassy [and] too sexy", stating, "I'm not like her in real life at all."[47] Sasha was conceived during the making of "Crazy in Love", and Beyoncé introduced her with the release of her 2008 album I Am... Sasha Fierce. In February 2010, she announced in an interview with Allure magazine that she was comfortable enough with herself to no longer need Sasha Fierce.[247] However, Beyoncé announced in May 2012 that she would bring her back for her Revel Presents: Beyoncé Live shows later that month.[248]

Public image

A woman waves to the crowd on a red-carpet
Beyoncé at the premiere for her 2006 film, Dreamgirls

Beyoncé has been described as having a wide-ranging sex appeal, with music journalist Touré writing that since the release of Dangerously in Love, she has "become a crossover sex symbol".[249] Offstage Beyoncé says that while she likes to dress sexily, her onstage dress "is absolutely for the stage."[250] Due to her curves and the term's catchiness, in the 2000s (decade), the media often used the term "Bootylicious" (a portmanteau of the words booty and delicious) to describe Beyoncé,[251][252] the term popularized by Destiny's Child's single of the same name. In 2006, it was added to the Oxford English Dictionary.[253]

External image
Knowles's Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue cover from February 15, 2007

In September 2010, Beyoncé made her runway modelling debut at Tom Ford's Spring/Summer 2011 fashion show.[254] She was named "World's Most Beautiful Woman" by People[255] and the "Hottest Female Singer of All Time" by Complex in 2012.[256] In January 2013, GQ placed her on its cover, featuring her atop its "100 Sexiest Women of the 21st Century" list.[257][258]VH1 listed her at number 1 on its 100 Sexiest Artists list.[259] Several wax figures of Beyoncé are found at Madame Tussauds Wax Museums in major cities around the world, including New York,[260] Washington, D.C.,[261]Amsterdam,[262]Bangkok,[263] Hollywood[264] and Sydney.[265]

According to Italian fashion designer Roberto Cavalli, Beyoncé uses different fashion styles to work with her music while performing.[266] Her mother co-wrote a book, published in 2002, titled Destiny's Style[267] an account of how fashion affected the trio's success.[268] The B'Day Anthology Video Album showed many instances of fashion-oriented footage, depicting classic to contemporary wardrobe styles.[269] In 2007, Beyoncé was featured on the cover of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, becoming the second African American woman after Tyra Banks,[270] and People magazine recognized Beyoncé as the best-dressed celebrity.[271]

The BeyHive is the name given to Beyoncé's fan base. Fans were previously titled "The Beyontourage", (a portmanteau of Beyoncé and entourage). The name Bey Hive derives from the word beehive, purposely misspelled to resemble her first name, and was penned by fans after petitions on the online social networking service Twitter and online news reports during competitions.[272]

In 2006, the animal rights organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), criticized Beyoncé for wearing and using fur in her clothing line House of Deréon.[273] In 2011, she appeared on the cover of French fashion magazine L'Officiel, in blackface and tribal makeup that drew criticism from the media. A statement released from a spokesperson for the magazine said that Beyoncé's look was "far from the glamorous Sasha Fierce" and that it was "a return to her African roots".[274]

Beyoncé's lighter skin color and costuming has drawn criticism from some in the African-American community.[275] Emmett Price, a professor of music at Northeastern University, wrote in 2007, that he thinks race plays a role in many of these criticisms, saying white celebrities who dress similarly do not attract as many comments.[275] In 2008, L'Oréal was accused of whitening her skin in their Feria hair color advertisements, responding that "it is categorically untrue",[276][277] and in 2013, Beyoncé herself criticized H&M for their proposed "retouching" of promotional images of her, and according to Vogue requested that only "natural pictures be used".[278]

Personal life

A woman stands next to a man who is performing using a microphone
Beyoncé performing on the I Am... Tour with Jay-Z, whom she married in 2008

Marriage and children

Beyoncé started a relationship with Jay-Z after their collaboration on "'03 Bonnie & Clyde",[279] which appeared on his seventh album The Blueprint 2: The Gift & The Curse (2002).[280] Beyoncé appeared as Jay-Z's girlfriend in the music video for the song, fuelling speculation about their relationship.[281] On April 4, 2008, Beyoncé and Jay-Z married without publicity.[96] As of April 2014, the couple had sold a combined 300 million records together.[163] They are known for their private relationship, although they have appeared to become more relaxed in recent years.[282]

Beyoncé suffered a miscarriage around 2010 or 2011, describing it as "the saddest thing" she had ever endured.[283] She returned to the studio and wrote music in order to cope with the loss. In April 2011, Beyoncé and Jay-Z traveled to Paris in order to shoot the album cover for 4, and unexpectedly became pregnant in Paris.[284] In August, the couple attended the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, at which Beyoncé performed "Love on Top" and ended the performance by revealing she was pregnant.[285] Her appearance helped that year's MTV Video Music Awards become the most-watched broadcast in MTV history, pulling in 12.4 million viewers;[286] the announcement was listed in Guinness World Records for "most tweets per second recorded for a single event" on Twitter,[287] receiving 8,868 tweets per second[288] and "Beyonce pregnant" was the most Googled term the week of August 29, 2011.[289] On January 7, 2012, Beyoncé gave birth to a daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.[290]

On February 1, 2017 she revealed on her Instagram account that she was expecting twins. Her announcement gained 6,335,571 "likes" within eight hours, breaking the world record for the most liked image on the website.[291] On July 13, 2017, Beyoncé uploaded the first image of herself and the twins onto her Instagram account, confirming their birth date as a month prior, on June 13, 2017 and the names Rumi and Sir Carter.[292] The twins were born at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in California. Rumi, the daughter, was born before Sir, the son.

Activism

Beyoncé performed "America the Beautiful" at the 2009 presidential inauguration, as well as "At Last" during the first inaugural dance at the Neighborhood Ball two days later.[293] They held a fundraiser at Jay-Z's 40/40 Club in Manhattan for Obama's 2012 presidential campaign[294] which raised $4 million.[295] In the 2012 Presidential election, Beyoncé voted for Obama.[296] She performed the American national anthem at his second inauguration.[145]The Washington Post reported in May 2015, that Beyoncé attended a major celebrity fundraiser for 2016 presidential nominee Hillary Clinton.[297] She also headlined for Hillary Clinton in a 2016 concert held the weekend before Election Day. In this performance, Beyoncé and her entourage of backup dancers wore pantsuits; a clear allusion to Clinton's frequent dress-of-choice. The backup dancers also wore "I'm with her" tee shirts, the campaign slogan for Clinton. In a brief speech at this performance Beyonce said, "I want my daughter to grow up seeing a women lead our country and knowing that her possibilities are limitless."[298]

In 2013, Beyoncé stated in an interview with Vogue that she considered herself to be "a modern-day feminist".[299] She would later align herself more publicly with the movement, sampling "We should all be feminists", a speech delivered by Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie at a TEDx talk in April 2013, in her song "Flawless", released later that year.[300] In 2014 she performed live at the MTV Video Awards in front a giant backdrop reading "FEMINIST."[301] She has also contributed to the Ban Bossy campaign, which uses television and social media to encourage leadership in girls.[302] Following Beyoncé's public identification as a feminist, the sexualized nature of her performances and the fact that she championed her marriage was questioned.[303]

Beyoncé publicly endorsed same sex marriage on March 26, 2013, after the Supreme Court debate on California's Proposition 8.[304] The singer has also condemned police brutality against black Americans. Beyoncé and Jay-Z attended a rally in 2013 in response to the acquittal of George Zimmerman for the shooting of Trayvon Martin.[305] The film for her sixth album Lemonade included the mothers of Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown and Eric Garner, holding pictures of their sons in the video for "Freedom".[306] In a 2016 interview with Elle, Beyoncé responded to the controversy surrounding her song "Formation" which was perceived to be critical of the police. She clarified, "I am against police brutality and injustice. Those are two separate things. If celebrating my roots and culture during Black History Month made anyone uncomfortable, those feelings were there long before a video and long before me".[307]

In February, Beyoncé spoke out against the withdrawal of protections for transgender students in public schools by Donald Trump's Presidential administration. Posting a link to the 100 Days of Kindness campaign on her Facebook page, Beyoncé voiced her support for transgender youth and joined a roster of celebrities who spoke out against Trump's decision.[308]

Wealth

Forbes magazine began reporting on Beyoncé's earnings in 2008, calculating that the $80 million earned between June 2007 to June 2008, for her music, tour, films and clothing line made her the world's best-paid music personality at the time, above Madonna and Celine Dion.[309][310] They placed her fourth on the Celebrity 100 list in 2009[311] and ninth on the "Most Powerful Women in the World" list in 2010.[312] The following year, Forbes placed her eighth on the "Best-Paid Celebrities Under 30" list, having earned $35 million in the past year for her clothing line and endorsement deals. In 2012, Forbes placed Beyoncé at number 16 on the Celebrity 100 list, twelve places lower than three years ago yet still having earned $40 million in the past year for her album 4, clothing line and endorsement deals.[313][314] In the same year, Beyoncé and Jay-Z placed at number one on the "World's Highest-Paid Celebrity Couples", for collectively earning $78 million.[315] The couple made it into the previous year's Guinness World Records as the "highest-earning power couple" for collectively earning $122 million in 2009.[316] For the years 2009 to 2011, Beyoncé earned an average of $70 million per year, and earned $40 million in 2012.[317] In 2013, Beyoncé's endorsements of Pepsi and H&M made her and Jay-Z the world's first billion dollar couple in the music industry.[318] That year, Beyoncé was published as the fourth most-powerful celebrity in the Forbes rankings.[319]

MTV estimated that by the end of 2014, Beyoncé would become the highest-paid black musician in history;[320] this became the case in April 2014.[21] In June 2014, Beyoncé ranked at number one on the Forbes Celebrity 100 list, earning an estimated $115 million throughout June 2013 - June 2014. This in turn was the first time she had topped the Celebrity 100 list as well as being her highest yearly earnings to date.[321] In 2016, Beyoncé ranked at number 34 on the Celebrity 100 list with earnings of $54 million. Herself and Jay-Z also topped the highest paid celebrity couple list, with combined earnings of $107.5 million.[322] As of May 2017, Forbes calculated her net worth to be $350 million, and in June of the same year, ranked her as the second-highest earning celebrity with annual earnings of $105 million. This tied Beyoncé with Madonna as the only two female artists to earn more than $100 million within a single year twice.[2][323] As a couple with Jay-Z, they have a combined net worth of $1.16 billion.[324] In July 2017, Billboard announced that Beyoncé was the highest paid musician of 2016, with an estimated total of $62.1 million.[325]

Forbes magazine's 2017 list for the highest-paid women in music

Beyonce has jumped from number 5 last year to clinch the top spot (number 1) in Forbes magazine's 2017 list for the highest-paid women in mus Beyonce's most praised album "Lemonade," her sixth No. 1 hit, and her subsequent Formation World Tour accounted for the bulk of the estimated $105 millionshe has earned between June 1, 2016, and June 1, 2017. This is nearly twice her $54 million last year or her $54.5 million the year before that. English singer Adele has secured the second position for the second year in a row, with an estimated $69 million. Last year's topper, Taylor Swift, has scored $44 million and reached the 3rd position.

