|Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit|
August 31, 1972 - September 25, 2002
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit|
|Frank M. Coffin|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit|
September 10, 1959 - August 31, 1972
|Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Levin H. Campbell|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts|
April 27, 1954 - September 14, 1959
|Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Seat established by 68 Stat. 8|
April 23, 1907
|Died||September 25, 2002 (aged 95)|
|Education||Harvard University (A.B.)|
Harvard Law School (LL.B.)
Bailey Aldrich (April 23, 1907 - September 25, 2002) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts.
A native of Boston, Massachusetts, Aldrich graduated from Harvard University with an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1928 and Harvard Law School with a Bachelor of Laws in 1932. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1954. Aldrich was in private practice in Boston from 1932 to 1954.
Aldrich was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on April 1, 1954, to the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, to a new seat authorized by 68 Stat. 8. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 23, 1954, and received his commission on April 27, 1954. His service terminated on September 14, 1959, due to his elevation to the First Circuit.
Aldrich was nominated by President Eisenhower on February 26, 1959, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit vacated by Judge Calvert Magruder. He was confirmed by the Senate on September 9, 1959, and received his commission the next day. He served as Chief Judge and as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1965 to 1972. He assumed senior status on August 31, 1972. His service terminated on September 25, 2002, due to his death in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
According to Ted Morgan in Reds: McCarthyism in Twentieth-Century America, Judge Aldrich drew the ire of Senator Joseph McCarthy in 1955, when Aldrich dismissed contempt of Congress charges against Leon J. Kamin. In February 1956, McCarthy wrote to complain to President Eisenhower, accusing Judge Aldrich of harboring sympathy toward Communists. He had learned from the New Bedford Standard-Times that Aldrich had initially refused, on principle, to sign a non-Communist affidavit card upon his appointment as a trustee to the Massachusetts Memorial Hospital. Massachusetts Governor Christian Herter had nominated him for the trusteeship on August 2, 1955, two months before the Kamin trial. According to Morgan, the judge wrote that he "would rather forgo the post on the hospital board than sign the card." He finally did sign the card on September 13, "after being told that failure to comply would cause great embarrassment to the Herter administration," but McCarthy was not satisfied by the news that Aldrich had eventually complied. President Eisenhower ignored McCarthy's complaint.
Aldrich married Elizabeth Perkins, who had studied at the Buckingham School and Bryn Mawr College, and they had two sons: David and the poet Jonathan Aldrich. Aldrich was the grandson of the 19th century author Thomas Bailey Aldrich.