Baby of the House
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Baby of the House

Baby of the House is the unofficial title given to the youngest member of a parliamentary house. The term is most often applied to members of the British parliament from which the term originated.[1] The title is named after the Father of the House, which is given to the longest serving member of the British and other parliaments.

United Kingdom

Becoming the Baby of the House is regarded as something of an achievement despite the lack of any special treatment that comes with the title. However, some MPs who have held the position for a considerable period - Matthew Taylor was the Baby of the House for over ten years - have found it somewhat embarrassing, as it may suggest that they have a lack of experience, although many holders of the title have gone on to enjoy long and distinguished parliamentary careers.

At the turn of the twenty-first century (August 1999 to September 2001), all three of the leaders of the main political parties had been the youngest MPs in their party when they began their political careers (William Hague, Tony Blair, Charles Kennedy).

Of those whose ages can be verified, the youngest MP since the Reform Act of 1832[2] is Mhairi Black, elected in 2015 aged 20 years 237 days.[3] The age of candidacy for Parliament was lowered from 21 to 18 by the Electoral Administration Act of 2006. William Pitt the Younger was elected at 21 and became Prime Minister two years later in 1783.

List of Babies of the House of Commons

Elected Name Constituency Party Age when elected
1880 (b) James Dickson Dungannon Liberal 21
1885 Harry Levy-Lawson St Pancras West Liberal 22
1888 (b) Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Chichester Conservative 22
1890 (b) Henry Harrison Mid Tipperary Irish Parliamentary 22
1891 (b) Victor Cavendish West Derbyshire Conservative 23
1891 (b) Frederick Smith Strand Conservative 23
1892 Thomas Bartholomew Curran Kilkenny City Irish National Federation 22
1895 Viscount Milton Wakefield Liberal Unionist 22
1898 (b) Sir Samuel Scott, Bt Marylebone West Conservative 24
1898 (b) Arthur Hill West Down Conservative 24
1900 Richard Rigg Appleby Liberal 23
1904 (b) Viscount Turnour Horsham Conservative 21
1906 Lord Wodehouse Mid Norfolk Liberal 22
1910 Charles Thomas Mills Uxbridge Conservative 22
1910 Viscount Wolmer Newton Liberal 23
1912 (b) Sir Philip Sassoon, Bt Hythe Conservative 23
1915 (b) John Esmonde North Tipperary Irish Parliamentary 21
1916 (b) Patrick Joseph Whitty North Louth Irish Parliamentary 21
1917 (b) Lord Stanley Liverpool Abercromby Conservative 22
1918[4] Joseph Aloysius Sweeney West Donegal Sinn Féin 21
1919 (b) Esmond Harmsworth Isle of Thanet Coalition Conservative 21
1922 Arthur Evans Leicester East National Liberal 24
1923 Charles Rhys Romford Conservative 24
1924 Hugh Lucas-Tooth Isle of Ely Conservative 21
1929 (b) Jennie Lee North Lanarkshire Labour 24
1929 Frank Owen Hereford Liberal 23
1931 Roland Robinson Widnes Conservative 24
1933 (b) Lord Willoughby de Eresby Rutland and Stamford Conservative 25
1935 (b) Charles Taylor Eastbourne Conservative 24
1935 Malcolm Macmillan Western Isles Labour 22
1940 (b) John Profumo Kettering Conservative 25
1941 (b) George Charles Grey Berwick-upon-Tweed Liberal 22
1944[5] John Profumo Kettering Conservative 29
1945 (b) Ernest Millington Chelmsford Common Wealth 29
1945 Edward Carson Isle of Thanet Conservative 25
1948 (b) Roy Jenkins Southwark Central Labour 27
1950 Peter Baker South Norfolk Conservative 28
1950 (b)[6] Tony Benn Bristol South East Labour 25
1950 (b) Thomas Teevan Belfast West UUP 23
1951[7] Tony Benn Bristol South East Labour 26
1954 (b) John Eden Bournemouth West Conservative 28
1954 (b) John Woollam Liverpool West Derby Conservative 27
1955[8] Philip Clarke Fermanagh and South Tyrone Sinn Féin 21
1955[8] Peter Kirk Gravesend Conservative 27
1956 (b) Marcus Kimball Gainsborough Conservative 27
1957 (b) Robert Cooke Bristol West Conservative 26
1958 (b)[9] Basil de Ferranti Morecambe and Lonsdale Conservative 28
1958 (b) Patrick Wolrige-Gordon East Aberdeenshire Conservative 23
1959 (b) Paul Channon Southend West Conservative 23
1964 Teddy Taylor Glasgow Cathcart Conservative 27
1965 (b) David Steel Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles Liberal 26
1966 John Ryan Uxbridge Labour 25
1967 (b) Les Huckfield Nuneaton Labour 24
1969 (b) Bernadette Devlin Mid Ulster Unity 21
Feb 1974 Dafydd Elis Thomas Merioneth Plaid Cymru 27
Oct 1974 Hélène Hayman Welwyn and Hatfield Labour 25
1977 (b) Andrew MacKay Birmingham Stechford Conservative 27
1979 (b) David Alton Liverpool Edge Hill Liberal 28
1979 Stephen Dorrell Loughborough Conservative 27
1981 (b)[10] Bobby Sands Fermanagh and South Tyrone Anti H-Block 27
1981[5] Stephen Dorrell Loughborough Conservative 29
1981 (b)[10] Owen Carron Fermanagh and South Tyrone Anti H-Block 28
1983 Charles Kennedy Ross, Cromarty and Skye SDP 23
1987 (b) Matthew Taylor Truro Liberal 24
1997[11] Chris Leslie Shipley Labour 24
2000 (b) David Lammy Tottenham Labour 27
2003 (b) Sarah Teather Brent East Liberal Democrats 29
2005 Jo Swinson East Dunbartonshire Liberal Democrats 25
2009 (b) Chloe Smith Norwich North Conservative 27
2010 Pamela Nash Airdrie and Shotts Labour 25
2015 Mhairi Black Paisley and Renfrewshire South SNP 20
2019 Nadia Whittome Nottingham East Labour 23