Legacy

A woman is shown leaning back and singing into a microphone, surrounded by smoke
Beyoncé performing during her I Am... Tour in 2009

In The New Yorker, music critic Jody Rosen described Beyoncé as "the most important and compelling popular musician of the twenty-first century..... the result, the logical end point, of a century-plus of pop."[326] When The Guardian named her Artist of the Decade, Llewyn-Smith wrote:

Why Beyoncé? [...] Because she made not one but two of the decade's greatest singles, with 'Crazy in Love' and 'Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)', not to mention her hits with Destiny's Child; and this was the decade when singles - particularly R&B singles - regained their status as pop's favourite medium. [...] [She] and not any superannuated rock star was arguably the greatest live performer of the past 10 years.[327]

In 2013, Beyoncé made the Time 100 list, with Baz Luhrmann writing:

No one has that voice, no one moves the way she moves, no one can hold an audience the way she does... When Beyoncé does an album, when Beyoncé sings a song, when Beyoncé does anything, it's an event, and it's broadly influential. Right now, she is the heir-apparent diva of the USA - the reigning national voice.[328]

In 2014, Beyoncé was listed again on the Time 100 and also featured on the cover of the issue.[329]

Beyoncé's work has influenced numerous artists including Britney Spears,[330]Adele,[331]Ariana Grande,[332][333]Lady Gaga,[334]Ellie Goulding,[335]Rihanna,[336]Kelly Rowland,[337][338]Sam Smith,[339]Nicole Scherzinger,[340]Jessica Sanchez,[341]Cheryl,[342]JoJo,[343]Meghan Trainor,[344]Grimes,[345][346]Rita Ora,[347]Zendaya,[348]Alexis Jordan,[349]Bridgit Mendler,[350] and Azealia Banks.[351] American indie rock band White Rabbits also cited her an inspiration for their third album Milk Famous (2012),[352] friend Gwyneth Paltrow[353] studied Beyoncé at her live concerts while learning to become a musical performer for the 2010 film Country Strong.[354]

Pitchfork noticed her contribution in changing the sound of pop music radio with her hip-hop assisted style, writing:

Her hip-hop fluency gave her an advantage in the pop-star arms race, helping her to become the presiding voice in an increasingly rap-dominated musical landscape. Her evolution, from rap-adjacent R&B star (appearing as early as 1998 in a Geto Boys video) to reluctant hip-hop shareholder to full-blown rapper, played a role in slowly shifting the sound of pop radio.[355]

Her debut single, "Crazy in Love" was named VH1's "Greatest Song of the 2000s",[356]NMEs "Best Track of the 00s"[357] and "Pop Song of the Century",[358] considered by Rolling Stone to be one of the 500 greatest songs of all time, earned two Grammy Awards and is one of the best-selling singles of all time at around 8 million copies. The music video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", which achieved fame for its intricate choreography[359] and its deployment of jazz hands,[360] was credited by the Toronto Star as having started the "first major dance craze of both the new millennium and the Internet",[106] triggering a number of parodies of the dance choreography[361][362] and a legion of amateur imitators on YouTube.[359][361] In 2013, Drake released a single titled "Girls Love Beyoncé", which featured an interpolation from Destiny Child's "Say My Name" and discussed his relationship with women.[363] In January 2012, research scientist Bryan Lessard named Scaptia beyonceae, a species of horse fly found in Northern Queensland, Australia after Beyoncé due to the fly's unique golden hairs on its abdomen.[364] In July 2014, a Beyoncé exhibit was introduced into the "Legends of Rock" section of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The black leotard from the "Single Ladies" video and her outfit from the Super Bowl half time performance are among several pieces housed at the museum.[365] Architects credit Beyoncé's look in her "Ghost" music video as the inspiration of the design of the Premier Tower under construction in Australia.[366]

Honors and awards

Beyoncé has received numerous awards. As a solo artist she has sold over 17 million albums in the US, and over 100 million records worldwide (a further 60 million additionally with Destiny's Child), making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time.[8][367][368][369][370][371] The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) listed Beyoncé as the top certified artist of the 2000s decade, with a total of 64 certifications.[15][16] Her songs "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", "Halo", and "Irreplaceable" are some of the best-selling singles of all time worldwide. In 2009, The Observer named her the Artist of the Decade[327] and Billboard named her the Top Female Artist and Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade.[17][372][373] In 2010, Billboard named her in their "Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years" list at number 15.[374] In 2012 VH1 ranked her third on their list of the "100 Greatest Women in Music", behind Mariah Carey and Madonna.[375] Beyoncé was honored with the International Artist Award at the 2007 American Music Awards.[376] She has also received the Legend Award at the 2008 World Music Awards, the Billboard Millennium Award at the 2011 Billboard Music Awards, the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards, and the Fashion Icon Award at the 2016 CFDA Awards.[377]

Beyoncé has won 22 Grammy Awards, both as a solo artist and member of Destiny's Child, making her the second most honored female artist by the Grammys, behind Alison Krauss[378][379] and the most nominated woman in Grammy Award history with a total of 62 nominations.[380] "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" won Song of the Year in 2010 while "Say My Name",[38] "Crazy in Love" and "Drunk in Love" have each won Best R&B Song. Dangerously in Love, B'Day and I Am... Sasha Fierce have all won Best Contemporary R&B Album, while Lemonade has won Best Urban Contemporary Album. Beyoncé set the record for the most Grammy awards won by a female artist in one night in 2010 when she won six awards, breaking the tie she previously held with Alicia Keys, Norah Jones, Alison Krauss, and Amy Winehouse, with Adele equaling this in 2012.[381]

Beyoncé has also won 24 MTV Video Music Awards, making her the most-awarded artist in Video Music Award history. "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" and "Formation" won Video of the Year in 2009 and 2016 respectively. Beyoncé tied the record set by Lady Gaga in 2010 for the most VMAs won in one night for a female artist with eight in 2016.[189] She is also the most awarded and nominated artist in BET Award history, winning 24 awards from a total of 54 nominations.[382]

Following her role in Dreamgirls Beyoncé was nominated for Best Original Song for "Listen" and Best Actress at the Golden Globe Awards,[383] and Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture at the NAACP Image Awards.[384] Beyoncé won two awards at the Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2006; Best Song for "Listen" and Best Original Soundtrack for Dreamgirls: Music from the Motion Picture.[385] According to Fuse in 2014, Beyoncé is the second most award-winning artist of all time, after Michael Jackson.[386][387]

She was named on the 2016 BBC Radio 4 Woman's Hour Power List as one of seven women judged to have had the biggest impact on women's lives over the past 70 years, alongside Margaret Thatcher, Barbara Castle, Helen Brook, Germaine Greer, Jayaben Desai and Bridget Jones.[388]

Other ventures

Endorsements

Beyoncé has worked with Pepsi since 2002,[389] and in 2004 appeared in a Gladiator-themed commercial with Britney Spears, Pink, and Enrique Iglesias.[390] In 2012, Beyoncé signed a $50 million deal to endorse Pepsi.[391] The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPINET) wrote Beyoncé an open letter asking her to reconsider the deal because of the unhealthiness of the product and to donate the proceeds to a medical organisation.[392] Nevertheless, NetBase found that Beyoncé's campaign was the most talked about endorsement in April 2013, with a 70 per cent positive audience response to the commercial and print ads.[393]

Beyoncé has worked with Tommy Hilfiger for the fragrances True Star (singing a cover version of "Wishing on a Star")[394] and True Star Gold;[395] she also promoted Emporio Armani's Diamonds fragrance in 2007.[396] Beyoncé launched her first official fragrance, Heat, in 2010.[397] The commercial, which featured the 1956 song "Fever", was shown after the water shed in the United Kingdom as it begins with an image of Beyoncé appearing to lie naked in a room.[398] In February 2011, Beyoncé launched her second fragrance, Heat Rush.[399] Beyoncé's third fragrance, Pulse, was launched in September 2011.[400] In 2013, The Mrs. Carter Show Limited Edition version of Heat was released.[401] The six editions of Heat are the world's best-selling celebrity fragrance line,[401] with sales of over $400 million.[402]

The release of a video-game Starpower: Beyoncé was cancelled after Beyoncé pulled out of a $100 million with GateFive who alleged the cancellation meant the sacking of 70 staff and millions of pounds lost in development.[403] It was settled out of court by her lawyers in June 2013 who said that they had cancelled because GateFive had lost its financial backers.[404] Beyoncé also has had deals with American Express,[310]Nintendo DS[405] and L'Oréal since the age of 18.[406]

In March 2015, Beyoncé became a co-owner, with other artists, of the music streaming service Tidal. The service specializes in lossless audio and high definition music videos. Beyoncé's husband Jay-Z acquired the parent company of Tidal, Aspiro, in the first quarter of 2015.[407] Including Beyoncé and Jay-Z, sixteen artist stakeholders (such as Kanye West, Rihanna, Madonna, Chris Martin, Nicki Minaj and more) co-own Tidal, with the majority owning a 3% equity stake.[408] The idea of having an all artist owned streaming service was created by those involved to adapt to the increased demand for streaming within the current music industry.[409]

