Ayn Al-Tamr
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Ayn Al-Tamr

Ayn al-Tamr or Ain al-Tamur (Arabic: ‎) is a city in central Iraq, located about 67 km west of Karbala near Razzaza Lake. The oasis of Ayn al-Tamr comprises many villages which are famous for palm orchards and mineral water. The city is considered one of the main sources of dates that made it an important hub on the route of Hajj in ancient times.[1]


The city was originally known as ?e?â?a[2] or ?efâ?a, which means "clear water" or "pure spring" in ancient Aramaic, until 1938 when it was renamed to Ayn al-Tamr, best known as the location of the Battle of Ayn al-Tamr (633).

The region contains many ancient palaces and monasteries, such as Al-Ukhaidir Fortress, Bardawil Castle, Shimon ibn Jaber Palace, and Al-Aqiser Church (Mini-Palace Church) which is one of the oldest churches in the Middle East.[3][4]

Notable people


  1. ^ Ain Al-Tamr - Mineral waters, palm groves and holy places in the desert
  2. ^ Alois Musil (1927). Arabia Deserta: A topographical itinerary. American Geographical Society. p. 363.
  3. ^ ? ( ) ?
  4. ^ Karbala province embraces oldest Christian church in ME

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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