[ (b) - by-election]

Youngest member of the House of Lords

The title 'Baby of the House' is not used in the House of Lords, though the youngest member is recorded on the House website.[12] The youngest life peer and youngest woman in the House is Baroness Penn (born 1985) who was created a life peer in October 2019 at the age of 34. The youngest man in the House of Lords is Lord Parkinson of Whitley Bay (born 1983) who was created a life peer in October 2019 at the age of 36. In 2020 James Wharton become the youngest member of the House of Lords when he entered the House on 2 September 2020.[13]

Standing Orders state that "No Lord under the age of one and twenty years shall be permitted to sit in the House". When most members of the Lords were hereditary peers, a peer who had inherited his or her peerage(s) while under age was entitled to take a seat on the day before his or her 21st birthday. In theory, such a hereditary peer could still be elected to sit in the House at that age; in practice, the youngest hereditary peer to have been elected was Lord Freyberg (born 15 December 1970), who was elected in October 1999 at the age of 28. Hereditary peer Lord Redesdale (born 18 July 1967) was created a life peer on 18 April 2000 at the age of 32, becoming the youngest ever life peer, to enable him to continue to sit after the removal of the majority of hereditary peers.

List of youngest members of the Scottish Parliament

This is a list of youngest members of the Scottish Parliament created in 1999.

List of youngest members of the National Assembly for Wales

This is a list of youngest members of the National Assembly for Wales created in 1999.

