Balchik
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Balchik
Balchik

Coat of arms of Balchik
Coat of arms
Balchik is located in Bulgaria
Balchik
Balchik
Location of Balchik
Coordinates: 43°25?N 28°10?E / 43.417°N 28.167°E / 43.417; 28.167Coordinates: 43°25?N 28°10?E / 43.417°N 28.167°E / 43.417; 28.167
CountryBulgaria
Province (Oblast)Dobrich
Government
 o MayorNikolay Angelov
Elevation
199 m (653 ft)
Population
(2018-12-31)[1][2][3]
 o City11,052
 o Urban
19,331
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
9600
Area code(s)0579

Balchik (Bulgarian: , Romanian: Balcic) is a Black Sea coastal town and a seaside resort in the Southern Dobruja area of northeastern Bulgaria. It is located in Dobrich Province, 35 km southeast of Dobrich and 42 km northeast of Varna. The town sprawls scenically along hilly terraces descending from the Dobruja plateau to the sea. It is often called "The white city" because of the white color of the hills.

Etymology

The town is named after the medieval ruler Balik, brother of Dobrotitsa, after whom is named the city of Dobrich.

History

Balchik's centre
Balchik's centre
The Balchik Botanical Garden

Founded as a Thracian settlement, it was later colonised by the Ionian ancient Greeks with the name Krounoi (Ancient Greek: ?) (renamed as Dionysopolis (Ancient Greek: ), after the discovery of a statue of Dionysus in the sea).[4] Later became a Greek-Byzantine and Bulgarian fortress. Under the Ottoman Empire, the town came to be known with its present name, which perhaps derived from a Gagauz word meaning "small town".[5] Another opinion is that its actual name derived from that of a local noble - Balik.

After the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878, Balchik developed as centre of a rich agricultural region, wheat-exporting port, and district (okoliya) town, and later, as a major tourist destination with the beachfront resort of Albena to its south.

After the Second Balkan War, in 1913, the town was renamed Balcic and became part of the Kingdom of Romania. It was regained by Bulgaria during World War I (1916-1919), but Romania restored its authority when hostilities in the region ceased. In 1940, just before the outbreak of World War II in the region, Balchik was ceded by Romania to Bulgaria by the terms of the Craiova Treaty.

During Romania's administration, the Balchik Palace was the favourite summer residence of Queen Marie of Romania and her immediate family. The town is the site of Marie's Oriental villa, the place where her heart was kept, in accordance with her last wishes, until 1940 (when the Treaty of Craiova awarded the region back to Bulgaria). It was then moved to Bran Castle, in central Romania. Today, the Balchik Palace and the adjacent Balchik Botanical Garden are the town's most popular landmarks and a popular tourist sightseeing destination.

During the inter-war period, Balchik was also a favorite destination for Romanian avant-garde painters, lending his name to an informal school of post-impressionist painters - the Balcic School of Painting [6]- which is central in the development of Romanian 20th-century painting. Many works of the artists composing the group depict the town's houses and the Turkish inhabitants, as well as the sea.

Population

The city's population is 11,051 people (data from National Statistics Institute - Bulgaria, 2018). The total population of Balchik municipality is 19,331.

According to an estimate by Bulgarian historian Rayna Gavrilova the Bulgarian population before 1878 was only around 10%.[7]

The ethnic composition has gradually changed from mostly Gagauz and Tatar/Turkish to predominantly Bulgarian. According to the latest 2011 census data, Balchik's ethnic composition is the following:[8][9]

  • Bulgarians: 7,916 (72.9%)
  • Turks: 1,715 (15.8%)
  • Gypsies: 954 (8.8%)
  • Others: 191 (1.8%)
  • Indefinable: 79 (0.7%)
  • Undeclared: 755 (6.5%)

Culture

Art

Held each year since 1991, "The Process – Space Art Festival" is an annual international festival of Contemporary Art, which takes place over two weeks in June.[10] Balchik Palace also hosts In the Palace International Short Film Festival.

Music

Held annually each summer since 2006 in the nearby town of Kavarna, the Kavarna Rock Fest hosts top-name bands for a three-day festival. Previous acts have included Motorhead, Twisted Sister, Motley Crew, Scorpions, Alice Cooper, Deep Purple, and the Michael Schenker Group.[11]

Since a few years the major has cancelled the http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=Kavarna_Rock_Fest due to different music preference.

Sports

Balchik is becoming well known internationally as a golfing destination. There are three 18-hole championship golf courses within the local vicinity, two designed by Gary Player - Thracian Cliffs GC and BlackSeaRama GC; and one designed by Ian Woosnam - Lighthouse GC. A fourth 18-hole golf course is currently in the planning stages.[12]

Trivia

Twin towns and sister cities

Balchik is twinned with:[14]

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ (in English) http://www.nsi.bg/en/content/6704/population-districts-municipalities-place-residence-and-sex#contBulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2018] Archived July 5, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ (in English) ,,WorldCityPopulation"
  3. ^ ",,pop-stat.mashke.org"". mashke.org. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ An inventory of archaic and classical poleis By Mogens Herman Hansen, Thomas Heine Nielsen, Kobenhavns universitet. Polis centret Page 932 ISBN 0-19-814099-1
  5. ^ ? ?, ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? - ? ... Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Balcica Maciuca, Balcic, Editura Universalia, Bucure?ti, 2001
  7. ^ Gavrilova, Raina:"Bulgarian urban culture in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries" p.47.
  8. ^ (in Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute Archived September 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute Archived 2013-05-21 at the Wayback Machine (in Bulgarian)
  10. ^ "Process - Space Art Festival". processspace.net. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ "Kavarna Rock Fest 2016: First 3 Bands Confirmed - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "New Golf Complex May Be Built near Bulgaria's Balchik - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ Hotels in Bulgaria project surge in Russian tourist arrivals at Balchik airport, The Sofia Echo, 8. August 2011.
  14. ^ "Web_Based_Twinning". projects-namrb.org/ (in Bulgarian). NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MUNICIPALITIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA. Retrieved 2015.

References

External links



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