Awn Al-Din Ibn Hubayra
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Awn Al-Din Ibn Hubayra

Awn al-Din Abu'l-Muzzafar Yahya ibn Hubayra al-Shaybani al-Duri al-Baghdadi (Arabic: ? ‎; 1105-1165), commonly referred to as Ibn Hubayra, was a 12th-century Iraqi Arab official and jurist, who served for sixteen years as vizier of the Abbasid Caliphate under al-Muqtafi and his successor al-Mustanjid.

Biography

Ibn Hubayra was born on Rabi II 499 A.H. (December 1105 / January 1106 CE) in Dur, a village northwest of Baghdad. As a youth, he went to Baghdad where he received a classical Arabic education under several masters, studying the Qur'an, Arabic linguistics, and the Hanbali school of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh).[1] He was appointed as the chief of the treasury by caliph al-Muqtafi,[] and in 1149, he was appointed as the vizier (chief minister) of the Caliphate, a post he kept for sixteen years until his death on 27 March 1165, commonly attributed to poisoning through his physician, who was in the pay of his rivals.[1]

His vizierate marked the final decline of the Seljuq influence in the Abbasid court (cf. Siege of Baghdad (1157)), and saw a flowering of Hanbali learning in Baghdad. Ibn Hubayra was also involved in the conquest of Fatimid Egypt by Nur ad-Din Zangi.[1]

Works

Ibn Hubayra was also an accomplished scholar. He published a multi-volume commentary on the Sahih al-Bukhari and the Sahih Muslim collections of hadith, entitled al-If 'an ma'?n?'l ?i or al-Ishr?f. He also wrote a grammar called al-Muqta?a?, an abridgment of Ibn al-Sikkit's I?l al-man?iq, the al-'Ib?d?t al-khams, the Urj?za fi'l-maqs?r wa'l-mamd?d, and Urj?za fi 'ilm al-kha.[1] A collection of his sayings was compiled by his contemporary Abu'l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi (al-Muqtabas min al-faw?'id al-'Awniyya), who also published an anthology from the al-If. Ibn al-Jawzi's works are the main source on Ibn Hubayra's life, along with a biography by the Hanbali scholar Ibn al-Maristaniyya[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Makdisi (1971), pp. 802-803

Sources

  • Makdisi, G. (1971). "Ibn Hubayra". In Lewis, B.; Ménage, V. L.; Pellat, Ch. & Schacht, J. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume III: H-Iram. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 802-803. OCLC 495469525.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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