Elected Name Constituency/region Party DOB Age when elected
1999 Jonathan Morgan South Wales Central Conservative 19 March 1974 25
2003 Laura Ann Jones South Wales East Conservative 21 February 1979 24
2007 Bethan Jenkins South Wales West Plaid Cymru 9 December 1981 25
2016 Steffan Lewis South Wales East Plaid Cymru 30 May 1984 31
2018 (b) Jack Sargeant Alyn and Deeside Labour 1994 23[15]


In Australia the term is rarely used. Most MPs and Senators are elected usually only in their thirties and later but some prominent MPs have been elected rather early in life including Prime Ministers Malcolm Fraser and Paul Keating who were both elected at age 25 in 1955 and 1969 respectively. The youngest Baby of the House was Wyatt Roy. He was elected at age 20 in 2010, being the youngest person ever to be elected to an Australian parliament.[16]

The current Baby of the House is the Member for Herbert Phillip Thompson (age 32). The current Baby of the Senate is Senator Jordon Steele-John (age 25).[17]


The youngest-ever elected member of the House of Commons of Canada is Pierre-Luc Dusseault, who was elected at the age of 19 years and 11 months in 2011. Dusseault is the youngest MP in Canadian history.[18] In the past, MPs such as Sean O'Sullivan, Pierre Poilievre, Andrew Scheer, Claude-André Lachance and Lorne Nystrom have also held the distinction.

Eric Melillo is the youngest current MP, representing the riding of Kenora (electoral district), Ontario, a member of the Conservative Party of Canada; born in 1998, elected at 21 years of age. The youngest member of the Senate of Canada is Patrick Brazeau of Repentigny, Quebec; born 1974, appointed at 34 years of age.



Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, baby of the French national assembly.

The youngest member of the French national assembly ever is Marion Maréchal-Le Pen (National Rally), elected in 2012 aged 22.

List of youngest members of the French Parliament

This is a list of youngest members of the French parliament.

Elected Name Department Age
1789 Mathieu de Montmorency-Laval Yvelines 22
1791 Edme-Louis Bonnerot Yonne 24
1815 Claude-René Bacot de Romand Indre-et-Loire 22
2012 Marion Maréchal-Le Pen Vaucluse 22
2017 Ludovic Pajot Pas-de-Calais 23

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong the term is rarely used. The current baby of the Legislative Council is Ho Kai-ming whose record was interrupted by Au Nok-hin until Au was disqualified in December 2019, as the 2018 by-election was ruled unlawful. Au was elected in the 2018 Hong Kong Island by-election after three younger members of the Legislative Council, the youngest-ever elected member Nathan Law, as well as Yau Wai-ching and Sixtus Leung were all disqualified over the oath-taking controversy.

Nathan Law, the youngest member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, was elected at the age of 23.

[ (b) - by-election]


The youngest-ever elected member of the National Assembly is Ilona Burka, who became MP at the age of 19 years, 5 months and 13 days on 12 May 1971, following the 1971 parliamentary election.

Member Party Date
Károly Wirth NYKP 1939-1944
András Kis MKP 1944-1945
András Hegedüs MKP 1945
István B. Rácz FKGP 1945-1947
János Gosztonyi NPP 1947-1949
Etel Kurlik MDP 1949-1953
Mária Inklovics MDP
Margit Kaptur MSZMP 1957-1958
Jusztina Csarnai MSZMP 1958-1963
István Ollári MSZMP 1963-1967
István Bartha MSZMP 1967-1971
Ilona Burka MSZMP 1971-1975
Valéria Czégai MSZMP 1975-1980
Ibolya Kovács MSZMP 1980-1985
Márta Danka MSZMP 1985-1989
Edit Böd?-Rózsa Ind. 1989-1990
Béla Glattfelder Fidesz 1990-1993
Róbert Répássy Fidesz 1993-1994
László Botka MSZP 1994-1998
János Zuschlag MSZP 1998-2002
Péter Szijjártó Fidesz 2002-2006
László Nagy MSZP 2006-2010
Dóra Dúró Jobbik 2010-2018
Péter Ungár LMP 2018-present


Elected Member Affiliation Age when elected
2012 Mohammad Hassannejad Independent 31
2016 Fatemeh Hosseini List of Hope 30


In the Republic of Ireland the term is rarely used, as TDs normally enter the Dáil after a political career in local government, usually only in their thirties and later. The current baby of the Dáil is the Fianna Fáil deputy James O'Connor (Cork East), who was 22 years and 7 months old when elected in February 2020.