Fashion lines

Beyoncé and her mother introduced House of Deréon, a contemporary women's fashion line, in 2005.[410] The concept is inspired by three generations of women in their family, with the name paying tribute to Beyoncé's grandmother, Agnèz Deréon, a respected seamstress.[411][412] According to Tina, the overall style of the line best reflects her and Beyoncé's taste and style. Beyoncé and her mother founded their family's company Beyond Productions, which provides the licensing and brand management for House of Deréon, and its junior collection, Deréon.[410] House of Deréon pieces were exhibited in Destiny's Child's shows and tours, during their Destiny Fulfilled era.[413][414] The collection features sportswear, denim offerings with fur, outerwear and accessories that include handbags and footwear, and are available at department and specialty stores across the US and Canada.[410]

In 2005, Beyoncé teamed up with House of Brands, a shoe company, to produce a range of footwear for House of Deréon.[415] In January 2008, Starwave Mobile launched Beyoncé Fashion Diva, a "high-style" mobile game with a social networking component, featuring the House of Deréon collection.[410] In July 2009, Beyoncé and her mother launched a new junior apparel label, Sasha Fierce for Deréon, for back-to-school selling. The collection included sportswear, outerwear, handbags, footwear, eyewear, lingerie and jewelry.[416] It was available at department stores including Macy's and Dillard's, and specialty stores Jimmy Jazz and Against All Odds.[416] On May 27, 2010, Beyoncé teamed up with clothing store C&A to launch Deréon by Beyoncé at their stores in Brazil.[417] The collection included tailored blazers with padded shoulders, little black dresses, embroidered tops and shirts and bandage dresses.[417]

In October 2014, Beyoncé signed a deal to launch an activewear line of clothing with British fashion retailer Topshop.[418][419] The 50-50 venture is called Ivy Park and was launched in April 2016. The brand's name is a nod to Beyoncé's daughter Blue Ivy and her favourite number four (IV in roman numerals), and also references the park where she used to run in Texas.[420]

Philanthropy

A woman is surrounded by several others, all behind a piece of white tape
Beyoncé (center) and her mother, Tina, (left) at the opening of the Beyoncé Cosmetology Center on March 5, 2010

After Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Beyoncé and Rowland founded the Survivor Foundation to provide transitional housing for victims in the Houston area,[26] to which Beyoncé contributed an initial $250,000.[421] The foundation has since expanded to work with other charities in the city,[422] and also provided relief following Hurricane Ike three years later.[423]

Beyoncé participated in George Clooney and Wyclef Jean's Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief telethon[424] and was named the official face of the limited edition CFDA "Fashion For Haiti" T-shirt,[425] made by Theory which raised a total of $1 million.[426] On March 5, 2010, Beyoncé and her mother Tina opened the Beyoncé Cosmetology Center at the Brooklyn Phoenix House, offering a seven-month cosmetology training course for men and women. In April 2011, Beyoncé joined forces with US First Lady Michelle Obama and the National Association of Broadcasters Education Foundation, to help boost the latter's campaign against child obesity[427] by reworking her single "Get Me Bodied".[428] Following the death of Osama bin Laden, Beyoncé released her cover of the Lee Greenwood song "God Bless the USA", as a charity single to help raise funds for the New York Police and Fire Widows' and Children's Benefit Fund.[429]

In December, Beyoncé along with a variety of other celebrities teamed up and produced a video campaign for "Demand A Plan", a bipartisan effort by a group of 950 US mayors and others[430] designed to influence the federal government into rethinking its gun control laws, following the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.[431] Beyoncé became an ambassador for the 2012 World Humanitarian Day campaign donating her song "I Was Here" and its music video, shot in the UN, to the campaign.[432][433] In 2013, it was announced that Beyoncé would work with Salma Hayek and Frida Giannini on a Gucci "Chime for Change" campaign that aims to spread female empowerment. The campaign, which aired on February 28, was set to her new music.[434] A concert for the cause took place on June 1, 2013 in London[435] and included other acts like Ellie Goulding, Florence and the Machine, and Rita Ora.[436] In advance of the concert, she appeared in a campaign video released on May 15, 2013, where she, along with Cameron Diaz, John Legend and Kylie Minogue, described inspiration from their mothers, while a number of other artists celebrated personal inspiration from other women, leading to a call for submission of photos of women of viewers' inspiration from which a selection was shown at the concert. Beyoncé said about her mother Tina Knowles that her gift was "finding the best qualities in every human being." With help of the crowdfunding platform Catapult, visitors of the concert could choose between several projects promoting education of women and girls.[437][438] Beyoncé is also taking part in "Miss a Meal", a food-donation campaign,[439] and supporting Goodwill charity through online charity auctions at Charitybuzz that support job creation throughout Europe and the U.S.[440][441] In December 2016, Beyoncé was named the Most Charitable Celebrity of the year.[442]

Discography

Filmography

Tours and residency shows

Headlining tours

Co-headlining tours

Residency shows

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The gross takings from the 29 shows which were reported to Billboard Boxscore totalled $24.9 million; the tour comprised 96 concerts.[94]

