Bac%C4%83u County
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Bac%C4%83u County
Bac?u County

Jude?ul Bac?u
County
Location of Bac?u County in Romania
Location of Bac?u County in Romania
Coordinates: 46°25?N 26°47?E / 46.42°N 26.78°E / 46.42; 26.78Coordinates: 46°25?N 26°47?E / 46.42°N 26.78°E / 46.42; 26.78
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Est
Historic regionWestern Moldavia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Bac?u
Government
 o TypeCounty Board
 o President of the County BoardSorin Bra?oveanu (PSD)
 o Prefect2Ioan Ghica
Area
 o Total6,621 km2 (2,556 sq mi)
Area rank14th in Romania
Population
(2011 census[1])
 o Total616,168
 o Rank9th in Romania
 o Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
60wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x344
Car PlatesBC5
GDPUS$ 3.495 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 5,672 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2As of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from engaging in any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Bac?u County (Romanian pronunciation: [ba'k?w] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in Western Moldavia, with its capital city at Bac?u. It has one commune, Ghime?-F?get, in Transylvania.

Demographics

In 20 October 2011, it had a population of 616,168 and the population density was 93/km².[1]

The ethnic breakdown was as follows:[2]

According to the 2001 census the Csángó (Romanian: Ceang?i) Hungarians number 4,373 people (0.7%). Some estimates put the total number of Csángós at around 70,000.[3]

Year County population[4]
1948 414,996
1956 Increase 507,937
1966 Increase 598,321
1977 Increase 667,791
1992 Increase 737,512
2002 Decrease 706,623
2011 Decrease 616,168

Geography

This county has a total area of 6,621 km².

The West side of the county are mountains from the Eastern Carpathian group. Here, along the valleys of the Oituz River and Trotu? River there are two important links between Moldavia and Transylvania. To the East side, the heights decrease and the lowest point can be found on the Siret River valley which crosses the county from North to South in the middle. On the East side there is the Moldavian Plateau crossed by many small rivers.

Flora and fauna

Bears, wolves, foxes, wild boars, and squirrels inhibit Bacau County's mountains (particularly in its rural Slanic-Moldova region); the remnants of the local deers are preserved in M?n?stirea Ca?in.[5]

Neighbours

Economy

The county of Bac?u was one of the most industrialized regions in the communist period and it remained Moldavia's most important industrial center ever since. There are two large oil refineries at One?ti and D?rm?ne?ti. Following the collapse of the communist regime, Bac?u continued to be the region's most important GDP supplier, but the county became more famous for the controversial figures involved in local economy than for its performance.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • The chemical and oil industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Construction materials industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Aeronautics industry.

In Bac?u county there are important reserves of oil and salt. Also coal is exploited.

Tourism

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

Politics

The Bac?u County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition:[6]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 17                                  
  National Liberal Party 11                                  
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 5                                  
  Romanian Social Party 3                                  
  Independent 1                                  

People

Administrative divisions

The coat of arms used until 3 March 2008[7]
Bac?u
One?ti

Bac?u County has 3 municipalities, 5 towns and 85 communes

Politics

Bac?u became famous after electing Ilie Ila?cu of the Greater Romania Party as their Senator, while he was held in prison in Transnistria.

Historical county

Jude?ul Bac?u
County (Jude?)
The building of the Bac?u Prefecture in the interwar period.
The building of the Bac?u Prefecture in the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Bac?u
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Bacau.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Bac?u
Area
 o Total4,410 km2 (1,700 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total260,781
 o Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Between the world wars, Bac?u County had a different territorial extent. The county was located in the east central part of Greater Romania, in the center of Moldavia. Its territory included the central part of the current Bac?u County. It bordered on the west with the counties of Trei Scaune and Ciuc, in the north with Neam? and Roman, in the east with the counties of Tutova and Tecuci, and in the south with the county of Putna.

Administration

The county was originally divided into five districts (pli):[8]

  1. Plasa Bistri?a
  2. Plasa Muntele, headquartered in Muntele
  3. Plasa Oituz, headquartered in Oituz
  4. Plasa Siret, headquartered in Siret
  5. Plasa Tazl?u, headquartered in Tazl?u

Subsequently, two more districts were established:

  1. Plasa R?c?ciuni, headquartered in R?c?ciuni
  2. Plasa Traian, headquartered in Traian
Map of Bac?u County as it existed in 1938.

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 260,781, comprising 88.6% Romanians, 5.3% Jews, 3.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities.[9] From the religious point of view, 75.8% were Eastern Orthodox, 18.1% Roman Catholics, 5.5% Jewish, as well as other minorities.[10]

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 50,342, of which 70.1% were Romanians, 23.9% were Jews, 2.2% were Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From a religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 64.9% Eastern Orthodox, 24.4% Jewish, 9.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRES? : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recens?mântului Popula?iei ?i Locuin?elor - 2011" (PDF). Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ 1987 estimate published in: Tennant, Chris (transl.) (1994) The Hungarian minority's situation in Ceau?escu's Romania. Boulder: Social Science Monographs. p. 33.
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 ?i 2011" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Network of small rural communities of energetic neutrality (RURENER) (Archived from the original), SLANIC MOLDOVA - RURENER Case Study, European Commission, retrieved on 24 July 2019. Archived at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Bac?u County Council - Heraldic?
  8. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Bac?u
  9. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 30
  10. ^ Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 536-541


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