The Baroness Hale of Richmond
|President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
5 September 2017 - 11 January 2020
|Robert Reed, Lord Reed|
|Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
28 June 2013 - 4 September 2017
|Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
1 October 2009
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
12 January 2004 - 30 September 2009
|Lady Justice of Appeal|
|High Court Judge|
|Member of the House of Lords|
Lord Temporal (Judicial Peer)
12 January 2004 - 1 October 2009
|7th Chancellor of the University of Bristol|
|Sir Jeremy Morse|
|Sir Paul Nurse|
|Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong|
30 July 2018
Brenda Marjorie Hale
31 January 1945
Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
|Alma mater||Girton College, Cambridge|
Brenda Marjorie Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, (born 31 January 1945), known as Lady Hale, is a British judge who served as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom from 2017 to 2020.
In 2004, she joined the House of Lords as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She is the only woman to have been appointed to that position. She served as a Law Lord until 2009 when she, along with the other Law Lords, transferred to the new Supreme Court as a result of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. She served as Deputy President of the Supreme Court from 2013 to 2017.
On 5 September 2017, Hale was appointed under the Premiership of Theresa May to serve as President of the Supreme Court, and was sworn in on 2 October 2017. She is the third person and first woman to serve in the role. Hale is one of three women to have been appointed to the Supreme Court (alongside Lady Black and Lady Arden).
On the 11th January 2020, Lady Hale was succeeded by Lord Reed as President of Supreme Court. She will sit for a month on Hong Kong's court of final appeal before officially retiring on the 31st of January 2020.
Brenda Marjorie Hale was born on 31 January 1945 in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire. Both her parents were headteachers. She has two sisters. Hale lived in Redcar until the age of three when she moved with her parents to Richmond, North Yorkshire. She was educated at the Richmond High School for Girls (now part of Richmond School), where she and her two sisters were all head girls. She later studied at Girton College, Cambridge (the first from her school to attend Cambridge), where she read law. Hale was one of six women in her class, which had 110 men, and graduated with a starred first and top of her class in 1966.
After becoming an assistant law lecturer at the Victoria University of Manchester (now the University of Manchester), she was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1969, topping the list in the bar finals for that year.
Working part-time as a barrister, Hale spent 18 years mostly in academia, becoming Professor of Law at Manchester in 1986. Two years earlier, she became the first woman and youngest person to be appointed to the Law Commission, overseeing a number of important reforms in family law during her nine years with the Commission. In 1989, she was appointed Queen's Counsel.
Hale was appointed a Recorder (a part-time circuit judge) in 1989, and in 1994 became a judge in the Family Division of the High Court of Justice (styled The Honourable Mrs Justice Hale). Upon her appointment, as is convention, she was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE). In 1999, Hale followed Dame Elizabeth Butler-Sloss to become only the second woman to be appointed to the Court of Appeal (styled The Right Honourable Lady Justice Hale), entering the Privy Council at the same time.
On 12 January 2004, she was appointed the first female Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and was created a life peer as Baroness Hale of Richmond, of Easby in the County of North Yorkshire, under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876.
In June 2013, she was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to succeed Lord Hope of Craighead. In September 2017, she was appointed President of the Supreme Court to succeed Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury.
On 21 March 2018, the Hong Kong judiciary announced her nomination as a non-permanent judge from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal. Her appointment was accompanied by the appointments of Andrew Cheung and Beverley McLachlin. The appointment was gazetted by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam and took effect 30 July 2018 for a three-year term.
In December 2018, during an interview to mark the centenary of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919, Lady Hale argued that the judiciary needed to become more diverse so that the public have greater confidence in judges. Hale called for a more balanced gender representation on the UK's highest court and swifter progress promoting those from minority ethnic backgrounds and with "less privileged lives". However, Hale objected to the idea of positive discrimination because "no one wants to feel they have got the job in any way other than on their own merits".
In September 2019, as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Lady Hale declared the prime minister Boris Johnson's suspension of parliament unlawful. A ruling which Hale described as "a source of, not pride, but satisfaction."
On 2 November 2018, she delivered an SLS Centenary Lecture at the University of Essex, United Kingdom, on the topic of "All Human Beings? Reflection on the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights"
|England||1966||Girton College, Cambridge||Starred First Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL)|
|England||1969||Gray's Inn||Called to the bar |
|England||2004-present||Girton College, Cambridge||Visitor|
|England||2004 – 2016||University of Bristol||Chancellor|
|England||2015 – present||Law Society of the University of Cambridge||Honorary President |
|England||July 2017 – present||University of Bristol||Honorary Fellowship |
|England||17 December 2019 – present||University College London||Honorary Law Professor |
|England||2020 – present||Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford||Visiting Fellow |
|England||2005||University of Cambridge||Doctorate |
|England||2006||University of Hull||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||July 2007||University of Reading||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||27 February 2009||University of the West of England||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||July 2010||University of Salford||Doctorate |
|England||July 2011||University of Kent||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||2016||University of Worcester||Doctorate |
|England||2018||York St John University||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||26 July 2019||Edge Hill University||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||2019||University of Bradford||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
|England||London School of Economics||Doctor of Laws (LL.D) |
In 1968, Hale married Anthony Hoggett, a fellow law lecturer at Manchester, with whom she had one daughter. The marriage was dissolved in 1992. In the same year, she married Julian Farrand, former dean of the law faculty at Manchester , and subsequently Pensions Ombudsman.
The Lord Millett
| Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
|New office|| Justice of the Supreme Court
The Lord Hope of Craighead
| Deputy President of the Supreme Court
The Lord Mance
The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
| President of the Supreme Court
The Lord Reed of Allermuir
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
| Visitor of Girton College, Cambridge
Sir Jeremy Morse
| Chancellor of the University of Bristol
Sir Paul Nurse