Barbara Aland (1998)
|Born||12 April 1937|
|Sub-discipline||New Testament studies|
|School or tradition||New Testament textual criticism|
|Main interests||the text of the New Testament|
|Notable ideas||Categories of New Testament manuscripts|
Barbara Aland, née Ehlers (born 12 April 1937 in Hamburg, Germany) is a German theologian and was a Professor of New Testament Research and Church History at Westphalian Wilhelms-University of Münster until 2002.
After having completed her degree of Theology and Classical Philology in Frankfurt, Marburg and Kiel she received the PhD (dissertation on the Socratic Aischines) in 1964 in Frankfurt/Germany. In 1969 she gained her licentiate at the "Oriental Faculty" of Pontificio Istituto Biblico in Rome, Italy. In 1972 she could habilitate in Göttingen about the Syrian gnostic Bardesanes of Edessa. Since 1972 she acted as private lecturer, later on she became professor for "Church History and New Testament Research with eminently consideration of Christian Orient" at the Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakultät in Münster, Germany. In 1983 she became director of the Institute for New Testament Textual Research (which was founded in 1959 by her husband Kurt Aland) and also the Bible Museum.
This institute achieved worldwide significance by publishing the "Nestle-Aland" - Novum Testamentum Graece and the UBS Greek New Testament. Until her retirement Barbara Aland was also the director of Hermann-Kunst-Stiftung for Promotion of New Testament Research. She is still working academically in her retirement.
Aland gained an international profile due to the work on the Novum Testamentum Graece and the Greek New Testament which she carried out with her husband Kurt Aland. Both of them collaborated significantly with an international and interconfessional group of theologians on the approvement and updating of the "Nestle-Aland" - Novum Testamentum Graece and also "Greek New Testament". These editions (published by the Institute in Münster) form the basis of apprenticeship and research worldwide.
She published the first installments of the "Editio Critica Maior" in 1997. This edition was the first to be based on the complete tradition of Greek manuscripts, patristic citations, and ancient versions.
In 1999 she was a founding member of the "Academia Platonica Septima Monasteriensis", which does not focus its attention primarily on the works of Plato, but rather on the writings of his early interpreters, from ancient times until the Renaissance. The Academy's goal is to promote the study of Platonist writings.
Barbara Aland achieved the following honorary doctoral degrees:
She received following awards:
Editions of the New Testament