The youngest TD of all time was William J. Murphy, elected age 21 years 29 days; the youngest female TD was Kathleen O'Connor, 21 years 7 months.

List of Babies of the Dáil

Baby of Seanad Éireann

The youngest senator in Seanad Éireann is Fintan Warfield who was elected as a senator at the age of 24.

The youngest ever senator was Kathryn Reilly, who was 22 when elected in 2011.[20]


In Israel the term is rarely used. The youngest member of current Knesset is Sondos Saleh of Ta'al, elected in 2020 aged 33. The youngest member of the Knesset ever is Moshe Nissim, elected in 1959 aged 24.


Enzo Lattuca, baby of the Italian Chamber of Deputies (2013-2018).
Angela Raffa, baby of the Italian Chamber of Deputies (since 2018).

The youngest member of the Chamber of Deputies ever is Enzo Lattuca (PD), elected in 2013 aged 25.

The current youngest member of the Chamber of Deputies Is Angela Raffa (M5S), elected in 2018 aged 25.

Elected Name Party Age when elected
2008 Annagrazia Calabria The People of Freedom 26
2013 Enzo Lattuca Democratic Party 25
2018 Angela Raffa Five Star Movement 25


The youngest MP in Malawi was Angela Zachepa who was voted in as MP at age 21.[21]


In Malaysia the term is rarely used. Most MPs and Senators are elected usually only in their thirties and later but some prominent MPs have been elected rather early in life including former Prime Minister Najib Razak who was elected at 22 years and 6 months in age in 1976. The youngest-ever elected member of the Dewan Rakyat is Prabakaran Parameswaran, who was elected at the age of 22 years and 3 months in 2018. Prabakaran is the youngest MP in Malaysian history and currently serving as well.[22]

In Malaysia, any citizen 21 years of age or older can become a candidate and be elected to the Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Undangan Negeri.[23] Minimum age for the Senator is 30 by constitution.

New Zealand

Swarbrick in 2017

The term "Baby of the House" is rarely used in New Zealand. The current Baby of the House is Chlöe Swarbrick of the Green Party, who was elected on 24 September 2017 aged 23.[24] Swarbrick succeeded Todd Barclay of the National Party, who had been elected at the 2014 general election at age 24.[25][26]

