Banner of Victory
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Banner of Victory
"Banner of Victory #5" was raised just below a statue on the roof of the Reichstag building

The Soviet Banner of Victory (Russian: , romanizedZnamya Pobedy) is the banner raised by the Red Army soldiers on the Reichstag building in Berlin, on May 1, 1945, the day after Adolf Hitler committed suicide. It was raised by three Soviet soldiers: Alexei Berest, Mikhail Yegorov, and Meliton Kantaria.

The Victory Banner, made under battlefield conditions, is the official symbol of the Victory of the Soviet people against Nazi Germany during the Second World War. It is also one of the national treasures of Russia. The Cyrillic inscription reads:

150th Rifle, Order of Kutuzov 2nd class, Idritsa Division, 79th Rifle Corps, 3rd Shock Army, 1st Belorussian Front.

Although this flag was not the only one to be hoisted on the Reichstag, it was the first and only survivor of all the "official" flags specially prepared to be raised there. On May 9, during Victory Day parade in Moscow, a copy of Victory Banner #5 is carried immediately behind the Russian flag by members of the Moscow Commandant's Regiment Honor and Colors Guards. (In 2015 the order was reversed.)

According to the Law of the Russian Federation, the Banner of Victory is to be stored forever in a place which provides its safety and public availability.

How it happened

The original Victory Banner is saved in the Central Museum of the Armed Forces, Moscow
The original Victory Banner is saved in the Central Museum of the Armed Forces, Moscow

Yeltsin's Victory Banner

The banner that Boris Yeltsin approved, in a presidential decree, in 1996, was the flag of the Russian Army

There was a variation of the Soviet flag, without the hammer and sickle, to which president Boris Yeltsin gave a status similar to that of the national flag, on April 5, 1996. President Vladimir Putin also adopted the Victory Banner as the official flag of the Russian Army. This flag was named after the flag raised on the Reichstag, but it is also called Victory Flag.

Today this variation is no longer an official symbol. The Russian Ground Forces flag was once again changed to a flag without the Soviet-era star.[2][3]

The flags to be used for celebrations of the Soviet Victory Day were defined by a federal law.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Russian archive: Second World War: B. 15 (4-5). Fight for Berlin (Red Army in the defeated Germany).-- M.: Terra, 1995. Chapter III. «Banner above Reichtag»
  2. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2007-12-10. Retrieved .
  3. ^ ? «? ? ? , ? - , ? ? ? »
  4. ^ ? 7 2007 ?. N 68- "? ? "

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