References

  1. ^ "Beyoncé, Jay Z to Relocate to Los Angeles: report". New York Daily News. February 4, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Robehmed, Natalie (May 17, 2017). "America's Richest Female Celebrities 2017: Oprah, Judge Judy And Beyoncé Rule". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles' name change". The Boston Globe. December 23, 2009. Retrieved 2013. 
  4. ^ Adams, Guy (February 6, 2010). "Beyoncé: Born to be a star". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2011. 
  5. ^ "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1275). September 6, 2013. p. 25. 
  6. ^ "Person Details for Beyoncé Giselle Knowles, "Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997"". FamilySearch.org. Retrieved 2016. 
  7. ^ Nicholson, Rebecca (December 13, 2011). "Best albums of 2011, No 4: Beyoncé - 4". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "'Beyoncé' album review: More than the delivery is a surprise". Chicago Tribune. December 14, 2013. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ Hoffmann, Melody K. (July 2, 2007). "'Ms. Kelly' Takes Charge Sings About Healing And Heartbreak In New Music". Jet: 61. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Destiny's Child reunite on new Michelle Williams song 'Say Yes' - listen". NME. May 22, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ Trust, Gary. "Ask Billboard: The Twitter-Sized Edition - Chart Beat". Billboard. Retrieved 2012. 
  12. ^ Hamlin, John (September 12, 2010). "How Gradual Success Helped Beyoncé". CBS. Retrieved 2013. 
  13. ^ Pearce, Sheldon (August 29, 2016). "MTV VMA 2016: Beyoncé Breaks Record for All-Time VMA Wins". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2016. 
  14. ^ Blumsom, Amy (August 29, 2016). "Beyoncé slays, Drake loves Rihanna, and Britney doesn't mess up: everything you need to know about the 2016 VMAs". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Pedersen, Erik (February 17, 2010). "Beyoncé Tops Decade's RIAA Sales". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Lamy Johnathan; Cara Duckworth; Liz Kennedy (February 17, 2010). "RIAA Tallies the Decade's Top Gold and Platinum Award Winners". Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Radio Songs Artists of the Decade". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  18. ^ "Artist of the Decade". Billboard. March 12, 2013. 
  19. ^ Barshad, Amos (May 23, 2013). "Beyoncé Crushes at the Billboard Music Awards". Vulture. Retrieved 2013. 
  20. ^ [17][18][19]
  21. ^ a b "Beyoncé Named Highest-Earning Black Artist Of All Time". MTV. April 29, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  22. ^ Cummings, Moriba (May 26, 2015). "Beyoncé is the Most Powerful Woman in Entertainment". BET. Retrieved 2016. 
  23. ^ https://www.forbes.com/power-women/list/
  24. ^ Harris-Perry, Melissa. "Beyoncé: TIME Person of the Year Runner Up". TIME. Retrieved 2016. 
  25. ^ "The Family Business". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 7, 2014. Retrieved 2013. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g "Beyoncé Knowles' Biography". Fox News Channel. April 15, 2008. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Beyoncé and Solange Knowles Become First Sisters to Land No. 1 Albums". Etonline.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  28. ^ a b Smolenyak, Megan (January 12, 2012). "A Peek into Blue Ivy Carter's Past". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012. 
  29. ^ Daniels, Cora; Jackson, John L. (2014). Impolite Conversations: On Race, Politics, Sex, Money, and Religion. p. 198. ISBN 9781476739113. Retrieved 2015. 
  30. ^ "Page not found". Archived from the original on August 29, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Beyoncé Thrilled By First Dance Teacher". Contact Music. September 6, 2006. Retrieved 2013. 
  32. ^ a b Biography Today. Omnigraphics. 2010. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7808-1058-7. 
  33. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles: Biography - Part 1". People. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles Biography". Contact Music. Retrieved 2013. 
  35. ^ Maughan, Jennifer. "Beyoncé Knowles Childhood". Life123. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Famous Alumni". Elsik High School. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Cameo: Fat Joe Interviews Beyoncé and Mike Epps". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 24, 2008. 
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kaufman, Gil (June 13, 2005). "Destiny's Child's Long Road To Fame (The Song Isn't Called "Survivor" For Nothing)". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Kelly Rowland". CNN. February 27, 2006. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  40. ^ a b c Farley, Christopher John (January 15, 2001). "Music: Call Of The Child". Time. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  41. ^ a b Reynolds, J.R. (March 3, 1998). "All Grown Up". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved 2007. 
  42. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (June 13, 2003). "Destiny's Adult". Time. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  43. ^ Dekel-Daks, Tal. "Ten Things About..... Destiny's Child". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2013. 
  44. ^ "The Best Man - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013. 
  45. ^ "Beyoncé: 'I was depressed at 19'". Contact Music. December 1, 2008. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Beyoncé Speaks About Her Past Depression". Access Hollywood. December 15, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  47. ^ a b c Johnson, Caitlin A. (December 13, 2006). "Beyoncé On Love, Depression, and Reality". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  48. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles Opens Up About Depression". Female First. CBS Interactive Inc. December 18, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  49. ^ Dunn, Jancee (June 10, 2001). "Date with destiny". The Observer. London. Retrieved 2009. 
  50. ^ Basham, David (January 18, 2001). "Beyoncé To Star In "Carmen" Remake". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  51. ^ Todd, Martens (July 3, 2003). "Beyoncé, Branch Albums Storm The Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2008. 
  52. ^ "Past Winners Search: "Destiny's Child" - National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences". The Recording Academy. Retrieved 2013. 
  53. ^ Ebert, Roger (July 26, 2002). "Austin Powers In Goldmember". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2011. 
  54. ^ "Austin Powers in Goldmember". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2012. 
  55. ^ Moss, Corey (May 23, 2002). "Beyoncé, Britney Serve Up First Singles From 'Goldmember'". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  56. ^ Tobey, Matthew. "The Fighting Temptations". Allmovie. Retrieved 2012. 
  57. ^ "The Fighting Temptations". Metacritic. Retrieved 2012. 
  58. ^ "The Fighting Temptations (2003)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2012. 
  59. ^ Gonzalez, Ed (September 14, 2003). "The Fighting Temptations Original Soundtrack". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2011. 
  60. ^ "Beyoncé Tempts Fans With More Movie Songs". Billboard. October 11, 2003. Retrieved 2013. 
  61. ^ a b Martens, Todd (November 28, 2003). "'Stand Up' Ends 'Baby Boy' Reign". Billboard. Retrieved 2008. 
  62. ^ "'03 Bonnie & Clyde". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  63. ^ "Dangerously in Love - Beyoncé". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  64. ^ Todd, Martens (July 2, 2003). "Beyoncé, Branch Albums Storm The Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2008. 
  65. ^ Chandler, D. L. (April 5, 2011). "Jay-Z And Beyoncé Celebrate Three Years Of Wedded Bliss". MTV Rapfix. Viacom. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  66. ^ Martens, Todds (August 21, 2003). "Beyoncé, Jay-Z: 'Crazy' As Ever". Billboard. Retrieved 2011. 
  67. ^ a b c d e "Beyoncé Album and Song Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2011. 
  68. ^ Patel, Joseph (February 4, 2004). "Beyoncé Wins Most, Outkast Shine, 50 Cent Shut Out At Grammys". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  69. ^ Patel, Joseph (January 28, 2004). "Beyoncé, Alicia Keys And Missy Elliott Plan Spring Tour". MTV News. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. 
  70. ^ Alexis, Nadeska (October 16, 2012). "Beyoncé To Perform At Super Bowl XLVII Halftime Show". MTV News. Retrieved 2012. 
  71. ^ Patel, Joseph (January 1, 2004). "Beyoncé Puts Off Second Solo LP To Reunite Destiny's Child". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2008. 
  72. ^ "Destiny Fulfilled - Destiny's Child". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  73. ^ Whitmire, Margo (November 24, 2004). "Eminem Thankful To Remain No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved 2012. 
  74. ^ "Gold and Platinum - Destiny's Child". Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Archived from the original on September 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008. 
  75. ^ "Destiny's Child Album and Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2012. 
  76. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (June 15, 2005). "Destiny's Child To Split After Fall Tour". Billboard. Retrieved 2008. 
  77. ^ "Number 1's - Destiny's Child". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  78. ^ "Destiny's Child gets Walk of Fame star". Today. March 29, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  79. ^ "B'day - Beyoncé". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  80. ^ Hasty, Katie (September 13, 2006). "Beyoncé's B-Day Makes Big Bow At No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved 2008. 
  81. ^ "Beyoncé - Irreplaceable". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012. [permanent dead link]
  82. ^ Hope, Clover (September 14, 2006). "Timberlake's 'Sexy' Fends Off Fergie For No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved 2008. 
  83. ^ "Get Me Bodied". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 5, 2009. 
  84. ^ "Green Light the next single". Sony BMG Music Entertainment (UK). July 27, 2007. Archived from the original on January 16, 2009. 
  85. ^ Otto, Jeff (February 8, 2006). "Interview: Beyoncé Knowles". IGN. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  86. ^ "The Pink Panther (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2012. 
  87. ^ "Dreamgirls". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2013. 
  88. ^ "Dreamgirls". Metacritic. Retrieved 2012. 
  89. ^ "Dreamgirls (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2012. 
  90. ^ "Dreamgirls (2006) - Daily Box Office - Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2013. 
  91. ^ Condon, Bill - Director (December 15, 2006). Dreamgirls (Motion picture). United States: DreamWorks SKG. 
  92. ^ "Dreamgirls (Music from the Motion Picture)". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013. 
  93. ^ "Malaysia's loss is Indonesia's gain: Beyoncé Knowles to play Jakarta". The Jakarta Post. October 27, 2007. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved 2012. 
  94. ^ Concepcion, Mariel (October 3, 2009). "Taking It Onstage". Billboard. 121 (39). p. 38. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 2013. 
  95. ^ "B'Day (Deluxe Edition) - Beyoncé". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  96. ^ a b Helling, Steve (April 22, 2008). "Beyoncé and Jay-Z File Signed Marriage License". People. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  97. ^ Clinton, Ivory (April 23, 2008). "Beyoncé Dishes on Her Sassy Alter-Ego". People. Retrieved 2012. 
