|Established||14 May 1928|
|Ownership||Government of Greece|
|Central bank of||Greece|
|Succeeded by||European Central Bank (2001)1|
|1 The Bank of Greece still exists but many functions have been taken over by the ECB.|
The Bank of Greece (Greek: ? ? Trapeza tis Ellados, abbreviated ) is the central bank of Greece. Its headquarters is located in Athens on Panepistimiou Street, but it also has several branches across the country. It was founded in 1927 and its operations started officially in 1928. The building that currently houses its headquarters was completed ten years later in 1938.
The Bank of Greece, a member of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB), is the national central bank of Greece and was established by Law 3424/7 December 1927. The shares of the Bank of Greece are registered and have been listed on the Athens Exchange since June 12, 1930.
It is a partially state owned S.A. share company with special privileges, special restrictions, and duties. It cannot operate as a commercial bank and the percentage of shares that can be under Greek state ownership cannot exceed 35% (initially this limit was 10%). It has a staff of more than 3,000 employees.
The primary objective of the Bank of Greece is to ensure price stability in Greece. It also supervises the private banks and acts as a treasurer and fiscal agent for the Greek government. Since law 3867/2010 was passed the Bank of Greece is also responsible for supervising private insurance companies, merging with the Committee for the Supervision of Insurance Companies established by law 3229/2004.
The Bank of Greece also sells gold sovereigns.
|Officeholder||Entered office||Left office||Notes|
|Alexandros Diomidis||April 21, 1928||September 29, 1931||Prime Minister 1949-50|
|Emmanouil Tsouderos||October 31, 1931||August 13, 1935||First term|
|Emmanouil Tsouderos||March 20, 1936||July 10, 1939||Second term; Prime Minister 1941-44 (in exile)|
|Ioannis Drosopoulos||July 10, 1939||July 28, 1939|
|Kyriakos Varvaresosa||August 4, 1939||February 2, 1946|
|Xenophon Zolotas||October 12, 1944||January 8, 1945||First term; co-Governor|
|Georgios Mantzavinos||February 11, 1946||February 2, 1955|
|Xenophon Zolotas||February 5, 1955||August 7, 1967||Second term|
|Dimitrios Galanis||August 7, 1967||May 4, 1973|
|Konstantinos Papagiannis||May 7, 1973||August 9, 1974|
|Panagis Papaligouras||August 9, 1974||October 24, 1974|
|Xenophon Zolotas||November 26, 1974||November 3, 1981||Third term; Prime Minister 1989-90|
|Gerasimos Arsenis||November 3, 1981||February 20, 1984|
|Dimitrios Chalikias||February 20, 1984||February 20, 1992|
|Efthymios Christodoulou||February 20, 1992||December 1, 1993|
|Ioannis Boutos||December 1, 1993||October 26, 1994|
|Lucas Papademos||October 26, 1994||June 14, 2002||Prime Minister 2011-12|
|Nikolaos Garganas||June 14, 2002||June 14, 2008||Greek Financial Audit, 2004|
|Georgios Provopoulos||June 20, 2008||June 20, 2014||Greek government-debt crisis; European debt crisis|
|Yannis Stournaras||20 June 2014||Incumbent||Greek government-debt crisis; European debt crisis|
a During the Axis occupation of Greece (1941-44), Governor Kyriakos Varvaresos followed the Greek government in exile to London. The collaborationist governments in Greece fired Varvaresos in 1941 and appointed first Miltiadis Negrepontis as Governing Counsellor (April 24, 1941 - July 3, 1941) and then Dimitrios Santis (July 3, 1941 - January 20, 1943) and finally Theodoros Tourkovasilis (April 19, 1943 - April 13, 1944) as Governors. After the liberation all dismissals and appointments by occupation-era governments concerning members of the administration of the Bank of Greece were declared null and void.
The deputy governor (Greek: , romanized: ypodioik?tés) is the Bank's second-in-line officer. Traditionally the Deputy Governors' main remit is administration, whereas Governors supervise monetary policy at large.
(*): During the Axis occupation of Greece (1941-44), Deputy Governor Georgios Mantzavinos followed the Greek government in exile to London. The collaborationist governments in Greece fired Mantzavinos in 1941 and appointed Andreas Papadimitriou (July 3, 1941 - November 18, 1941) and Spyridon Hatzikyriakos (April 5, 1943 - October 5, 1944) as Deputy Governors. After the liberation all dismissals and appointments by occupation-era governments concerning members of the administration of the Bank of Greece were declared null and void.
 Hellenic Parliament June 2015 Page 22