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A bamboula is a type of drum made from a rum barrel with skin stretched over one end. It is also a dance accompanied by music from these drums.
Originating in Africa, the bamboula form appears in a Haitian song in 1757 and bamboula became a dance syncopation performed to the rhythm of the drum during festivals and ceremonies in Haiti (then Saint-Domingue). It was then exported to the United States (notably Mobile, Alabama, and the Virgin Islands) through Louisiana, by the Africans that were deported to New Orleans during the 18th century with the arrival of the displaced French settlers of the island of San Domingo especially after the Haitian Revolution. The slaves congregated on the Congo Square to the edge of the area of the French Quarter of New Orleans to dance the bamboula.
In 1848, Louisiana, Louis Moreau Gottschalk was born in New Orleans but also a native of Saint-Domingue by his mother, who wrote the first swing, entitled The Bamboula.
Use as an ethnic slur
In the present-day French language, the word bamboula has become an ethnic slur, directed at black people.
- ^ Valdman, Albert (1998). Dictionary of Louisiana Creole. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-33451-0.
- ^ Society of Arts and Crafts (1919). Theatre Arts. New York: Theatre Publications, Inc.
- ^ Federal Writers' Project, Writers' Program (1947). Louisiana: A Guide to the State. New York: Hastings House. pp. 98, 279.
- ^ Courlander, Harold. A Treasury of Afro-American Folklore: The Oral Literature, Traditions, Recollections, Legends, Tales, Songs, Religious Beliefs, Customs, Sayings and Humor of Peoples of African American Descent in the Americas. Marlowe Company. pp. 94-95. ISBN 978-1-56924-501-9.
- ^ "Justice for Theo: 'Police abuse is an everyday thing'". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved .
- ^ Amiri, Maral. "Un enseignant condamné pour avoir appelé son élève " bamboula "". www.afrik.com. Retrieved .
- ^ DH.be. ""Bamboula, rentre chez toi, sale nègre"" (in French). Retrieved .