  98. ^ "I Am... Sasha Fierce". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  99. ^ "Is Beyoncé beyond her best?". News.com.au. April 12, 2009. Retrieved 2016. 
  100. ^ Jonathan, Cohen (November 26, 2008). "Beyoncé Starts 'Fierce' Atop Album Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. 
  101. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (January 1, 2009). "Beyoncé Starts 2009 Atop The Hot 100". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  102. ^ "Beyoncé - Halo". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012. [permanent dead link]
  103. ^ "Beyoncé: Chart History by Weeks on Chart". 
  104. ^ "Don Omar: The Reggaeton Starts Plugs In For Digital Sales With 'IDon' And An iPhone App". Billboard. 121 (16): 41. April 25, 2009. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  105. ^ "Beyoncé - Sweet Dreams". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012. [permanent dead link]
  106. ^ a b Crawford, Trish (January 23, 2009). "Beyoncé's single an anthem for women". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  107. ^ Smith, Olivia (November 6, 2009). "Beyoncé wows in racy red costume at MTV Europe Music Awards". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 2011. 
  108. ^ Singh, Anita (August 26, 2009). "Mobo Awards 2009 nominations unveiled". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2010. 
  109. ^ Nero, Mark Edward. "2009 BET Awards". About.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  110. ^ a b Rodriguez, Jayson; Montgomery, James; Reid, Shaheem (September 13, 2009). "Kanye West Crashes VMA Stage During Taylor Swift's Award Speech". MTV News. Retrieved 2011. 
  111. ^ Casserly, Meghan (December 10, 2012). "Beyoncé's $50 Million Pepsi Deal Takes Creative Cues From Jay-Z". Forbes. Archived from the original on February 11, 2013. 
  112. ^ Masterson, Lawrie (April 12, 2009). "Is Beyoncé Beyond Her Best?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2012. 
  113. ^ "2008 13th Annual Satellite Awards Nominees". International Press Academy. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. 
  114. ^ "The 40th NAACP Image Awards". NAACP Image Award. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. 
  115. ^ Harling, Danielle (January 5, 2007). "Beyoncé Donates Movie Salary To Drug Treatment Centers". Black Entertainment Television. Archived from the original on May 9, 2009. 
  116. ^ Kaufman, Gil (January 16, 2009). "Beyoncé To Sing For Obamas' First Dance At Inaugural Ball". MTV News. Retrieved 2011. 
  117. ^ "Box Office Preview: Audience Obsessed With Beyoncé". Business Insider. April 25, 2009. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved 2012. 
  118. ^ "Cadillac Records". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2013. 
  119. ^ "Obsessed". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2013. 
  120. ^ Wigler, Josh (June 6, 2010). "2010 MTV Movie Awards: Complete Winners List". MTV News. Retrieved 2011. 
  121. ^ Donahue, Ann (December 20, 2009). "Beyoncé, Taylor Swift, Peas Lead Grammy Award Nominations". Billboard. Retrieved 2009. 
  122. ^ Lamb, Bill. "Beyoncé Tied With Lauryn Hill For Most Grammy Nominations In a Single Year by a Female Artist". About.com. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  123. ^ a b "Artist Chart History - Beyoncé". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  124. ^ "Lady Gaga feat. Beyoncé - "Telephone"". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  125. ^ Trust, Gary (March 15, 2010). "Lady Gaga, Beyoncé Match Mariah's Record". Billboard. Retrieved 2010. 
  126. ^ DeCrow, Jason (December 1, 2010). "Nominations list for the 53rd Annual Grammy Awards". USA Today. Retrieved 2010. 
  127. ^ a b Sperling, Daniel. "Beyoncé: 'Career break saved my sanity'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2013. 
  128. ^ Gardner, Elysa (January 28, 2010). "Beyoncé is poised to take a well-deserved break in 2010". USA Today. Retrieved 2011. 
  129. ^ Kennedy, Gerrick D. (March 28, 2011). "Beyoncé Severs Management Ties with Father". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011. 
  130. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (June 28, 2011). "Beyoncé Shrugs Off 'Fear' In 'Year Of 4'". MTV News. Retrieved 2011. 
  131. ^ Knowles, Beyoncé. "Eat, Play, Love". Essence. Retrieved 2013. 
  132. ^ "Beyoncé to Headline Glastonbury Festival" (Press release). Columbia Records. February 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  133. ^ Phillips, Sarah (June 28, 2011). "Beyoncé headlining at Glastonbury was a great girl power moment". The Guardian. London. 
  134. ^ "4 - Beyoncé". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  135. ^ "Beyoncé - Run the World (Girls)". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  136. ^ "Love on Top":
  137. ^ Dillon, Nancy (May 2, 2012). "Beyoncé set to win a writing award from the New York Association of Black Journalists". Daily News. Retrieved 2012. 
  138. ^ a b "Beyoncé To Perform '4 Intimate Nights With Beyoncé' At New York's Roseland Ballroom". Beyoncé's Official Website. August 5, 2011. Archived from the original on February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2013. 
  139. ^ "Beyoncé's 4 Certified Platinum". Rap-Up. August 1, 2011. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved 2011. 
  140. ^ Grein, Paul (July 2, 2014). "Chart Watch: Ed Sheeran's Transatlantic #1". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  141. ^ Carbone, Nick (January 8, 2012). "Beyoncé's Baby Arrives: Blue Ivy Carter Born Saturday in New York City". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved 2015. 
  142. ^ "Fourth Show Added at Revel". Beyoncé's Official Website. May 7, 2012. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  143. ^ Makarechi, Kia (May 25, 2012). "Beyoncé, Revel: Singer's Atlantic City Concerts Mark First Return To Stage Since Blue Ivy Carter Was Born". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012. 
  144. ^ Garibaldi, Christina (January 11, 2013). "Destiny's Child Drop New Single 'Nuclear'". MTV News. Retrieved 2013. 
  145. ^ a b Richards, Chris (January 10, 2013). "Beyoncé to sing 'The Star-Spangled Banner' at inauguration". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013. 
  146. ^ "Beyoncé answers lip-sync critics at Super Bowl presser". CBC News. Associated Press. January 31, 2013. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  147. ^ "Beyoncé to Perform at Super Bowl Halftime Show". Rap-Up. October 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  148. ^ "2013 VMAs Shatter Twitter Records". August 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  149. ^ "List of winners at the 55th Grammy Awards". Rap-Up. February 10, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  150. ^ "Beyoncé Reveals Herself in 'Life Is But a Dream' HBO Documentary (Trailer)". Rap-Up. January 11, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  151. ^ Acuna, Kirsten (January 23, 2013). "HBO Wasn't 'Crazy In Love' With Beyoncé Co-Directing Her Documentary". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017. 
  152. ^ "Beyoncé announces 2014 UK and Ireland tour taking in O2 Arena and more". Metro. December 11, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  153. ^ Malkin, Marc. "Beyoncé Covering Amy Winehouse for The Great Gatsby". E News. Retrieved 2013. 
  154. ^ Montgomery, James (May 31, 2012). "Beyoncé Cast As Queen Tara In 3-D Animated Film 'Epic'". MTV News. Retrieved 2012. 
  155. ^ "Beyoncé Creates Original Song "Rise Up" for the Upcoming Motion Picture EPIC". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  156. ^ Ramsay, Jennifer. "BEYONCÉ Shatters iTunes Store Records With 828,773 Albums Sold in Just Three Days". Apple. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  157. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 17, 2013). "It's Official: Beyoncé Makes History With Fifth No. 1 Album". Billboard. Retrieved 2013. 
  158. ^ Sisario, Ben (December 16, 2013). "Beyoncé Rejects Tradition for Social Media's Power". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014. 
  159. ^ Makarechi, Kia (December 18, 2013). "Beyoncé's Album Sales Cross 1 Million In iTunes". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013. 
  160. ^ Mackay, Emily. "Beyoncé - Beyoncé". NME. Retrieved 2013. 
  161. ^ Trust, Gary (February 5, 2014). "Katy Perry Tops Hot 100, Beyoncé Bounds to No. 2". Billboard. Retrieved 2014. 
  162. ^ Smith, Stephanie (April 15, 2014). "Beyoncé & Jay-Z touring together this summer". Page Six. Retrieved 2014. 
  163. ^ a b "On The Run Tour: Beyoncé and Jay-Z". Live Nation Entertainment. PR Newswire. April 29, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  164. ^ Grow, Kory (August 7, 2014). "Beyoncé to Receive MTV Video Vanguard Award, Perform at VMAs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014. 
  165. ^ "Top-Earning Women in Music 2014". Forbes. November 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  166. ^ "Music subscription revenues help drive growth in most major markets". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. March 18, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  167. ^ "IFPI publishes Recording Industry in Numbers - an essential guide to the global music market". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. April 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  168. ^ Copsey, Rob (March 6, 2015). "Beyoncé revealed as most-streamed female artist by women". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2015. 
  169. ^ "Beyoncé's Powerful Grammys Performance Brings The House Down". The Huffington Post. February 8, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  170. ^ "Kanye West storms Grammy stage, rants about Beck's surprise album of the year win". Fox News Channel. February 9, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  171. ^ Kreps, Daniel (February 6, 2016). "Watch Beyoncé's Surprise New Video For 'Formation'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016. 
  172. ^ Elgot, Jessica (February 8, 2016). "Beyoncé unleashes Black Panthers homage at Super Bowl 50". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016. 
  173. ^ "Black Pride at the Super Bowl? Beyoncé embodies a new political moment". The Guardian. February 8, 2016. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016. 
  174. ^ "Beyoncé sends political message with Super Bowl halftime performance of new single, "Formation"". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  175. ^ Waddell, Ray (February 8, 2016). "Beyoncé to Embark on 'Formation' Stadium Tour". Billboard. Retrieved 2016. 
  176. ^ Pesce, Nicole Lyn (February 10, 2016). "Five clues that Beyoncé's next album is dropping any minute now". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2016. 
  177. ^ Bundy, Will (October 7, 2016). "Beyoncé brings out Jay-Z, Kendrick Lamar and Serena Williams on last night of tour". The Fader. Retrieved 2016. 
  178. ^ Billboard Staff (November 20, 2016). "AMAs 2016: See the Full List of Winners". Billboard. Retrieved 2017. 
  179. ^ Stutz, Colin (April 16, 2016). "Beyoncé Posts Video Teaser for 'Lemonade' Project: Watch". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2016. 
  180. ^ Caulfield, Keith (May 1, 2016). "Beyoncé Earns Sixth No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart With 'Lemonade'". Billboard. Retrieved 2016. 
  181. ^ Mendizabal, Amaya (May 2, 2016). "All 12 of Beyoncé's 'Lemonade' Tracks Debut on Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2016. 
  182. ^ Coscarelli, Joe (May 3, 2016). "Beyoncé's 'Lemonade' Debuts at No. 1 With Huge Streaming Numbers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016. 
  183. ^ Caulfield, Keith (January 5, 2017). "Drake's 'Views' Is Nielsen Music's Top Album of 2016 in the U.S". Billboard. Retrieved 2017. 
