Barentsoya
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Barentsoya
Barentsøya
Barentsøya.png
Geography
LocationArctic Ocean
Coordinates78°25?N 21°27?E / 78.417°N 21.450°E / 78.417; 21.450Coordinates: 78°25?N 21°27?E / 78.417°N 21.450°E / 78.417; 21.450
ArchipelagoSvalbard
Area1,288 km2 (497 sq mi)
558 km2 (215 sq mi) glaciated.
Coastline205 km (127.4 mi)
Highest elevation666 m (2,185 ft)
Highest pointSolveigdomen
Administration
Norway
Demographics
Population0

Barentsøya, sometimes anglicized as Barents Island, is an island in the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, lying between Edgeøya and Spitsbergen. Barents Island has no permanent human inhabitants. Named for the Dutch explorer Willem Barents (who actually never sighted the island), it is a part of Søraust-Svalbard Nature Reserve.[1]

Barentsøya is an Arctic island. Around 43 per cent of its area of 1,288 square kilometres (497 sq mi) is glaciated. To the north, in the sound between Barentsøya and Spitsbergen, lies the island of Kükenthaløya. To the south, the sound separating Barents Island from Edgeøya is Freemansundet.

In geologic time much of the surface rock has been eroded by glaciation.[2] The entire area is visited by polar bears, who have a recognisable genetic differentiation specialised to the Barents Sea region. At Dørstubukta there is also a large nesting mainly used by kittiwakes.[3]

Geography

Aerial view of Edgeoya and Barentsøya

Barentsøya has an approximately square shape, with maximum lengths and widths of about fifty kilometers,[4] and an area of 1,288 km2 (497 sq mi). A significant part of the island, more than 500 km2 (190 sq mi), is glaciated. The ice cap of Barentsjøkulen covers a large part of the island, with the largest offspring Besselsbreen (north), Duckwitzbreen (west), Freemanbreen (south), and Hübnerbreen (southeast).[5][6][7][8][9] Barentsjøkulen has the two large ice domes of Peer Gyntslottet and Solveigdomen.[10][11] The mountain of Schweinfurthberget is a nunatak of Barentsjøkulen.[12]

At the northern side of Barentsøya is the ice-free peninsula of Frankenhalvøya, between Ginevra Bay at the western side and Dorstbukta to the east.[13][14]Grimheia is an ice-free mountainous area extending over a length of about thirteen kilometers at the northern part of the island.[15] The westernmost point of the island is the headland of Mistakodden.[16] At the southern part of Barentsøya are the mountains of Krefftberget and Høgrinden, while Jeppeberget is located to the southeast.[17][18][19] The largest lakes of the island are Veslemjøsa in Heimarka, and Dalskilvatnet between the valleys of Sjodalen and Grimdalen.[20][21]

Nesting at Dørstubukta in northeast Barentsøya

See also

References

  1. ^ Susan Barr. "Barentsøya". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Svalbard Images
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan, 2008
  4. ^ "Barentsøya (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Barentsjøkulen (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Besselsbreen (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Duckwitzbreen (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Freemanbreen (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Hübnerbreen (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Peer Gyntslottet (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Solveigdomen (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Schweinfurthberget (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ "Frankenhalvøya (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "Dorstbukta (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "Grimheia (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ "Mistakodden (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Krefftberget (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ "Høgrinden (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ "Jeppeberget (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  20. ^ "Veslemjøsa (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.
  21. ^ "Dalskilvatnet (Svalbard)". Norwegian Polar Institute. Retrieved 2015.

Line notes

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Barentsoya
 



 



 
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