Youngest MPs in the New Zealand House of Representatives
Name Electorate Party Date of birth Became baby Age
James Stuart-Wortley Christchurch Country Independent 16 January 1833 1 October 1853 20 years, 258 days
Augustus White Akaroa Independent 1839 13 February 1861 22
Robert Campbell Oamaru Independent 8 January 1843 6 April 1866 23 years, 88 days
Ralph Richardson Suburbs of Nelson Independent 1848 23 January 1871 22
William Pearson Ashley Independent 1854 9 December 1881 27
Arthur Rhodes Gladstone Independent 20 March 1859 26 September 1887 28 years, 190 days
Jackson Palmer Waitemata Independent Liberal 1867 5 December 1890 23
Patrick O'Regan Inangahua Liberal 6 February 1869 20 December 1893 24 years, 317 days
Thomas Wilford Wellington Suburbs Liberal 20 June 1870 4 December 1896 26 years, 167 days
Harry Bedford City of Dunedin Liberal 31 August 1877 25 November 1902 25 years, 86 days
Francis Fisher Wellington Central Liberal 22 December 1877 6 December 1905 27 years, 349 days
Tom Seddon Westland Liberal 2 July 1884 13 July 1906 22 years, 11 days
John A. Lee Auckland East Labour 31 October 1891 7 December 1922 31 years, 37 days
George Black Motueka United 21 November 1903 14 November 1928 24 years, 359 days
Keith Holyoake Motueka Reform 11 February 1904 1 December 1932 28 years, 294 days
Terry McCombs Lyttelton Labour 5 September 1905 24 July 1935 29 years, 322 days
Ormond Wilson Rangitikei Labour 18 November 1907 27 November 1935 28 years, 9 days
Joseph Cotterill Wanganui Labour 26 September 1905 15 October 1938 33 years, 19 days
Tapihana Paraire Paikea Northern Maori Labour 26 January 1920 24 September 1943 23 years, 241 days
Warren Freer Mt Albert Labour 27 December 1920 24 September 1947 26 years, 271 days
Jim Edwards Napier Labour 1927 13 November 1954 27
Basil Arthur Timaru Labour 18 September 1928 21 July 1962 33 years, 306 days
Brian MacDonell Dunedin Central Labour 19 May 1935 30 November 1963 28 years, 195 days
Jonathan Hunt New Lynn Labour 2 December 1938 26 November 1966 27 years, 359 days
Murray Rose Otago Central National 14 December 1939 29 November 1969 29 years, 350 days
Mike Moore Eden Labour 28 January 1949 25 November 1972 23 years, 302 days
Marilyn Waring Raglan National 7 October 1952 29 November 1975 23 years, 53 days
Simon Upton Waikato National 7 February 1958 28 November 1981 23 years, 294 days
Nick Smith Tasman National 24 December 1964 27 October 1990 25 years, 307 days
Nanaia Mahuta List Labour 21 August 1970 12 October 1996 26 years, 52 days
Darren Hughes ?taki Labour 3 April 1978 27 July 2002 24 years, 115 days
Jacinda Ardern List Labour 26 July 1980 8 November 2008 28 years, 105 days
Gareth Hughes List Green 31 October 1981 11 February 2010 28 years, 103 days
Jami-Lee Ross Botany National 10 December 1985 5 March 2011 25 years, 85 days
Todd Barclay Clutha-Southland National 8 June 1990 20 September 2014 24 years, 104 days
Chlöe Swarbrick List Green 26 June 1994 23 September 2017 23 years, 89 days


In the Congress of the Philippines, the term "Baby of the House" is rarely used; the term "Benjamin" of the chamber is used instead.[27] Special treatment is not given to the youngest member of either chamber. However, by tradition, the youngest member of the chamber usually administers the oath of office to their incoming leader (i.e. President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives).

The minimum age for being a member of the House of Representatives is 25 years old, while for the Senate, it is 35, as stipulated in the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines. In 1933, Benigno Aquino, Sr. became senator at the age of 33;[28] the Jones Law, which created the Senate, had prescribed the minimum age of 30.

The current Benjamin of the House is Representative Braeden John Biron of the 4th District of Iloilo. Meanwhile, Senator Manny Pacquiao has been the youngest Senator since 2016.[29]

List of youngest members of the Philippine House of Representatives

Entered Name Party District Date of Birth Election Day Age on Election Day Note Ref
1992 Ralph Recto LDP Batangas-4th 11 January 1964 11 May 1992 28 years, 121 days [30]
1995 Mike Defensor Liberal Quezon City-3rd 30 June 1969 8 May 1995 25 years, 312 days [30]
1998 Alan Peter Cayetano Lakas Pateros-Taguig 28 October 1970 11 May 1998 27 years, 195 days [30]
2001 Felix William Fuentebella NPC Camarines Sur-3rd 5 February 1975 14 May 2001 26 years, 98 days [27]
2002 Joel Villanueva CIBAC Partylist 2 August 1975 25 years, 285 days [27]
2004 Joel Villanueva CIBAC Partylist 2 August 1975 10 May 2004 28 years, 282 days
2007 Sharee Ann Tan Lakas Samar-2nd 11 May 1982 14 May 2007 25 years, 3 days [30]
2010 Abigail Faye Ferriol-Pascual Kalinga Partylist 21 September 1984 10 May 2010 25 years, 231 days sworn-in Feliciano Belmonte as Speaker[31] [32]
2013 Xavier Jesus Romualdo Liberal Camiguin 5 December 1986 13 May 2013 26 years, 159 days sworn-in Feliciano Belmonte as Speaker[33] [34]
2016 Dennis Laogan Ang Kabuhayan Partylist 1 September 1990 9 May 2016 25 years, 251 days sworn-in Pantaleon Alvarez[35] and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo[36] as Speaker [37]
2019 Braeden John Biron Nacionalista Iloilo-4th 10 January 1994 13 May 2019 25 years, 123 days sworn-in Alan Peter Cayetano as Speaker [29]