  184. ^ Rys, Dan (April 25, 2017). "Beyonce's 'Lemonade' Was the World's Best-Selling Album in 2016". Variety. Retrieved 2017. 
  185. ^ "Critic Reviews for Lemonade". Metacritic. Retrieved 2016. 
  186. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2016". Rolling Stone. November 28, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  187. ^ Brown, Eric (July 26, 2016). "Beyoncé and Adele lead 2016 MTV VMA nominations". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2016. 
  188. ^ "VMAs 2016 Winners List". Billboard. August 28, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  189. ^ a b McCluskey, Megan (August 29, 2016). "Beyoncé Breaks Madonna's Record With More VMAs Than Any Artist Ever". TIME. Retrieved 2016. 
  190. ^ Herbert, Geoff. "Time Person of the Year: 2016 finalists revealed - who should win?". Syracuse.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  191. ^ Vaglanos, Alanna (January 4, 2017). "For The First Time Ever, A Black Woman Will Be Headlining Coachella". The Huffington Post. AOL. Retrieved 2017. 
  192. ^ Strauss, Matthew (February 23, 2017). "Beyoncé Will Not Perform at Coachella 2017". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2017. 
  193. ^ "Beyoncé Cancels Coachella, Ticket Prices Drop 12 Percent". Yahoo. February 24, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  194. ^ Morris, Christopher (December 6, 2016). "2017 Grammy Awards: Adele, Beyoncé Lead Nominations". Variety. Retrieved 2016. 
  195. ^ Blair, Olivia (February 13, 2017). "Grammy Awards 2017: Beyoncé tearful as Adele dedicates Album of the Year win to Lemonade". The Independent. Retrieved 2017. 
  196. ^ Bond, Nick (February 13, 2017). "Adele refuses biggest Grammy win: 'I can't possibly accept this award'". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2017. 
  197. ^ http://people.com/celebrity/jay-z-arrives-at-hospital-after-twins-birth/
  198. ^ http://www.npr.org/sections/altlatino/2017/09/28/554394426/beyonc-joins-j-balvin-and-willy-william-for-mi-gente-remix
  199. ^ Verhoeven, Beatrice. "Beyonce Will Voice Nala in Live-Action Adaptation of 'The Lion King'". TheWrap. Retrieved 2017. 
  200. ^ White, Jack (30 November 2017). "Ed Sheeran's Perfect remix features Beyoncé". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2017. 
  201. ^ Trust, Gary (December 11, 2017). "Ed Sheeran & Beyonce's 'Perfect' Tops Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2017. 
  202. ^ a b c Rogers, Ray (May 11, 2011). "Beyoncé Q&A: The Billboard Music Awards Millennium Artist Discusses Her Career And New Album". Billboard. Retrieved 2012. 
  203. ^ a b Rosen, Jody (June 3, 2014). "The Woman on Top of the World". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014. 
  204. ^ Cardwell, Diane (September 9, 2001). "Fame; In Sync". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  205. ^ Pareles, Jon (August 1, 2005). "Empowerment, Allure and a Runway's Flair". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  206. ^ Richards, Chris (September 6, 2006). "Beyoncé's 'B'Day' Is Nothing to Celebrate". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  207. ^ Hasted, Nick (April 26, 2013). "Music review: Behold Beyoncé, the cybernetic goddess of R&B". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2013. 
  208. ^ Petridis, Alexis (November 13, 2008). "Pop review: Beyoncé, I Am ... Sasha Fierce". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012. 
  209. ^ a b Vineyard, Jennifer. "Beyoncé: Behind The B'Day Videos 1". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  210. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (October 4, 2005). "Beyoncé Shoots Down Jay-Z Marriage Rumors In Vanity Fair Interview". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  211. ^ Moss, Correy. "Beyoncé: Genuinely In Love - Part 2". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  212. ^ Neal, Rome (February 11, 2009). "Beyoncé Tries For Timeless". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  213. ^ Bronson, Fred (December 6, 2006). "Chart Beat Chat". Billboard. Retrieved 2011. 
  214. ^ Wieselman, Jarett (June 1, 2011). "Diane Warren talks greatest hits, Beyoncé & Due Voci". New York Post. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  215. ^ Caulfield, Keith; Trust, Gary (May 23, 2011). "Top 20 Hot 100 Songwriters Performance". Billboard. Retrieved 2011. 
  216. ^ "Beyoncé, Top Stars Tip Their Hats to Michael Jackson". People. June 27, 2009. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  217. ^ "One-on-one with the great Beyoncé transcript". Yahoo!. October 11, 2011. Retrieved 2014. 
  218. ^ "Michael Jackson returns to stage". BBC News. November 16, 2006. Retrieved 2014. 
  219. ^ a b c d Watson, Margeaux (August 29, 2006). "Influences: Beyoncé". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  220. ^ Caldwell, Rebecca (July 21, 2001). "Destiny's Child". The Globe and Mail. page R1.
  221. ^ "The 50 Best R&B Albums of the '90s". Complex. Retrieved 2014. 
  222. ^ Frere-Jones, Sasha (April 3, 2006). "Mariah Carey's record-breaking career". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2010. 
  223. ^ Farley, Christopher John (November 27, 2001). Aaliyah: More Than a Woman. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-5566-4. Retrieved 2011. 
  224. ^ "Exclusive: Beyoncé Talks Prince: "I Was So Scared!"". GIANT. Radio One. June 7, 2010. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  225. ^ Bickel, Britt (April 6, 2012). "Beyoncé Shares Personal Family Photos, Thanks Sade On New Website". CBS Radio. Retrieved 2012. 
  226. ^ Bain, Becky (May 18, 2013). "Beyoncé Pays Tribute To Donna Summer: "She Was An Honest And Gifted Singer"". Idolator. Retrieved 2013. 
  227. ^ Gibson, Cristina & Ashley Fultz (January 14, 2011). "Which Famous Friend's B-Day Did Jay-Z and Beyoncé Celebrate?". E!. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  228. ^ Gelman, Jason & Janine Coveney (January 11, 2001). "Inspired By". Yahoo! Music. Yahoo!!!! Inc. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  229. ^ Reid, Shaheem (July 19, 2006). "Beyoncé Asks Women To Battle Over Her For Backing-Band Roles". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  230. ^ "Beyoncé Hits Milestone". ABC News. September 7, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  231. ^ Weinstein, Farrah (September 8, 2006). "Beyoncé, Jay-Z, Christina Put The Rock in Fashion Rocks Concert". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  232. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (October 9, 2008). "Beyoncé Releases Two Tracks From 'I Am...', Inspired By Jay-Z And Etta James". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  233. ^ "Beyoncé Inspired by Michelle Obama". Rap-Up. February 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  234. ^ Alvarez, Gabriel (July 19, 2011). "Beyoncé: Mighty Fly (2011 Cover Story & Gallery)". Complex. Retrieved 2011. 
  235. ^ "Basquiat". beyonce.com. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  236. ^ Mahlmeister, Chrissy. "Beyoncé Wears Custom Jean-Michel Basquiat-Inspired Minx Nails". MTV Style. Retrieved 2013. 
  237. ^ Corner, Lewis (February 19, 2013). "Beyoncé: 'There are not enough independent women like Madonna'". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 2013. 
  238. ^ "For The Record: Quick News On Beyoncé, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Taylor Hicks, JC Chasez, Beth Orton, Slayer & More". MTV News. June 8, 2006. Retrieved 2013. 
  239. ^ Wieselman, Jarett (March 4, 2011). "The Five Best Singer/Dancers". New York Post. Retrieved 2016. 
  240. ^ Ellen, Barbara (May 24, 2009). "She's a woman of two halves". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  241. ^ Jones, Alice (May 27, 2009). "Beyoncé, 02 Arena, London: Diva who answers the call of booty". The Independent. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  242. ^ "Music exec: 'Beyoncé is greatest entertainer alive'". MSN. Retrieved 2013. 
  243. ^ Farber, Jim (June 21, 2009). "Beyoncé shows 'Fierce' and softer sides in tour kickoff at the Garden". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  244. ^ Classen, Stephanie (March 28, 2009). "Beyoncé no ordinary performer". The StarPhoenix. Retrieved 2009. [dead link]
  245. ^ http://ew.com/news/celebs-banned-from-other-countries/beyonce-malaysia
  246. ^ https://screenrant.com/beauty-and-the-beast-la-la-land-musical/
  247. ^ Crosley, Hillary (February 26, 2010). "Beyoncé Says She 'Killed' Sasha Fierce". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  248. ^ "Beyoncé Prepares for Revel Concerts (Part 2)". Rap-Up. May 25, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  249. ^ Touré (March 4, 2004). "Cover Story: A Woman Possessed". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 2, 2009. 
  250. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles". Glamour. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. 
  251. ^ Barlett, Liam (March 11, 2007). "Bootylicious Beyoncé". 60 Minutes. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  252. ^ Eisinger, Amy (May 22, 2009). "'Bootylicious' Beyoncé says it's 'sexier' to stay out of the gym". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  253. ^ Lamb, Bill (March 17, 2006). "Beyoncé and Destiny's Child Enter the Dictionary With Bootylicious". About.com. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  254. ^ Talarico, Brittany (January 4, 2011). "WATCH: Beyoncé, Julianne Moore Strut Down Tom Ford Catwalk". OK!. Retrieved 2011. 
  255. ^ Chili, Alexis (April 25, 2012). "Motherhood Makes Beyoncé Feel 'More Beautiful Than Ever'". People. Retrieved 2013. 
  256. ^ Nostro, Lauren; Patterson, Julian (December 10, 2012). "1. Beyoncé - The 100 Hottest Female Singers of All Time". Complex. Retrieved 2012. 
  257. ^ Wallace, Amy (January 9, 2013). "Miss Millennium: Beyoncé". GQ. p. 1. Retrieved 2013. 
  258. ^ "The Real Version of the Cover Everyone Is Talking About". GQ. January 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  259. ^ Viera, Bené. "VH1's 100 Sexiest Artists [Complete List]". VH1. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  260. ^ "Beyoncé's wax figure at Madame Tussauds New York". Madame Tussauds. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. 
  261. ^ "Beyoncé wax figure at Madame Tussauds Washington D.C". Madame Tussauds. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. 
  262. ^ "Beyoncé wax figure at Amsterdam". Madame Tussauds. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. 
  263. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles' wax figure at Madame Tussauds Bangkok". Madame Tussauds. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. 
  264. ^ "Beyoncé's wax figure at Madame Tussauds Hollywood". Madame Tussauds. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. 
  265. ^ "A Madame Tussauds employee moves a wax figure of Beyoncé at the international airport in Sydney". Yahoo! News (Philippines). February 28, 2013. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  266. ^ Hosking, Patrick; Wighton, David (August 8, 2007). "Beyoncé wearing one of my dresses is harmony". The Times. London. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. 
  267. ^ "Destiny's Style: Bootylicious Fashion, Beauty and Lifestyle Secrets From Destiny's Child". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. 
  268. ^ "Book Excerpt: Destiny's Style". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  269. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer. "Beyoncé: Behind The B'Day Videos 3". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  270. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles: Biography - Part 2". People. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. 
  271. ^ Goldsmith, Belinda (September 13, 2007). "Beyoncé tops fashion list". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  272. ^ "Video Premiere: 'I Was Here (Live At Roseland)'". Beyonceonline.com. November 16, 2011. Archived from the original on May 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  273. ^ "PETA surprises Beyoncé at New York dinner". Associated Press via Today. June 16, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  274. ^ "Beyoncé Criticized for 'Blackface' Photo Shoot". Rolling Stone. February 24, 2011. Archived from the original on February 24, 2011. 
  275. ^ a b Jones, Vanessa E. (August 5, 2007). "Bewitched. Bothered. Beyoncé". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  276. ^ Sweney, Mark (August 8, 2008). "Beyoncé Knowles: L'Oreal accused of 'whitening' singer in cosmetics ad". The Guardian. London. 
  277. ^ "Beyoncé L'Oreal ad controversy inspires black community backlash". NBC News. 
  278. ^ Alexander, Ella. "H&M For All: A Healthy Start". Vogue. Retrieved 2013. 
  279. ^ "When Did Beyoncé and Jay-Z Start Dating?". Capital FM. Retrieved 2014. 
  280. ^ Chandler, D.L. "Jay-Z and Beyoncé Celebrate Three Years of Wedded Bliss". MTV Rapfix. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved 2013. 
  281. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles Biography". People. Retrieved 2013. 
  282. ^ Lee, Youyoung (June 3, 2013). "Beyoncé, Jay-Z Go On Date In New York, Watch Iron Man 3". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013. 
  283. ^ "Beyoncé documentary describing 'pain and trauma' of miscarriage airs on BBC - News - TV & Radio". The Independent. Retrieved 2014. 
  284. ^ Mathur, Aditi. "You don't yet know what swag is / But you was made in Paris / And mama woke up the next day / And shot her album package". International Business Times. Retrieved 2013. 
  285. ^ Kaufman, Gil. "Beyoncé Puts 'Love On Top' At VMAs, Reveals Pregnancy". MTV News. Retrieved 2013. 
  286. ^ Mitchell, John (August 30, 2011). "Beyoncé's Album Sees Sales Surge After VMA Performance Of 'Love On Top'". MTV Newsroom. Retrieved 2011. 
  287. ^ "Beyoncé pregnancy announcement at MTV VMA's sparks Twitter world record". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2013. 
  288. ^ Smith, Catharine (August 29, 2011). "Beyoncé Pregnancy: New Twitter Record Set At MTV VMAs". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2011. 
  289. ^ "News of Beyoncé's pregnancy grips Google users, US Open, ESPN popular". Yahoo! News (Philippines). September 5, 2011. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. 
  290. ^ Bernstein, Nina (January 9, 2012). "After Beyoncé Gives Birth, Patients Protest Celebrity Security at Lenox Hill Hospital". The New York Times. 
  291. ^ Ott, Kristen (February 2, 2017). "Beyoncé's pregnancy announcement shatters world record for the Most liked image on Instagram". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2017. 
  292. ^ Harmon, Steph (July 14, 2017). "Beyoncé publishes photo of her twins on Instagram". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017. 
  293. ^ Vena, Jocelyn. "'At Last': The Story Behind The Song Beyoncé Sang For The Obamas' First Dance". MTV News. Retrieved 2013. 
  294. ^ "Beyoncé and Jay-Z Raise $4 Million for Obama at NYC Event". Rap-Up. September 19, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  295. ^ Daunt, Tina (September 18, 2012). "Beyoncé, Jay-Z Raise $4 Million for Obama in New York". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013. 
  296. ^ "I Am". Beyoncé. Retrieved 2013. 
  297. ^ Schwarz, Hunter (May 14, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's got Beyoncé. And that's important". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016. 
  298. ^ CNN, Dan Merica,. "Jay Z, Beyonce headline concert for Clinton". CNN. Retrieved 2017. 
  299. ^ O'Connor, Maureen. "Beyoncé Is a 'Feminist, I Guess'". New York. Retrieved 2013. 
  300. ^ Bury, Liz (December 13, 2013). "Beyoncé samples Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's call to feminism". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013. 
  301. ^ Bennett, Jessica. "How to Reclaim the F-Word? Just Call Beyoncé". Time. Retrieved 2017. 
  302. ^ Lee, Jolie (May 10, 2014). "Beyoncé, Jennifer Garner, Jane Lynch join 'Ban Bossy' campaign". USA Today. Retrieved 2014. 
  303. ^ Weidhase, N (2015). "'Beyoncé feminism' and the contestation of the black feminist body". Celebrity Studies. 6 (1): 128-131. doi:10.1080/19392397.2015.1005389. 
  304. ^ "Beyoncé Gay Marriage: Bey Shows Support For Gay Marriage". Vibe. Retrieved 2013. 
  305. ^ Monde, Chiderah (July 22, 2013). "Beyoncé posts photo of Daily News cover Trayvon Martin rally". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 2013. 
  306. ^ Bacle, Ariana (May 11, 2016). "Michael Brown's mother talks Lemonade appearance: 'They wanted me to look regal'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2016. 
  307. ^ Gottesman, Tamar (April 4, 2016). "Exclusive: Beyoncé Wants to Change the Conversation". Elle. Retrieved 2016. 
  308. ^ Hazel, Allison (February 24, 2017). "Beyoncé Shows Support for Transgender Students After Trump Withdraws Bathroom Protections". Billboard. Retrieved 2017. 
  309. ^ "Beyoncé & Jay-Z Top Earning Couple". MTV News. November 21, 2008. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  310. ^ a b Rose, Lacey (September 22, 2008). "World's Best-Paid Music Stars". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 7, 2009. 
  311. ^ Rose, Lacey (June 3, 2009). "Inside Beyoncé's Entertainment Empire". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  312. ^ Copsey, Robert (October 7, 2010). "GaGa, Beyoncé among most powerful women". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2011. 
  313. ^ Isaac, Cheryl (May 18, 2012). "6 Personal Branding Lessons From Forbes Celebrity 100 Women". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. 
  314. ^ "Profile: Beyoncé Knowles". Forbes. Retrieved 2012. 
  315. ^ Antunes, Anderson (August 6, 2012). "The World's Highest-Paid Celebrity Couples". Forbes. Retrieved 2012. 
  316. ^ "Beyoncé and Jay-Z Are Guinness Book's 'Power Couple'". Essence. September 20, 2010. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. 
  317. ^ O'Malley Greenburg, Zack (February 1, 2013). "Why Beyoncé Isn't Getting Paid For Her Super Bowl Halftime Gig". Forbes. Retrieved 2013. 
  318. ^ Karmali, Sarah. "Beyoncé and Jay-Z Are Music's First Billionaire Couple". Vogue. Retrieved 2013. 
  319. ^ "The World's Most Powerful Celebrities". Forbes. 2013. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. 
  320. ^ "Beyoncé Set To Become Highest Paid Black Musician". Vibe. February 17, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  321. ^ Pomerantz, Dorothy (June 30, 2014). "Beyoncé Knowles Tops The FORBES Celebrity 100 List". Forbes. Retrieved 2014. 
  322. ^ Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (July 11, 2016). "Beyoncé and Jay-Z Are The World's Highest-Paid Celebrity Couple Of 2016". Forbes. Retrieved 2016. 
  323. ^ Robehmed, Natalie (June 12, 2017). "Celebrity 100: The World's Highest-Paid Celebrities Of 2017". Forbes. Retrieved 2017. 
  324. ^ O'Malley Greenburg, Zack (May 17, 2017). "Beyoncé and Jay-Z Are Officially A Billion-Dollar Couple". Forbes. Forbes, Inc. Retrieved 2017. 
  325. ^ "Billboard's Top 50 Money Makers of 2016". Billboard. July 13, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  326. ^ "Her Highness". The New Yorker. February 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  327. ^ a b Smith, Caspar (November 29, 2009). "Beyoncé: Artist of the Decade". The Observer. London. Archived from the original on September 23, 2011. 
  328. ^ Luhrmann, Baz (April 18, 2013). "Beyoncé - The 2013 TIME 100". Time. Retrieved 2013. 
  329. ^ Sandberg, Sheryl (April 24, 2014). "Beyoncé". Time. Retrieved 2014. 
  330. ^ "Britney Spears Inspired by Ex-Boyfriend Justin Timberlake, Beyoncé". US Magazine. December 30, 2013. Retrieved 2017. 
  331. ^ "Adele: 'Beyoncé Has Always Inspired Me'". Capital London. February 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  332. ^ Harris, Kristin. "Ariana Grande's Favorite Artists: Madonna and Beyoncé". Seventeen. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. 
  333. ^ Blasberg, Derek (February 20, 2014). "Grande Dame". V. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. 
  334. ^ "Lady Gaga Recalls Beyoncé's Inspiration In MTV's 'Inside The Outside'". MTV News. Retrieved 2014. 
  335. ^ Brennan Carley (November 2, 2015). "Ellie Goulding: 'I Was As Influenced By Björk As I Was By Beyoncé'". Spin. Retrieved 2016. 
  336. ^ "Rihanna advises Idols to work like they have a hit". CablePulse 24. [dead link]
  337. ^ Moss, Corey (September 27, 2006). "Kelly Rowland Scraps Sappy Story, Picks Up Snoop". MTV News. Retrieved 2008. 
  338. ^ "Kelly Rowland: Style Icons". Essence. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. 
  339. ^ Howarth, Alice (May 26, 2014). "Sam Smith on Beyoncé, barn dances and getting the best out of your barman". GQ. Condé Nast Publications. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. 
  340. ^ Moran, Jonathan (September 4, 2011). "Former Pussycat Dolls frontwoman Nicole Scherzinger talks about her racy new single and her love for boyfriend Lewis Hamilton". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2011. 
  341. ^ Varga, George (March 20, 2012). "A chat with local 'Idol' Jessica Sanchez". U-T San Diego. MLIM Holdings. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. 
  342. ^ "Cheryl Cole Inspired By Beyoncé: She's Such A Beautiful Person". Capital FM. June 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  343. ^ Fine, Audrey. "Interview with JoJo". Seventeen. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. 
  344. ^ "New Music To Know: Meghan Trainor Doesn't Care if You're Ready For This Jelly". radio.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  345. ^ Kelefa Sanneh (September 28, 2015). "Pop for Misfits". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2016. 
  346. ^ Elliot, Natalie (February 16, 2012). "Grimes Dishes On Her Less Obvious Influences And Her DIY Tattoos". Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved 2012. 
  347. ^ Rowley, Alison (July 8, 2012). "Rita Ora: 'Beyoncé' told me to just be myself'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2012. 
  348. ^ Hasaka, Amanda (January 28, 2014). "Celebrities Who Love Beyoncé". Teen.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. 
  349. ^ "Exclusive Q&A with Alexis Jordan". J-14. Bauer Publishing. July 21, 2010. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. 
  350. ^ "Bridgit Mendler On 'Good Luck Charlie,' Music, And The Craziest Thing A Fan Has Asked Her". The Huffington Post. June 20, 2009. Retrieved 2013. 
  351. ^ "Azealia Banks: 'I'm Very Inspired by Beyoncé'". Rap-Up. November 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  352. ^ Frehsée, Nicole (December 5, 2011). "White Rabbits Start Road-Testing Beyoncé-Inspired Album". Spin. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. 
  353. ^ Mullen, Katelyn (August 4, 2011). "Beyoncé Gushes About Gwyneth Paltrow: 'She Is What I Strive to Be One Day'". The Huffington Post. 
  354. ^ Nudd, Tim (January 31, 2011). "Gwyneth Paltrow: Beyoncé's Talent Is 'Mind-Blowing'". People. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. 
  355. ^ "Beyoncé, The Rapper". Pitchfork. October 12, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  356. ^ "100 Greatest Songs of '00s". VH1. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  357. ^ "100 Best Tracks of the 00s - #10-01". NME. Retrieved 2013. 
  358. ^ Horton, Matthew (July 5, 2013). "5 Reasons Why Beyoncé's 'Crazy In Love' Is Still The Best Pop Song Of The Century". NME. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  359. ^ a b Barnett, Laura (January 14, 2009). "Forget Beyoncé's new dance". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010. 