List of youngest members of the Philippine Senate

Congress Name Party Date of Birth Age When Elected From To
8th Joey Lina UNIDO 22 December 1951 35 30 June 1987 30 June 1992
9th, 10th Nikki Coseteng NPC 18 December 1952 39 30 June 1992 30 June 1998
11th Loren Legarda Lakas 28 January 1960 38 30 June 1998 30 June 2001
12th Ralph Recto Nacionalista 11 January 1964 37 30 June 2001 30 June 2004
13th Bong Revilla Lakas 25 September 1966 37 30 June 2004 30 June 2007
14th, 15th Antonio Trillanes Nacionalista 6 August 1971 35 30 June 2007 30 June 2013
16th Bam Aquino Liberal 9 May 1977 36 30 June 2013 30 June 2016
17th, 18th Manny Pacquiao PCM 17 December 1978 37 30 June 2016 present

South Africa

The current[when?] titleholder is Hlomela Bucwa.


The current Baby of the House is Ebba Hermansson (entered in September 2018 at the age of 22). The youngest person ever to be elected MP to a Swedish parliament is Anton Abele who was only aged 18 when elected in September 2010.[38] Current record holder for the world's youngest-ever elected MP is Anton Abele, who was at 18 years elected to the Swedish Parliament for his activism against street violence.[39]


At 19 years old, Proscovia Alengot Oromait was the world's youngest MP and youngest ever MP in Africa when elected in 2011. Oromait is a member of the National Resistance Movement (NRM) in Uganda and was a representative of Usuk County until 2016

United States

While the term is used in the Commonwealth Parliaments, Baby of the House or Senate is not in general contemporary use in the United States, nor does being the youngest member confer special treatment in either house of Congress.

Members of the US Congress tend to be older than parliamentarians elsewhere in the English-speaking world, a main factor being that the minimum ages for members of Congress is written into Article One of the United States Constitution, which forbids those under the age of 25 from serving in the House, and those under the age of 30 from serving in the Senate. Moreover, election to the federal Congress is expensive and requires extensive contacts and recognition across a very wide area. Individuals aiming to serve in the federal legislature generally seek election to the state legislature (which generally have lower minimum ages for entry) or other state office before seeking to serve in Washington.

In the 116th Congress, which began on 3 January 2019, the youngest member of the United States House of Representatives is Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who was born on (1989-10-13) 13 October 1989 (age 30), and was first elected in 2018 a few weeks after her 29th birthday. She is also the youngest woman elected to the House in U.S. history.[40]

Currently the youngest US Senator is Josh Hawley, born on (1979-12-31) 31 December 1979 (age 40), and first elected in 2018.

See also


  1. ^ of the House: House of Commons Background Paper - Commons Library Standard Note from UK Parliament, accessed on 1 January 2015.
  2. ^ Prior to 1832 minors could be elected; precise information on those MPs is often unclear.
  3. ^ MacAskill, Ewen; Ratcliffe, Rebecca (8 May 2015). "Mhairi Black: the 20-year-old who beat a Labour heavyweight". Retrieved 2018 – via
  4. ^ Joseph Aloysius Sweeney did not take his seat; the youngest MP actually sitting in the House of Commons was Oswald Mosley (Conservative, aged 22).
  5. ^ a b Became the youngest MP for a second time, on the death of the previous youngest MP.
  6. ^ Tony Benn was first elected at the Bristol South East by-election, 1950, aged 25, the day after Thomas Teevan, who was aged 23, but Benn took the oath the day before Teevan, and so was Baby of the House for a single day.
  7. ^ Tony Benn became the youngest MP again after the 1951 general election, on the defeat of Teevan.
  8. ^ a b Elected on an abstentionist ticket, Philip Clarke did not take his seat. Peter Kirk was first elected at the 1955 general election, when he became the youngest MP to take his seat, but only became the youngest MP with the disqualification of Philip Clarke later in the year.
  9. ^ Basil de Ferranti was the youngest MP for 15 days between his taking his seat after the 1958 Morecambe and Lonsdale by-election and Patrick Wolrige-Gordon taking his seat after the East Aberdeenshire by-election, 1958.
  10. ^ a b Elected on an abstentionist ticket, Bobby Sands and Owen Carron did not take their seats; Stephen Dorrell remained the youngest MP actually sitting in the House of Commons.
  11. ^ Although several sources claim Claire Ward was the youngest MP during this period, she was 50 days older than Chris Leslie.
  12. ^ Parliament.UK - House of Lords FAQS - Membership and principal office holders at
  13. ^ Parliament.UK - House of Lords in 2020: Profile of Membership at
  14. ^ McColm, Euan (8 March 2017). "This time the SNP will get real". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ Shipton, Martin; Hodgson, Sarah (7 February 2018). "Jack Sargeant wins Alyn and Deeside by-election after his father's death". Wales Online. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ "Australia's youngest MP says future PM suggestion is 'ridiculous'". 4 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Jordon Steele-John, the 'political nerd' who is ringing the changes". The Guardian. 11 November 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ Banerjee, Sidhartha (4 May 2011). "19-year-old sets record as youngest MP; NDPer planned summer job at golf course". The Canadian Press.
  19. ^ Nasrin Vaziri. " ? 10 ? /? ? ? " (in Persian). Khabar Online. Archived from the original on 26 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ O'Regan, Michael (30 April 2011). "SF woman (22) is youngest ever Senator". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Malaysia's youngest MP Prabakaran joins PKR". Malay Mail. 13 May 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "Penjalanan Pilihan Raya: Calon". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ "Chloe Swarbrick, 23, set to become NZ's youngest MP in 42 years". The New Zealand Herald. 23 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ Rutherford, Hamish (29 April 2014). "Who is National's Todd Barclay?". Retrieved 2014.
  26. ^ "Election 2014: Southland decides". The Southland Times. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  27. ^ a b c Labog-Javellana, Juliet (7 February 2002). "New Solon takes office with much fanfare". Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ "FAST FACTS: Trivia on the Philippine Senate". Rappler. 16 October 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ a b Bueza, Michael. "18th Congress, by the numbers". Rappler. Retrieved 2020.
  30. ^ a b c d "GMA News Research: More young reps in but oldies still rule". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2020.
  31. ^ "House of Representatives Press Releases". Retrieved 2020.
  32. ^ " - Your favorite newspapers and magazines". Retrieved 2020.
  33. ^ Boncocan, Karen. "House re-elects Belmonte in overwhelming vote". Retrieved 2020.
  34. ^ "Rep. XJ Romualdo ng Camiguin, pinakabatang kongresista sa bansa". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2020.
  35. ^ "Duterte ally Pantaleon Alvarez elected as Speaker of 17th Congress". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2020.
  36. ^ Nonato, Gabriel Pabico Lalu, Pathricia Ann V. Roxas, Vince F. "Backed by 184 lawmakers, Gloria Arroyo takes oath as Speaker". Retrieved 2020.
  37. ^ Bueza, Michael. "By the numbers: 17th Congress". Rappler. Retrieved 2020.
  38. ^ Anton, 18, to be youngest ever Swedish MP - The Local Archived 15 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ Hess, Abigail (7 November 2018). "29-year-old Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez makes history as the youngest woman ever elected to Congress". Retrieved 2018.


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