  360. ^ Kelley, Frannie (November 23, 2009). "The Decade In Music: Beyoncé's 'Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It)' (2009)". NPR. Retrieved 2011. 
  361. ^ a b Herndon, Jessica (January 1, 2010). "Inside Story: The Making of Beyoncé's 'Single Ladies'". People. Retrieved 2010. 
  362. ^ Misick, Bobbi (June 2, 2010). "Beyoncé's "Single Ladies" Timeline - The single woman's anthem". Essence. Retrieved 2010. 
  363. ^ Markman, Rob. "Drake Shows Beyoncé Love, But Rejects New Friends On New Singles". MTV News. Retrieved 2013. 
  364. ^ Atherton, Ben (January 13, 2012). "CSIRO unveils bootylicious Beyoncé fly". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 2012. 
  365. ^ "Beyoncé exhibit coming to Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". CBS News. Associated Press. July 18, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  366. ^ Kussin, Zachary (December 27, 2016). "Curvy 'Beyoncé tower' on the rise in Australia". Retrieved 2017. 
  367. ^ "According to Nielsen SoundScan, A Breakdown of Beyoncé's US & Worldwide Album Sales". Huffington Post. November 14, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  368. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 30, 2015). "Beyoncé's 'Dangerously in Love' Surpasses 5 Million Sold in U.S". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2015. 
  369. ^ "There's one huge difference between Madonna and Beyoncé". Quartz. Retrieved 2016. 
  370. ^ Grein, Paul (February 6, 2014). "Chart Watch: Oh Lorde Is She Hot". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 2014. 
  371. ^ "The 50 people who matter today: 41-50". New Statesman. September 24, 2009. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. 
  372. ^ Trust, Gary (May 28, 2010). "Ask Billboard: Beyoncé Vs. Gaga Vs. Rihanna". Billboard. Retrieved 2010. 
  373. ^ "Artists of the Decade Music Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2012. 
  374. ^ "The Top 50 R&B/Hip Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years". Billboard. p. 4. Retrieved 2011. 
  375. ^ Graham, Mark (February 13, 2012). "VH1's 100 Greatest Women In Music (Complete List)". VH1. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. 
  376. ^ Kent, Julie (November 19, 2007). "Beyoncé First Female to Win AMA's International Artist Award". Cleveland Leader. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. 
  377. ^ "Beyoncé to be Honored with Billboard Millennium Award at Billboard Music Awards". Billboard. May 9, 2011. Retrieved 2012. 
  378. ^ Shriver, Jerry (February 1, 2010). "One fierce night for Beyoncé, Swift and Gaga at the Grammys". USA Today. Retrieved 2010. 
  379. ^ "Past Winners Search - Beyoncé". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2011. 
  380. ^ Renshaw, David (December 6, 2016). "Beyoncé Is Now The Most-Nominated Woman Artist In Grammy History". The Fader. Retrieved 2016. 
  381. ^ "And The GRAMMY Went To..... Adele". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States. Retrieved 2013. 
  382. ^ "Beyoncé Wins Big at BET Awards". Rap-Up. Retrieved 2016. 
  383. ^ Hosking, Patrick; Wighton, David (December 15, 2006). "Nominees for the 2007 Golden Globe Awards in full". The Times. London. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. 
  384. ^ "President, Celebrities Announce 38th NAACP Image Award Nominees" (Press release). National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). January 9, 2007. Archived from the original on July 9, 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  385. ^ "Film critics honour The Departed". BBC. January 13, 2007. Retrieved 2013. 
  386. ^ "100 MOST AWARD-WINNING ARTISTS: DRAKE, XTINA, MACKLEMORE & MORE". fuse. Fuse Networks, LLC. March 10, 2014. Retrieved 2016. 
  387. ^ "100 Most Award-Winning Artists". Fuse. Retrieved 2016. 
  388. ^ "Margaret Thatcher tops Woman's Hour Power List", BBC News (Arts & Entertainment), December 14, 2016.
  389. ^ Ives, Nat (December 18, 2002). "Pepsi Switches To a New Voice Of a Generation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  390. ^ "Britney, Beyoncé, Pink star in Pepsi ad". USA Today. January 27, 2004. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  391. ^ Sisario, Ben (December 9, 2012). "In Beyoncé Deal, Pepsi Focuses on Collaboration". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012. 
  392. ^ Arumugam, Nadia (January 20, 2013). "White House Removes Petition Demanding Pepsi Spokesperson Beyoncé Ousted From Inauguration Lineup". Forbes. Retrieved 2013. 
  393. ^ "Pepsi/Beyoncé and Chanel/Brad Pitt Battle for Most Celebrity Spokesperson Chatter: NetBase Evaluates Endorsement Buzz Winners". Market Wired. April 10, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  394. ^ Jessen, Monique & Stephen Silverman (June 22, 2004). "Beyoncé Launches New True Star Fragrance". People. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  395. ^ "For The Record: Quick News On Britney Spears, Kevin Federline, Paris Hilton, Beyoncé, Beanie Sigel, Madonna & More". MTV News. November 9, 2005. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  396. ^ "Beyoncé stars in new fragrance campaign". USA Today. August 8, 2007. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  397. ^ "Beyoncé Launches Her First Fragrance: Beyoncé Heat". People. December 18, 2009. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  398. ^ Poulter, Sean (November 18, 2010). "Beyoncé's Heat perfume advertisement deemed too sexy for UK daytime TV". Herald Sun. Retrieved 2011. 
  399. ^ "Beyoncé's scents have Jay-Z's approval". The Indian Express. March 7, 2011. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  400. ^ "Coty Beauty Introduces Beyoncé Pulse" (Press release). Coty Beauty. June 16, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  401. ^ a b Carter, Holly (August 8, 2013). "Beyoncé Has the No. 1 Selling Celebrity Fragrance Line - Let's Have a Dance Party!". People. Retrieved 2013. 
  402. ^ Naughton, Julie (August 9, 2013). "Beyoncé Wraps Tour With Scent Success". Women's Wear Daily. Fairchild Fashion Media. Retrieved 2013.  (subscription required)
  403. ^ Michaels, Sean (April 28, 2011). "Beyoncé sued for $100m by video game developer". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011. 
  404. ^ "Beyoncé Knowles settles with gaming company". Retrieved 2013. [dead link]
  405. ^ Totilo, Stephen (March 19, 2009). "Beyoncé Promotes Nintendo Game, Admits Weakness For 'Super Mario'". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  406. ^ Mitchell, Gail (October 2, 2009). "Beyoncé: The Billboard Q&A". Billboard. Retrieved 2009. 
  407. ^ "Jay-Z Buys the Music Streaming Firm, Aspiro". NY Times. March 13, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  408. ^ Flanagan, Andrew (March 30, 2015). "It's Official: Jay-Z's Historic Tidal Launches With 16 Artist Stakeholders". Billboard. Retrieved 2015. 
  409. ^ Sisario, Ben (March 30, 2015). "Jay-Z Reveals Plans for Tidal, a Streaming Music Service". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  410. ^ a b c d "Beyoncé Fashion Diva Hits the Runway as the Most Stylish Game for Phones" (Press release). Business Wire. January 15, 2008. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  411. ^ Silverman, Stephen (November 16, 2005). "Beyoncé Unveils Her New Fashion Line". People. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  412. ^ "Celebrity fashion labels: The good, the bad and the ugly". CNN. September 26, 2011. Retrieved 2013. 
  413. ^ Adenitire, Adenike (June 8, 2005). "Destiny's Child Put On A Fashion Show At U.K. Concert". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  414. ^ Moss, Corey (April 12, 2005). "Beyoncé In Talks For Potential 'Dream' Film Role". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  415. ^ Butler, Meredith (August 15, 2005). "Rancho Bernardo company teams with singer". North Country Times. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  416. ^ a b Kaplan, Julee (July 1, 2009). "Beyoncé and Tina Knowles Launch Sasha Fierce". Women's Wear Daily. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  417. ^ a b "Dereon by Beyoncé for C&A". Fashionlooks.com. June 29, 2010. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. 
  418. ^ Alter, Charlotte (October 27, 2014). "Beyoncé Launching Athletic Brand With Topshop". Time. Retrieved 2014. 
  419. ^ Adamczyk, Alicia (October 27, 2014). "Beyoncé To Launch Activewear Brand With Topshop". Forbes. Retrieved 2014. 
  420. ^ "Beyoncé talks about her athleisure brand Ivy Park and the pressure to be perfect". The Telegraph. April 6, 2016. Retrieved 2017. 
  421. ^ "The Survivor Foundation Established by Knowles and Rowland Families to Provide Transitional Housing for Hurricane Evacuees". Business Wire. 2005. Retrieved 2013. 
  422. ^ "Philanthropy". Music World. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved 2013. 
  423. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (October 15, 2008). "Beyoncé's Survivor Foundation Helps Hurricane Ike Victims". MTV Newsroom. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  424. ^ "Beyoncé Added to Haiti Telethon". Rap-Up. January 20, 2010. Retrieved 2010. 
  425. ^ Daly, Bridget (February 10, 2010). "Beyoncé Named Face of Fashion for Haiti T-Shirt". Holly Scoop. Archived from the original on February 3, 2012. 
  426. ^ "America's Fashion Industry Donates $1 Million to the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund". 
  427. ^ Conley, Mikaela (April 29, 2011). "Beyoncé Joins Michelle Obama's Initiative To Fight Childhood Obesity". ABC. Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. 
  428. ^ "Beyoncé Wants You to "Move Your Body"". Rap-Up. April 8, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  429. ^ Martin, Dan (May 6, 2011). "Beyoncé debuts charity single God Bless the USA". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011. 
  430. ^ "About Mayors Against Illegal Guns". demandaction.org. Retrieved 2013. 
  431. ^ "Gun Control: Celebrities 'Demand a Plan'". Sky News. December 22, 2012. Retrieved 2013. 
  432. ^ Hart, Tina (August 20, 2012). "Beyoncé helps break 1bn social media milestone for World Humanitarian Day". Music Week. Retrieved 2012. 
  433. ^ "World Humanitarian Day - 19 August". Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  434. ^ Karmali, Sarah (February 28, 2013). "Beyoncé Leads New Gucci Empowerment Campaign". Vogue. Retrieved 2013. 
  435. ^ Talarico, Brittany (April 17, 2013). "Katy Perry, Blake Lively Join Beyoncé and Gucci to Empower Women". People. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  436. ^ "Line Up". Chime for Change. Archived from the original on December 19, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  437. ^ McKnight, Jenni (April 8, 2013). "Beyoncé reveals her biggest inspiration is her mother as she sees the 'best qualities' in everybody". Metro News. Retrieved 2015. 
  438. ^ "Cameron Diaz, Evan Rachel Wood, Florence Welch, Freida Pinto, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jada Pinkett Smith, John Legend, Julia Roberts, Kylie Minogue, Olivia Wilde, Ziggy Marley And Zoe Saldana Join Chime For Change Co Founders Beyoncé Knowles - Carter, Frida Giannini And Salma Hayek Pinault To Celebrate The Most Inspirational Girls And Women In Their Lives" (PDF). Chime For Change. London, UK. May 15, 2013. Retrieved 2015. 
  439. ^ "About: Miss A Meal". Miss A Meal. Retrieved 2013. 
  440. ^ "Beyoncé is Lending Her Voice for GOOD". Reuters. April 15, 2013. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  441. ^ "charitybuzz". Beyonce.com. April 15, 2013. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  442. ^ "See Which Star Was Named Most Charitable Celeb of 2016". Retrieved 2017. 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Beyonce
 



 

Music Scenes